Events on Jul 11

  • 1244Chwarizneense Turken defeats Jerusalem
  • 1302Battle of Kortrijk Belgium (France vs. Flanders)
  • 1302Guldensporen battle of Belgium
  • 1347Bohemia heir to the throne elected German anti-king Charles IV
  • 1376English "Good Parliament" meets
  • 1423Arnold van Egmont becomes Duke of Gelre
  • 1525Trial against "heretic" John Pistorius at The Hague
  • 1588French King Henri III accept demands of Catholic League
  • 1635Armies of Savoye / Mantua / Parma occupy Milan
  • 1673Netherlands and Denmark signs defense treaty
  • 1690Battle of Drogheda Boyne: Willem III (Netherlands-England) beat Jacobus II (Ireland)
  • 1708Battle at Oudenaarde: Great Alliance beats France
  • 1740Czarina Anne of Little Russia, expels Jews
  • 1740Jews are expelled from Little Russia by order of Czarina Anne
  • 1781Thomas Hutchins designated Geographer of US
  • 1789US Marine Corps created by an act of Congress
  • 1792Prussia army moves into French territory
  • 1798US Marine Corps forms
  • 1801French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet
  • 1812US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)
  • 1848Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent vs. England)
  • 1861Battle of Laurel Mountain VA - General Morris forces retreat of rebels
  • 1861Battle of Rich Mountain, VA - Rosecrans forces rebels to surrender
  • 1862Lincoln appoints General Halleck general-in-chief
  • 1863Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, kills 4
  • 1864Confederate forces led by General J Early begin invasion of Washington DC
  • 1882British fleet bombs Alexandria
  • 1889Tijuana in Mexico becomes a city
  • 1892US Patent Office says J W Swan, rather than Thomas Edison, invented the electric light carbon for the incandescent lamp
  • 1897Solomon Andree leaves Spitsbergen by balloon towards North Pole

Born on Jul 11

  • 0154Bar Daisan [Bardesanes]: Syrian theologist
  • 1274Robert Bruce: King of Scotland (1306-29)
  • 1540Adolf van Nassau: German Son of Willem the Rich / Juliana of Stolberg
  • 1558Robert Greene: Elizabethan dramatist (Friar Bacon)
  • 1657Frederik I: King of Prussia (1701-13)
  • 1662Maximilian II Emanuel: Elect of Bayern
  • 1694Charles-Antoine Coypel: French carpet designer
  • 1738Albert-Kasimir: Duke of Saxon / Viceroy of Hungary / Netherlands
  • 1767John Quincy Adams: Braintree (Quincy), Massachusetts -- 6th President (D) (1825-1829)
  • 1811Joseph Lanman: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1874
  • 1816French A Durlet: Belgian sculptor / architect
  • 1824Adolphe-Abraham Samuel: Composer
  • 1825Edward Henry Hobson: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1901
  • 1826Alexander Aphanashev: Russ story teller (Narodnye roesskie skazki)
  • 1836Carlos Gomez: Composer
  • 1837Paul Lacombe: Composer
  • 1838John Wanamaker: Merchant (Wanamakers Department Store)
  • 1841William Paul Roberts: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1910
  • 1844Peter I Karadjordjevic: King of Serbia / Yugoslavia
  • 1851Millie & Christine: North Carolina, United States -- Siamese twins
  • 1857Alfred Binet: French child psychologist
  • 1857Iacob Moresianu: Composer
  • 1860Johannis J van Laar: Dutch chemist (thermodynamics)
  • 1861George William Norris: (Rep / Sen-Nebraska) (Lame duck-amendement)
  • 1862Liza Nina Mary Frederica Lehmann: Composer
  • 1866R Beer-Hofmann: Writer
  • 1885Roger de la Fresnaye: French sculptor / painter
  • 1888Carl Schmitt: German Nazi-lawyer (Verfassungslehre)
  • 1888Lyman Bryson: Valentine, Nebraska -- Educator (UN Casebook)
  • 1889Alfred E Green: Perris, California -- Director (Copacabana, Jolson Story)

Died on Jul 11

  • 0155Pius I: Bishop of Rome (approximately 140-155) / Saint / martyr
  • 1174Amalrik I [Morri]: French King of Jerusalem
  • 1302Pierre Flote: French 1st legist / chancellor of King Philip IV
  • 1382Nicholas van Oresme: French philosopher / Bishop of Lisieux, dies at 62
  • 1535Joachim I Nestor: Ruler (Brandenburg), dies at 51
  • 1540Jan Szapolyai: Anti-king of Hungarian
  • 1553Mauritius: Duke / Monarch of Saksen (1547-53), dies of injuries at 32
  • 1593Giuseppe Arcimboldo: 1st surrealist painter
  • 1649Margaret Coventry: 1st English Earl of Shaftesbury
  • 1667John Fox: Amsterdam writer, buried
  • 1686Michel Anguier: French sculptor, dies at 75
  • 1690Friedrich H Duke van Schomberg: Marshal, dies in battle at 75
  • 1768Jose Melchior de Nebra Blascu: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1781Adolph Carl Kunzen: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1804Alex Hamilton: Killed by VP Aaron Burr in pistol duel near Weehawken
  • 1806James Smith: Irish / US attorney / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 87
  • 1826Carl Bernhard Wessely: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1847Joachim G le Sage at Trousers: RC foreman / publicist, dies at 71
  • 1874Xavier FMG Earl Merode: Belg pontifical defense minister, dies at 54
  • 1876Ottho G Heldring: Vicar (H-gestichten), dies at 72
  • 1889Gyula Reviczky: Hungarian Author / poet, dies at 34
  • 1896Ernst Curtius: German archaeologist / Historian (Olympia), dies at 81
  • 1898Charles Chanoine: French lt / mass murderer in Senegal
  • 1909Simon Newcomb: Celestial mechanics authority (Stars), dies at 74
  • 1914Julius Rodenberg [Levy]: German writer (Die Deutsche Rundschau)
  • 1916Rik Wouters: Belgian Painter / Sculptor (Doll Virgin)
  • 1921Gabriel Lippmann: French physicist, dies at 75
  • 1926Gertrude M L Bell: British archaeologist (Desert & Sown), dies at 57
  • 1937George Gershwin: Composer (American in Paris), dies at 38
  • 1942Simon de la Bella: Dutch President (NVV), dies in Dachau

Historical events on July 12

  • 0526St. Felix IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1191Richard Coeur de Lion and Crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine
  • 1290Jews are expelled from England by order of King Edward I
  • 1542French troops under Maarten van Rossem occupies Flanders
  • 1549English boer army occupies Norwich
  • 1575Willem van Orange marries Charlotte de Bourbon
  • 1690Battle of Boyne-King William III defeats Catholic King James II
  • 1691Antonio Pignatelli elected as Pope Innocentius XII
  • 1691Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) England, William III beats James II
  • 1700Gelderland accepts Gregorian calendar; yesterday is June 30, 1700
  • 1704Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes King of part of Poland
  • 1730Lorenzo Corsini chosen as Pope Clemens XII
  • 1771James Cook sails Endeavour back to Downs England
  • 1774Citizens of Carlisle Penn, pass a declaration of independence
  • 1774Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan
  • 1776Captain Cook departs with Resolution for 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean
  • 17851st manned flight by gas balloon in the Netherlands
  • 1801Battle at Algeciras: British fleet beats French and Spanish
  • 1812US forces led by General Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)
  • 18171st flower show held (Dannybrook, County Cork, Ireland)
  • 1817Karl Drais von Sauerbronn demonstrates bicycle course
  • 1843Mormon leader Joseph Smith say God OKs polygamy
  • 1850Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • 1859Paper bag manufacturing machine patents by William Goodale, Massachusetts
  • 1862Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
  • 1862Federal troops occupy Helena, Arkansas
  • 1874Ontario Agricultural College founded
  • 1874Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure, "Gloria Scott" (BG)
  • 1878Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
  • 18821st ocean pier in US completed, Washington, DC

Born on July 12

  • 1730Josiah Wedgwood: England, United Kingdom -- Pottery designer / manufacturer (Wedgwood)
  • 1757Christian Danner: Composer
  • 1794Heinrich Christian Pander: Russian zoologist
  • 1801John Hill Hewitt: Composer
  • 1802Charles-Louis Hanssens: Composer
  • 1807Silas Casey: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1882
  • 1817Henry David Thoreau: Concord, Massachusetts -- Naturalist / pacifist (Walden Pond)
  • 1821Cesare Dominiceti: Composer
  • 1821Daniel Harvey Hill: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1889
  • 1840Abraham Goldfaden: Eastern European Yiddish dramatist
  • 1849William Osler: Canada -- Physician / author (circulatory system)
  • 1854George Eastman: Waterville, New York -- Inventor (Kodak camera)
  • 1868Stefan George: Germany -- Lyric poet (Algabal)
  • 1884Amedeo Modigliani: Italy -- Painter / sculptor (Reclining Nude)
  • 1884Joseph Crehan: Baltimore, Maryland -- Actor (Charlie Chan-Meeting at Midnight)
  • 1885George Sainton Kaye Butterworth: Composer
  • 1886Jean Hersholt: Copenhagen, Denmark -- Actor (Men in White, Aryan)
  • 1888Tojohiko Kagawa: Japan -- Christian-social Reformer (Grain of Wheat)
  • 1895Kirsten Flagstead: Norwegian soprano (Wagner)
  • 1895Oscar Hammerstein II: NYC, New York -- Lyricist who worked with Richard Rodgers
  • 1895R Buckminster Fuller: Architect / inventor (geodesic dome)
  • 1900Fjodor Godunov-Tcherdynchev: Russian poet (Life of Tchernyshevsky)
  • 1901Robert Allenby: Melbourne, Victoria -- Golfer
  • 1904Pablo Neruda: Chile -- Poet (Residence on Earth-Nobel 1971)
  • 1905John C F: Son of English King George V
  • 1908Alain Cuny: Actor (Detective, Weite Land, Emmanuelle)
  • 1908Ernest Burnelle: Belgian politician
  • 1908Johan Franco: Composer
  • 19092nd viscount Camrose: British Conserv Lower house leader (1941-45)
  • 1909Souphanouvong [Red Prince]: President of Laos (1975-87)

Died on July 12

  • 0783Bertha "with the great feet": Wife of French King Pippin III
  • 1073Johannes Gualbertus: Italian Monk / saint
  • 1429John [Jean C] Gerson: French Theologist (Theologica mystic), dies at 65
  • 1450Jack Cade: Slain in a revolt against British King Henry VI
  • 1536Desiderius Erasmus: Humanist / priest (Novum instrumentum omne)
  • 1545Maria Manuela van Portugal: Niece of Spanish King Philip II
  • 1633Simon Besler: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1640Henry Casimir I: Count of Nassau-Dietz
  • 1712Richard Cromwell: English Lord Protector (1658-59), dies at 85
  • 1773Johann Joachim Quantz: German royal flautist / composer, dies at 76
  • 1804Alexander Hamilton: Secretary of Treasury, dies in pistol duel
  • 1839Christian Traugott Tag: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1844Charles-Louis Panckoucke: French publisher, dies at 63
  • 1882Alfred Humphreys Pease: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1883Hermann Zopff: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1897Felix Godefroid: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1898Paul Voulet: French captain / mass murderer in Senegal
  • 1899Esquire Mauritius A de Savornin Lohman: Gov of Suriname, dies at 67
  • 1902Pieter Caland: Dutch hydraulic engineer (New Waterway), dies at 74
  • 1906Henrique Alves de Mesquita: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1916Aritius S Talma: Dutch Minister of Agriculture, dies at 52
  • 1917Fournier: Swiss / French postage stamp Merchant / forger
  • 1926Charles Wood: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1929Robert Henri: US Painter (The Eight), dies at 63
  • 1933Willem H Drucker: Lawyer, dies at 45
  • 1953Joseph Jongen: Belgian composer, dies at 79
  • 1953Marie-Alphonse-Nicolas-Joseph Jongen: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1956Maurice Lippens: Belgian Governor of Congo (1921-23), dies at 80
  • 1966D T Suzuki: Zen Buddhism scholar, dies at 96 in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1976Ted Mack: TV host (Original Amateur Hour), dies at 72