Events on Jul 12

  • 0526St. Felix IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1191Richard Coeur de Lion and Crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine
  • 1290Jews are expelled from England by order of King Edward I
  • 1542French troops under Maarten van Rossem occupies Flanders
  • 1549English boer army occupies Norwich
  • 1575Willem van Orange marries Charlotte de Bourbon
  • 1690Battle of Boyne-King William III defeats Catholic King James II
  • 1691Antonio Pignatelli elected as Pope Innocentius XII
  • 1691Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) England, William III beats James II
  • 1700Gelderland accepts Gregorian calendar; yesterday is June 30, 1700
  • 1704Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes King of part of Poland
  • 1730Lorenzo Corsini chosen as Pope Clemens XII
  • 1771James Cook sails Endeavour back to Downs England
  • 1774Citizens of Carlisle Penn, pass a declaration of independence
  • 1774Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan
  • 1776Captain Cook departs with Resolution for 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean
  • 17851st manned flight by gas balloon in the Netherlands
  • 1801Battle at Algeciras: British fleet beats French and Spanish
  • 1812US forces led by General Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)
  • 18171st flower show held (Dannybrook, County Cork, Ireland)
  • 1817Karl Drais von Sauerbronn demonstrates bicycle course
  • 1843Mormon leader Joseph Smith say God OKs polygamy
  • 1850Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • 1859Paper bag manufacturing machine patents by William Goodale, Massachusetts
  • 1862Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
  • 1862Federal troops occupy Helena, Arkansas
  • 1874Ontario Agricultural College founded
  • 1874Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure, "Gloria Scott" (BG)
  • 1878Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
  • 18821st ocean pier in US completed, Washington, DC

Born on Jul 12

  • 1730Josiah Wedgwood: England, United Kingdom -- Pottery designer / manufacturer (Wedgwood)
  • 1757Christian Danner: Composer
  • 1794Heinrich Christian Pander: Russian zoologist
  • 1801John Hill Hewitt: Composer
  • 1802Charles-Louis Hanssens: Composer
  • 1807Silas Casey: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1882
  • 1817Henry David Thoreau: Concord, Massachusetts -- Naturalist / pacifist (Walden Pond)
  • 1821Cesare Dominiceti: Composer
  • 1821Daniel Harvey Hill: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1889
  • 1840Abraham Goldfaden: Eastern European Yiddish dramatist
  • 1849William Osler: Canada -- Physician / author (circulatory system)
  • 1854George Eastman: Waterville, New York -- Inventor (Kodak camera)
  • 1868Stefan George: Germany -- Lyric poet (Algabal)
  • 1884Amedeo Modigliani: Italy -- Painter / sculptor (Reclining Nude)
  • 1884Joseph Crehan: Baltimore, Maryland -- Actor (Charlie Chan-Meeting at Midnight)
  • 1885George Sainton Kaye Butterworth: Composer
  • 1886Jean Hersholt: Copenhagen, Denmark -- Actor (Men in White, Aryan)
  • 1888Tojohiko Kagawa: Japan -- Christian-social Reformer (Grain of Wheat)
  • 1895Kirsten Flagstead: Norwegian soprano (Wagner)
  • 1895Oscar Hammerstein II: NYC, New York -- Lyricist who worked with Richard Rodgers
  • 1895R Buckminster Fuller: Architect / inventor (geodesic dome)
  • 1900Fjodor Godunov-Tcherdynchev: Russian poet (Life of Tchernyshevsky)
  • 1901Robert Allenby: Melbourne, Victoria -- Golfer
  • 1904Pablo Neruda: Chile -- Poet (Residence on Earth-Nobel 1971)
  • 1905John C F: Son of English King George V
  • 1908Alain Cuny: Actor (Detective, Weite Land, Emmanuelle)
  • 1908Ernest Burnelle: Belgian politician
  • 1908Johan Franco: Composer
  • 19092nd viscount Camrose: British Conserv Lower house leader (1941-45)
  • 1909Souphanouvong [Red Prince]: President of Laos (1975-87)

Died on Jul 12

  • 0783Bertha "with the great feet": Wife of French King Pippin III
  • 1073Johannes Gualbertus: Italian Monk / saint
  • 1429John [Jean C] Gerson: French Theologist (Theologica mystic), dies at 65
  • 1450Jack Cade: Slain in a revolt against British King Henry VI
  • 1536Desiderius Erasmus: Humanist / priest (Novum instrumentum omne)
  • 1545Maria Manuela van Portugal: Niece of Spanish King Philip II
  • 1633Simon Besler: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1640Henry Casimir I: Count of Nassau-Dietz
  • 1712Richard Cromwell: English Lord Protector (1658-59), dies at 85
  • 1773Johann Joachim Quantz: German royal flautist / composer, dies at 76
  • 1804Alexander Hamilton: Secretary of Treasury, dies in pistol duel
  • 1839Christian Traugott Tag: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1844Charles-Louis Panckoucke: French publisher, dies at 63
  • 1882Alfred Humphreys Pease: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1883Hermann Zopff: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1897Felix Godefroid: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1898Paul Voulet: French captain / mass murderer in Senegal
  • 1899Esquire Mauritius A de Savornin Lohman: Gov of Suriname, dies at 67
  • 1902Pieter Caland: Dutch hydraulic engineer (New Waterway), dies at 74
  • 1906Henrique Alves de Mesquita: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1916Aritius S Talma: Dutch Minister of Agriculture, dies at 52
  • 1917Fournier: Swiss / French postage stamp Merchant / forger
  • 1926Charles Wood: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1929Robert Henri: US Painter (The Eight), dies at 63
  • 1933Willem H Drucker: Lawyer, dies at 45
  • 1953Joseph Jongen: Belgian composer, dies at 79
  • 1953Marie-Alphonse-Nicolas-Joseph Jongen: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1956Maurice Lippens: Belgian Governor of Congo (1921-23), dies at 80
  • 1966D T Suzuki: Zen Buddhism scholar, dies at 96 in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1976Ted Mack: TV host (Original Amateur Hour), dies at 72

Historical events on July 13

  • 0574John III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1174Scottish King William captured
  • 1522Hunger appeal by women of Utrecht
  • 1573Haarlem surrenders after 7 months to Spanish army
  • 1643Battle at Roundway Down: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
  • 1645Aleksei Romanov succeeds his father Michael as Czar of Russia
  • 1657Oliver Cromwell constrains English army leader John Lambert
  • 1700Russian-Turkish peace
  • 1772Captain James Cook begins 2nd trip (Resolution) to South Seas
  • 1787Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)
  • 1787Ord of 1787-a territory can become 3 to 5 states at 60,000 pop
  • 1832Source of Mississippi River discovered (Henry R Schoolcraft)
  • 1836US patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels
  • 1837Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace
  • 1851John F Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
  • 1854US forces shell and burn San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua
  • 1863Anti-draft mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die
  • 1863Battle of Bayou La Fourche, Louisiana
  • 1864Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
  • 1865Horace Greeley advises his readers to "Go west young man"
  • 1868Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt Governor of Louisiana
  • 187629th Postmaster General: James N Tyner of Ind takes office
  • 1878Congress of Berlin discusses division of African colonization ends
  • 1878Treaty of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano
  • 1882200 die as train derails near Tcherny, Russia
  • 1896Ed Delahanty, becomes 2nd major leaguer to hit 4 HRs in a game
  • 1898Guglielmo Marconi patents radio
  • 1898San Francisco Ferry Building at foot of Market St. opens
  • 1900Phillies beat Pittsburgh 23-8
  • 1919Chicago White Sox pitcher Carl Mays walks off mound blaming teammates for lack of support afield

Born on July 13

  • 1396Philip the Good: Duke of Burgundy
  • 1527John Dee: London, England -- Alchemist / Astrologer / mathematician
  • 1590Clement X [Emilio Altieri]: Italy -- Pope (1670-76)
  • 1608Ferdinand III: King of Hungary / Bohemia / German Emperor (1637-57)
  • 1773Wilhelm H Wackenroder: German writer (Fantasies about Art)
  • 1815James Alexander Seddon: Confederate States Secretary of War, died in 1880
  • 1816Gustav Freytag: Writer
  • 1821Nathan Bedford Forrest: Slave trader / Confederate Lieutenant General / KKK Grand Wizard
  • 1826Stanislao Cannizzaro: Italian chemist (Reaction of Cannizzaro)
  • 1850Hipolito Irigoyen: President Argentina (1916-22, 1928-30)
  • 1859Sydney Webb: England, United Kingdom -- Writer / husband of Beatrice Potter
  • 1863Emma Mary Wooley: Educator (Mary Anna Wells)
  • 1872Alfons van de Perre: Flemish Physician / MP
  • 1877Karl Erb: German tenor
  • 1883[Louis C] Marcel Berckmans: Painter / actor (Potasch & Perlemoer)
  • 1884Francis B Young: British Physician / writer (White Ladies)
  • 1884John Francis Larchet: Composer
  • 1888Fernando A N de Seabra Pessoa: Portuguese poet (Mensagem)
  • 1888Jean Murat: Pergneux, France -- Actor (Eternal Rain, Carnival Flanders)
  • 1891Franco Casavola: Composer
  • 1895Sidney Blackmer: Salisbury, North Carolina -- Actor (Ted Roosevelt in 12 movies)
  • 1898Martin David: German / Netherlands law historian
  • 1900JH Scheps: Dutch 2nd-Member of parliament (social democratic)
  • 1901Mickey "Toy Bulldog" Walker: Welterweight boxing champ (1922-26)
  • 1901Tillie Ehrlich Lewin: Leading industrialist (tomato queen)
  • 1903Eric Portman: Yorkshire, England -- Actor (Naked Edge, Canterbury Tale)
  • 1906Harry Sosnik: Chicago, Illinois -- Orchestra leader (Jack Carter Show, Your Hit Parade)
  • 1909David Branson: Composer
  • 1909Paul Constantinescu: Composer
  • 1909Washington Castro: Composer

Died on July 13

  • 0574John III: Italian Pope (561-74)
  • 0939Leo VII: Italian Pope (936-39)
  • 1024Henry II [the Monk]: German King (1002-24)
  • 1105Rashi [Rabbi Shlomo Yitzaki]: Jewish intellectual
  • 1309Jan I van Nassau: Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1380Bertrand du Guesclin: French King of Granada, dies at about 60
  • 1621Albrecht / Albertus: Archduke of Austria, dies at 61
  • 1755Edward Braddock: British General, dies in battle at Pittsburgh
  • 1762James Bradley: 3rd Astronomer Royal
  • 1777Guillaume Coustou, Jr.: French Sculptor (Apollo / Mars / Venus), dies at 61
  • 1785Stephen Hopkins: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 78
  • 1793Jean Paul Marat: French revolutionary, murdered by Charlotte Corday
  • 1813Johann Friedrich Peter: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1844Johann Gansbacher: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1860John Ackersdijk: Dutch state house builder, dies at 69
  • 1861Robert Selden Garnett: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 41
  • 1863John S Bowen: US Architect / Confederate General Major, dies at 32
  • 1877Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler: German Bishop of Mainz, dies at 65
  • 1889Carli Zoeller: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1894Juventino Rosas: Composer, dies at 26
  • 1903August Reissmann: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1925Gerben Postma [Ids]: Fries writer (Lytse Fryske Spraekleare)
  • 1927James E K Aggrey: Ghana / US theologist
  • 1936Izydor Lotto: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1936Jose Calvo Sotelo: Spanish Minister of Finance, murdered at 43
  • 1946Alfred Stieglitz: US photographer / art dealer (Camera Work), dies at 82
  • 1954Irving Pichel: Dies at 63
  • 1954M C Frida Kahlo: Mexican Painter / Wife of Diego Rivera, dies at 47
  • 1955Beulah Ecton Woodard: US sculptor, dies at 59
  • 1955Ruth Ellis: Last English woman (murderess), executed by hanging