Events on Jul 14

  • 1535Emperor Charles V conquerors Tunis
  • 1544English troops attack The Canal
  • 1581English Jesuit Edmund Campion arrested
  • 1682Henry Purcell appointed Organist of Chapel Royal, London
  • 1714Battle of Aland, Russian fleet overpowers larger Swedish fleet
  • 1771Mission San Antonio de Padua founded in California
  • 1789Bastille Day-French Revolution begins with the fall of Bastille
  • 17981st direct federal tax on states - on dwellings, land and slaves
  • 1798Sedition Act prohibits "false, scandalous & malicious" writing against US government
  • 1822Slave revolt in SC under Denmark Vesey / Peter Poyas
  • 1823Switzerland signs boundaries for fugitives
  • 1832Opium exempted from federal tariff duty
  • 1845Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes and kills many
  • 18501st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
  • 1853Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan
  • 1853President Franklin Pierce opens 1st industrial exposition (NY)
  • 1861Gen McDowell advances toward Fairfax Courthouse, VA with 40,000 troops
  • 1861Naval Engagement at Wilmington NC - USS Daylight establishes blockade
  • 1863Battle of Falling Waters, MD (Beaver Creek)
  • 1863Jews of Holstein Germany granted equality
  • 1864Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana
  • 18651st ascent of Matterhorn
  • 1865Whymper, Hudson, Croz, Douglas and Hadow 1st to climb Matterhorn
  • 1868Alvin J Fellows patents tape measure
  • 1877General strike brings US railroad to a stand still
  • 1891John T Smith patents corkboard
  • 191146" of rain begins to fall in Baguio, Philippines
  • 1912Kenneth McArthur runs Olympic record marathon (2:36:54.8)
  • 19141st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted (Dr R Goddard)
  • 191633.6 cm rainfall at Effingham SC (state record)

Born on Jul 14

  • 1486Andrea del Sarto: Italy -- Painter (Recollets)
  • 1602Jules Mazarin: France -- Cardinal, French 1st Minister (1642-61)
  • 1610Ferdinand II: Monarch of Toscane
  • 1707Jacques-Philippe Lamoninary: Composer
  • 1756Thomas Rowlandson: English painter / cartoonist / etcher
  • 1794John G Lockhart [Scorpion]: Biographer (Life of Sir Walter Scott)
  • 1804Ludwig A Benedek: Austrian General
  • 1818Nathaniel Lyon: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1861
  • 1830Richard Henry Jackson: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1831William Dwight: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1888
  • 1839Edward Sydney Smith: Composer
  • 1854Alexander Alexandrovich Kopilov: Composer
  • 1855Richard Samuel Hughes: Composer
  • 1857Maytag: Inventor (washing machine)
  • 1862Florence Bascom: United States -- 1st American woman PhD
  • 1862Gustav Klimt: Austria -- Art Nouveau painter
  • 1865Annie Jones: Virginia, United States -- Bearded lady
  • 1868Gertrude M L Bell: British archaeologist (Desert & The Sown)
  • 1869Owen Wister: United States -- Novelist (Virginian)
  • 1880Donald Meek: Glasgow, Scotland -- Actor (Stage Fair, Stagecoach)
  • 1883Alexandru Zirra: Composer
  • 1884Charles Meldrum Daniels: Dayton, Ohio -- Swimmer (1904, 08 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1890Ossip Zadkine [Zadkin]: Russ / French sculptor (Destroyed City)
  • 1891Henry Oscar: London, England -- Actor (Saint in London)
  • 1893John G Strijdom: Premier of South-Africa (1954-58)
  • 1895Frank Raymond Leavis: British literary critic (Culture & Environment)
  • 1898Ivan Triesault: Estonia -- Actor (Cry of the Werewolf, Black Parachute)
  • 1901George Tobias: NYC, New York -- Actor (Abner Kravitz-Bewitched)
  • 1902Paul Guilfoyle: Jersey City, New Jersey -- Actor / director (Curiosity Kills)
  • 1902Richard Clarkson: Aerodynamicist

Died on Jul 14

  • 1223Philippe II Augustus: King of France (1180-1223), dies at 57
  • 1298Jacob de Voragine: Italian Bishop / writer (Golden Legend)
  • 1614Camillus de Lellis: Ital soldier / monastery founder / saint, dies at 64
  • 1711Johan Willem Friso: Prince of Orange / (Nassau-Dietz), drowns at 23
  • 1744Immanuel J Pyra: German Poet (Temple of True Poetry), dies at 28
  • 1762Cornelis Hop: Amsterdams regent / diplomat, dies at 77
  • 1779George Ross: US judge / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 49
  • 1788Johann Gottfried Muthel: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1793Jacques Cathelineau: French royalist, dies in battle at 44
  • 1803Esteban Salas y Castro: Composer
  • 1812Christian G Heyne: German archaeologist, dies at 82
  • 1816Francisco AG de Miranda: Venezuela freedom fighter, dies at 66
  • 1830Anthony FRE Haersolte: Member of Executing Regime, dies at 73
  • 1873Ferdinand David: Dutch violinist / composer, dies at 63
  • 1895Alexander Ewing: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1902Mark M Antokolski: Russian / French sculptor, dies at 58
  • 1904S J Paul Kruger: General / President South-Africa (1883-1904), dies at 78
  • 1908William Mason: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1923Louis Ganne: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1943Johannes F "Frits" Bakker, Sr.: Actor
  • 1954Jacinto Benavente y Martinez: Spanish playwright, dies at 87
  • 1956Jaroslav Ridky: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1958Abdoel Illah: Crown Prince of Iraq, murdered
  • 1958Emil Barth: Writer, dies at 58
  • 1958Faisal II: King of Iraq (1939-58), assassinated at Baghdad
  • 1958Franciscus J Feron: Vicar-General of Roermond, dies at 62
  • 1958Noeri el-Said: Premier of Iraq, murdered
  • 1959Grock [Adrien Wettach]: Swiss clown / circus director, dies at 79
  • 1965Adlai Stevenson: US amb to UN / Presidential Candidate (D, 1952, 56)
  • 1968Konstatin G Paustovski: Russian sailor / author, dies at 76

Historical events on July 15

  • 10991st Crusaders capture and plunder Jerusalem
  • 1205Pope Innocent III states Jews are doomed to perpetual servitude and subjugation due to crucifixion of Jesus
  • 1410Battle of Tannenburg-Teutonic Knights vs. King Ladislas II of Poland
  • 1500"Blood Wedding" of Astorre Baglione and Lavinia Colonna in Perugia family Baglione massacre
  • 1500Duke Albrecht of Saxon beats Friese rebellion
  • 1501Explorer Pedro Cabral back in Lisbon
  • 1524Emperor Karel I bans German national synode
  • 1538Peace talks between Karel and King Francois I
  • 1755French ambassador recalled from London
  • 1779US troops under General A Wayne conquer Ft Stony Point, New York
  • 17831st steamboat, Pyroscaphe, 1st run in France
  • 1787Parliament of Paris banished to Troyes
  • 1795"Marseillaise" becomes French national anthem
  • 1806Zebulon Pike began his journey to explore the Southwest
  • 1808French marshal Joachim Murat becomes King of Naples
  • 1815Napoleon Bonaparte captured
  • 1815Napoleon surrendered and is later exiled on St. Helena
  • 18303 Indian tribes, Sioux, Sauk and Fox, signs a treaty giving the US most of Minnesota, Iowa and Missouri
  • 1840England, Russia, Austria and Prussia signs Quadruple Alliance
  • 1856Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony
  • 1862CSS Arkansas vs. USS Cardondelet and Queen of the West engage at Yazoo R
  • 1863President Davis orders service duty for confederate army
  • 1864Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 and injuring 109 of 955 aboard
  • 1870Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US
  • 1870Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province and NW Territories created
  • 1888Bandai volcano (Japan) erupts for 1st time in 1,000 years
  • 1893Commodore Perry arrives in Japan
  • 1900President Steyn / General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
  • 1901New York Giant Christy Mathewson no-hits St. Louis, 5-0
  • 1902Ranjitsinhji scores 180 before lunch, for Sussex vs. Surrey

Born on July 15

  • 1638Giovanni Buonaventura Viviani: Composer
  • 1700Johann Christoph Richter: Composer
  • 1701Pierre Joubert: Became oldest known Canadian (113 y 124 d at death)
  • 1704August Gottlieb Spangenberg: Founder of Moravian Church in North America
  • 1798Charles H Bell: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1875
  • 1802John Barnett: Composer
  • 1808Henry Cole: Promotor (Great Exhibition of 1851)
  • 1808Henry Edward Manning: Cardinal / Archbishop (Westminster)
  • 1812Benno Adam: Animal painter
  • 1817John Fowler: English engineer (London Metropolitan Railway)
  • 1818Heinrich Esser: Composer
  • 1848Vilfredo F D Pareto: Italian economist / sociologist
  • 1849Moritz Heuzenroeder: Composer
  • 1850Francesca Xavier Cabrini [Mother Cabrini]: 1st US Saint
  • 1864Marie Tempest [Marie Susan Etherington]: Actress (Yellow Sands)
  • 1865Alfred Charles William Harmsworth: 1st viscount Northcliffe
  • 1867Maggie Mitchell Walker: 1st woman bank director / philanthropist
  • 1870Ernest Walker: Composer
  • 1875Frank "Pop" Morgenweck: Basketball hall of famer (elected 1962)
  • 1875Jean van den Eeckhoudt: Belgian painter
  • 1878Willem Paerels: Netherlands -- Belgian painter / graphic artist
  • 1884Enrique Soro Barriga: Composer
  • 1889Marjorie Rambeau: San Francisco, California -- Actress (Primrose Path, Torch Song)
  • 1892Walter Benjamin: German literature critic / writer
  • 1893Enid Bennett: Australia -- Silent film actress (Skippy, Hairpins)
  • 1898Noel Gay [Richard Moxon Armitage]: Composer
  • 1898Norman Demuth: Composer
  • 1902Jean Rey: Belgium -- President of European Commission (1967-70)
  • 1902Raymond Hackett: NYC, New York -- Husband of Blanche Sweet / actor (Faithless Lover)
  • 1906Edmund Davies: British lord of appeal

Died on July 15

  • 0668Constantius II: Emperor of Byzantium, dies at 37
  • 1085Robert Guiscard: Duke of Apulia and Calabria, dies at 70
  • 1274John F Bonaventura: Ital / French Theologist / dominican / saint
  • 1291Rudolf I: King of Germany and Holy Roman Empire
  • 1381John Ball: English priest / ideologist of Boer uprising, hanged
  • 1411Johannes Parvus [Jean Petit]: French theologist
  • 1416John: Duke of Berry, captain of Paris
  • 1417Willem J Eggert: Financier (W E Center, Purmerend)
  • 1609Annibale Carracci: Painter
  • 1685James Scott: Duke of Monmouth, illegitimate Son of Charles 2, executed
  • 1738Alexander Voznitsyn: Rus Naval officer converted to Judaism, executed
  • 1738Antonio Maria Pacchioni: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1738Baruch Leibov: Converted Russian Naval officer to Judaism, executed
  • 1751John Wilson: Botanist
  • 1765Charles Andrew Vanloo: Painter
  • 1782Farinelli: Italian singer, dies at 77
  • 1782Robert Wainwright: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1784Johan B Straub: South German sculptor
  • 1789Jacques Duphly: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1798Gaetano Pugnani: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1810Jean-Baptiste Rey: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1839Winthrop Mackworth Praed: Politician / poet
  • 1854Wincenty Studzinski: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1856Margaretha J de Neufville: Author (The Kidnap), dies at 81
  • 1857Carl Czerny: Austrian pianist / composer, dies at 66
  • 1862David Emanuel Twiggs: US Confederate General Major (Monterrey), dies at 72
  • 1865Reinier C Bakhuizen van de Brink: Dutch historian, dies at 55
  • 1868William Thomas Morton: Dentist (1st to use ether)
  • 1869A J Hayne: Black captain of Arkansas militia, assassinated
  • 1876Aleksander Fredro: Polish comedy writer (Zemstra), dies at 82