Events on Jul 13

  • 0574John III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1174Scottish King William captured
  • 1522Hunger appeal by women of Utrecht
  • 1573Haarlem surrenders after 7 months to Spanish army
  • 1643Battle at Roundway Down: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
  • 1645Aleksei Romanov succeeds his father Michael as Czar of Russia
  • 1657Oliver Cromwell constrains English army leader John Lambert
  • 1700Russian-Turkish peace
  • 1772Captain James Cook begins 2nd trip (Resolution) to South Seas
  • 1787Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)
  • 1787Ord of 1787-a territory can become 3 to 5 states at 60,000 pop
  • 1832Source of Mississippi River discovered (Henry R Schoolcraft)
  • 1836US patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels
  • 1837Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace
  • 1851John F Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
  • 1854US forces shell and burn San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua
  • 1863Anti-draft mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die
  • 1863Battle of Bayou La Fourche, Louisiana
  • 1864Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
  • 1865Horace Greeley advises his readers to "Go west young man"
  • 1868Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt Governor of Louisiana
  • 187629th Postmaster General: James N Tyner of Ind takes office
  • 1878Congress of Berlin discusses division of African colonization ends
  • 1878Treaty of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano
  • 1882200 die as train derails near Tcherny, Russia
  • 1896Ed Delahanty, becomes 2nd major leaguer to hit 4 HRs in a game
  • 1898Guglielmo Marconi patents radio
  • 1898San Francisco Ferry Building at foot of Market St. opens
  • 1900Phillies beat Pittsburgh 23-8
  • 1919Chicago White Sox pitcher Carl Mays walks off mound blaming teammates for lack of support afield

Born on Jul 13

  • 1396Philip the Good: Duke of Burgundy
  • 1527John Dee: London, England -- Alchemist / Astrologer / mathematician
  • 1590Clement X [Emilio Altieri]: Italy -- Pope (1670-76)
  • 1608Ferdinand III: King of Hungary / Bohemia / German Emperor (1637-57)
  • 1773Wilhelm H Wackenroder: German writer (Fantasies about Art)
  • 1815James Alexander Seddon: Confederate States Secretary of War, died in 1880
  • 1816Gustav Freytag: Writer
  • 1821Nathan Bedford Forrest: Slave trader / Confederate Lieutenant General / KKK Grand Wizard
  • 1826Stanislao Cannizzaro: Italian chemist (Reaction of Cannizzaro)
  • 1850Hipolito Irigoyen: President Argentina (1916-22, 1928-30)
  • 1859Sydney Webb: England, United Kingdom -- Writer / husband of Beatrice Potter
  • 1863Emma Mary Wooley: Educator (Mary Anna Wells)
  • 1872Alfons van de Perre: Flemish Physician / MP
  • 1877Karl Erb: German tenor
  • 1883[Louis C] Marcel Berckmans: Painter / actor (Potasch & Perlemoer)
  • 1884Francis B Young: British Physician / writer (White Ladies)
  • 1884John Francis Larchet: Composer
  • 1888Fernando A N de Seabra Pessoa: Portuguese poet (Mensagem)
  • 1888Jean Murat: Pergneux, France -- Actor (Eternal Rain, Carnival Flanders)
  • 1891Franco Casavola: Composer
  • 1895Sidney Blackmer: Salisbury, North Carolina -- Actor (Ted Roosevelt in 12 movies)
  • 1898Martin David: German / Netherlands law historian
  • 1900JH Scheps: Dutch 2nd-Member of parliament (social democratic)
  • 1901Mickey "Toy Bulldog" Walker: Welterweight boxing champ (1922-26)
  • 1901Tillie Ehrlich Lewin: Leading industrialist (tomato queen)
  • 1903Eric Portman: Yorkshire, England -- Actor (Naked Edge, Canterbury Tale)
  • 1906Harry Sosnik: Chicago, Illinois -- Orchestra leader (Jack Carter Show, Your Hit Parade)
  • 1909David Branson: Composer
  • 1909Paul Constantinescu: Composer
  • 1909Washington Castro: Composer

Died on Jul 13

  • 0574John III: Italian Pope (561-74)
  • 0939Leo VII: Italian Pope (936-39)
  • 1024Henry II [the Monk]: German King (1002-24)
  • 1105Rashi [Rabbi Shlomo Yitzaki]: Jewish intellectual
  • 1309Jan I van Nassau: Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1380Bertrand du Guesclin: French King of Granada, dies at about 60
  • 1621Albrecht / Albertus: Archduke of Austria, dies at 61
  • 1755Edward Braddock: British General, dies in battle at Pittsburgh
  • 1762James Bradley: 3rd Astronomer Royal
  • 1777Guillaume Coustou, Jr.: French Sculptor (Apollo / Mars / Venus), dies at 61
  • 1785Stephen Hopkins: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 78
  • 1793Jean Paul Marat: French revolutionary, murdered by Charlotte Corday
  • 1813Johann Friedrich Peter: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1844Johann Gansbacher: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1860John Ackersdijk: Dutch state house builder, dies at 69
  • 1861Robert Selden Garnett: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 41
  • 1863John S Bowen: US Architect / Confederate General Major, dies at 32
  • 1877Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler: German Bishop of Mainz, dies at 65
  • 1889Carli Zoeller: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1894Juventino Rosas: Composer, dies at 26
  • 1903August Reissmann: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1925Gerben Postma [Ids]: Fries writer (Lytse Fryske Spraekleare)
  • 1927James E K Aggrey: Ghana / US theologist
  • 1936Izydor Lotto: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1936Jose Calvo Sotelo: Spanish Minister of Finance, murdered at 43
  • 1946Alfred Stieglitz: US photographer / art dealer (Camera Work), dies at 82
  • 1954Irving Pichel: Dies at 63
  • 1954M C Frida Kahlo: Mexican Painter / Wife of Diego Rivera, dies at 47
  • 1955Beulah Ecton Woodard: US sculptor, dies at 59
  • 1955Ruth Ellis: Last English woman (murderess), executed by hanging

Historical events on July 14

  • 1535Emperor Charles V conquerors Tunis
  • 1544English troops attack The Canal
  • 1581English Jesuit Edmund Campion arrested
  • 1682Henry Purcell appointed Organist of Chapel Royal, London
  • 1714Battle of Aland, Russian fleet overpowers larger Swedish fleet
  • 1771Mission San Antonio de Padua founded in California
  • 1789Bastille Day-French Revolution begins with the fall of Bastille
  • 17981st direct federal tax on states - on dwellings, land and slaves
  • 1798Sedition Act prohibits "false, scandalous & malicious" writing against US government
  • 1822Slave revolt in SC under Denmark Vesey / Peter Poyas
  • 1823Switzerland signs boundaries for fugitives
  • 1832Opium exempted from federal tariff duty
  • 1845Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes and kills many
  • 18501st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
  • 1853Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan
  • 1853President Franklin Pierce opens 1st industrial exposition (NY)
  • 1861Gen McDowell advances toward Fairfax Courthouse, VA with 40,000 troops
  • 1861Naval Engagement at Wilmington NC - USS Daylight establishes blockade
  • 1863Battle of Falling Waters, MD (Beaver Creek)
  • 1863Jews of Holstein Germany granted equality
  • 1864Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana
  • 18651st ascent of Matterhorn
  • 1865Whymper, Hudson, Croz, Douglas and Hadow 1st to climb Matterhorn
  • 1868Alvin J Fellows patents tape measure
  • 1877General strike brings US railroad to a stand still
  • 1891John T Smith patents corkboard
  • 191146" of rain begins to fall in Baguio, Philippines
  • 1912Kenneth McArthur runs Olympic record marathon (2:36:54.8)
  • 19141st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted (Dr R Goddard)
  • 191633.6 cm rainfall at Effingham SC (state record)

Born on July 14

  • 1486Andrea del Sarto: Italy -- Painter (Recollets)
  • 1602Jules Mazarin: France -- Cardinal, French 1st Minister (1642-61)
  • 1610Ferdinand II: Monarch of Toscane
  • 1707Jacques-Philippe Lamoninary: Composer
  • 1756Thomas Rowlandson: English painter / cartoonist / etcher
  • 1794John G Lockhart [Scorpion]: Biographer (Life of Sir Walter Scott)
  • 1804Ludwig A Benedek: Austrian General
  • 1818Nathaniel Lyon: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1861
  • 1830Richard Henry Jackson: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1831William Dwight: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1888
  • 1839Edward Sydney Smith: Composer
  • 1854Alexander Alexandrovich Kopilov: Composer
  • 1855Richard Samuel Hughes: Composer
  • 1857Maytag: Inventor (washing machine)
  • 1862Florence Bascom: United States -- 1st American woman PhD
  • 1862Gustav Klimt: Austria -- Art Nouveau painter
  • 1865Annie Jones: Virginia, United States -- Bearded lady
  • 1868Gertrude M L Bell: British archaeologist (Desert & The Sown)
  • 1869Owen Wister: United States -- Novelist (Virginian)
  • 1880Donald Meek: Glasgow, Scotland -- Actor (Stage Fair, Stagecoach)
  • 1883Alexandru Zirra: Composer
  • 1884Charles Meldrum Daniels: Dayton, Ohio -- Swimmer (1904, 08 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1890Ossip Zadkine [Zadkin]: Russ / French sculptor (Destroyed City)
  • 1891Henry Oscar: London, England -- Actor (Saint in London)
  • 1893John G Strijdom: Premier of South-Africa (1954-58)
  • 1895Frank Raymond Leavis: British literary critic (Culture & Environment)
  • 1898Ivan Triesault: Estonia -- Actor (Cry of the Werewolf, Black Parachute)
  • 1901George Tobias: NYC, New York -- Actor (Abner Kravitz-Bewitched)
  • 1902Paul Guilfoyle: Jersey City, New Jersey -- Actor / director (Curiosity Kills)
  • 1902Richard Clarkson: Aerodynamicist

Died on July 14

  • 1223Philippe II Augustus: King of France (1180-1223), dies at 57
  • 1298Jacob de Voragine: Italian Bishop / writer (Golden Legend)
  • 1614Camillus de Lellis: Ital soldier / monastery founder / saint, dies at 64
  • 1711Johan Willem Friso: Prince of Orange / (Nassau-Dietz), drowns at 23
  • 1744Immanuel J Pyra: German Poet (Temple of True Poetry), dies at 28
  • 1762Cornelis Hop: Amsterdams regent / diplomat, dies at 77
  • 1779George Ross: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 49
  • 1788Johann Gottfried Muthel: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1793Jacques Cathelineau: French royalist, dies in battle at 44
  • 1803Esteban Salas y Castro: Composer
  • 1812Christian G Heyne: German archaeologist, dies at 82
  • 1816Francisco AG de Miranda: Venezuela freedom fighter, dies at 66
  • 1830Anthony FRE Haersolte: Member of Executing Regime, dies at 73
  • 1873Ferdinand David: Dutch violinist / composer, dies at 63
  • 1895Alexander Ewing: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1902Mark M Antokolski: Russian / French sculptor, dies at 58
  • 1904S J Paul Kruger: General / President South-Africa (1883-1904), dies at 78
  • 1908William Mason: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1923Louis Ganne: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1943Johannes F "Frits" Bakker, Sr.: Actor
  • 1954Jacinto Benavente y Martinez: Spanish playwright, dies at 87
  • 1956Jaroslav Ridky: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1958Abdoel Illah: Crown Prince of Iraq, murdered
  • 1958Emil Barth: Writer, dies at 58
  • 1958Faisal II: King of Iraq (1939-58), assassinated at Baghdad
  • 1958Franciscus J Feron: Vicar-General of Roermond, dies at 62
  • 1958Noeri el-Said: Premier of Iraq, murdered
  • 1959Grock [Adrien Wettach]: Swiss clown / circus director, dies at 79
  • 1965Adlai Stevenson: US amb to UN / Presidential Candidate (D, 1952, 56)
  • 1968Konstatin G Paustovski: Russian sailor / author, dies at 76