Events on Aug 1

  • 0527Justinianus I succeeds Justinus I as Emperor of Byzantium
  • 0860Peace of Koblenz: Charles the Bare, Louis the German and Lotharius II
  • 0902Aghlabidisch emir Ibrahim II destroys Taormina, Sicily
  • 1021Synod of Pavia: Emperor Henry II convicts married priest
  • 1086English barons become submissive to King Willem the Occupier
  • 1177Peace Treaty of Venice: Emperor Frederik I and Pope Alexander III
  • 1203Alexius IV Angelus appointed co-regent of Byzantium
  • 1291Everlasting League forms, basis of Swiss Confederation (Independence)
  • 1404Earl Engelbert I of Nassau marries Johanna of Poland
  • 1485Henry (VII) Tudors army sails to England
  • 1498Christopher Columbus lands on "Isla Santa" (Venezuela)
  • 1588English Admiral Howard van Effingham beats Spanish Armada
  • 1589Murder attempt by Monk Jacques Clement on French King Hendrik III
  • 16191st black Americans (20) land at Jamestown, Virginia
  • 1626Earl Earnest Casimir conquerors Oldenzaal
  • 1628Emperor Ferdinand II demands Austria Protestant convert to Catholicism
  • 1690Battle at Staffarda: French army beats Victor Amadeus van Savoye
  • 1711Surrounded Czar Peter the Great flees Azov
  • 1714Monarch Georg Ludwig becomes King George I of England
  • 17161st sculling race (London Bridge to Chelsea)
  • 1732Foundation laid for Bank of England
  • 1759Battle at Minden, Westfalen: Ferdinand van Brunswick beats France
  • 1774Priestly discovers oxygen
  • 1780Sweden declares neutrality
  • 1781English army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia
  • 1785Caroline Herschel becomes 1st woman discoverer of a comet
  • 1789US Customs begins enforcing Tariff Act
  • 17901st US census (population of 3,939,214; 697,624 are slaves)
  • 1793France becomes 1st country to use the metric system
  • 1794Whiskey Rebellion begins

Born on Aug 1

  • 0126Publius Helvius Pertinax: Roman Emperor (193 AD)
  • 0848Frantisek Kmoch: Composer
  • 1322Peter van Herenthals: South Netherlands theologist / church historian
  • 1495Jan Scorel: Dutch painter / architect
  • 1520Sigismund II Augustus: King of Poland (1548-72)
  • 1659Antoine Mouque: Composer
  • 1685Pietro Giuseppe Sandoni: Composer
  • 1686Benedetto Marcello: Italian author / composer (Lettera Famigliare)
  • 1714Richard Wilson: Welsh landscape painter
  • 1744Jean-Baptiste-Pierre-Antoine Monnet de Lamarck: French zoologist
  • 1753Charles: England, United Kingdom -- 3rd Earl Stanhope, radical politician / Scientist
  • 1755Giuseppe Antonio Capuzzi: Composer
  • 1766Ignaz Anton Franz Xavier Ladurner: Pianist / composer
  • 1766Jeffrey Wyatville: Architect
  • 1770William Clark: Charlottsville, Virginia -- 2nd lt of Lewis & Clark Expedition
  • 1786Louis C Luzac: Judge / Dutch Internal minister
  • 1814Maxcy Gregg: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1815Richard Henry Dana: Novelist / lawyer spent 2 years before mast
  • 1818Maria Mitchell: 1st US woman astronomer on Nantucket Island
  • 1824Edward Francis Fitzwilliam: Composer
  • 1840Aldine Sillman Kieffer: Composer
  • 1843Robert Todd Lincoln: Captain (Union volunteers), died in 1926
  • 1847Guido Papini: Violinist / composer
  • 1858Hans Rott: Composer
  • 1858Paul Barth: German philosopher / sociologist
  • 1862Montague Rhodes James: Scholar / author / editor
  • 1863Gaston Doumergue: Premier / President of France (1913..34)
  • 1867William Orlamond: Denmark -- Actor (Flesh & Devil, Wind)
  • 1871Oskar Fried: Composer
  • 1877Charlotte Hughes: 1990 (oldest person in Great Britain)

Died on Aug 1

  • 0527Justinus I: Byzantine Emperor (518-27)
  • 1137Louis VI: King of France, dies (1108-37)
  • 1190Floris III: Count of Holland
  • 1457Laurentius Valla: Italian philosopher (Voluptate), dies at about 50
  • 1628Francesco Gonzaga: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1667Paul Foot: Lawyer / historian, dies at 48
  • 1714Anne Stuart: Queen of England (1702-14), dies at about 49
  • 1805Friedrich Christoph Gebtewitz: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1813Carl Stenborg: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1821Elizabeth Inchbald (Simpson): Actress / Author (Lady Abbess), dies at 68
  • 1834Robert Morrison: Missionary in China / translated bible
  • 1837Walter Geikie: Painter
  • 1846Peter Ritter: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1857Charles Turner: Engraver
  • 1882Henry Clarence Kendall: Australian poet, dies of tuberculosis at 43
  • 1883Karl Wilhelm Dindorf: Classic scholar
  • 1884Heinrich Laube: Writer
  • 1902Ludwig Beckmann: Painter
  • 1911Konrad Duden: German linguist (Das grosse Duden Lexicon)
  • 1920Bal Gangadhar Tilak: British-Indian hindu leader
  • 1922Vaclav Juda Novotny: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1925John Pieter Veth: Painter / lithographer / etcher / writer, dies at 61
  • 1934Piotr Maszynski: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1943Ismar Elbogen: German / US learned / rabbi (Jewish Lexicon), dies at 68
  • 1946Andrei Vlasov: Russian General (Red Army, Wehrmacht) executed at 45
  • 1954Charles-A Cingria: Writer
  • 1962Leon Kruczkowski: Polish Author (Niemcy), dies at 62
  • 1963Theodore Roethke: US Poet (Praise to the end!)
  • 1964Johnny Burnette: Rocker, drowns at 30
  • 1965Kiyoshi Nobutoki: Composer, dies at 77

Historical events on August 2

  • 0257St. Stephen I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1057Frederik van Lotharingen elected as 1st Belgium, Pope Stephen IX [X]
  • 1492Jews are expelled from Spain by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
  • 1542French troops leave Flanders
  • 1552Treaty of Passau: Emperor Charles V accepts Lutheran religion
  • 1578Battle of Rijmenam
  • 1581Leiden University names Snellius Math Professor
  • 1610Henry Hudson enters bay later named after him, the Hudson Bay
  • 1665French expedition against Barbarians in Tunis / Algiers
  • 1704Duke of Marlborough beats French and Bavarians at Blenheim
  • 1718Austrian joins Triple Alliance
  • 1738France offers Emperor Karel VI mediation in war against Turkey
  • 1776Formal signing of Declaration of Independence
  • 1782George Washington creates Honorary Badge of Distinction
  • 1786Utrechtse Vroedschap flees
  • 1787Horace the Saussure reaches top of Mont Blanc
  • 1791Samuel Briggs and his son, patent nail-making machine
  • 1798British under Admiral Horatio Nelson beat French at Battle of Nile
  • 1802Napoleon declared "Counsel for Life"
  • 18191st parachute jump in US
  • 1831Ten day campaign begins, Dutch army occupies Belgium
  • 18321,300 Illinois militia defeat Sac and Fox indians, end Black Hawk War
  • 1832Black Hawk defeated (IA)
  • 1832Whites decimate Indians in Battle of Bad Axe River, Wisc
  • 18581st mailboxes installed in Boston and NYC streets
  • 1858Government of India transferred from East India Company to Crown
  • 1861Skirmish at Dug Springs, MI
  • 18642nd Saratoga Racetrack (NY) opens
  • 1865Trans Atlantic Cable being laid by SS Great Eastern snaps and is lost
  • 18731st trial run of SF cable car, Clay Street between Kearny and Jones

Born on August 2

  • 1455Johan Cicero: Elect of Brandenburg (1486-99)
  • 1627Samuel Dircksz van Hoogstraten: Dutch painter
  • 1632Kaspar von Stieler: German poet (Teutsche Wolredner)
  • 1696Mahmud I: Sultan of Ottoman (Turkey) (1730-54) / fought Austria and Russia
  • 1723Nicolas de Pigage: French classical architect
  • 1746Joan Lucaz: Dutch journalist / patriot
  • 1775Jose Angel Lamas: Composer
  • 1802Nicholas Patrick Stephen Wiseman: 1st Archbishop of Westminster
  • 1818[Willem] Alexander FCNM: Prince of the Netherlands / General Major
  • 1826William Denison Whipple: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1902
  • 1832Henry Steel Olcott: Co-founder (Theosophical Society)
  • 1835Elisha Gray: Inventor (Telephone)
  • 1854Francis Marion Crawford: British author
  • 1858A Emma WT von Waldeck-Pyrmont: Queen / regent of the Netherlands
  • 1858Catherina van Rennes: Composer
  • 1865Irving Babbitt: US writer (Rousseau & Romanticism)
  • 1867Ernest C Dowson: British poet
  • 1868Constantine I: King of Greece
  • 1878Aino J M Kallas: Finnish writer (White Ship, Estonian Tales)
  • 1878Princess Ingeborg of Sweden
  • 1881Ethel Mary Dell: English author (Storm Drift)
  • 1881Stanislaw Kazuro: Composer
  • 1882Johannes Tralow: Writer
  • 1882Nanny I Larsen-Todsen: Swedish opera singer
  • 1882Rik Wouters: Belgian painter / sculptor (Virgin Doll)
  • 1888Oscar Rasbach: Composer
  • 1890Pauline Hall: Composer
  • 1891Arthur Edward Drummond Bliss: London, England -- Composer (Olympians)
  • 1891Mihail Jora: Composer
  • 1892Jack Warner: US movie studio head (Warner Bros)

Died on August 2

  • 0257Stefanus I: Bishop of Rome (254-57) / heretic fighter
  • 0686John V: 1st Greeks-Syrian Pope (685-86)
  • 1075John VIII Xiphilinus: Theologian / patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1100William II [Rufus]: King of England, shot in New Forest at 44
  • 1512Alessandro Achillini: Italian Physician / philosopher, dies at 48
  • 1589Henry III: King of Poland / France (1573-89), assassinated at 37
  • 1600Arent van Dorp: Dutch Governor of East-Zealand, dies at about 70
  • 1649Elisabeth Bas: Wife of Dutch Admiral Swartenhondt, dies at about 78
  • 1655Alfonso de la Cueva: Spanish Marquis of Bedmar / diplomat, dies at 83
  • 1788Thomas Gainsborough: English Painter (Blue Boy), dies at 61
  • 1792Nathanael Gottfried Gruner: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1799Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier: Balloonist, dies at 54
  • 1811William Williams: US Merchant / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 80
  • 1827James Hewitt: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1849Mehemet Ali: British Viceroy to Egypt
  • 1869Alexandrine Tinne: Dutch explorer / photographer, murdered at 30+
  • 1872Judocus Smits: Dutch RC newspaper publisher (De Tijd), dies at 59
  • 1873Frank Mori: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1881Marcus Andrews Hislop Clarke: Author (His Natural Life) at 35
  • 1903Martha Jane Cannary [Calamity Jane]: US desperado
  • 1914Gabriel Edouard Xavier Dupont: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1916Hamish MacCunn: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1921Enrico Caruso: Italian opera singer, dies at 48
  • 1922[Wilhel]Mina JPR Kruseman: Dutch Author / feminist, dies at 82
  • 1922Alexander Graham Bell: Scottish / US physicist (telephone)
  • 1923Warren Harding: 29th President (1921-23), dies at 57 in the Palace Hotel, San Francisco
  • 1932Gheorghe Cucu: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1934Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Hindenburg: Soldier / statesman, dies at 86
  • 1938Bjarni Thorsteinsson: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1941Jose Juan Tablada: Mexican Poet (La Feria), dies at 70