Events on Jul 26

  • 0811Battle at Pliska: Bulgarian under monarch Krum beat Byzantine
  • 1267Inquistion forms in Rome under Pope Clement IV
  • 1499Alonso dhe Ojeda discovers Curacao Island
  • 1519Pizarro receives royal charter for S American west coast
  • 1524James I (12) becomes King of Scotland
  • 1529Francisco Pizarro appointed Governor of Peru
  • 1576Muitende Spanish troops conquer Aalst
  • 1579Francis Drake leaves SF to cross Pacific Ocean
  • 1588John Hawkins becomes a knight
  • 1656Rembrandt declares he is insolvent
  • 1663France annexes Venaissin
  • 1678England and Netherlands signs treaty: sending ultimatum to France
  • 1757Battle at Hastenbeck: French army beats Duke of Cumberland
  • 1758British battle fleet under General James Wolfe conquerors Louisbourg
  • 1759French troops vacate Ticonderoga, New York
  • 17751st Postmaster General: Benjamin Franklin of Pa takes office
  • 1788New York becomes 11th state to ratify constitution
  • 1788Sydney, Australia settled by British colonists
  • 1790US passes Assumption bill making US responsible for state debts
  • 1805Naples / Calabria struck by Earthquake; about 26,000 die
  • 1822Secret meeting of Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin
  • 1826Vilnus Lithuanian riots cause death of many Jews
  • 1832HMS Beagle anchors in Montevideo
  • 18351st sugar cane plantation started in Hawaii
  • 1847Liberia declares independence from American Colonization Society
  • 1847Moses Garrish Farmer builds 1st miniature train for children to ride
  • 1858Baron Lionel de Rothschild is 1st Jew elected to British Parliament
  • 1863Battle of Salineville OH, John Hunt Morgan and 364 troops surrender
  • 1865Patrick Francis Healy is 1st black awarded PhD (Louvain Belgium)
  • 1866Canoe Club opens in England

Born on Jul 26

  • 1467Ferdinand II: King of Naples
  • 1678Joseph I Habsburg: German King / Roman Catholic Emperor (1705-11)
  • 1694Johann Samuel Endler: Composer
  • 1782John Field: Dublin, Ireland -- Pianist / composer (Nocturnes)
  • 1791Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart: 6th child of Austrian composer WAM
  • 1796George Catlin: United States -- Author / painter (American Indian scenes)
  • 1801John Drake Sloat: Ret Major General Comm (Union Navy), died in 1867
  • 1802Winthrop Mackworth Praed: London, England -- Poet / politician
  • 1805Constantine Brumidi: Artist (Myrtle Murdock)
  • 1820John Marshall Jones: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1829August Beernaert: Belgian Premier (1884-94) (Nobel-1909)
  • 1842Alfred Marshall: London, England -- Economist
  • 1860Philippe J Bunau-Varilla: French engineer (Colombia-Panama)
  • 1863Jazeps Witols: Composer
  • 1865Philipp Scheidemann: German Parliament (SPD) / Mayor of Kassel
  • 1872George Louis Beer: Historian (authority on British colonies)
  • 1874Serge Koussevitzky: Vishny-Volotchok, Russia -- Russia conductor (Boston Symp)
  • 1876Ernest Schelling: Belvidere, New Jersey -- Composer / conductor (Victory Ball)
  • 1877Hubert Ahaus: Missionary (Harvest Fields)
  • 1881Alexander J Kropholler: Architect
  • 1888M Jouhandeau: Writer
  • 1891Jacques Pirenne: Belgian historian
  • 1892Pearl Buck: Prize winning Novelist
  • 1892Philipp Jarnach: Composer
  • 1893George Grosz: German painter (Gott mit uns)
  • 1894Ludovicus J Rogier: Dutch historian (Henric van Veldeken)
  • 1895Jerry Verno: London, England -- Actor (River of Unrest, Sweeney Todd)
  • 1896Charles Butterworth: United States -- Lawyer / actor (Mad Genius)
  • 1897Paul Gallico: New York, United States -- Novelist
  • 1899Carel C van Essen: Dutch archaeologist (Italian & Roman art)

Died on Jul 26

  • 0796Offa: King of Mercia (75.-796)
  • 0811Nicephorus I: Byzantine Emperor (802-11), dies in battle
  • 1342Charles I Robert van Anjou: King of Hungary (1307-42)
  • 1471Paul II [Pietro Barbo]: Italian Pope (1464-71), dies at 54
  • 1533Atahualpo: Inca ruler
  • 1630Charles Emanuel I [the Great]: Duke of Savoy (Peace of Lyon)
  • 1677Michael Franck: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1680John Wilmot: 2nd Earl of Rochester, Poet / courtier
  • 1712Thomas Osborne: English Prime Minister (1690-94), dies at 80
  • 1719Johann Georg Christian Storl: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1728John Friend: Physician / politician
  • 1770Michael Schevenstuhl: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1801Daniel Dal Barba: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1826Freidrich Wilhelm Weis: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1836Jose Melchor Gomiz y Colomer: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1863Samuel Houston: 1st President of Rep of Texas (1836-38, 41-44), dies at 70
  • 1872Michele Carafa: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1881George Borrow: Writer
  • 1910Philipus J Hoedemaker: Theologist, dies at 71
  • 1915James Murray: Philologist
  • 1916Gellio Benevenuto Coronaro: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1918Eduard "Mick" Mannock: British WWI flyer (Victoria Cross)
  • 1920Carlos Troyer: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1925William Jennings Bryan: Lawyer (Scopes-monkey trial), dies at 65
  • 1941Benjamin Whorf: Anthropologist
  • 1941Marx Dormoy: French socialist, killed by a time bomb
  • 1942Titus [Anno S] Brandsma: Philosopher (Dachau)
  • 1944Reza Sjah Pahlawi [Reza Chan]: Cossack officer / shah of Persia
  • 1946Morris Hirshfield: Polish / US painter
  • 1953Nikolaos Plastiras: Greece Premier (1945-50, 51-2)

Historical events on July 27

  • 0432St. Celestine I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 12141st battle of Bouvines - King Philips II vs. Emperor Otto IV
  • 1230Treaty of San-Germano between Emperor Frederik II and Pope Gregory IX
  • 1280Sogen Mugaku, founder of Engakuji temple arrives in Japan from China
  • 1298Albert I, Son of Rudolf of Habsburg, crowned Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1298Roman Catholics German King Albrecht I von Habsburg installed
  • 1360Danish King Waldemar IV destroys Visby Gotland
  • 1365Isabella of England marries Enguerrand of Coucy at Windsor
  • 1501Copernicus formally installed as canon of Frauenberg Cathedral
  • 1563French army recaptures Le Havre
  • 1586Sir Walter Raleigh brings 1st tobacco to England from Virginia
  • 1641Prince Frederik Henry captures castle of Gennep
  • 1643Cromwell defeats Royalist at Battle of Gainsborough
  • 1655Jews of New Amsterdam petition for a Jewish cemetery
  • 1655Netherlands and Brandenburg sign military treaty
  • 1661Parliament confirms Navigation Act
  • 1663English parliament accepts Staple Act
  • 1689Battle of Killicrankie, Viscount Dundee defeats Whig General MacKay
  • 1689Jacobite Scottish Highlanders defeat royal force at Killiecrankie
  • 1694Bank of England granted 12 year charter by Act of Parliament
  • 1713Russia and Turkey sign peace treaty
  • 1714English Queen Anne fires Premier Robert Haley
  • 1789Congress establishes Department of Foreign Affairs (State Department)
  • 1794Coup of thermidor / fall of Robespierre in Paris
  • 1795Spain and France sign peace treaty
  • 1809Battle at Talavera: British / Spanish army vs. French army
  • 1816US troops destroy Ft Apalachicola, a Seminole fort, to punish Indians for harboring runaway slaves
  • 1830Revolution breaks out in Paris, opposing laws of Charles X
  • 1836Adelaide, South Australia founded
  • 1837US Mint opens in Charlotte, North Carolina

Born on July 27

  • 1452Ludovico Sforza [il Moro]: Italian Duke of Milan (1494 . .1500)
  • 1502Pier Francesco Corteccia: Composer
  • 1518Elizabeth Talbot: Countess of Shrewsbury / builder of country houses
  • 1609Heinrich Pape: Composer
  • 1612Murad IV: Sultan of Turkey (1623-40) / conquered Baghdad
  • 1625Edward Montagu: England, United Kingdom
  • 1667Jean Bernoulli: Mathematician
  • 1734Jakob Zupan: Composer
  • 1741Francois-Hippolyte Barthelemon: Composer
  • 1777Thomas Campbell: Poet (Hohenlinden, Battle of the Baltic)
  • 1781Mauro Giuseppe Sergio Pantaleo Giuliani: Composer
  • 1801George Biddle Airy: 7th astronomer Royal
  • 1802Benedikt Randhartinger: Composer
  • 1812Thomas Lanier Clingman: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
  • 1820John Franklin Farnsworth: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1824Alexandre Dumas fils: France -- Playwright / Novelist (Camille)
  • 1840Ranald Slidell Mackenzie: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1848Vladimir de Pachmann: Painter
  • 1857Ernest Alfred Thompson Wallis Budge: Orientalist / museum curator
  • 1857Jose Celso Barbosa: Puerto Rico -- Founder of the Federalist Party in 1900
  • 1870Joseph Hilaire Pierre Belloc: England, United Kingdom -- Author (Path to Rome)
  • 1872Stanislav Binicki: Composer
  • 1878Th to de Weeme: Painter
  • 1879Francesco Gaeta: Italian poet (Il Libro Della Giovinezza)
  • 1880Donald Crisp: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Actor (How Green Was My Valley, Pollyana)
  • 1880Joseph Tinker: Baseball Hall of Famer (1 / 3 of fame double play combo)
  • 1881Hans Fischer: German physicist (Nobel 1930)
  • 1890Judith Lowry: Fort Sill, Oklahoma -- Actress (Effect of Gamma Rays ...)
  • 1894Gerald F Bogan: US Vice-Admiral (WWII-Pacific Ocean)
  • 1898Audley Moore [Queen Mother]: Civil rights activist, humanitarian

Died on July 27

  • 0082St Joseph of Arimathea
  • 0432Celestine I: Italian Pope (422-32)
  • 0916Kliment / Clemens van Ohrid: Bulgaria Bishop of Ohrid / saint
  • 1101Koenrad: RC-German King (1087-98)
  • 1128Willem van Normandia: Earl of Flanders, dies in battle
  • 1214Eustaes van Machelen: Flemish knight, dies in battle
  • 1214Stefan van Longchamp: French knight, dies in battle
  • 1227Otto II van Lippe: Bishop of Utrecht (1216-27)
  • 1233Ferrand of Portugal: Earl of Flanders, dies at 45
  • 1638Johan VIII de Jongere: Count of Nassau-Siegen, dies in battle at 54
  • 1689John Graham: Of Claverhouse, 1st viscount Dundee / soldier, killed
  • 1720Johann Samuel Welter: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1759Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis: Biologist / astronomer, dies at 60
  • 1777William Hayes: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1783Johann Philipp Kirnberger: German music theroist / violist, dies at 62
  • 1811Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla: Mexican priest / freedom fighter, executed
  • 1822Joseph Supries: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1828Gilbert Charles Stuart: Painter
  • 1833Bartolommea Capitanio: Italian monastery founder / saint, dies at 26
  • 1841Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov: Poet / Novelist
  • 1844John Dalton: Engl physicist / chemist (molecular theorist), dies at 77
  • 1864Margaret E Breckinridge: US nurse / Daughter of VP John
  • 1881Johann Christian Lobe: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1883Albert Franz Doppler: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1883Montgomery Blair: Lawyer (Dred Scot V Sandford), dies at 70
  • 1916Charles Fryatt: British Captain of SS Brussels, executed by Germans
  • 1924Ferruccio Benvenuto busoni: Pianist / composer
  • 1924Ferruccio Dante Michelangelo Benvenuto Busoni: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1934Louis HG Lyautey: French Minister of Defense (1916-17), dies at 79
  • 1942William Matthew Finders Petrie: Egyptologist