Events on Jul 28

  • 0388Battle at Aquileja: Emperor Theodosius beats Emperor Magnus Maximis
  • 0754Pope Stephen II, [III] makes Pippin de Korte, King of France
  • 1402Battle at Ancyra / Angora / Ankara: Timur Lenk beats Sultan Bajezid I
  • 1434Navigator Gil Eanes leaves Cape Bojador for Lisbon
  • 1540English King Henry VIII marries Catharine Howard, his 5th wife
  • 1579Cardinal Granvelle returns to Madrid
  • 1586Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe
  • 1609Admiral George Somers settles in Bermuda
  • 1635Spanish marshal Piccolomini conquerors Schenkenschans
  • 1683Anne Stuart marries Prince Georges of Denmark
  • 1696De Croissy succeeds Le Plectia as French Minister of Finance
  • 1708Monarch Amengkurat II [Sunan Mas] of Mataram gives himself up to VOC
  • 1717Prussian King Frederik Willem I gives compulsory education to 5-12 yrs
  • 1741Captain Bering discovers Mount St. Elias, Alaska
  • 1742Prussia and Austria sign peace treaty
  • 1808Mahmud II succeeds Mustafa IV as Sultan of Turkey
  • 1821Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1830Revolution in France replaces Charles X with Louis Philippe
  • 1849Memmon is 1st clipper to reach SF, 120 days out of New York
  • 1851Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
  • 18581st use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by
  • 1858Nadar takes 1st airborne photo (in a balloon)
  • 1858William Herschel of the Indian Civil Service in India
  • 18642nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia
  • 1864Battle of Atlanta Georgia (Ezra Church) - second sortie US700 CS4642
  • 1866Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US
  • 186814th Amendment ratified, grants citizenship to ex-slaves
  • 1882Opera "Parsifal" is produced (Beirut)
  • 1883Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000
  • 1886English Salisbury government forms

Born on Jul 28

  • 1456Jacopo Sannazaro: Italian poet (Arcadia)
  • 1514Maximilian of Burgundy: Viceroy of Holland
  • 1609Judith J Leyster: Dutch house painter, baptised
  • 1745Piotr A von der Pahlen: Milt Governor (St Petersburg)
  • 1746Thomas Heyward: Soldier, signed Declaration of Independence
  • 1778Charles Stewart: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1869
  • 1804Ludwig A Feuerbach: German philosopher (Man is what he eats)
  • 1808Charles Lucas: Composer
  • 1809Ormsby McKnight Mitchel: Astronomer / Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1813Alberto Mazzucato: Composer
  • 1825William Duncan Smith: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1835Jose Garcia Robles: Composer
  • 1837Christian Barnekow: Composer
  • 1844Gerard Manley Hopkins: England, United Kingdom -- Poet (Windhover)
  • 1859Balington Booth: Founder (Volunteers of America)
  • 1868Thomas P Krag: Norwegian writer (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran)
  • 1870Henri Jaspar: Premier of Belgium (1927-31)
  • 1872Albert P Sarraut: French Governor-General of Indo-China (1911..19) / Prime Minister (1933 / 36)
  • 1874Ernst Cassirer: Germany -- Philosopher / educator (Essay on Man)
  • 1887Marcel Duchamp: French painter (Nude Descending a Staircase)
  • 1890Marie Lohr: Sydney, NSW -- Actress (Pygmalion, Small Hotel)
  • 1892Joe E Brown: Holgate, Ohio -- Comedian (Buck Circus Hour)
  • 1892Petro Petridis: Greek composer (Isotope Suite)
  • 1893Rued Immanuel Langgaard: Composer
  • 1897Emmy Arbous [Emilia J Henke]: Dutch actress (Little Rascal)
  • 1900Maurice Johnstone: Composer
  • 1901Rudy Vallee: Vermont, United States -- Singer (Vagabond Dreams, My Time Is Your Time)
  • 1901Sandor Vandor: Composer
  • 1902Karl Raimund Popper: Austrian / British philosopher (Logic of Forschung)
  • 1902Kenneth F Fearing: United States -- Poet (Dead Reckoning)

Died on Jul 28

  • 0450Theodosius II de Jongere: Emperor Austrian Empire
  • 1057Victor II [Gebhard]: Pope (1055-57)
  • 1330Michael III: Tsar of Bulgaria, dies in battle
  • 1641John Amner: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1655Cyrano de Bergerac: French dramatist / Novelist, dies at 36 in Paris, France
  • 1655Savinien Cyrano seigneur de Bergerac: French author, dies at 36
  • 1655Suzuki Shosan: Samurai / Monk / propagator of Zen Buddhism, dies at 76
  • 1667Abraham Cowley: English Poet (Mistress / Sex libri plantarum)
  • 1711Gerard Lairesse: Painter, buried
  • 1723Mariana Alcoforado: Nun (schreef no Lettres Portuguese), dies at 63
  • 1741Antonio Lucio Vivaldi: Italian composer, dies at 63
  • 1746John Peter Zenger: Journalist, involved in 1st amendment fight
  • 1750Johann Sebastian Bach: German Composer (Art of the Fugue), dies at 65
  • 1778Arvid Niclas Hopken: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1794Georges Couthon: French politician, beheaded at 39
  • 1794Maximilien Robespierre: Fr revolutionary / avocat (1781), guillotined
  • 1794Robespierre: And 22 other terrorists executed to thunderous cheers
  • 1802Giuseppe Sarti: Italian Composer (Il er pastore, Ifigenia), dies at 72
  • 1811Heinrich J von Collin: Austria dramatist / Poet (Coriolan)
  • 1837John Ross: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1838Bernhard Henrik Crusell: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1842C Brentano: Writer, dies at 63
  • 1849Charles Albert: King of Sardinia (1831-49)
  • 1850Stefano Pavesi: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1863James Deshler: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 30
  • 1864Johann Hermann Kufferath: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1864Samuel Benton: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at about 44
  • 1869Carl G Carus: German arts / psychologist / philosopher
  • 1872Friedrich Kaiser: Astronomer (Kaiser-Compass)
  • 1895Joannes Kappeyne van Coppello: Internal Minister (1877-89), dies at 72

Historical events on July 29

  • 0362Emperor Julianus of Constantinople ends education laws
  • 0626Avaren / Slaves under khagan Bajan begin siege of Constantinople
  • 1014Battle of Strumitsa-valley: Byzantine destroys Bulgarian armies
  • 1030Battle at Stiklestad (Trondheim)
  • 1179Lando Sittino proclaimed (anti-)Pope Innocent III
  • 1560Turkish fleet recaptures Djerba on Spanjaarden
  • 1563League of High Nobles routes King Philip II
  • 1565Mary Queen of Scots marries her cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
  • 1579Antwerp request union with of Utrecht
  • 1579King Philip II arrests plotters Antonio Perez and Princess van Eboli
  • 1585Friese academy opens
  • 1588Attacking Spanish Armada defeated and scattered by English defenders
  • 1588Duke Farneses troops ready for invasion of England
  • 1634Dutch fleet under Johannes van Walbeeck lands on Curacao
  • 1655Biggest townhall in the world opens in Amsterdam
  • 1676Nathaniel Bacon declared a rebel for assembling frontiersmen to protect settlers from Indians
  • 1693Battle at Neerwinden: French beats English / Dutch army
  • 1696French King Louis XIV and Victor Amadeua van Savoye signs peace
  • 171510 Spanish treasure galleons sinks off Florida coast by hurricane
  • 17511st international world title prize fight-Jack Stack of England, beats challenger M Petit of France in 29 minutes in England
  • 17731st schoolhouse west of Allegheny Mtns completed, Schoenbrunn, Ohio
  • 1783Skaptar Volcano on Iceland erupts killing about 9,000
  • 17861st newspaper published west of Alleghanies, Pittsburgh Gazette
  • 18351st sugar plantation in Hawaii begins
  • 1844New York Yacht Club forms
  • 18581st commercial treaty between US and Japan signed
  • 1858US citizens allowed to live anywhere in Japan
  • 18643rd and last day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia
  • 1874Major Walter Copton Wingfield patents a portable tennis court
  • 18991st motorcycle race, Manhattan Beach, New York

Born on July 29

  • 1590Gilles Hayne: Composer
  • 1605Simon Dach: German poet
  • 1620Nicolaas Heinsius: Dutch philologist / diplomat
  • 1646Johann Theile: German composer (Adam & Eve)
  • 1723Christleib Siegmund Binder: Composer
  • 1739Johannes Ritschel: Composer
  • 1755Franz Gotz: Composer
  • 1758Antonius van Gils: Dutch RC theologist (opposed Enlightenment)
  • 1778Carl Borromaus Neuner: Composer
  • 1805Alexis de Tocqueville: France -- Statesman / writer (Democracy in America)
  • 1817James Blair Steedman: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
  • 1820Clement Laird Vallandigham: MC (Union), died in 1871
  • 1828Cuvier Grover: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1885
  • 1830Alvan Cullem Gillem: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1875
  • 1853Esther de Boer-van Rijk: Dutch actress (Kniertje-Hope of Blessing)
  • 1853Henry Morton Dunham: Composer
  • 1854Georg Kerschensteiner: German educator (Theory of Education)
  • 1861Alica Hathaway Lee Roosevelt: 1st Wife of Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1861Sergei D Sazonov: Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs (1910-16)
  • 1865Nicola Spinelli: Composer
  • 1867Enrique Granados: Spain -- Composer
  • 1869Booth Tarkington: United States -- Novelist (17, Magnificent Ambersons)
  • 1871[Gregory Efimovich] Rasputin: Mad Russian Monk
  • 1874August Stramm: Writer
  • 1876Maria Ouspenskaya: Tula, Russia -- Actress (Waterloo Bridge)
  • 1878Don Marquis: Illinois, United States -- Journalist / poet (archy & mehitabel)
  • 1883Manuel Infante: Spanish composer / conductor
  • 1884Henri Liebrecht: Belgian playwright / journalist
  • 1887Rudi Stephan: Composer
  • 1887Sigmund Romberg: Nagykanizsa, Hungary -- Operetta composer (Blossom Time)

Died on July 29

  • 1030Olaf Haraldsson: King of Norway, dies in battle of Stiklestad
  • 1095Ladislaus I Arpad de Heilige: King of Hungary
  • 1099Urban II [Odo van Lagery]: French Pope (1088-99)
  • 1108Philip I: Co-king of France (1059, 1060-1108), dies at 56
  • 1164Olaf: King of Norway
  • 1573Spanish Prince of Eboli
  • 1596Jacobus Latomus: Flemish Poet (Psalms / Jeremias) dies at about 84
  • 1632Samuel Ampzing: Vicar / Poet (Biblical Treasures)
  • 1644Urban VIII [Maffeo Barberini]: Pope (1623-44)
  • 1649David Teniers I: Flemish Painter (altaar stukken)
  • 1669Christopher Simpson: Composer
  • 1786Franz Asplmayr: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1797Christoph Rheineck: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1825Micah Hawkins: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1838Jonathan Huntington: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1844Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1856Robert A Schumann: German pianist / Composer (Humoresque), dies at 46
  • 1857Charles LJL Bonaparte: Corsican / French Prince of Canino, dies at 54
  • 1859Auguste Mathieu Panseron: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1863Edward Needle Kirk: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at about 35
  • 1886Adolf Muller: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1886Solomon Gazfried: Rabbi / Author (Kitzur Shulchan Aruch)
  • 1890Vincent Van Gogh: Painter, dies in Auvers, France
  • 1897Joost G Kist: Lawyer / President of High Council (1885-97), dies at 74
  • 1900Umberto I: Italian King (1878-1900) assassinated by Gaetano Bresci
  • 1906Alexandre Luigini: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1913Tobias MC Asser: Lawyer (Nobel 1911)
  • 1922Edward Gailliard: Flemish language / archaeologist, dies at 81
  • 1930Alexander von Fielitz: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1933Gerhard Rusenkrone Schjelderup: Composer, dies at 73