Events on Jul 25

  • 0841Battle at Fontenay: Louis and Charles beat their brother Lotharius I
  • 1139Count Alfonso I of Portugal becomes King
  • 1215Frederik II (20) crowned King of German
  • 1261Byzantium Emperor Michael VIII recaptures Constantinople
  • 1360Jews are expelled from Breslau Silesia
  • 1511Portugese assault on city Malakka attack
  • 1521About 300 heretics burned in Vrijdagmarkt Gent
  • 1564Maximilian II succeeds his father Ferdinand II as RC Emperor
  • 1570Battle at Arnay-le-Duc Bourgundy: Huguenots-French government army
  • 1585Amsterdam bans 45 roman catholics
  • 1652Nikita Minin becomes patriarch of Russian-orthodox church
  • 1670Austrian Emperor Leopold I expels 4,000 Jews from Vienna
  • 1670Vienna Austria expels Jews
  • 1689France declares war on England
  • 1729North Carolina becomes a royal colony
  • 1775Maryland issues currency depicting George III trampling Magna Carta
  • 1792Dutch patriots exiles finds "Bataafs Legion"
  • 1799French-Egyptian forces under Napolean I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir
  • 1814George Stephenson introduced the 1st steam locomotive
  • 18321st railroad accident in US, Granite Railway, Quincy, Mass-1 dies
  • 18481st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
  • 1850Gold discovered in Oregon (Rogue River)
  • 18601st US intercollegiate billiard match (Harvard vs. Yales)
  • 1861Skirmish at Fort Fillmore, NM Terr - Rebels attack Union troops
  • 186625th Postmaster General: Alexander W Randall of Wis takes office
  • 1866David Faragut appointed as 1st Admiral of US Navy
  • 1866US Grant named 1st general of Army
  • 1868US Congress forms Wyoming Territory (Dakota, Utah & Idaho)
  • 1871Carousel patents by Wilhelm Schneider, Davenport, Iowa
  • 18981st US troops land and occupy Puerto Rice, at Guanica Bay

Born on Jul 25

  • 0975Thietmar: Bishop of Merseburg, German chronicler
  • 1109Afonso I [the Conqueror]: King of Portugal (1143-85)
  • 1404Philips van Saint-Pol: Duke of Brabant
  • 1517Jacques Peletier [du Mans]: French poet / Scientist
  • 1575Christoph Scheiner: Germany -- Astronomer
  • 1579Valerius Otto: Composer
  • 1626Geeraerdt Brandt: Dutch theologist / poet / historian
  • 1654Agostino Steffani: Composer
  • 1657Philipp Heinrich Erlebach: Composer
  • 1683Pieter Langendijk: Painter / etcher / playwright (Wiskunstenaars)
  • 1691Alessandro Galilei: Italian architect (Cappella Corsini)
  • 1715Immanuel J Pyra: German poet (Temple of Real poetry)
  • 1761Charlotte von Kalb: German writer
  • 1772Gottlob Benedikt Bierey: Composer
  • 1775Anna Symmes Harrison: Ohio, United States -- 9th 1st lady (1841)
  • 1778Heinrich Gebhard: Composer
  • 1780Christian Theodor Weinlig: Composer
  • 1786Giacomo Cordella: Composer
  • 1795James Barry: Female disguised as a man, Surgeon General (British army)
  • 1804Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello: Italian Minister of Education
  • 1816Christian B Freiherr von Tauchnitz: German publisher (T Edition)
  • 1822Schuyler Hamilton: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1903
  • 1824Richard James Oglesby: Union (Union volunteers), died in 1899
  • 1832Simon Hassler: Composer
  • 1840Flora Adams Darling: Founded Daughters of American Revolution
  • 1848Arthur Earl Balfour: (C), British Prime Minister (1902-05) (Balfour Declaration)
  • 1855Edward Solomon: Composer
  • 1865Jac[obus] P Thijsse: Dutch biologist / educator (Contact with Plants)
  • 1866Frederick Frost Blackman: English Botanist
  • 1867Max Dauthendy: German painter / author (Ewige Hochzeit)

Died on Jul 25

  • 0306Gaius Flavius V Constantius: Under-Emperor of Rome 297-306
  • 1471John Soreth: French General
  • 1492Innocent VII [Giovanni B Cibo]: Italian Pope (1484-92)
  • 1539Lorenzo Campeggieast: Archbishop of Bologna / diplomat, dies at 65
  • 1564Ferdinand I: German Emperor (1558-64), dies at 61
  • 1570Ivan Viskovati: Chancellor of Russia, executed
  • 1580Baltazar Alvarez: Spanish Jesuit / writer, dies at 47
  • 1593Steven Haghen: Navigator / Governor of Ambon (1617-18), dies at 61
  • 1616Andreas Libavius: German alchemist
  • 1624Steven van der Haghen: Admiral / gov on Ambon 1617-8, dies at about 61
  • 1675Nicolas Saboly: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1721Geleyn Evertsen: Lieutenant Admiral of Zealand, dies at 66
  • 1739Johannes van der Hagen: Vicar / genealogy / chronologist, dies at 73
  • 1759Johann C Altnikol: German Organist / klavecinist / composer, dies at 39
  • 1759Theodoor Verhaegen: Flemish sculptor
  • 1804William Forsyth: English gardening expert (Forsythia)
  • 1814Charles Dibdin: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1834S T Coleridge: Writer, dies at 61
  • 1834Samuel Taylor Coleridge: British poet, dies at 61
  • 1853Joaquin Murietta: Chilian / Us military man, murdered
  • 1857Joseph Napoleon Ney Moskova: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1864Clement Hoffman Stevens: Us banker / inventor / Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 42
  • 1866Aloys Schmitt: German music theory / Composer / royal pianist
  • 1911Filippo Capocci: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1912Lawrence Alma Tadema: Dutch / British painter, dies at 76
  • 1918Franiska zu Reventlow: Writer, dies at 47
  • 1922Jarolslaw Zielinski: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1927Matilde Serao [Tuffolina]: Italian writer (Land of Cockayne)
  • 1934Engelbert Dollfuss: Austrian chancellor assassinated by Nazis
  • 1946Narziss Oh: German psychology

Historical events on July 26

  • 0811Battle at Pliska: Bulgarian under monarch Krum beat Byzantine
  • 1267Inquistion forms in Rome under Pope Clement IV
  • 1499Alonso dhe Ojeda discovers Curacao Island
  • 1519Pizarro receives royal charter for S American west coast
  • 1524James I (12) becomes King of Scotland
  • 1529Francisco Pizarro appointed Governor of Peru
  • 1576Muitende Spanish troops conquer Aalst
  • 1579Francis Drake leaves SF to cross Pacific Ocean
  • 1588John Hawkins becomes a knight
  • 1656Rembrandt declares he is insolvent
  • 1663France annexes Venaissin
  • 1678England and Netherlands signs treaty: sending ultimatum to France
  • 1757Battle at Hastenbeck: French army beats Duke of Cumberland
  • 1758British battle fleet under General James Wolfe conquerors Louisbourg
  • 1759French troops vacate Ticonderoga, New York
  • 17751st Postmaster General: Benjamin Franklin of Pa takes office
  • 1788New York becomes 11th state to ratify constitution
  • 1788Sydney, Australia settled by British colonists
  • 1790US passes Assumption bill making US responsible for state debts
  • 1805Naples / Calabria struck by Earthquake; about 26,000 die
  • 1822Secret meeting of Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin
  • 1826Vilnus Lithuanian riots cause death of many Jews
  • 1832HMS Beagle anchors in Montevideo
  • 18351st sugar cane plantation started in Hawaii
  • 1847Liberia declares independence from American Colonization Society
  • 1847Moses Garrish Farmer builds 1st miniature train for children to ride
  • 1858Baron Lionel de Rothschild is 1st Jew elected to British Parliament
  • 1863Battle of Salineville OH, John Hunt Morgan and 364 troops surrender
  • 1865Patrick Francis Healy is 1st black awarded PhD (Louvain Belgium)
  • 1866Canoe Club opens in England

Born on July 26

  • 1467Ferdinand II: King of Naples
  • 1678Joseph I Habsburg: German King / Roman Catholic Emperor (1705-11)
  • 1694Johann Samuel Endler: Composer
  • 1782John Field: Dublin, Ireland -- Pianist / composer (Nocturnes)
  • 1791Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart: 6th child of Austrian composer WAM
  • 1796George Catlin: United States -- Author / painter (American Indian scenes)
  • 1801John Drake Sloat: Ret Major General Comm (Union Navy), died in 1867
  • 1802Winthrop Mackworth Praed: London, England -- Poet / politician
  • 1805Constantine Brumidi: Artist (Myrtle Murdock)
  • 1820John Marshall Jones: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1829August Beernaert: Belgian Premier (1884-94) (Nobel-1909)
  • 1842Alfred Marshall: London, England -- Economist
  • 1860Philippe J Bunau-Varilla: French engineer (Colombia-Panama)
  • 1863Jazeps Witols: Composer
  • 1865Philipp Scheidemann: German Parliament (SPD) / Mayor of Kassel
  • 1872George Louis Beer: Historian (authority on British colonies)
  • 1874Serge Koussevitzky: Vishny-Volotchok, Russia -- Russia conductor (Boston Symp)
  • 1876Ernest Schelling: Belvidere, New Jersey -- Composer / conductor (Victory Ball)
  • 1877Hubert Ahaus: Missionary (Harvest Fields)
  • 1881Alexander J Kropholler: Architect
  • 1888M Jouhandeau: Writer
  • 1891Jacques Pirenne: Belgian historian
  • 1892Pearl Buck: Prize winning Novelist
  • 1892Philipp Jarnach: Composer
  • 1893George Grosz: German painter (Gott mit uns)
  • 1894Ludovicus J Rogier: Dutch historian (Henric van Veldeken)
  • 1895Jerry Verno: London, England -- Actor (River of Unrest, Sweeney Todd)
  • 1896Charles Butterworth: United States -- Lawyer / actor (Mad Genius)
  • 1897Paul Gallico: New York, United States -- Novelist
  • 1899Carel C van Essen: Dutch archaeologist (Italian & Roman art)

Died on July 26

  • 0796Offa: King of Mercia (75.-796)
  • 0811Nicephorus I: Byzantine Emperor (802-11), dies in battle
  • 1342Charles I Robert van Anjou: King of Hungary (1307-42)
  • 1471Paul II [Pietro Barbo]: Italian Pope (1464-71), dies at 54
  • 1533Atahualpo: Inca ruler
  • 1630Charles Emanuel I [the Great]: Duke of Savoy (Peace of Lyon)
  • 1677Michael Franck: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1680John Wilmot: 2nd Earl of Rochester, Poet / courtier
  • 1712Thomas Osborne: English Prime Minister (1690-94), dies at 80
  • 1719Johann Georg Christian Storl: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1728John Friend: Physician / politician
  • 1770Michael Schevenstuhl: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1801Daniel Dal Barba: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1826Freidrich Wilhelm Weis: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1836Jose Melchor Gomiz y Colomer: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1863Samuel Houston: 1st President of Rep of Texas (1836-38, 41-44), dies at 70
  • 1872Michele Carafa: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1881George Borrow: Writer
  • 1910Philipus J Hoedemaker: Theologist, dies at 71
  • 1915James Murray: Philologist
  • 1916Gellio Benevenuto Coronaro: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1918Eduard "Mick" Mannock: British WWI flyer (Victoria Cross)
  • 1920Carlos Troyer: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1925William Jennings Bryan: Lawyer (Scopes-monkey trial), dies at 65
  • 1941Benjamin Whorf: Anthropologist
  • 1941Marx Dormoy: French socialist, killed by a time bomb
  • 1942Titus [Anno S] Brandsma: Philosopher (Dachau)
  • 1944Reza Sjah Pahlawi [Reza Chan]: Cossack officer / shah of Persia
  • 1946Morris Hirshfield: Polish / US painter
  • 1953Nikolaos Plastiras: Greece Premier (1945-50, 51-2)