Events on Jul 18

  • 1290King Edward I of England orders expulsion of Jews
  • 1330Battle of Velbuzd
  • 1572Willem van Orange recognized as Viceroy of Holland / Friesland / Utrecht
  • 1588Admiral Howard beats Spanish Armada
  • 1630Spanish troops occupy Mantua
  • 1716Decree orders all Jews expelled from Brussels
  • 1737Battle at Banja Luka: Turkish army beats Austrians
  • 17431st half-page newspaper ad is published (NY Weekly Journal)
  • 1753Lemuel Haynes, escapes from slave holder in Framingham, Massachusetts
  • 1766Society of the Dutch Literary forms
  • 1814British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisc)
  • 1853Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine and Montreal
  • 1862Battle of Newburgh, IN - captured by Union forces
  • 1863Battle of Fort Wagner, SC - Second assault US1500 CS174
  • 1864President Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for milt service
  • 1870Pontifical infalliability proclaimed
  • 1872Britain introduces secret ballot voting
  • 1882Louisville Tony Mullane is 1st to pitch righty then lefty
  • 18962nd US Golf Open: James Foulis shoots a 152 at Shinnecock Hills, New York
  • 18973rd US Golf Open: James Foulis wins
  • 1897Cap Anson, is 1st to get 3,000 hits
  • 1907French troops occupy Casablanca
  • 1912Chicago Cubs get 21 hits but lose to Philadelphia Phillies in 11 innings
  • 1913After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk
  • 1914US army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps
  • 19152nd Battle of Isonzo begins and ends with loss of 280,000 men
  • 1915Boston Braves start move from last place to become world series champs
  • 1918US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive in WWI
  • 1921Black Sox trial begins in Chicago
  • 1925Hitler publishes Mein Kampf

Born on Jul 18

  • 1340Philip van Artevelde: Wine salesman / lord lt of Flanders
  • 1534Zacharias Ursinus: German theologist (Heidelberger Catechism)
  • 1552Rudolf II [of Habsburg]: Emperor of Germany (1576-1612)
  • 1634Joannes Camphuys: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1684-91)
  • 1635Robert Hooke: Isle of Wight, United Kingdom -- Physicist (Micrographia)
  • 1670Giovanni Battista Bononcini: Italian (opera)composer
  • 1711Pierre-Joseph Le Blan: Composer
  • 1720Gilbert White: "father of British naturalists"
  • 1766Friedrich Fleischmann: Composer
  • 1810Peter Singer: Composer
  • 1811William Makepeace Thackeray: England, United Kingdom -- Victorian Novelist (Vanity Fair)
  • 1823Leonard Fulton Ross: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1901
  • 1827Pierre L Goossens: Archbishop of Mechelen / Cardinal
  • 1853Hendrik Antoon Lorentz: Holland, Netherlands -- Physicist (Nobel 1902)
  • 1862Napoleon V Bonaparte: French pretender to throne
  • 1862Nikolaj N Yudenitcch: Russian General / counter-revolutionary
  • 1864Ricarda Huch: Writer
  • 1865Laurence Housman: England, United Kingdom -- Author / playwright (Victoria Regina)
  • 1870Emil Mlynarski: Composer
  • 1871Giacomo Balla: Italian painter (Dog at a Rope)
  • 1872Julius Fucik: Composer
  • 1880Otto Vrieslander: Composer
  • 1882Manuel Galvez: Argentina -- Writer / poet / historian (Paraguay)
  • 1887Vidkun Al Quisling: Norwegian Minister of Defense / Premier (1942-45)
  • 1888Alexander Rosemeier: Indonesian / Dutch painter
  • 1888Sydney Horler: English detective writer
  • 1890Charles Wilson: President of General Motors (1940-53) / Secretary of Defense (1953-57)
  • 1891Gene Lockhart: NYC, New York -- Actor (Going My Way, Christmas Carol)
  • 1893Josef Huttel: Composer
  • 1893Richard Dix: St. Paul, Minnesota -- Actor (10 Commandments, Cimarron)

Died on Jul 18

  • 0640Arnulf: Bishop of Metz (614-640) / politician, dies at about 58
  • 1100Godfried IV van Bouillon: Count of Antwerp
  • 1374Francesco Petrarch: Italian Poet (Italia Mia), dies at 69
  • 1591Jakob Handl [Petelin]: Austrian Composer / bandmaster, dies at 40
  • 1608Joachim III Frederik: Ruler (Brandenburg), dies at 61
  • 1639Bernard: Duke of Saksen-Weimar (Rheinfelden)
  • 1642Willem Earl of Nassau-Siegen: Gov of Ft Emmerik / Heusden
  • 1650Christoph Scheiner: German astronomer, dies at 74
  • 1695Joannes Camphuys: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies, dies at 61
  • 1710Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio: Ital painter, dies at 36
  • 1721Jean Antoine Watteau: French painter
  • 1735Johann Krieger: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1817Jane Austen: Writer
  • 1831Thomas Greatorex: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1833Joseph Comb: Missionary to Moluccas, dies at 63
  • 1854Abbas Hilmi I: Viceroy of Egypt, dies at about 41
  • 1863William Dorsey Pender: US Confederate General Major, dies of injuries at 29
  • 1894Leconte de Lisle: Writer, dies at 75
  • 1898Emil Hartmann: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1899Horatio Alger, Jr.: American clergyman / Author (Disagreeeable Woman)
  • 1901Alfredo Carlo Piatti: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1908Jaime Nuno: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1915George William Louis Marshall-Hall: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1938Vladimir M Kirshon: Russian playwright, executed at 35
  • 1939Witold Maliszewski: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1941Dionyssios Lavrangas: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1944George A Hartland: English MP (Norwich 1931-35), dies at 60
  • 1950Carl Clinton Van Doren: US literary (The Nation), dies at 64
  • 1956Willem J A Kerncamp: Dutch overseas minister (Islam & Woman), dies at 57
  • 1958Henry Farman: French aviation pioneer (double decker), dies at 84

Historical events on July 19

  • 0064Circus Maximus in Rome catches fire
  • 0532Start of Dionysian Pascal Cycle
  • 1195Battle at Alarcos: Almohaden beats Alfons VIII of Castilia
  • 1425Duke John VI van Brabant pledges Holland / Zealand to Philip the Good
  • 151038 Jews are burned at stake in Berlin Prussia
  • 1525Catholic German monarchy form Union of Dessau
  • 1551Treaty of Karlsburg: Archduke Ferdinand of Austria recognized as King of Hungary / Transsylvania
  • 1575Spanish Viceroy Gilles of Hierges attacks Oudewater
  • 1599Jacob van Necks Merchant fleet leaves Java
  • 1639French troops occupy Salses, at Perpignan
  • 1674Court of Holland bans books of Hobbes / Spinoza / Meyer
  • 1688Soldiers killed Governor of Aerssen in Paramaribo
  • 1816Survivors of French frigate Medusa rescued off Senegal after 17 days
  • 1836HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin reaches Ascension
  • 1848German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg
  • 1850Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
  • 18601st railroad reaches Kansas
  • 1866Tennessee is 1st to ratify 14th Amendment, guaranteeing civil rights
  • 1867Dutch Red Cross forms
  • 1867Reconstruction enacted
  • 1870France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins
  • 1875Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick kids, makes trial trip, New York City
  • 18771st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Spencer W Gore beats Marshall (61 62 64)
  • 1880San Francisco Public Library starts lending books
  • 1899National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, forms
  • 1902New York Giants lose their 1st game under new manager John McGraw
  • 1904Dutch Premier Kuypers disbands 1st Chamber
  • 1908Feyenoord soccer team forms in Rotterdam
  • 1909Cleveland shortstop Neal Ball executes an unassisted triple play
  • 1910Cy Young registers his 500th career victory

Born on July 19

  • 1592Erhard Buttner: Composer
  • 1735Garret Wesley Mornington: Composer
  • 1742Jean-Baptiste Davaux: Composer
  • 1750Alessio Prati: Composer
  • 1782Jonathan Blewitt: Composer
  • 1789John Martin: English painter
  • 1797Johann Gottlieb Schneider: Composer
  • 1811Vincenz Lachner: Composer
  • 1814Samuel Colt: US inventor (Colt 6 shot revolver)
  • 1817Mary Ann Ball Bickerdyke: United States -- Army nurse (union)
  • 1819Gottfried Keller: Writer
  • 1823George Henry Gordon: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1828Roger Atkinson Pryor: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1919
  • 1833John Wesley Turner: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1899
  • 1834Edgar Degas: France -- Impressionist painter (Bouquet)
  • 1838Joel Asaph Allen: US zoologist (Rule of Allen)
  • 1846Charles Edward Pickering: Pioneered American spectroscopist
  • 1848Cornelis A Pekelharing: Artist (fabric seller)
  • 1849F A Alphonse Aulard: French historian
  • 1851Hendrik J Jut: Dutch murderer (head of Jut)
  • 1863Hermann Bahr: Austria -- Writer / director (New Men)
  • 1873Louis Zimmermann: Violinist / 1st Concert Master of Concert building
  • 1878Robert H Woltjer: Classical / AR-1st-Member of parliament (About Plato)
  • 1879Hendrik G Cannegieter: Meteorology / director (KNMI)
  • 1881Friedrich J H Dessauer: German physicist (radiologist)
  • 1894Joris [Georges] of Severen: Flemish fascist / Member of parliament
  • 1896Archibald J Cronin: England, United Kingdom -- Author (Citadel, Shining Victory)
  • 1898Juan Bautista Plaza-Alfonzo: Composer
  • 1899Paul de Groot: Dutch communist politician (CPN) / Editor (The Truth)
  • 1900Arno Breker: German sculptor (3rd Reich sculptor)

Died on July 19

  • 0514Symmachus: Italian Pope (498-514)
  • 1054Bernold[us] Benno / Bernulphus: Bishop of Utrecht (1027-54) / saint
  • 1234Floris IV: Count of Holland, killed in tournament
  • 1346Dirk IV: Mister of Valkenburg (1332-46), dies in battle
  • 1374Francesco Petrarca [Petracco]: Italian mountaineer / poet, dies at 69
  • 1534Willem van Enkenvoirt: Cardinal / Bishop of Utrecht, dies at about 70
  • 1545George Carew: English Admiral, drowns
  • 1545Roger Grenville: English captain of Mary Rose, drowns
  • 1625Samuel Besler: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1627Dirck R "Didericus" Camphuysen: Poet / printer / vicar, dies at about 41
  • 1700Hieronymus Gradenthaler: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1740Francois van Aerssen: Dutch Vice-Admiral (Suriname), dies at 71
  • 1742John-Baptist Xavery: Flemish sculptor, dies at 45
  • 1810Luise: Queen of Prussia / Wife of Frederik Willem III, dies at 34
  • 1811Christian Gotthilf Tag: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1814Matthew Flinders: English cartographer (Australia coast), dies at 40
  • 1838Frederic Nicolas Duvernoy: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1844Heinrich Domnich: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1847Johann Wilhelm Wilms: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1850[Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli: US feminist / revolutionary
  • 1850Giovanni Ossoli: Italian Marquis / revolutionary, drowned
  • 1852Anne-Francois Mellinet: French / Belgian General (Antwerp), dies at 83
  • 1895Charles T Stork: Great industrialist (cotton mach factory), dies at 73
  • 1895Ernest H Baillon: French Botanist (History of Plants), dies at 67
  • 1907Hector H Malot: French lawyer / Author (Alone in the World), dies at 77
  • 1914Alexander Conze: German archaeologist, dies at 82
  • 1918Joost van Vollenhoven: Netherlands -- Governor-General (French West-Africa)
  • 1922Cornelis A Pekelharing: Dutch histologist, dies on 74th birthday
  • 1930Robert Stout: Prime Minister of New Zealand (1884-87), dies at 85
  • 1940Samuel H Chang: US newspaper magnate, murdered in Shanghai