Events on Jul 30

  • 0579Benedict I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0657St. Vitalian begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Eugene I
  • 1178Frederick I (Barbarossa), Holy Roman Emperor, crowned King of Burgundy
  • 1419Anti-Catholic Hussites, followers of executed Reformer Jan Hus, stormtown hall in Prague and throw Catholic councillors out the windows
  • 1537Resistant of Bomy: French / Dutch cease fire
  • 1601Spanish garrison of Rhine birch surrenders to Earl Mauritius
  • 1619House of Burgesses Virginia forms, 1st elective US governing body
  • 1626Earthquake hits Naples; 10,000 die
  • 1646English parliament sets King Charles I Newcastle Propositions
  • 1650Prince Willem II occupies Amsterdam
  • 1653Johan de Witt sworn in as pension advisor of Holland
  • 1655Dutch troops occupy Fort Assahudi Seram
  • 1678English troops lands in Flanders
  • 1715Spanish gold and silver fleet disappears off St. Lucie, Florida
  • 1729City of Baltimore founded
  • 1733Society of Freemasons opens 1st American lodge in Boston
  • 1739Caspar Wistar begins glass manufacturing in Allowaystown, New Jersey
  • 1775Captain Cook with Resolution returns to England
  • 1809English invasion army lands in Walcheren
  • 1822James Varick becomes 1st Bishop of African Meth Episcopal Zion Church
  • 1826Java Prince Dipo Negoro surprise attacks Dutch colony, 82 killed
  • 18361st English newspaper published in Hawaii
  • 1839Slave rebels, take over slaver Amistad
  • 18441st US yacht club organized, New York Yacht Club
  • 1863President Lincoln issues "eye-for-eye" order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot
  • 1864Battle of Chambersburg, PA - burned by Union forces under McCausland
  • 1864Battle of the Crater: General Burnsides fails on attack of Petersburg
  • 1864Confederate troops attack Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, in fire
  • 1865Pope Pius IX visits Suriname
  • 1866Race riot in New Orleans

Born on Jul 30

  • 1747Antonio Benedetto Maria Puccini: Composer
  • 1763Samuel Rogers: English poet (Italy, a poem)
  • 1793Josepf Francois Snel: Composer
  • 1815Thomas Jackson Rodman: Bvt Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1817Charles Radoux-Rogier: Composer
  • 1824Eugenio Terziani: Composer
  • 1831Helene P Blavatsky: Founder (Theosophist Cooperation)
  • 1837Elon John Farnsworth: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1838Eugen Richter: German parliament member (Liberal)
  • 1855James Edward Kelly: United States -- Sculptor "Sculptor of American History"
  • 1855Wilhelm von Siemens: German industrialist
  • 1856Richard B Haldane: British viscount / lord-chancellor (Life of A Smith)
  • 1857Thorstein Veblen: United States -- Economist (Theory of the Leisure Class-1899)
  • 1868Alfred Weber: German economist / sociologist
  • 1872Clementine: Princess of Belgium, Wife of Prince Napoleon Bonaparte
  • 1875James William Tate: Composer
  • 1880Robert Rutherford McCormick: United States -- Editor / publisher (Chicago Tribune)
  • 1882Holmes Herbert: Mansfield, England -- Actor (The Kiss)
  • 1882Leo van Puyfielde: Flemish art historian
  • 1886Johan Algot Haquinius: Composer
  • 1887Felix A Vening Meinesz: Dutch geophysicist (gravity)
  • 1887Timothy Mara: NFL owner (New York Giants)
  • 1888Raden Sutomo: Indonesian freedom fighter
  • 1889Vladimir K Zworykin: USSR -- Electronics engineer / inventor (father of TV)
  • 1897Jacques de Kadt: Dutch politician / writer (Fascism is War!)
  • 1898Henry Moore: England, United Kingdom -- Sculptor (Vertebrae)
  • 1899Gerald Moore: England, United Kingdom -- Pianist (Am I Too Loud)
  • 1899Henricus Moorman: Dutch Vice-Admiral (KVP)
  • 1899John Woods Duke: Composer
  • 1906Serafin Pro: Composer

Died on Jul 30

  • 0579Benedict I: Italian Pope (575-79)
  • 1516Johan V Nassau: Earl of Nassau-Vianden / Dietz
  • 1652John Cloppenburg: Vicar / theologist, dies at 68
  • 1655Sigmund Theophil Staden: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1718William Penn: English Quaker / colonizer (No cross, no crown)
  • 1727Franz Weichlein: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1741Wierich PL count von Daun: Governor-General of Austria and Netherlands
  • 1781Augustin Ullinger: Composer, dies at 35
  • 1796Nicolas the Pigage: French classical architect
  • 1832Jean-A-C Chaptal: French chemist / Internal minister
  • 1863George Crockett Strong: US Union General Major, dies of injuries at 29
  • 1865George Wright: US Union Brigadier General, dies at 61
  • 1898Otto von Bismarck: German "Iron" chancellor, dies at 83
  • 1903Servas Daems [Peeter Klein]: Flem writer (Wheelbarrows), dies at 65
  • 1912Mutsuhito: 122nd Emperor of Japan (1867-1912), dies at 60
  • 1918Chaim Soloveitchik: Rabbi of Brisk, talmudic scholar
  • 1927Robert Marquies de Flers: French writer (Monsieur Bretonneau)
  • 1936Adolf Philipp: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1943Benjamin James Dale: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1957Sem Dresden: Dutch Composer / conductor, dies at 76
  • 1958Alexander Albrecht: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1962Myron McCormick: Actor (China Girl, Jigsaw), dies of cancer at 54
  • 1965Junichiro Tanizaki: Japanese writer (Key), dies at 79
  • 1966Edward G Craig: English actor / director (On Art of Theatre), dies at 94
  • 1967Alfried Krupp: German industrialist, dies at 59
  • 1967John Macchia: Actor (Beach Blanket Bingo), dies of a stroke at 35
  • 1968Jon Leifs: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1970George Szell: Hungarian / US conductor (Cleveland Orch), dies at 73
  • 1973Erich Katz: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1973Guy Middleton: Actor (Fur Collar, Now & Forever), dies at 65

Historical events on July 31

  • 0432St. Sixtus III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0768[Philip] begins and ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0904Saraceens hijacker Leo van Tripoli occupies and plunders Thessalonica
  • 1291Egyptian Mamelukken occupies Akko, crusaders driven out of Palestine
  • 1498Christopher Columbus discovers island of Trinidad
  • 1588English fleet beats Spanish Armada
  • 1620Pilgrim Fathers depart (through England) to America
  • 1653Fronde-leaders surrender in Bordeaux
  • 1658Aurangzeb appoints himself Mongol Emperor
  • 1667Peace of Breda: 2nd English war-Suriname vs. New-Netherlands ends
  • 1737Prince Frederick of Wales escapes English court
  • 1751Fire in Stockholm destroys 1,000 houses
  • 1774Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen
  • 1777Marquis de Lafayette, 19, made major-general of Continental Army
  • 17901st US patent granted, to Samuel Hopkins for a potash process
  • 1792Cornerstone laid for 1st US government building: US Mint in Philadelphia
  • 1794All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem
  • 18091st practical US railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Philadelphia
  • 1813British invade Plattsburgh, New York
  • 1830Charles X of France resigns by force
  • 1849Benjamin Chambers patents breech loading cannon
  • 18619,300 mm rainfall in July in Cherrapunji, Assam: world record
  • 1864Ulysses S Grant is named General of Volunteers
  • 1874Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as President of Georgetown University
  • 1893Henry Perky patents shredded wheat
  • 1900Boer Generals Prinsloo and Roux surrenders in Brandwater Basin
  • 1901Abraham Kuyper becomes Premier of the Netherlands
  • 1905Matumbi rebellion at Samanga German East Africa
  • 1910Chicago Cub King Cole no-hits St. Louis, 4-0 in a 7 inning game
  • 1910Clement van Maasdijk gives flying demonstration

Born on July 31

  • 1396Philips [the Good]: Duke of Burgundy / Brabant / Limburg / count
  • 1443Albrecht III of Saxon-Meisen: Duke of Saxon
  • 1527Maximilian II: German King / Emperor (1564-76)
  • 1550Jakob Handl [Petelin]: Austrian composer / bandmaster
  • 1578Catharina Belgica of Nassau: Daughter of Willem of Orange
  • 1597Sebastian Stosskopf: Elzassisch painter, baptized
  • 1629Johann Jakob Lowe von Eisenach: Composer
  • 1654Jacob Hop: Dutch politician / diplomat
  • 1704Gabriel Cramer: Switzerland -- Mathematician (paradox of Cramer)
  • 1743August R van Hekeren van Suideras: Dutch orangist
  • 1748Isaac Ouwater: Amsterdam painter / cartoonist
  • 1767Amelie Julia Candielle: Composer
  • 1803John Ericsson: United States -- Inventor (screw propeller) / shipbuilder-USS Monitor
  • 1808Frederick Nichols Crouch: Composer
  • 1816George Henry Thomas: Major General (Union Army), died in 1870
  • 1817Philip Cook, Jr.: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1894
  • 1818Heinrich Kiepert: German cartographer / geographer
  • 1825Thomas Hart Taylor: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 1828Francois Auguste Gevaert: Belgian composer (Le diable au moulin)
  • 1830Frantisek Zdenek Xavier Alois Skuhersky: Composer
  • 1834Peter H Hugenholtz: Dutch Reformer / founder (Free Parish)
  • 1837William Clarke Quantrill: Colonel (Confederate Army), died in 1865
  • 1841George Melville: Polar explorer, naval engineer
  • 1844Ignazio Guidi: Italian orientalist / archaeologist
  • 1847Ignatio Cervantes: Composer
  • 1848Jean Robert Planquette: France -- Composer (Bells of Corneville)
  • 1854Jose Canalejas contributes Mendez: Premier of Spain (1910-12)
  • 1882Grete Gulbransson: Writer
  • 1884Karl F Goerdeler: Mayor (Leipzig) "July 20th Plot"
  • 1886Constant Permeke: Flemish painter / statues artist (Sow)

Died on July 31

  • 1358Etienne Marcel: French textile Merchant / Reformer / Boer leader
  • 1556Ignatius Loyola: Spanish founder (Jesuit), dies at about 65
  • 1556St Ignatius of Loyola: Founder of Society of Jesus, dies in Rome
  • 1648Benedictus J van Haeften: Poet (Regia thru Crucis), dies at about 60
  • 1693Willem Calf: Rotterdams still life painter, dies at 73
  • 1750Johan V: King of Portugal
  • 1784Denis Diderot: French writer / philosopher (Jacques le fataliste)
  • 1790Johann Christian Frischmuth: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1795Jose B da Gama: Portuguese Poet (East Uraguay), dies at 54
  • 1811Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla: Mexican hero priest, executed by Spanish
  • 1864Louis Hachette: French publisher, dies at 64
  • 1875Andrew Johnson: 17th pres, dies in Tennessee at 66
  • 1886Franz von Liszt [Ferencz]: Hungarian pianist / composer, dies at 74
  • 1891Jean-Baptist Capronnier: French / Belgian painter, dies at 77
  • 1932Francesco Paolo Neglia: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1940Whitney Krakower: US gangster, murderrd by "Bugsy" Siegel
  • 1942Francis E Younghusband: British journalist / explorer, dies at 79
  • 1948Maria "Marie" Hens: Flemish actress (Female Revue), dies at 70
  • 1951J of Oudshoorn [John K Feylbrief]: Writer (Maze of Sentences)
  • 1953Robert Taft: (Sen-R-Oh) "Mr Republican", dies in New York at 63
  • 1960Karl Hasse: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1964Jim Reeves: US country singer, dies in air crash at 39
  • 1965James Rennie: Actor (Wilson, Skylark, Illicit), dies at 75
  • 1966Alex E von Falkenhausen: German General, dies at 87
  • 1967Mario Varvoglis: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1967Richard Kuhn: German chemist
  • 1968Gertrude Short: Actress (Stella Dallas, Blonde Venus), dies at 66
  • 1972Paul-Henri Spaak: Belgian Premier / Secretary-General (NATO, 1957-61), dies at 73
  • 1977Stacy Moskowitz: Shot to death by Son of Sam, at 20
  • 1978Carleton Percy Hobbs: Actor (I Claudius, Dark Places), dies at 80