Events on Jul 22

  • 0259Dionysius elected as Bishop of Rome, succeeding Sixtus II
  • 0260St. Dionysius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1298English defeat Scots at Battle of Falkirk
  • 1306King Phillip the Fair, orders expulsion of Jews out of France
  • 1489"Tractate Niddah" a talmudic edition, 1st printed
  • 1489Treaty of Frankfurt
  • 1515Anna of Bohemia (12) marries Karel van Ferdinand of Austria
  • 1515Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland and Holy Roman Empire
  • 1515Louis of Hungary (9) marries Maria of Bohemia and succession to Hungarian throne
  • 1535Christians captured in Tunis in uprising against Admiral Barbarossa
  • 1582Willem van Orange moves from Antwerp to Delft
  • 15872nd English colony forms on Roanoke Island off North Carolina
  • 1632Foundation laid in Madrid for Buen Retiro-palace for King Philip IV
  • 164810,000 Jews of Polannoe murdered in Chmielnick massacre
  • 1686City of Albany, New York chartered
  • 1691Battle at Aghrim: English / Dutch army beats France
  • 1729Diamonds found in Minas Geras Brazil
  • 1731Spain signs Treaty of Vienna
  • 1739Turks defeats Holy Roman Emp at Crocyka Yugoslavia and threaten Belgrade
  • 1775George Washington takes command of US troops
  • 1796Cleveland, Ohio, founded by General Moses Cleveland
  • 1812Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain
  • 1859V E Walker takes 10-74 in an innings for England vs. Surrey
  • 1864Battle of Atlanta-Hood attacks Sherman, 8449 conf, 3641 US die
  • 1865V E Walker takes 10-104 in an innings for Middlesex vs. Lancs
  • 1893Katharine Lee Bates writes "America the Beautiful, " in Colorado
  • 1898Belgica crew see 1st sunrise in 1600 hrs-1st to endure Antarct winter
  • 1901Serbia reactivates diplomatic relations with Montenegro
  • 19125th Olympic games in Stockholm closes
  • 1916A bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in SF killing 10

Born on Jul 22

  • 1478Philip I [the Handsome]: 1st Habsburg King of Spain (1504-06)
  • 1597Virgilio Mazzocchi: Composer
  • 1621Anthony Ashley Cooper: 1st Earl of Shaftesbury / Minister (1660-73)
  • 1642Johann Quirsfeld: Composer
  • 1647Margaretha M Alacoque: French mystic / Saint
  • 1649Clement XI [Giovanni F Albani]: Italy -- Pope (1700-21)
  • 1651Ferdinand Tobias Richter: Composer
  • 1721Francois-Joseph Krafft: Composer
  • 1784Friedrich W Bessel: German astronomer (star parallax, Bessel Function)
  • 1807Karolina Pawlowa: Writer
  • 1820Louis Powell Harvey: Governor (Union), died in 1862
  • 1822Gregor Mendel: Monk / geneticist, discoverer of laws of heredity
  • 1822Hamilton Prioleau Bee: Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1897
  • 1822John George Walker: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1893
  • 1830Herbert Stanley Oakeley: Composer
  • 1830William Sooy Smith: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1916
  • 1833Benjamin Hanby: Composer
  • 1834Daniel McCook, Jr.: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1849Emma Lazarus: Jewish poet ("New Colossus"-base of Statue of Liberty)
  • 1853Victor Roger: Composer
  • 1871Akos Buttykai: Composer
  • 1872David D Salas: Antillian writer (Josefina)
  • 1873Ettore Pozzoli: Composer
  • 1878Lucien Febvre: French historian (Un destin: Martin Luther)
  • 1879Gustaf Heintze: Composer
  • 1882Edward Hopper: US painter (House by the Railroad)
  • 1887Gustav Hertz: German quantum physicist (Nobel 1925)
  • 1889Frederick Preston Search: Composer
  • 1892Arthur Seyss-Inquart: Austrian chancellor (1930s) / war criminal
  • 1894O M Graf: Writer

Died on Jul 22

  • 1035Robert II / I: Duke of Normandy
  • 1387French Ackerman: Ghent rebel / leader of Reisers, murdered at about 57
  • 1461Charles VII: King of France (1422-61), dies at 58
  • 1477Adolf van Egmond: Duke of Gelre / Earl of Zutphen, dies in battle at 39
  • 1497Francesco Botticini: Italian painter, dies at about 52
  • 1499Neithart Fox [Jonker Fox]: German passage leader, slain in battle
  • 1635Pietro Antonio Tamburini: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1676Clement X [Emilio Altieri]: Italian Pope (1670-76), dies at 86
  • 1786Vaclav Kalous: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1794Jean-Benjamin de La Borde: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1802Marie-Francois-Xavier Bichat: A founder of histology
  • 1826Giuseppe Piazzi: Monk / Mathematician (found 1st asteroid), dies at 80
  • 1840Josef Jawurek: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1848Karl Guhr: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1861Barnard Elliot Bee: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 37
  • 1863Carl Schuberth: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1864James Birdseye Mcpherson: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 35
  • 1864William Henry Talbot Walker: Confederate General Major, dies in battle at 47
  • 1868Zikmund Michal Kolesovsky: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1880Anna Caroline Oury: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1909D v Liliencron: Writer, dies at 65
  • 1929Bror Beckman: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1929Edouard baron Empain: Belgian builder (Heliopolis), dies at 76
  • 1932Roosje Vos: Dutch trade union leader, dies at 71
  • 1932Roses Fox: Trade union leader, dies at 71
  • 1934John Dillinger: Shot dead at Biograph Theater in Chicago, at 33
  • 1950William LM King: Premier of Canada (1921-30, 35-48), dies at 75
  • 1952Antonio Maria Valencia: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1952August Balthazar: Belgian politician, dies at 58
  • 1953Cy Kendall: Actor (Mysteries of Chinatown), dies at 55

Historical events on July 23

  • 0636Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from Byzantine Empire
  • 0685John V begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1253Jews are expelled from Vienne France by order of Pope Innocent III
  • 1298Jews are massacred at Wurzburg Germany
  • 1298Rindfleish Persecutions-Jewish community Wurzburg Germany annihilated
  • 1403Battle of Shrewsbury fought by Percys against King Henry IV
  • 1431Council of Basel opens
  • 1431G Cesarini opens Counsel of Basel (Ferrara / Florence)
  • 1453Battle at Gavere: Philip the Good beats Gentse rebellion
  • 1532Karel I and evangelical monarchy signs Peace of Neurenberg
  • 1558Battle at Grevelingen: General / Earl Lamoraal van Egmont beat France
  • 1572Willem van Oranges troops occupy Roermond on the Spanjaarden
  • 1594Groningen surrenders to Earl Mauritius / Willem Louis
  • 1645Aleksei Mihailovitch Romanov succeeds his father Michael as Czar
  • 16644 British ships to drive Dutch out of NY, arrive in Boston
  • 1726Benjamin Franklin sails back to Philadelphia
  • 1745Charles Stuart, the Younger, lands at Eriskay Island, Hebrides
  • 1764James Otis publishes views on taxation without representation
  • 1798Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt
  • 1812Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napolean fights Czar Alexander I
  • 18271st US swim school opens (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • 1829William Austin Burt patents "typographer" (typewriter)
  • 1834HMS Beagle anchors in Bay of Valparaiso
  • 1840Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper and Lower Canada
  • 1848Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
  • 185017th Postmaster General: Nathan K Hall of New York takes office
  • 1851Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians and US
  • 18521st interment in US National Cemetery at Presidio
  • 1858Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament
  • 1863Alexandra Park opens in North London

Born on July 23

  • 1339Louis I: Duke of Anjou / King of Naples (Battle at Poitiers)
  • 1401Francesco Sfoza: Soldier
  • 1659Antonius Schultingh [Schultingius]: Dutch lawyer
  • 1735Johannes Herbst: Composer
  • 1769Alexey Nikolayevich Titov: Composer
  • 1773Karl Ludwig Hellwig: Composer
  • 1793Joseph Hartmann Stuntz: Composer
  • 1796Franz Adolf Berwald: Sweden -- Composer
  • 1803Johann Vesque von Puttlingen: Composer
  • 1806Eduard Marxsen: Composer
  • 1816Charlotte Sanders Cushman: United States -- Actress (Lady MacBeth)
  • 1822Darius Nash Couch: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
  • 1823Coventry Kersey Dighton Patmore: English poet
  • 1824Gabriel Colvin Wharton: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1906
  • 1825Richard Hol: Dutch composer / Organist / conductor
  • 1827Pieter Caland: Dutch hydraulic engineer (New Waterway)
  • 1828Jonathan Hutchinson: Surgeon / Scientist
  • 1834James "Cardinal" Gibbons: Archbishop of Baltimore
  • 1838Edouard [Judas] Colonne: Composer / violinist
  • 1841Edward John Armstrong: Poet
  • 1849Geza Zichy: Composer
  • 1853William H Gillette: Actor (Sherlock Holmes on stage)
  • 1856Arthur H Bird: Composer
  • 1856Bal Gangadhar Tilak: British-Indian Hindi leader
  • 1857French [M J Francois] Erens: Lawyer / literary (Pursue Years)
  • 1861Alexander W F Idenburg: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1909-16)
  • 1876William Gillies Whittaker: Composer
  • 1884Albert Warner: US producer (Warner Bros)
  • 1884Apolinary Szeluto: Composer
  • 1884Emil Jannings: Germany -- Actor (Faust, Passion, Blue Angel)

Died on July 23

  • 0945Richarius: Bishop of Luik (922-45)
  • 1373Birgitta van Sweden: Swedish saint
  • 1403Henry Percy [Harry Hotspur]: Killed in battle at 39
  • 1568Don Carlos: Son of Spanish King Philip II, dies at about 23
  • 1581Georges Lalaing: Viceroy of Friesland
  • 1645Michael Fjodorovitsj: Tsar of Russia (1613-45) / 1st Romanov
  • 1685Pietro Reggio: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1690Richard Gibson: Minature painter
  • 1757Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti: Italian Composer (La Silvia), dies at 71
  • 1803Arthur Wolfe: 1st viscount Kilwarden / Chief Justice of Ireland, murdered
  • 1816Elizabeth Hamilton: Author (Cats: A Celebration), dies at 68
  • 1829Wojciech Boguslawski: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1840Frantisek Max Knize: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1844Christian Gobrecht: 4th US chief engraver (1840-44), dies in office
  • 1866Thomas Forbes Walmisley: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1875Isaac Merritt Singer: Inventor (sewing machine), dies at 63
  • 1878Miguel Hilarion Eslava y Elizondo: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1885Ulysses S Grant: 18th US pres, dies at 63 in Mount McGregor, New York
  • 1904John Simon: Public health pioneer
  • 1905Jean-Jacques: Painter
  • 1909Ernest F Cambier: Bel colonial pioneer (1st Congo railway), dies at 65
  • 1909Zygmunt Noskowski: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1916William Ramsey: Chemist
  • 1927Saad Zaghlul: Egyptian parliament chairman, dies at 74
  • 1930Glenn Hammond Curtiss: Aviation pioneer / airplane builder, dies at 52
  • 1933Max Schillings: German Composer / conductor (Mona Lisa), dies at 65
  • 1942Nikola J Vaptsarov: Bulgaria Poet / communist, executed at 32
  • 1943Emanuel Querido: Publisher (Sobibor)
  • 1943Meijer de Hond [Emanuel Querido]: Rabbi (Sobibor)
  • 1944Bernard M Cohen: Attorney, killed at Belsen concentration camp