Events on Jul 23

  • 0636Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from Byzantine Empire
  • 0685John V begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1253Jews are expelled from Vienne France by order of Pope Innocent III
  • 1298Jews are massacred at Wurzburg Germany
  • 1298Rindfleish Persecutions-Jewish community Wurzburg Germany annihilated
  • 1403Battle of Shrewsbury fought by Percys against King Henry IV
  • 1431Council of Basel opens
  • 1431G Cesarini opens Counsel of Basel (Ferrara / Florence)
  • 1453Battle at Gavere: Philip the Good beats Gentse rebellion
  • 1532Karel I and evangelical monarchy signs Peace of Neurenberg
  • 1558Battle at Grevelingen: General / Earl Lamoraal van Egmont beat France
  • 1572Willem van Oranges troops occupy Roermond on the Spanjaarden
  • 1594Groningen surrenders to Earl Mauritius / Willem Louis
  • 1645Aleksei Mihailovitch Romanov succeeds his father Michael as Czar
  • 16644 British ships to drive Dutch out of NY, arrive in Boston
  • 1726Benjamin Franklin sails back to Philadelphia
  • 1745Charles Stuart, the Younger, lands at Eriskay Island, Hebrides
  • 1764James Otis publishes views on taxation without representation
  • 1798Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt
  • 1812Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napolean fights Czar Alexander I
  • 18271st US swim school opens (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • 1829William Austin Burt patents "typographer" (typewriter)
  • 1834HMS Beagle anchors in Bay of Valparaiso
  • 1840Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper and Lower Canada
  • 1848Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
  • 185017th Postmaster General: Nathan K Hall of New York takes office
  • 1851Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians and US
  • 18521st interment in US National Cemetery at Presidio
  • 1858Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament
  • 1863Alexandra Park opens in North London

Born on Jul 23

  • 1339Louis I: Duke of Anjou / King of Naples (Battle at Poitiers)
  • 1401Francesco Sfoza: Soldier
  • 1659Antonius Schultingh [Schultingius]: Dutch lawyer
  • 1735Johannes Herbst: Composer
  • 1769Alexey Nikolayevich Titov: Composer
  • 1773Karl Ludwig Hellwig: Composer
  • 1793Joseph Hartmann Stuntz: Composer
  • 1796Franz Adolf Berwald: Sweden -- Composer
  • 1803Johann Vesque von Puttlingen: Composer
  • 1806Eduard Marxsen: Composer
  • 1816Charlotte Sanders Cushman: United States -- Actress (Lady MacBeth)
  • 1822Darius Nash Couch: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
  • 1823Coventry Kersey Dighton Patmore: English poet
  • 1824Gabriel Colvin Wharton: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1906
  • 1825Richard Hol: Dutch composer / Organist / conductor
  • 1827Pieter Caland: Dutch hydraulic engineer (New Waterway)
  • 1828Jonathan Hutchinson: Surgeon / Scientist
  • 1834James "Cardinal" Gibbons: Archbishop of Baltimore
  • 1838Edouard [Judas] Colonne: Composer / violinist
  • 1841Edward John Armstrong: Poet
  • 1849Geza Zichy: Composer
  • 1853William H Gillette: Actor (Sherlock Holmes on stage)
  • 1856Arthur H Bird: Composer
  • 1856Bal Gangadhar Tilak: British-Indian Hindi leader
  • 1857French [M J Francois] Erens: Lawyer / literary (Pursue Years)
  • 1861Alexander W F Idenburg: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1909-16)
  • 1876William Gillies Whittaker: Composer
  • 1884Albert Warner: US producer (Warner Bros)
  • 1884Apolinary Szeluto: Composer
  • 1884Emil Jannings: Germany -- Actor (Faust, Passion, Blue Angel)

Died on Jul 23

  • 0945Richarius: Bishop of Luik (922-45)
  • 1373Birgitta van Sweden: Swedish saint
  • 1403Henry Percy [Harry Hotspur]: Killed in battle at 39
  • 1568Don Carlos: Son of Spanish King Philip II, dies at about 23
  • 1581Georges Lalaing: Viceroy of Friesland
  • 1645Michael Fjodorovitsj: Tsar of Russia (1613-45) / 1st Romanov
  • 1685Pietro Reggio: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1690Richard Gibson: Minature painter
  • 1757Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti: Italian Composer (La Silvia), dies at 71
  • 1803Arthur Wolfe: 1st viscount Kilwarden / Chief Justice of Ireland, murdered
  • 1816Elizabeth Hamilton: Author (Cats: A Celebration), dies at 68
  • 1829Wojciech Boguslawski: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1840Frantisek Max Knize: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1844Christian Gobrecht: 4th US chief engraver (1840-44), dies in office
  • 1866Thomas Forbes Walmisley: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1875Isaac Merritt Singer: Inventor (sewing machine), dies at 63
  • 1878Miguel Hilarion Eslava y Elizondo: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1885Ulysses S Grant: 18th US pres, dies at 63 in Mount McGregor, New York
  • 1904John Simon: Public health pioneer
  • 1905Jean-Jacques: Painter
  • 1909Ernest F Cambier: Bel colonial pioneer (1st Congo railway), dies at 65
  • 1909Zygmunt Noskowski: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1916William Ramsey: Chemist
  • 1927Saad Zaghlul: Egyptian parliament chairman, dies at 74
  • 1930Glenn Hammond Curtiss: Aviation pioneer / airplane builder, dies at 52
  • 1933Max Schillings: German Composer / conductor (Mona Lisa), dies at 65
  • 1942Nikola J Vaptsarov: Bulgaria Poet / communist, executed at 32
  • 1943Emanuel Querido: Publisher (Sobibor)
  • 1943Meijer de Hond [Emanuel Querido]: Rabbi (Sobibor)
  • 1944Bernard M Cohen: Attorney, killed at Belsen concentration camp

Historical events on July 24

  • 1487Citizens of Leeuwarden Netherlands rebel against ban on foreign beer
  • 1534Jacques Cartier, lands in Canada, claims it for France
  • 1554Queen Maria of England marries Philip, King of Naples / Jerusalem
  • 1567Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate and 1-year-old James VI becomes King of Scotland
  • 1577Spanish army / German mercenaries conquer Namur
  • 1577Treason of Don Juan in Brussels
  • 1581States of Holland / Zealand recognized by Willem van Orange
  • 1651Anthony Johnson, a free black, receives grant of 250 acres in Virginia
  • 16831st settlers from Germany to US, leave aboard Concord
  • 1692French defeat William III of England at Steinkirk (Enghein)
  • 1701Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac found trading post at Ft Pontchartrain, which later becomes the city of Detroit
  • 1704English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • 1712Battle at Denain: France under Villars beat Dutch army
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlie becomes King James VIII
  • 1758George Washington admitted to Virginia House of Burgess
  • 1783Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia
  • 1793France passes 1st copyright law
  • 1799William Clark (of Lewis & Clark) is willed the slave York
  • 1824Harrisburg Pennsylvanian newspaper publishes results of 1st public opinion poll. Clear lead for Andrew Jackson
  • 1833HMS Beagle departs Maldonado Uruguay
  • 1847Brigham Young and his Mormon followers arrive at Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1847Rotary-type printing press patents by Richard March Hoe, New York City
  • 1851Window tax abolished in Britain
  • 1861Skirmish at Taylor Mountain, (W)VA - CS General Wise retreats
  • 1863Battle at Battle Mountain, Virginia
  • 1864Battle of Winchester, VA US1200 CS600
  • 1866Tennessee becomes 1st Confederate state readmitted to Union
  • 18701st trans-US rail service begins
  • 18771st time federal troops are used to combat strikers
  • 1883Arabi Pasha declares a holy war in Egypt

Born on July 24

  • 1380Johannes van Capestrano: Italian Saint
  • 1720Louise Ulrike: Queen of Sweden / Wife of Adolf Frederik
  • 1738Elizabeth "Betje" Wolff-Bekker: Dutch author / poet (Sara Burgerhart)
  • 1759Victor Emmanuel I: King of Sardinia (1802-21)
  • 1796Herman van Sonsbeeck: Dutch lawyer / Statesman
  • 1796John Middleton Clayton: Delaware, United States -- (Sen-Delaware) / US Secretary of State (1849-50)
  • 1798John Adams Dix: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1879
  • 1802Ira Aldridge: Famous African
  • 1803Alexander Jackson Davis: United States -- Architect (gothic revivalist)
  • 1817Adolf WAKF: Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1890-1905)
  • 1818Felix Godefroid: Composer
  • 1827Julius Adolph de Lagnel: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1912
  • 1832Johann Christoph Lauterbach: Violinist
  • 1841Raimundo Madrazo y Garretta: Painter
  • 1857Henrik Pontoppidan: Denmark -- Writer (Promised Country, Nobel 1917)
  • 1858Wolfgang Kapp: German politician (Kapp Putsch 1920)
  • 1862Johan A de Sleeve [Adwaita]: Philosopher / classical / poet (Brahman)
  • 1864B[enjamin] Frank[lin] Wedekind: German writer (Lulu)
  • 1864Michel Gaston Carraud: Composer
  • 1865Frank Wedekind: Writer
  • 1867Frederic Benson: Novelist
  • 1870Fred Law Olmsted, Jr.: Architect / landscaper
  • 1878Lord Dunsany [Edward JMD Plunkett]: Irish sci-fi writer (Time & Gods)
  • 1880Ernest Bloch: Geneva, Switzerland -- Composer (MacBeth)
  • 1884Abraham Rutgers: Dutch Governor (Suriname, 1928-33)
  • 1885Desider Antalffy-Zsiross: Hungarian Organist / composer
  • 1886Junichiro Tanizaki: Japan -- Writer (Snow Dusting)
  • 1894Walter Schulthess: Composer
  • 1896Hermann Kasack: German writer (Die Stadt hinter dem Strom)
  • 1897Elmar Berkovich: Hungarian / Dutch designer (Eindhoven Theatre)

Died on July 24

  • 1652Johann Weichmann: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1712Cornelis Earl of Nassau: General Major / mister of Woudenberg
  • 1739Benedetto Marcello: Composer, dies on 53rd birthday
  • 1756George Vertue: Engraver
  • 1758John Dyer: Poet
  • 1809Johann Gottfried Eckard: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1812Joseph Schuster: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1819Sophie Gail: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1826Jacob Kimball: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1831Maria Agata Szymanowska: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1837Charles Hodges: English / Dutch portrait Painter
  • 1842John Sell Cotman: Landscape painter
  • 1846Joseph Leopold Eybler: Austrian Composer / choir master, dies at 81
  • 1846Louis Napoleon: French King of the Netherlands (1806-10), dies at 67
  • 1862Martin Van Buren: 8th President (1837-41), dies in Kinderhook New York at 79
  • 1865Johan Filip von Schantz: Composer, dies at 30
  • 1868George Cattermole: Painter / illustrator
  • 1876Thomas Molleson Mudie: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1883Matthew Webb: English Channel swimmer, drowns above Niagara Falls
  • 1900Ferdinand Hamet: Dutch Missionary in Mongolia, murdered at 59
  • 1931Marie WF Treub: Dutch economist / Minister of finance, dies at 75
  • 1933Max von Schillings: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1936James Philip Dunn: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1944Jan Postma: Leader of illegal Dutch party (CPN), executed at 49
  • 1947Ernest Austin: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1954Mary Church Terrell: Educator / civil rights leader, dies at 90
  • 1957Sacha Guitry: Actor / playwright / director (Lovers & Thieves), dies at 72
  • 1960Carl Deis: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1960Hans Albers: German actor (Blue Angel), dies at 68
  • 1962Victor Moore: Comedian, dies of heart attack at 86