Events on Jul 10

  • 0552Origin of Armenian calendar
  • 1040Lady Godiva rides naked on horseback to force her husband, the Earl of Mercia, to lower taxes
  • 1460Wars of Roses: Richard of York defeats King Henry VI at Northampton
  • 1520King Charles V and King Henry VIII signs treaty of Calais
  • 1553Lady Jane Grey becomes Queen of England
  • 1568Battle on Eems: Dutch Water garrison beats Spanish
  • 1584Spanish army leader Richebourg conquerors Liefkenshoek, Belgium
  • 1598Spanish theater plays "Moros y Los Cristianos" in Rio Grande
  • 1609Catholic German monarchy forms Catholic League
  • 16291st non-Separatist Congregational Church in US founded (Salem, Massachusetts)
  • 1652England declares war on Netherlands
  • 1690Battle of Beachy Head-French fleet defeat Anglo-Dutch fleet
  • 1690Neth-French sea battle at Beachy Head (Cornelis Evertsen)
  • 1746Bonnie Prince Charlie flees in disguise to Isle of Skye
  • 1775Horatio Gates, issues order excluding blacks from Continental Army
  • 17971st US frigate, the "United States, " is launched in Philadelphia
  • 1810Emperor Napoleon corpse leaves Netherlands for France
  • 1832President Jackson vetoed legislation to re-charter 2nd Bank of US
  • 1847Urbain J J Leverrier and John Couch Adams, codiscoverers of Neptune meet for 1st time at home of John Herschel
  • 1862US begins construction of Central Pacific Railroad
  • 1866Indelible pencil patents by Edson P Clark, Northampton, Massachusetts
  • 1873French Poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol
  • 1886Eruption of Tarawera volcano destroys famous pink and white calcium carbonate hot-spring terraces (North Island, New Zealand)
  • 1886George Goldie gets charter for Royal Niger Company
  • 1890Wyoming becomes 44th state of US (1st with female suffrage)
  • 18921st concrete-paved street built (Bellefountaine, Ohio)
  • 1898Jean-Baptiste Marchands expedition reaches Fashoda at White Hippo
  • 1905Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Technical Hague court
  • 1910Chicago White Sox Comiskey Park opens, visiting Browns win 2-0
  • 1912Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6)

Born on Jul 10

  • 1509John Calvin: Protestant religious Reformer / Theologian
  • 1526Philip III van Croij: Duke of Aarschot / Earl of Porcien
  • 1638David Teniers III: Flemish painter (carpet cartons)
  • 1697Francois Hanot: Composer
  • 1759Eleanore Sophia Maria Westenholz: Composer
  • 1778Sigismund Ritter von Neukomm: Austrian composer / royal chaplain master
  • 1779Alois Basil Nikolaus Tomasini: Composer
  • 1792George Mifflin Dallas: (D) 11th VP (1845-49)
  • 1797Pieter L Uys: South African pioneer (Great Pull)
  • 1818John Stuart "Cerro Gordo" Williams: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1820Andrew Porter: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1872
  • 1821Christopher Columbus Augur: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1824Rudolf von Benningsen: German lawyer / politician
  • 1826Theodore Edouard Dufaure de Lajarte: Composer
  • 1830Camille Pissaro: Danish Antillean / French painter (impressionism)
  • 1833Lucius Eugene Polk: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1892
  • 1835Henryk Wieniawski: Lubin, Poland -- Violinist / composer (Souv de Moscou)
  • 1852Alfred von Kiderlen-Waechter: German Foreign Minister
  • 1858Karl Flodin: Composer
  • 1865Jan "Pa" van der Steur: Dutch philanthropist (Steurtjes)
  • 1867Finley Peter Dunne: United States -- Journalist / humorist (Mr Dooley)
  • 1867Max Prinz von Baden: German chancellor (Oct-Nov 1918)
  • 1870Maurice Lugeon: Switzerland -- Geologist (nappism)
  • 1871Marcel Proust: France -- Novelist (Remembrance of Things Past)
  • 1875Mary McLeod Bethune: South Carolina, United States -- Slave / educator (Bethune-Cookman College)
  • 1879Harry Nicholls Holmes: Pennsylvania, United States -- Dr (crystallized vitamin A)
  • 1882Ima Hogg: Texas art Patron / founder of Houston Symphony
  • 1882Riccadro Pick-Mangiagalli: Composer
  • 1883Johann Blaskowitz: German General
  • 1883Sam Wood: United States -- Communist fighter / director (For Whom the Bell Tolls)

Died on Jul 10

  • 0138Publius A Hadrianus: Roman Emperor (117-138)
  • 0518Anastasius I Dikoros [Dyrrhachium / Durazzo]: Byzantine Emperor
  • 0983Benedict VI: Italian Pope (974-83)
  • 1086Knut IV [the Saint]: King of Denmark (1080-86), murdered
  • 1103Erik I Ejegod [the Good hearted]: King of Denmark (1095-1103)
  • 1559Henry II: King of France (1547-59)
  • 1573Willem van Bronkhorst: Brattenburg / Stein / army leader
  • 1584Willem I "the Silent" [Willem of Orange]: Earl of Nassau, dies at 51
  • 1594Paulo Bellasio: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1668Adam-Nicolas Gascon: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1686Ercole Ferrata: Italian Sculptor / restauranteur, dies at 76
  • 1690Domenico Gabrielli: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1690Jan van Brakel: Dutch Vice-Admiral (Chatham), dies in battle at 48
  • 1692Bridget Bishop: 1st Salem witch hanged
  • 1762Johann F Gronovius: Physician / botany, dies at 76
  • 1838Willem Earl van Hogendorp: Dutch colonial governor, dies at about 43
  • 1839Fernando Joseph Maria Sor: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1863Paul Jones Semmes: US businessman / Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 48
  • 1868Carlo Conti: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1884Paul Charles Morphy: US lawyer / chess wizard, dies at 47
  • 1888Rafael Hernando: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1902Albert FA: King of Saxon (1873-1902), dies at 74
  • 1908Eliza Laurillard: Vicar / Poet / writer, dies at 78
  • 1910Johann G Galle: German discoverer of Neptune by telescope
  • 1915Hendrik W Mesdag: Painter (Panorama Mesdag)
  • 1920John A "Jacky" Kilverston: Adm / designer (dreadnought), dies at 79
  • 1924Johannes B van Heutsz: Governor-General of Dutch Indies (1904-09), dies at 73
  • 1937Attilio Brugnoli: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1937Johan[nes] B Schepers: Fries writer (Braga), dies at 71
  • 1940Donald Francis Tovey: English musicologist / composer, dies at 64

Historical events on July 11

  • 1244Chwarizneense Turken defeats Jerusalem
  • 1302Battle of Kortrijk Belgium (France vs. Flanders)
  • 1302Guldensporen battle of Belgium
  • 1347Bohemia heir to the throne elected German anti-king Charles IV
  • 1376English "Good Parliament" meets
  • 1423Arnold van Egmont becomes Duke of Gelre
  • 1525Trial against "heretic" John Pistorius at The Hague
  • 1588French King Henri III accept demands of Catholic League
  • 1635Armies of Savoye / Mantua / Parma occupy Milan
  • 1673Netherlands and Denmark signs defense treaty
  • 1690Battle of Drogheda Boyne: Willem III (Netherlands-England) beat Jacobus II (Ireland)
  • 1708Battle at Oudenaarde: Great Alliance beats France
  • 1740Czarina Anne of Little Russia, expels Jews
  • 1740Jews are expelled from Little Russia by order of Czarina Anne
  • 1781Thomas Hutchins designated Geographer of US
  • 1789US Marine Corps created by an act of Congress
  • 1792Prussia army moves into French territory
  • 1798US Marine Corps forms
  • 1801French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet
  • 1812US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)
  • 1848Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent vs. England)
  • 1861Battle of Laurel Mountain VA - General Morris forces retreat of rebels
  • 1861Battle of Rich Mountain, VA - Rosecrans forces rebels to surrender
  • 1862Lincoln appoints General Halleck general-in-chief
  • 1863Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, kills 4
  • 1864Confederate forces led by General J Early begin invasion of Washington DC
  • 1882British fleet bombs Alexandria
  • 1889Tijuana in Mexico becomes a city
  • 1892US Patent Office says J W Swan, rather than Thomas Edison, invented the electric light carbon for the incandescent lamp
  • 1897Solomon Andree leaves Spitsbergen by balloon towards North Pole

Born on July 11

  • 0154Bar Daisan [Bardesanes]: Syrian theologist
  • 1274Robert Bruce: King of Scotland (1306-29)
  • 1540Adolf van Nassau: German Son of Willem the Rich / Juliana of Stolberg
  • 1558Robert Greene: Elizabethan dramatist (Friar Bacon)
  • 1657Frederik I: King of Prussia (1701-13)
  • 1662Maximilian II Emanuel: Elect of Bayern
  • 1694Charles-Antoine Coypel: French carpet designer
  • 1738Albert-Kasimir: Duke of Saxon / Viceroy of Hungary / Netherlands
  • 1767John Quincy Adams: Braintree (Quincy), Massachusetts -- 6th President (D) (1825-1829)
  • 1811Joseph Lanman: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1874
  • 1816French A Durlet: Belgian sculptor / architect
  • 1824Adolphe-Abraham Samuel: Composer
  • 1825Edward Henry Hobson: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1901
  • 1826Alexander Aphanashev: Russ story teller (Narodnye roesskie skazki)
  • 1836Carlos Gomez: Composer
  • 1837Paul Lacombe: Composer
  • 1838John Wanamaker: Merchant (Wanamakers Department Store)
  • 1841William Paul Roberts: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1910
  • 1844Peter I Karadjordjevic: King of Serbia / Yugoslavia
  • 1851Millie & Christine: North Carolina, United States -- Siamese twins
  • 1857Alfred Binet: French child psychologist
  • 1857Iacob Moresianu: Composer
  • 1860Johannis J van Laar: Dutch chemist (thermodynamics)
  • 1861George William Norris: (Rep / Sen-Nebraska) (Lame duck-amendement)
  • 1862Liza Nina Mary Frederica Lehmann: Composer
  • 1866R Beer-Hofmann: Writer
  • 1885Roger de la Fresnaye: French sculptor / painter
  • 1888Carl Schmitt: German Nazi-lawyer (Verfassungslehre)
  • 1888Lyman Bryson: Valentine, Nebraska -- Educator (UN Casebook)
  • 1889Alfred E Green: Perris, California -- Director (Copacabana, Jolson Story)

Died on July 11

  • 0155Pius I: Bishop of Rome (approximately 140-155) / Saint / martyr
  • 1174Amalrik I [Morri]: French King of Jerusalem
  • 1302Pierre Flote: French 1st legist / chancellor of King Philip IV
  • 1382Nicholas van Oresme: French philosopher / Bishop of Lisieux, dies at 62
  • 1535Joachim I Nestor: Ruler (Brandenburg), dies at 51
  • 1540Jan Szapolyai: Anti-king of Hungarian
  • 1553Mauritius: Duke / Monarch of Saksen (1547-53), dies of injuries at 32
  • 1593Giuseppe Arcimboldo: 1st surrealist painter
  • 1649Margaret Coventry: 1st English Earl of Shaftesbury
  • 1667John Fox: Amsterdam writer, buried
  • 1686Michel Anguier: French sculptor, dies at 75
  • 1690Friedrich H Duke van Schomberg: Marshal, dies in battle at 75
  • 1768Jose Melchior de Nebra Blascu: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1781Adolph Carl Kunzen: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1804Alex Hamilton: Killed by VP Aaron Burr in pistol duel near Weehawken
  • 1806James Smith: Irish / US attorney / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 87
  • 1826Carl Bernhard Wessely: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1847Joachim G le Sage at Trousers: RC foreman / publicist, dies at 71
  • 1874Xavier FMG Earl Merode: Belg pontifical defense minister, dies at 54
  • 1876Ottho G Heldring: Vicar (H-gestichten), dies at 72
  • 1889Gyula Reviczky: Hungarian Author / poet, dies at 34
  • 1896Ernst Curtius: German archaeologist / Historian (Olympia), dies at 81
  • 1898Charles Chanoine: French lt / mass murderer in Senegal
  • 1909Simon Newcomb: Celestial mechanics authority (Stars), dies at 74
  • 1914Julius Rodenberg [Levy]: German writer (Die Deutsche Rundschau)
  • 1916Rik Wouters: Belgian Painter / Sculptor (Doll Virgin)
  • 1921Gabriel Lippmann: French physicist, dies at 75
  • 1926Gertrude M L Bell: British archaeologist (Desert & Sown), dies at 57
  • 1937George Gershwin: Composer (American in Paris), dies at 38
  • 1942Simon de la Bella: Dutch President (NVV), dies in Dachau