Events on Jul 15

  • 10991st Crusaders capture and plunder Jerusalem
  • 1205Pope Innocent III states Jews are doomed to perpetual servitude and subjugation due to crucifixion of Jesus
  • 1410Battle of Tannenburg-Teutonic Knights vs. King Ladislas II of Poland
  • 1500"Blood Wedding" of Astorre Baglione and Lavinia Colonna in Perugia family Baglione massacre
  • 1500Duke Albrecht of Saxon beats Friese rebellion
  • 1501Explorer Pedro Cabral back in Lisbon
  • 1524Emperor Karel I bans German national synode
  • 1538Peace talks between Karel and King Francois I
  • 1755French ambassador recalled from London
  • 1779US troops under General A Wayne conquer Ft Stony Point, New York
  • 17831st steamboat, Pyroscaphe, 1st run in France
  • 1787Parliament of Paris banished to Troyes
  • 1795"Marseillaise" becomes French national anthem
  • 1806Zebulon Pike began his journey to explore the Southwest
  • 1808French marshal Joachim Murat becomes King of Naples
  • 1815Napoleon Bonaparte captured
  • 1815Napoleon surrendered and is later exiled on St. Helena
  • 18303 Indian tribes, Sioux, Sauk and Fox, signs a treaty giving the US most of Minnesota, Iowa and Missouri
  • 1840England, Russia, Austria and Prussia signs Quadruple Alliance
  • 1856Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony
  • 1862CSS Arkansas vs. USS Cardondelet and Queen of the West engage at Yazoo R
  • 1863President Davis orders service duty for confederate army
  • 1864Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 and injuring 109 of 955 aboard
  • 1870Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US
  • 1870Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province and NW Territories created
  • 1888Bandai volcano (Japan) erupts for 1st time in 1,000 years
  • 1893Commodore Perry arrives in Japan
  • 1900President Steyn / General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
  • 1901New York Giant Christy Mathewson no-hits St. Louis, 5-0
  • 1902Ranjitsinhji scores 180 before lunch, for Sussex vs. Surrey

Born on Jul 15

  • 1638Giovanni Buonaventura Viviani: Composer
  • 1700Johann Christoph Richter: Composer
  • 1701Pierre Joubert: Became oldest known Canadian (113 y 124 d at death)
  • 1704August Gottlieb Spangenberg: Founder of Moravian Church in North America
  • 1798Charles H Bell: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1875
  • 1802John Barnett: Composer
  • 1808Henry Cole: Promotor (Great Exhibition of 1851)
  • 1808Henry Edward Manning: Cardinal / Archbishop (Westminster)
  • 1812Benno Adam: Animal painter
  • 1817John Fowler: English engineer (London Metropolitan Railway)
  • 1818Heinrich Esser: Composer
  • 1848Vilfredo F D Pareto: Italian economist / sociologist
  • 1849Moritz Heuzenroeder: Composer
  • 1850Francesca Xavier Cabrini [Mother Cabrini]: 1st US Saint
  • 1864Marie Tempest [Marie Susan Etherington]: Actress (Yellow Sands)
  • 1865Alfred Charles William Harmsworth: 1st viscount Northcliffe
  • 1867Maggie Mitchell Walker: 1st woman bank director / philanthropist
  • 1870Ernest Walker: Composer
  • 1875Frank "Pop" Morgenweck: Basketball hall of famer (elected 1962)
  • 1875Jean van den Eeckhoudt: Belgian painter
  • 1878Willem Paerels: Netherlands -- Belgian painter / graphic artist
  • 1884Enrique Soro Barriga: Composer
  • 1889Marjorie Rambeau: San Francisco, California -- Actress (Primrose Path, Torch Song)
  • 1892Walter Benjamin: German literature critic / writer
  • 1893Enid Bennett: Australia -- Silent film actress (Skippy, Hairpins)
  • 1898Noel Gay [Richard Moxon Armitage]: Composer
  • 1898Norman Demuth: Composer
  • 1902Jean Rey: Belgium -- President of European Commission (1967-70)
  • 1902Raymond Hackett: NYC, New York -- Husband of Blanche Sweet / actor (Faithless Lover)
  • 1906Edmund Davies: British lord of appeal

Died on Jul 15

  • 0668Constantius II: Emperor of Byzantium, dies at 37
  • 1085Robert Guiscard: Duke of Apulia and Calabria, dies at 70
  • 1274John F Bonaventura: Ital / French Theologist / dominican / saint
  • 1291Rudolf I: King of Germany and Holy Roman Empire
  • 1381John Ball: English priest / ideologist of Boer uprising, hanged
  • 1411Johannes Parvus [Jean Petit]: French theologist
  • 1416John: Duke of Berry, captain of Paris
  • 1417Willem J Eggert: Financier (W E Center, Purmerend)
  • 1609Annibale Carracci: Painter
  • 1685James Scott: Duke of Monmouth, illegitimate Son of Charles 2, executed
  • 1738Alexander Voznitsyn: Rus Naval officer converted to Judaism, executed
  • 1738Antonio Maria Pacchioni: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1738Baruch Leibov: Converted Russian Naval officer to Judaism, executed
  • 1751John Wilson: Botanist
  • 1765Charles Andrew Vanloo: Painter
  • 1782Farinelli: Italian singer, dies at 77
  • 1782Robert Wainwright: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1784Johan B Straub: South German sculptor
  • 1789Jacques Duphly: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1798Gaetano Pugnani: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1810Jean-Baptiste Rey: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1839Winthrop Mackworth Praed: Politician / poet
  • 1854Wincenty Studzinski: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1856Margaretha J de Neufville: Author (The Kidnap), dies at 81
  • 1857Carl Czerny: Austrian pianist / composer, dies at 66
  • 1862David Emanuel Twiggs: US Confederate General Major (Monterrey), dies at 72
  • 1865Reinier C Bakhuizen van de Brink: Dutch historian, dies at 55
  • 1868William Thomas Morton: Dentist (1st to use ether)
  • 1869A J Hayne: Black captain of Arkansas militia, assassinated
  • 1876Aleksander Fredro: Polish comedy writer (Zemstra), dies at 82

Historical events on July 16

  • 0390Brennus and Gauls defeat Romans at Allia
  • 0463Start of Lunar Cycle of Hilarius
  • 0622Moslem Era begins-Mahomet begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hejira)
  • 0622Origin of Islamic Era (Muharram 1, 1 AH)
  • 1054Michael Caerularius excommunicated of Constantinople
  • 1099Crusaders herd Jews of Jerusalem into a synagogue and set it afire
  • 1212Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa; end of Moslem power in Spain
  • 1251The Virgin Mary gives Simon Stork a haircut (legend)
  • 1338German monarch signs Treaty of Rense
  • 1429Army entered Reims
  • 1429Joan of Arc leads French army in Battle of Orleans
  • 1439Kissing is banned in England (to stop germs from spreading)
  • 1519Public debate between Martin Luther and Theologist John Eck
  • 1548La Paz, Bolivia is founded
  • 1573Alva demands submission of Zealand / Holland
  • 1618Captain John Gilbert patents 1st dredger in Britain
  • 1659Princess Henriette C of Orange-Nassau weds monarch Johan George II
  • 16611st banknotes in Europe were issued by Bank of Stockholm
  • 1683Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa attain Vienna
  • 1769Father Junipero Serra founds Mission San Diego, 1st mission in California
  • 1775John Adams graduates Harvard
  • 1790Congress establishes District of Columbia
  • 1798US Public Health Service forms and US Marine Hospital authorized
  • 1801Pope Pius VII and 1st consul Napoleon sign concord
  • 1845New York Yacht Club holds its 1st regatta
  • 1856Statue of Laurens Jansz Coster unveiled in Haarlem
  • 1857Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore
  • 1861Battle of Bull Run, the 1st major battle of the Civil War, is fought
  • 1862David G Farragut is 1st rear Admiral in US Navy
  • 1863Utrecht-Swells railway opens

Born on July 16

  • 1571Theodoor Galle: Flemish engraver, baptized
  • 1715Charles Prince de Rohan-Soubise: Marshal of France
  • 1722Joseph Wilton: Sculptor
  • 1723Joshua Reynolds: England, United Kingdom -- Portrait painter (Simplicity)
  • 1725Georg Simon Lohlein: Composer
  • 1728Henri Moreau: Composer
  • 1746Giuseppe Piazzi: Italian Monk / discoverer (1st asteroid-Ceres)
  • 1796Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot: Painter
  • 1821Mary Baker Eddy: Founded Christian Science (Science & Health)
  • 1822Luigi Arditi: Violinist / composer
  • 1823James Isham Gilbert: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1829Robert Brown Potter: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1887
  • 1834Carlo Angeloni: Composer
  • 1834Peter Leyten: Bishop of Breda (1885-1914)
  • 1839Philipus J Hoedemaker: Dutch theologist
  • 1848Henri[cus A] Viotta: Dutch conductor / composer (Lexicon of Music)
  • 1855Charles Francis Abdy Williams: Composer
  • 1860Jens Otto Harry Jespersen: Linguist / philologist
  • 1862Ida Bell Wells-Barnett [Iola]: US civil rights activist
  • 1865George A Birmingham [Rev James Owen Hannay]: Novelist
  • 1872Roald Amundsen: Norway -- Explorer that discovered the South Pole
  • 1882Edward Earle: Toronto, Ontario -- Actor (Charlie Chan-Meeting at Midnight)
  • 1887"Shoeless" Joe Jackson: Black sox player (Say it aint so, Joe)
  • 1888Frits Zernike: Invented phase-contrast microscope (Nobel 1953)
  • 1888Percy Kilbride: San Francisco, California -- Actor (Egg & I, Ma & Pa Kettle)
  • 1896Mauritius R J Dekker [Boris Robazki]: Dutch writer (Merkteken)
  • 1896Trygve Halvdan Lie: Norway -- 1st UN Secretary General (1946-52)
  • 1899Eunice Hunton Carter: 1st black female district attorney (NY)
  • 1901Fritz Mahler: Composer
  • 1903Mary Philbin: Chicago, Illinois -- Actress (Phantom of the Opera)

Died on July 16

  • 0276Mark Annius Florianus: Emperor of Rome (276), murdered
  • 0599Monulphus: Bishop of Tongeren-Maastricht (St Servaaskerk)
  • 1139Walram II: Duke of Limburg / Neth-Lutherans
  • 1482John van Schaffelaar: Gelders knight
  • 1557Anne of Cleeves: Queen of England / 4th Wife of Henry VIII, dies at 41
  • 1590Bartholomaeus a Martyribus [Fernandez]: Pontiff of Portugal
  • 1647Massaniello [Tommaso Aniello]: Napolitan rebel, murdered
  • 1664A Gryphius: Writer, dies at 47
  • 1691Francois-Michel Le Tellier: Marquis de Louvois, statesman
  • 1698Cristoph Kaldenbach: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1729Johann David Heinichen: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1730Elijiah Fenton: Poet
  • 1736Thomas Yalden: Poet / fable writer
  • 1747Giuseppe Maria Crespi: Painter / etcher
  • 1762Jacques Hotteterre: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1764Ivan VI: Emperor of Russia (1740-41), murdered at 23
  • 1782Louise Ulrike: Queen of Sweden / Wife of Adolf Frederik, dies at 61
  • 1827Josiah Spode: Potter
  • 1843Hubert MAJ van Asch van Wijck: Politician, dies at 68
  • 1864Victor JB Girardey: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 27
  • 1868Louis-Francois Dauprat: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1886Ned Buntline [Edward Zane Carroll Judson]: Author
  • 1887Nicaise de Keyser: Flemish Painter (Battle at Woeringen), dies at 73
  • 1889Michele Amari: Italian Historian / Minister of Education, dies at 83
  • 1896Edmond-Louis-Antoine Huot de Goncourt: Novelist, dies at 74
  • 1896William Hamilton Gibson: Illustrator / Author / Novelist
  • 1897Levin Goldschmidt: German business law expert
  • 1916Ilja [Elias] Metsjnikov: Russ bacteriologist (Nobel 1908)
  • 1916Ludwig P Scharwenka: German Composer (Album Polonaise), dies at 70
  • 1916Victor Alexander Haden Horsley: Physician