Events on Jul 31

  • 0432St. Sixtus III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0768[Philip] begins and ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0904Saraceens hijacker Leo van Tripoli occupies and plunders Thessalonica
  • 1291Egyptian Mamelukken occupies Akko, crusaders driven out of Palestine
  • 1498Christopher Columbus discovers island of Trinidad
  • 1588English fleet beats Spanish Armada
  • 1620Pilgrim Fathers depart (through England) to America
  • 1653Fronde-leaders surrender in Bordeaux
  • 1658Aurangzeb appoints himself Mongol Emperor
  • 1667Peace of Breda: 2nd English war-Suriname vs. New-Netherlands ends
  • 1737Prince Frederick of Wales escapes English court
  • 1751Fire in Stockholm destroys 1,000 houses
  • 1774Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen
  • 1777Marquis de Lafayette, 19, made major-general of Continental Army
  • 17901st US patent granted, to Samuel Hopkins for a potash process
  • 1792Cornerstone laid for 1st US government building: US Mint in Philadelphia
  • 1794All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem
  • 18091st practical US railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Philadelphia
  • 1813British invade Plattsburgh, New York
  • 1830Charles X of France resigns by force
  • 1849Benjamin Chambers patents breech loading cannon
  • 18619,300 mm rainfall in July in Cherrapunji, Assam: world record
  • 1864Ulysses S Grant is named General of Volunteers
  • 1874Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as President of Georgetown University
  • 1893Henry Perky patents shredded wheat
  • 1900Boer Generals Prinsloo and Roux surrenders in Brandwater Basin
  • 1901Abraham Kuyper becomes Premier of the Netherlands
  • 1905Matumbi rebellion at Samanga German East Africa
  • 1910Chicago Cub King Cole no-hits St. Louis, 4-0 in a 7 inning game
  • 1910Clement van Maasdijk gives flying demonstration

Born on Jul 31

  • 1396Philips [the Good]: Duke of Burgundy / Brabant / Limburg / count
  • 1443Albrecht III of Saxon-Meisen: Duke of Saxon
  • 1527Maximilian II: German King / Emperor (1564-76)
  • 1550Jakob Handl [Petelin]: Austrian composer / bandmaster
  • 1578Catharina Belgica of Nassau: Daughter of Willem of Orange
  • 1597Sebastian Stosskopf: Elzassisch painter, baptized
  • 1629Johann Jakob Lowe von Eisenach: Composer
  • 1654Jacob Hop: Dutch politician / diplomat
  • 1704Gabriel Cramer: Switzerland -- Mathematician (paradox of Cramer)
  • 1743August R van Hekeren van Suideras: Dutch orangist
  • 1748Isaac Ouwater: Amsterdam painter / cartoonist
  • 1767Amelie Julia Candielle: Composer
  • 1803John Ericsson: United States -- Inventor (screw propeller) / shipbuilder-USS Monitor
  • 1808Frederick Nichols Crouch: Composer
  • 1816George Henry Thomas: Major General (Union Army), died in 1870
  • 1817Philip Cook, Jr.: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1894
  • 1818Heinrich Kiepert: German cartographer / geographer
  • 1825Thomas Hart Taylor: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 1828Francois Auguste Gevaert: Belgian composer (Le diable au moulin)
  • 1830Frantisek Zdenek Xavier Alois Skuhersky: Composer
  • 1834Peter H Hugenholtz: Dutch Reformer / founder (Free Parish)
  • 1837William Clarke Quantrill: Colonel (Confederate Army), died in 1865
  • 1841George Melville: Polar explorer, naval engineer
  • 1844Ignazio Guidi: Italian orientalist / archaeologist
  • 1847Ignatio Cervantes: Composer
  • 1848Jean Robert Planquette: France -- Composer (Bells of Corneville)
  • 1854Jose Canalejas contributes Mendez: Premier of Spain (1910-12)
  • 1882Grete Gulbransson: Writer
  • 1884Karl F Goerdeler: Mayor (Leipzig) "July 20th Plot"
  • 1886Constant Permeke: Flemish painter / statues artist (Sow)

Died on Jul 31

  • 1358Etienne Marcel: French textile Merchant / Reformer / Boer leader
  • 1556Ignatius Loyola: Spanish founder (Jesuit), dies at about 65
  • 1556St Ignatius of Loyola: Founder of Society of Jesus, dies in Rome
  • 1648Benedictus J van Haeften: Poet (Regia thru Crucis), dies at about 60
  • 1693Willem Calf: Rotterdams still life painter, dies at 73
  • 1750Johan V: King of Portugal
  • 1784Denis Diderot: French writer / philosopher (Jacques le fataliste)
  • 1790Johann Christian Frischmuth: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1795Jose B da Gama: Portuguese Poet (East Uraguay), dies at 54
  • 1811Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla: Mexican hero priest, executed by Spanish
  • 1864Louis Hachette: French publisher, dies at 64
  • 1875Andrew Johnson: 17th pres, dies in Tennessee at 66
  • 1886Franz von Liszt [Ferencz]: Hungarian pianist / composer, dies at 74
  • 1891Jean-Baptist Capronnier: French / Belgian painter, dies at 77
  • 1932Francesco Paolo Neglia: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1940Whitney Krakower: US gangster, murderrd by "Bugsy" Siegel
  • 1942Francis E Younghusband: British journalist / explorer, dies at 79
  • 1948Maria "Marie" Hens: Flemish actress (Female Revue), dies at 70
  • 1951J of Oudshoorn [John K Feylbrief]: Writer (Maze of Sentences)
  • 1953Robert Taft: (Sen-R-Oh) "Mr Republican", dies in New York at 63
  • 1960Karl Hasse: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1964Jim Reeves: US country singer, dies in air crash at 39
  • 1965James Rennie: Actor (Wilson, Skylark, Illicit), dies at 75
  • 1966Alex E von Falkenhausen: German General, dies at 87
  • 1967Mario Varvoglis: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1967Richard Kuhn: German chemist
  • 1968Gertrude Short: Actress (Stella Dallas, Blonde Venus), dies at 66
  • 1972Paul-Henri Spaak: Belgian Premier / Secretary-General (NATO, 1957-61), dies at 73
  • 1977Stacy Moskowitz: Shot to death by Son of Sam, at 20
  • 1978Carleton Percy Hobbs: Actor (I Claudius, Dark Places), dies at 80

Historical events on August 1

  • 0527Justinianus I succeeds Justinus I as Emperor of Byzantium
  • 0860Peace of Koblenz: Charles the Bare, Louis the German and Lotharius II
  • 0902Aghlabidisch emir Ibrahim II destroys Taormina, Sicily
  • 1021Synod of Pavia: Emperor Henry II convicts married priest
  • 1086English barons become submissive to King Willem the Occupier
  • 1177Peace Treaty of Venice: Emperor Frederik I and Pope Alexander III
  • 1203Alexius IV Angelus appointed co-regent of Byzantium
  • 1291Everlasting League forms, basis of Swiss Confederation (Independence)
  • 1404Earl Engelbert I of Nassau marries Johanna of Poland
  • 1485Henry (VII) Tudors army sails to England
  • 1498Christopher Columbus lands on "Isla Santa" (Venezuela)
  • 1588English Admiral Howard van Effingham beats Spanish Armada
  • 1589Murder attempt by Monk Jacques Clement on French King Hendrik III
  • 16191st black Americans (20) land at Jamestown, Virginia
  • 1626Earl Earnest Casimir conquerors Oldenzaal
  • 1628Emperor Ferdinand II demands Austria Protestant convert to Catholicism
  • 1690Battle at Staffarda: French army beats Victor Amadeus van Savoye
  • 1711Surrounded Czar Peter the Great flees Azov
  • 1714Monarch Georg Ludwig becomes King George I of England
  • 17161st sculling race (London Bridge to Chelsea)
  • 1732Foundation laid for Bank of England
  • 1759Battle at Minden, Westfalen: Ferdinand van Brunswick beats France
  • 1774Priestly discovers oxygen
  • 1780Sweden declares neutrality
  • 1781English army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia
  • 1785Caroline Herschel becomes 1st woman discoverer of a comet
  • 1789US Customs begins enforcing Tariff Act
  • 17901st US census (population of 3,939,214; 697,624 are slaves)
  • 1793France becomes 1st country to use the metric system
  • 1794Whiskey Rebellion begins

Born on August 1

  • 0126Publius Helvius Pertinax: Roman Emperor (193 AD)
  • 0848Frantisek Kmoch: Composer
  • 1322Peter van Herenthals: South Netherlands theologist / church historian
  • 1495Jan Scorel: Dutch painter / architect
  • 1520Sigismund II Augustus: King of Poland (1548-72)
  • 1659Antoine Mouque: Composer
  • 1685Pietro Giuseppe Sandoni: Composer
  • 1686Benedetto Marcello: Italian author / composer (Lettera Famigliare)
  • 1714Richard Wilson: Welsh landscape painter
  • 1744Jean-Baptiste-Pierre-Antoine Monnet de Lamarck: French zoologist
  • 1753Charles: England, United Kingdom -- 3rd Earl Stanhope, radical politician / Scientist
  • 1755Giuseppe Antonio Capuzzi: Composer
  • 1766Ignaz Anton Franz Xavier Ladurner: Pianist / composer
  • 1766Jeffrey Wyatville: Architect
  • 1770William Clark: Charlottsville, Virginia -- 2nd lt of Lewis & Clark Expedition
  • 1786Louis C Luzac: Judge / Dutch Internal minister
  • 1814Maxcy Gregg: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1815Richard Henry Dana: Novelist / lawyer spent 2 years before mast
  • 1818Maria Mitchell: 1st US woman astronomer on Nantucket Island
  • 1824Edward Francis Fitzwilliam: Composer
  • 1840Aldine Sillman Kieffer: Composer
  • 1843Robert Todd Lincoln: Captain (Union volunteers), died in 1926
  • 1847Guido Papini: Violinist / composer
  • 1858Hans Rott: Composer
  • 1858Paul Barth: German philosopher / sociologist
  • 1862Montague Rhodes James: Scholar / author / editor
  • 1863Gaston Doumergue: Premier / President of France (1913..34)
  • 1867William Orlamond: Denmark -- Actor (Flesh & Devil, Wind)
  • 1871Oskar Fried: Composer
  • 1877Charlotte Hughes: 1990 (oldest person in Great Britain)

Died on August 1

  • 0527Justinus I: Byzantine Emperor (518-27)
  • 1137Louis VI: King of France, dies (1108-37)
  • 1190Floris III: Count of Holland
  • 1457Laurentius Valla: Italian philosopher (Voluptate), dies at about 50
  • 1628Francesco Gonzaga: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1667Paul Foot: Lawyer / historian, dies at 48
  • 1714Anne Stuart: Queen of England (1702-14), dies at about 49
  • 1805Friedrich Christoph Gebtewitz: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1813Carl Stenborg: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1821Elizabeth Inchbald (Simpson): Actress / Author (Lady Abbess), dies at 68
  • 1834Robert Morrison: Missionary in China / translated bible
  • 1837Walter Geikie: Painter
  • 1846Peter Ritter: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1857Charles Turner: Engraver
  • 1882Henry Clarence Kendall: Australian poet, dies of tuberculosis at 43
  • 1883Karl Wilhelm Dindorf: Classic scholar
  • 1884Heinrich Laube: Writer
  • 1902Ludwig Beckmann: Painter
  • 1911Konrad Duden: German linguist (Das grosse Duden Lexicon)
  • 1920Bal Gangadhar Tilak: British-Indian hindu leader
  • 1922Vaclav Juda Novotny: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1925John Pieter Veth: Painter / lithographer / etcher / writer, dies at 61
  • 1934Piotr Maszynski: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1943Ismar Elbogen: German / US learned / rabbi (Jewish Lexicon), dies at 68
  • 1946Andrei Vlasov: Russian General (Red Army, Wehrmacht) executed at 45
  • 1954Charles-A Cingria: Writer
  • 1962Leon Kruczkowski: Polish Author (Niemcy), dies at 62
  • 1963Theodore Roethke: US Poet (Praise to the end!)
  • 1964Johnny Burnette: Rocker, drowns at 30
  • 1965Kiyoshi Nobutoki: Composer, dies at 77