Events on Jul 27

  • 0432St. Celestine I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 12141st battle of Bouvines - King Philips II vs. Emperor Otto IV
  • 1230Treaty of San-Germano between Emperor Frederik II and Pope Gregory IX
  • 1280Sogen Mugaku, founder of Engakuji temple arrives in Japan from China
  • 1298Albert I, Son of Rudolf of Habsburg, crowned Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1298Roman Catholics German King Albrecht I von Habsburg installed
  • 1360Danish King Waldemar IV destroys Visby Gotland
  • 1365Isabella of England marries Enguerrand of Coucy at Windsor
  • 1501Copernicus formally installed as canon of Frauenberg Cathedral
  • 1563French army recaptures Le Havre
  • 1586Sir Walter Raleigh brings 1st tobacco to England from Virginia
  • 1641Prince Frederik Henry captures castle of Gennep
  • 1643Cromwell defeats Royalist at Battle of Gainsborough
  • 1655Jews of New Amsterdam petition for a Jewish cemetery
  • 1655Netherlands and Brandenburg sign military treaty
  • 1661Parliament confirms Navigation Act
  • 1663English parliament accepts Staple Act
  • 1689Battle of Killicrankie, Viscount Dundee defeats Whig General MacKay
  • 1689Jacobite Scottish Highlanders defeat royal force at Killiecrankie
  • 1694Bank of England granted 12 year charter by Act of Parliament
  • 1713Russia and Turkey sign peace treaty
  • 1714English Queen Anne fires Premier Robert Haley
  • 1789Congress establishes Department of Foreign Affairs (State Department)
  • 1794Coup of thermidor / fall of Robespierre in Paris
  • 1795Spain and France sign peace treaty
  • 1809Battle at Talavera: British / Spanish army vs. French army
  • 1816US troops destroy Ft Apalachicola, a Seminole fort, to punish Indians for harboring runaway slaves
  • 1830Revolution breaks out in Paris, opposing laws of Charles X
  • 1836Adelaide, South Australia founded
  • 1837US Mint opens in Charlotte, North Carolina

Born on Jul 27

  • 1452Ludovico Sforza [il Moro]: Italian Duke of Milan (1494 . .1500)
  • 1502Pier Francesco Corteccia: Composer
  • 1518Elizabeth Talbot: Countess of Shrewsbury / builder of country houses
  • 1609Heinrich Pape: Composer
  • 1612Murad IV: Sultan of Turkey (1623-40) / conquered Baghdad
  • 1625Edward Montagu: England, United Kingdom
  • 1667Jean Bernoulli: Mathematician
  • 1734Jakob Zupan: Composer
  • 1741Francois-Hippolyte Barthelemon: Composer
  • 1777Thomas Campbell: Poet (Hohenlinden, Battle of the Baltic)
  • 1781Mauro Giuseppe Sergio Pantaleo Giuliani: Composer
  • 1801George Biddle Airy: 7th astronomer Royal
  • 1802Benedikt Randhartinger: Composer
  • 1812Thomas Lanier Clingman: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
  • 1820John Franklin Farnsworth: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1824Alexandre Dumas fils: France -- Playwright / Novelist (Camille)
  • 1840Ranald Slidell Mackenzie: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1848Vladimir de Pachmann: Painter
  • 1857Ernest Alfred Thompson Wallis Budge: Orientalist / museum curator
  • 1857Jose Celso Barbosa: Puerto Rico -- Founder of the Federalist Party in 1900
  • 1870Joseph Hilaire Pierre Belloc: England, United Kingdom -- Author (Path to Rome)
  • 1872Stanislav Binicki: Composer
  • 1878Th to de Weeme: Painter
  • 1879Francesco Gaeta: Italian poet (Il Libro Della Giovinezza)
  • 1880Donald Crisp: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Actor (How Green Was My Valley, Pollyana)
  • 1880Joseph Tinker: Baseball Hall of Famer (1 / 3 of fame double play combo)
  • 1881Hans Fischer: German physicist (Nobel 1930)
  • 1890Judith Lowry: Fort Sill, Oklahoma -- Actress (Effect of Gamma Rays ...)
  • 1894Gerald F Bogan: US Vice-Admiral (WWII-Pacific Ocean)
  • 1898Audley Moore [Queen Mother]: Civil rights activist, humanitarian

Died on Jul 27

  • 0082St Joseph of Arimathea
  • 0432Celestine I: Italian Pope (422-32)
  • 0916Kliment / Clemens van Ohrid: Bulgaria Bishop of Ohrid / saint
  • 1101Koenrad: RC-German King (1087-98)
  • 1128Willem van Normandia: Earl of Flanders, dies in battle
  • 1214Eustaes van Machelen: Flemish knight, dies in battle
  • 1214Stefan van Longchamp: French knight, dies in battle
  • 1227Otto II van Lippe: Bishop of Utrecht (1216-27)
  • 1233Ferrand of Portugal: Earl of Flanders, dies at 45
  • 1638Johan VIII de Jongere: Count of Nassau-Siegen, dies in battle at 54
  • 1689John Graham: Of Claverhouse, 1st viscount Dundee / soldier, killed
  • 1720Johann Samuel Welter: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1759Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis: Biologist / astronomer, dies at 60
  • 1777William Hayes: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1783Johann Philipp Kirnberger: German music theroist / violist, dies at 62
  • 1811Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla: Mexican priest / freedom fighter, executed
  • 1822Joseph Supries: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1828Gilbert Charles Stuart: Painter
  • 1833Bartolommea Capitanio: Italian monastery founder / saint, dies at 26
  • 1841Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov: Poet / Novelist
  • 1844John Dalton: Engl physicist / chemist (molecular theorist), dies at 77
  • 1864Margaret E Breckinridge: US nurse / Daughter of VP John
  • 1881Johann Christian Lobe: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1883Albert Franz Doppler: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1883Montgomery Blair: Lawyer (Dred Scot V Sandford), dies at 70
  • 1916Charles Fryatt: British Captain of SS Brussels, executed by Germans
  • 1924Ferruccio Benvenuto busoni: Pianist / composer
  • 1924Ferruccio Dante Michelangelo Benvenuto Busoni: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1934Louis HG Lyautey: French Minister of Defense (1916-17), dies at 79
  • 1942William Matthew Finders Petrie: Egyptologist

Historical events on July 28

  • 0388Battle at Aquileja: Emperor Theodosius beats Emperor Magnus Maximis
  • 0754Pope Stephen II, [III] makes Pippin de Korte, King of France
  • 1402Battle at Ancyra / Angora / Ankara: Timur Lenk beats Sultan Bajezid I
  • 1434Navigator Gil Eanes leaves Cape Bojador for Lisbon
  • 1540English King Henry VIII marries Catharine Howard, his 5th wife
  • 1579Cardinal Granvelle returns to Madrid
  • 1586Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe
  • 1609Admiral George Somers settles in Bermuda
  • 1635Spanish marshal Piccolomini conquerors Schenkenschans
  • 1683Anne Stuart marries Prince Georges of Denmark
  • 1696De Croissy succeeds Le Plectia as French Minister of Finance
  • 1708Monarch Amengkurat II [Sunan Mas] of Mataram gives himself up to VOC
  • 1717Prussian King Frederik Willem I gives compulsory education to 5-12 yrs
  • 1741Captain Bering discovers Mount St. Elias, Alaska
  • 1742Prussia and Austria sign peace treaty
  • 1808Mahmud II succeeds Mustafa IV as Sultan of Turkey
  • 1821Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1830Revolution in France replaces Charles X with Louis Philippe
  • 1849Memmon is 1st clipper to reach SF, 120 days out of New York
  • 1851Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
  • 18581st use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by
  • 1858Nadar takes 1st airborne photo (in a balloon)
  • 1858William Herschel of the Indian Civil Service in India
  • 18642nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia
  • 1864Battle of Atlanta Georgia (Ezra Church) - second sortie US700 CS4642
  • 1866Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US
  • 186814th Amendment ratified, grants citizenship to ex-slaves
  • 1882Opera "Parsifal" is produced (Beirut)
  • 1883Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000
  • 1886English Salisbury government forms

Born on July 28

  • 1456Jacopo Sannazaro: Italian poet (Arcadia)
  • 1514Maximilian of Burgundy: Viceroy of Holland
  • 1609Judith J Leyster: Dutch house painter, baptised
  • 1745Piotr A von der Pahlen: Milt Governor (St Petersburg)
  • 1746Thomas Heyward: Soldier, signed Declaration of Independence
  • 1778Charles Stewart: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1869
  • 1804Ludwig A Feuerbach: German philosopher (Man is what he eats)
  • 1808Charles Lucas: Composer
  • 1809Ormsby McKnight Mitchel: Astronomer / Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1813Alberto Mazzucato: Composer
  • 1825William Duncan Smith: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1835Jose Garcia Robles: Composer
  • 1837Christian Barnekow: Composer
  • 1844Gerard Manley Hopkins: England, United Kingdom -- Poet (Windhover)
  • 1859Balington Booth: Founder (Volunteers of America)
  • 1868Thomas P Krag: Norwegian writer (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran)
  • 1870Henri Jaspar: Premier of Belgium (1927-31)
  • 1872Albert P Sarraut: French Governor-General of Indo-China (1911..19) / Prime Minister (1933 / 36)
  • 1874Ernst Cassirer: Germany -- Philosopher / educator (Essay on Man)
  • 1887Marcel Duchamp: French painter (Nude Descending a Staircase)
  • 1890Marie Lohr: Sydney, NSW -- Actress (Pygmalion, Small Hotel)
  • 1892Joe E Brown: Holgate, Ohio -- Comedian (Buck Circus Hour)
  • 1892Petro Petridis: Greek composer (Isotope Suite)
  • 1893Rued Immanuel Langgaard: Composer
  • 1897Emmy Arbous [Emilia J Henke]: Dutch actress (Little Rascal)
  • 1900Maurice Johnstone: Composer
  • 1901Rudy Vallee: Vermont, United States -- Singer (Vagabond Dreams, My Time Is Your Time)
  • 1901Sandor Vandor: Composer
  • 1902Karl Raimund Popper: Austrian / British philosopher (Logic of Forschung)
  • 1902Kenneth F Fearing: United States -- Poet (Dead Reckoning)

Died on July 28

  • 0450Theodosius II de Jongere: Emperor Austrian Empire
  • 1057Victor II [Gebhard]: Pope (1055-57)
  • 1330Michael III: Tsar of Bulgaria, dies in battle
  • 1641John Amner: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1655Cyrano de Bergerac: French dramatist / Novelist, dies at 36 in Paris, France
  • 1655Savinien Cyrano seigneur de Bergerac: French author, dies at 36
  • 1655Suzuki Shosan: Samurai / Monk / propagator of Zen Buddhism, dies at 76
  • 1667Abraham Cowley: English Poet (Mistress / Sex libri plantarum)
  • 1711Gerard Lairesse: Painter, buried
  • 1723Mariana Alcoforado: Nun (schreef no Lettres Portuguese), dies at 63
  • 1741Antonio Lucio Vivaldi: Italian composer, dies at 63
  • 1746John Peter Zenger: Journalist, involved in 1st amendment fight
  • 1750Johann Sebastian Bach: German Composer (Art of the Fugue), dies at 65
  • 1778Arvid Niclas Hopken: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1794Georges Couthon: French politician, beheaded at 39
  • 1794Maximilien Robespierre: Fr revolutionary / avocat (1781), guillotined
  • 1794Robespierre: And 22 other terrorists executed to thunderous cheers
  • 1802Giuseppe Sarti: Italian Composer (Il er pastore, Ifigenia), dies at 72
  • 1811Heinrich J von Collin: Austria dramatist / Poet (Coriolan)
  • 1837John Ross: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1838Bernhard Henrik Crusell: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1842C Brentano: Writer, dies at 63
  • 1849Charles Albert: King of Sardinia (1831-49)
  • 1850Stefano Pavesi: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1863James Deshler: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 30
  • 1864Johann Hermann Kufferath: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1864Samuel Benton: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at about 44
  • 1869Carl G Carus: German arts / psychologist / philosopher
  • 1872Friedrich Kaiser: Astronomer (Kaiser-Compass)
  • 1895Joannes Kappeyne van Coppello: Internal Minister (1877-89), dies at 72