Events on Jul 24

  • 1487Citizens of Leeuwarden Netherlands rebel against ban on foreign beer
  • 1534Jacques Cartier, lands in Canada, claims it for France
  • 1554Queen Maria of England marries Philip, King of Naples / Jerusalem
  • 1567Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate and 1-year-old James VI becomes King of Scotland
  • 1577Spanish army / German mercenaries conquer Namur
  • 1577Treason of Don Juan in Brussels
  • 1581States of Holland / Zealand recognized by Willem van Orange
  • 1651Anthony Johnson, a free black, receives grant of 250 acres in Virginia
  • 16831st settlers from Germany to US, leave aboard Concord
  • 1692French defeat William III of England at Steinkirk (Enghein)
  • 1701Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac found trading post at Ft Pontchartrain, which later becomes the city of Detroit
  • 1704English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • 1712Battle at Denain: France under Villars beat Dutch army
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlie becomes King James VIII
  • 1758George Washington admitted to Virginia House of Burgess
  • 1783Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia
  • 1793France passes 1st copyright law
  • 1799William Clark (of Lewis & Clark) is willed the slave York
  • 1824Harrisburg Pennsylvanian newspaper publishes results of 1st public opinion poll. Clear lead for Andrew Jackson
  • 1833HMS Beagle departs Maldonado Uruguay
  • 1847Brigham Young and his Mormon followers arrive at Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1847Rotary-type printing press patents by Richard March Hoe, New York City
  • 1851Window tax abolished in Britain
  • 1861Skirmish at Taylor Mountain, (W)VA - CS General Wise retreats
  • 1863Battle at Battle Mountain, Virginia
  • 1864Battle of Winchester, VA US1200 CS600
  • 1866Tennessee becomes 1st Confederate state readmitted to Union
  • 18701st trans-US rail service begins
  • 18771st time federal troops are used to combat strikers
  • 1883Arabi Pasha declares a holy war in Egypt

Born on Jul 24

  • 1380Johannes van Capestrano: Italian Saint
  • 1720Louise Ulrike: Queen of Sweden / Wife of Adolf Frederik
  • 1738Elizabeth "Betje" Wolff-Bekker: Dutch author / poet (Sara Burgerhart)
  • 1759Victor Emmanuel I: King of Sardinia (1802-21)
  • 1796Herman van Sonsbeeck: Dutch lawyer / Statesman
  • 1796John Middleton Clayton: Delaware, United States -- (Sen-Delaware) / US Secretary of State (1849-50)
  • 1798John Adams Dix: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1879
  • 1802Ira Aldridge: Famous African
  • 1803Alexander Jackson Davis: United States -- Architect (gothic revivalist)
  • 1817Adolf WAKF: Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1890-1905)
  • 1818Felix Godefroid: Composer
  • 1827Julius Adolph de Lagnel: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1912
  • 1832Johann Christoph Lauterbach: Violinist
  • 1841Raimundo Madrazo y Garretta: Painter
  • 1857Henrik Pontoppidan: Denmark -- Writer (Promised Country, Nobel 1917)
  • 1858Wolfgang Kapp: German politician (Kapp Putsch 1920)
  • 1862Johan A de Sleeve [Adwaita]: Philosopher / classical / poet (Brahman)
  • 1864B[enjamin] Frank[lin] Wedekind: German writer (Lulu)
  • 1864Michel Gaston Carraud: Composer
  • 1865Frank Wedekind: Writer
  • 1867Frederic Benson: Novelist
  • 1870Fred Law Olmsted, Jr.: Architect / landscaper
  • 1878Lord Dunsany [Edward JMD Plunkett]: Irish sci-fi writer (Time & Gods)
  • 1880Ernest Bloch: Geneva, Switzerland -- Composer (MacBeth)
  • 1884Abraham Rutgers: Dutch Governor (Suriname, 1928-33)
  • 1885Desider Antalffy-Zsiross: Hungarian Organist / composer
  • 1886Junichiro Tanizaki: Japan -- Writer (Snow Dusting)
  • 1894Walter Schulthess: Composer
  • 1896Hermann Kasack: German writer (Die Stadt hinter dem Strom)
  • 1897Elmar Berkovich: Hungarian / Dutch designer (Eindhoven Theatre)

Died on Jul 24

  • 1652Johann Weichmann: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1712Cornelis Earl of Nassau: General Major / mister of Woudenberg
  • 1739Benedetto Marcello: Composer, dies on 53rd birthday
  • 1756George Vertue: Engraver
  • 1758John Dyer: Poet
  • 1809Johann Gottfried Eckard: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1812Joseph Schuster: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1819Sophie Gail: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1826Jacob Kimball: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1831Maria Agata Szymanowska: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1837Charles Hodges: English / Dutch portrait Painter
  • 1842John Sell Cotman: Landscape painter
  • 1846Joseph Leopold Eybler: Austrian Composer / choir master, dies at 81
  • 1846Louis Napoleon: French King of the Netherlands (1806-10), dies at 67
  • 1862Martin Van Buren: 8th President (1837-41), dies in Kinderhook New York at 79
  • 1865Johan Filip von Schantz: Composer, dies at 30
  • 1868George Cattermole: Painter / illustrator
  • 1876Thomas Molleson Mudie: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1883Matthew Webb: English Channel swimmer, drowns above Niagara Falls
  • 1900Ferdinand Hamet: Dutch Missionary in Mongolia, murdered at 59
  • 1931Marie WF Treub: Dutch economist / Minister of finance, dies at 75
  • 1933Max von Schillings: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1936James Philip Dunn: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1944Jan Postma: Leader of illegal Dutch party (CPN), executed at 49
  • 1947Ernest Austin: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1954Mary Church Terrell: Educator / civil rights leader, dies at 90
  • 1957Sacha Guitry: Actor / playwright / director (Lovers & Thieves), dies at 72
  • 1960Carl Deis: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1960Hans Albers: German actor (Blue Angel), dies at 68
  • 1962Victor Moore: Comedian, dies of heart attack at 86

Historical events on July 25

  • 0841Battle at Fontenay: Louis and Charles beat their brother Lotharius I
  • 1139Count Alfonso I of Portugal becomes King
  • 1215Frederik II (20) crowned King of German
  • 1261Byzantium Emperor Michael VIII recaptures Constantinople
  • 1360Jews are expelled from Breslau Silesia
  • 1511Portugese assault on city Malakka attack
  • 1521About 300 heretics burned in Vrijdagmarkt Gent
  • 1564Maximilian II succeeds his father Ferdinand II as RC Emperor
  • 1570Battle at Arnay-le-Duc Bourgundy: Huguenots-French government army
  • 1585Amsterdam bans 45 roman catholics
  • 1652Nikita Minin becomes patriarch of Russian-orthodox church
  • 1670Austrian Emperor Leopold I expels 4,000 Jews from Vienna
  • 1670Vienna Austria expels Jews
  • 1689France declares war on England
  • 1729North Carolina becomes a royal colony
  • 1775Maryland issues currency depicting George III trampling Magna Carta
  • 1792Dutch patriots exiles finds "Bataafs Legion"
  • 1799French-Egyptian forces under Napolean I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir
  • 1814George Stephenson introduced the 1st steam locomotive
  • 18321st railroad accident in US, Granite Railway, Quincy, Mass-1 dies
  • 18481st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
  • 1850Gold discovered in Oregon (Rogue River)
  • 18601st US intercollegiate billiard match (Harvard vs. Yales)
  • 1861Skirmish at Fort Fillmore, NM Terr - Rebels attack Union troops
  • 186625th Postmaster General: Alexander W Randall of Wis takes office
  • 1866David Faragut appointed as 1st Admiral of US Navy
  • 1866US Grant named 1st general of Army
  • 1868US Congress forms Wyoming Territory (Dakota, Utah & Idaho)
  • 1871Carousel patents by Wilhelm Schneider, Davenport, Iowa
  • 18981st US troops land and occupy Puerto Rice, at Guanica Bay

Born on July 25

  • 0975Thietmar: Bishop of Merseburg, German chronicler
  • 1109Afonso I [the Conqueror]: King of Portugal (1143-85)
  • 1404Philips van Saint-Pol: Duke of Brabant
  • 1517Jacques Peletier [du Mans]: French poet / Scientist
  • 1575Christoph Scheiner: Germany -- Astronomer
  • 1579Valerius Otto: Composer
  • 1626Geeraerdt Brandt: Dutch theologist / poet / historian
  • 1654Agostino Steffani: Composer
  • 1657Philipp Heinrich Erlebach: Composer
  • 1683Pieter Langendijk: Painter / etcher / playwright (Wiskunstenaars)
  • 1691Alessandro Galilei: Italian architect (Cappella Corsini)
  • 1715Immanuel J Pyra: German poet (Temple of Real poetry)
  • 1761Charlotte von Kalb: German writer
  • 1772Gottlob Benedikt Bierey: Composer
  • 1775Anna Symmes Harrison: Ohio, United States -- 9th 1st lady (1841)
  • 1778Heinrich Gebhard: Composer
  • 1780Christian Theodor Weinlig: Composer
  • 1786Giacomo Cordella: Composer
  • 1795James Barry: Female disguised as a man, Surgeon General (British army)
  • 1804Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello: Italian Minister of Education
  • 1816Christian B Freiherr von Tauchnitz: German publisher (T Edition)
  • 1822Schuyler Hamilton: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1903
  • 1824Richard James Oglesby: Union (Union volunteers), died in 1899
  • 1832Simon Hassler: Composer
  • 1840Flora Adams Darling: Founded Daughters of American Revolution
  • 1848Arthur Earl Balfour: (C), British Prime Minister (1902-05) (Balfour Declaration)
  • 1855Edward Solomon: Composer
  • 1865Jac[obus] P Thijsse: Dutch biologist / educator (Contact with Plants)
  • 1866Frederick Frost Blackman: English Botanist
  • 1867Max Dauthendy: German painter / author (Ewige Hochzeit)

Died on July 25

  • 0306Gaius Flavius V Constantius: Under-Emperor of Rome 297-306
  • 1471John Soreth: French General
  • 1492Innocent VII [Giovanni B Cibo]: Italian Pope (1484-92)
  • 1539Lorenzo Campeggieast: Archbishop of Bologna / diplomat, dies at 65
  • 1564Ferdinand I: German Emperor (1558-64), dies at 61
  • 1570Ivan Viskovati: Chancellor of Russia, executed
  • 1580Baltazar Alvarez: Spanish Jesuit / writer, dies at 47
  • 1593Steven Haghen: Navigator / Governor of Ambon (1617-18), dies at 61
  • 1616Andreas Libavius: German alchemist
  • 1624Steven van der Haghen: Admiral / gov on Ambon 1617-8, dies at about 61
  • 1675Nicolas Saboly: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1721Geleyn Evertsen: Lieutenant Admiral of Zealand, dies at 66
  • 1739Johannes van der Hagen: Vicar / genealogy / chronologist, dies at 73
  • 1759Johann C Altnikol: German Organist / klavecinist / composer, dies at 39
  • 1759Theodoor Verhaegen: Flemish sculptor
  • 1804William Forsyth: English gardening expert (Forsythia)
  • 1814Charles Dibdin: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1834S T Coleridge: Writer, dies at 61
  • 1834Samuel Taylor Coleridge: British poet, dies at 61
  • 1853Joaquin Murietta: Chilian / Us military man, murdered
  • 1857Joseph Napoleon Ney Moskova: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1864Clement Hoffman Stevens: Us banker / inventor / Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 42
  • 1866Aloys Schmitt: German music theory / Composer / royal pianist
  • 1911Filippo Capocci: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1912Lawrence Alma Tadema: Dutch / British painter, dies at 76
  • 1918Franiska zu Reventlow: Writer, dies at 47
  • 1922Jarolslaw Zielinski: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1927Matilde Serao [Tuffolina]: Italian writer (Land of Cockayne)
  • 1934Engelbert Dollfuss: Austrian chancellor assassinated by Nazis
  • 1946Narziss Oh: German psychology