Events on Jul 19

  • 0064Circus Maximus in Rome catches fire
  • 0532Start of Dionysian Pascal Cycle
  • 1195Battle at Alarcos: Almohaden beats Alfons VIII of Castilia
  • 1425Duke John VI van Brabant pledges Holland / Zealand to Philip the Good
  • 151038 Jews are burned at stake in Berlin Prussia
  • 1525Catholic German monarchy form Union of Dessau
  • 1551Treaty of Karlsburg: Archduke Ferdinand of Austria recognized as King of Hungary / Transsylvania
  • 1575Spanish Viceroy Gilles of Hierges attacks Oudewater
  • 1599Jacob van Necks Merchant fleet leaves Java
  • 1639French troops occupy Salses, at Perpignan
  • 1674Court of Holland bans books of Hobbes / Spinoza / Meyer
  • 1688Soldiers killed Governor of Aerssen in Paramaribo
  • 1816Survivors of French frigate Medusa rescued off Senegal after 17 days
  • 1836HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin reaches Ascension
  • 1848German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg
  • 1850Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
  • 18601st railroad reaches Kansas
  • 1866Tennessee is 1st to ratify 14th Amendment, guaranteeing civil rights
  • 1867Dutch Red Cross forms
  • 1867Reconstruction enacted
  • 1870France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins
  • 1875Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick kids, makes trial trip, New York City
  • 18771st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Spencer W Gore beats Marshall (61 62 64)
  • 1880San Francisco Public Library starts lending books
  • 1899National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, forms
  • 1902New York Giants lose their 1st game under new manager John McGraw
  • 1904Dutch Premier Kuypers disbands 1st Chamber
  • 1908Feyenoord soccer team forms in Rotterdam
  • 1909Cleveland shortstop Neal Ball executes an unassisted triple play
  • 1910Cy Young registers his 500th career victory

Born on Jul 19

  • 1592Erhard Buttner: Composer
  • 1735Garret Wesley Mornington: Composer
  • 1742Jean-Baptiste Davaux: Composer
  • 1750Alessio Prati: Composer
  • 1782Jonathan Blewitt: Composer
  • 1789John Martin: English painter
  • 1797Johann Gottlieb Schneider: Composer
  • 1811Vincenz Lachner: Composer
  • 1814Samuel Colt: US inventor (Colt 6 shot revolver)
  • 1817Mary Ann Ball Bickerdyke: United States -- Army nurse (union)
  • 1819Gottfried Keller: Writer
  • 1823George Henry Gordon: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1828Roger Atkinson Pryor: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1919
  • 1833John Wesley Turner: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1899
  • 1834Edgar Degas: France -- Impressionist painter (Bouquet)
  • 1838Joel Asaph Allen: US zoologist (Rule of Allen)
  • 1846Charles Edward Pickering: Pioneered American spectroscopist
  • 1848Cornelis A Pekelharing: Artist (fabric seller)
  • 1849F A Alphonse Aulard: French historian
  • 1851Hendrik J Jut: Dutch murderer (head of Jut)
  • 1863Hermann Bahr: Austria -- Writer / director (New Men)
  • 1873Louis Zimmermann: Violinist / 1st Concert Master of Concert building
  • 1878Robert H Woltjer: Classical / AR-1st-Member of parliament (About Plato)
  • 1879Hendrik G Cannegieter: Meteorology / director (KNMI)
  • 1881Friedrich J H Dessauer: German physicist (radiologist)
  • 1894Joris [Georges] of Severen: Flemish fascist / Member of parliament
  • 1896Archibald J Cronin: England, United Kingdom -- Author (Citadel, Shining Victory)
  • 1898Juan Bautista Plaza-Alfonzo: Composer
  • 1899Paul de Groot: Dutch communist politician (CPN) / Editor (The Truth)
  • 1900Arno Breker: German sculptor (3rd Reich sculptor)

Died on Jul 19

  • 0514Symmachus: Italian Pope (498-514)
  • 1054Bernold[us] Benno / Bernulphus: Bishop of Utrecht (1027-54) / saint
  • 1234Floris IV: Count of Holland, killed in tournament
  • 1346Dirk IV: Mister of Valkenburg (1332-46), dies in battle
  • 1374Francesco Petrarca [Petracco]: Italian mountaineer / poet, dies at 69
  • 1534Willem van Enkenvoirt: Cardinal / Bishop of Utrecht, dies at about 70
  • 1545George Carew: English Admiral, drowns
  • 1545Roger Grenville: English captain of Mary Rose, drowns
  • 1625Samuel Besler: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1627Dirck R "Didericus" Camphuysen: Poet / printer / vicar, dies at about 41
  • 1700Hieronymus Gradenthaler: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1740Francois van Aerssen: Dutch Vice-Admiral (Suriname), dies at 71
  • 1742John-Baptist Xavery: Flemish sculptor, dies at 45
  • 1810Luise: Queen of Prussia / Wife of Frederik Willem III, dies at 34
  • 1811Christian Gotthilf Tag: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1814Matthew Flinders: English cartographer (Australia coast), dies at 40
  • 1838Frederic Nicolas Duvernoy: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1844Heinrich Domnich: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1847Johann Wilhelm Wilms: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1850[Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli: US feminist / revolutionary
  • 1850Giovanni Ossoli: Italian Marquis / revolutionary, drowned
  • 1852Anne-Francois Mellinet: French / Belgian General (Antwerp), dies at 83
  • 1895Charles T Stork: Great industrialist (cotton mach factory), dies at 73
  • 1895Ernest H Baillon: French Botanist (History of Plants), dies at 67
  • 1907Hector H Malot: French lawyer / Author (Alone in the World), dies at 77
  • 1914Alexander Conze: German archaeologist, dies at 82
  • 1918Joost van Vollenhoven: Netherlands -- Governor-General (French West-Africa)
  • 1922Cornelis A Pekelharing: Dutch histologist, dies on 74th birthday
  • 1930Robert Stout: Prime Minister of New Zealand (1884-87), dies at 85
  • 1940Samuel H Chang: US newspaper magnate, murdered in Shanghai

Historical events on July 20

  • 0514St. Hormisdas elected as Pope succeeding Pope Sympowerus
  • 1031Henry I succeeds father Robert II as King of France
  • 1495French Viceroy of Naples Montpensier surrenders
  • 1498Emperor Maximilian names Albrecht Governor of the Netherlands
  • 1553Prime Minister John Dudley captured in Cambridge
  • 1608Reynier van Oldenbarnevelt marries Anna Weytzen in Delft
  • 1609Emperor Rudolf II grants Silezische protestants freedom of religion
  • 1619Gerardus Vossius resigns as Dutch regent States college leader
  • 1654Anglo-Portuguese treaty, Portugal comes under English control
  • 1749Earl of Chesterfield says "Idleness is only refuge of weak minds"
  • 1773Scottish settlers arrive at Pictou, Nova Scotia (Canada)
  • 1801Elisha Brown Jr pressed a 1,235 pound cheese ball at his farm
  • 1808Napoleon decrees all French Jews adopt family names
  • 1810Colombia declares independence from Spain
  • 1836Charles Darwin climbs Green Hill on Ascension
  • 1847German astronomer Theodor discovers Comet Brorsen-Metcalf
  • 1849Start of 1st Lancashire-Yorkshire clash at Hyde Park, Sheffield
  • 18551st train from Rotterdam to Utrecht in the Netherlands
  • 1858Fee 1st charged to see a baseball game (50 cents) (NY beats Brooklyn 22-18)
  • 1864Battle of Peachtree Creek-Atlanta Campaign
  • 1866Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs. Italy
  • 18681st use of tax stamps on cigarettes
  • 1871British Columbia becomes 6th Canadian province
  • 1872Mahlon Loomis patents wireless radio
  • 18761st US intercollegiate track meet held, Saratoga, NY; Princeton wins
  • 1877Military shoots on stopped railroad workers in Balt, kills 9
  • 18781st telephone introduced in Hawaii
  • 1881Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull, surrenders to federal troops
  • 1890"Gibbons Stamp Monthly" begins publishing
  • 1890Snow and hail in Calais, Maine

Born on July 20

  • 1304Francesco Petrarch: Italy -- Poet (Italia Mia)
  • 1513Gaspar Schetz: Dutch Treasurer General
  • 1519Innocent IX [Giovanni A Facchinetti]: 230th Catholic Pope (1591)
  • 1600Simon Ives: Composer
  • 1663Pierre Drevet: French engraver
  • 1720Ignaz Vitzthumb: Composer
  • 1726William Jones: Composer
  • 1744Henri Hamal: Composer
  • 1761Joseph Lefebvre: Composer
  • 1762Jakob Haibel: Composer
  • 1766Thomas Bruce: Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, British diplomat
  • 1779Ignaz Schuster: Composer
  • 1785Mahmud II: Sultan of Turkey (1808-39) / Westernizer / Reformer
  • 1793Aleksander Fredro: Polish comedy writer (Pan Jowiolski)
  • 1796Edward Hodges: Composer
  • 1803Jakob Zeugheer: Composer
  • 1803Thomas Lovell Beddoes: English poet
  • 1804Richard Owen: British zoologist
  • 1806John Sterling: Writer (Representative Victorian)
  • 1811James Bruce: Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, Governor (Jamaica)
  • 1814Ivan S Gagarin: Russian theologist
  • 1816William Bowman: English anatomist
  • 1819Paul Henrion: Composer
  • 1824Alexander Schimmelfennig: Prussia -- Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1836Thomas C Allbutt: English physiologist (Diseases of the Heart)
  • 1837Hans Sommer: Composer
  • 1847Max Liebermann: German impressionist painter
  • 1853Geo[rge] Poggenbeek: Dutch water colors painter
  • 1860Johannes Walter: German geologist (Denudation of the Wilderness)
  • 1864Erik Karlfeldt: Sweden -- Poet (Nobel 1918-refused; 1931-posthumous)

Died on July 20

  • 0833Ansegis / Ansegius: French abbot of Fontenelle / author, dies at about 63
  • 1031Robert II de Vrome: King of France (996-1031)
  • 1322Frederik II van Sierck: Bishop of Utrecht (1317-22)
  • 1573Lancelot of Brederode: Water beggar, beheaded
  • 1597Franciscus Raphelengius [French of Ravelingen]: Neth publisher
  • 1607Paulus Merula: Dutch lawyer / Historian (Historia Belgica), dies at 48
  • 1609Federico Zuccari: Italian Mannerist painter, dies at about 69
  • 1636John Oldham: Trader in Mass, murdered by indians
  • 1732Francesco Bartolomeo Conti: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1762Christoph Nichelsmann: German klavecinist / composer
  • 1766Isabelle Farnese: Queen of Spain
  • 1808Francois-Hippolyte Barthelemon: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1819John Playfair: Scottish geologist / mathematician
  • 1824Joan M Kemper: Lawyer (layed-out Civil Code)
  • 1825Joseph-Denis Doche: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1859Hans E Schack: Danish politician / writer (Fantasy)
  • 1866G F Berhard Riemann: German Mathematician (zeta-function)
  • 1868Antoine Prumier: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1868Jan Bedrich Kittl: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1881Thomas Fermor-Hesketh: English 1st Baron of Hesketh
  • 1888Henri Braekeleer: Flemish painter
  • 1898Yuri Arnold: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1903Leo XIII [Vincenzo G Pecci]: Pope (1878-1903), dies at 93
  • 1908Federico Chueca: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1914Leo van Gheluwe: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1923Pancho Villa [Doroteo Arango]: Mexican rebel, murdered at 55
  • 1927Ferdinand I VAM: King of Romania, dies at 61
  • 1936Arthur Battelle Whiting: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1936Jose Sanjurjo y Sacanell: Spanish General / high director
  • 1937Guglielmo Marconi: Ital engineer / Marquis (radio, Nobel 1909)