Events on Aug 2

  • 0257St. Stephen I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1057Frederik van Lotharingen elected as 1st Belgium, Pope Stephen IX [X]
  • 1492Jews are expelled from Spain by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
  • 1542French troops leave Flanders
  • 1552Treaty of Passau: Emperor Charles V accepts Lutheran religion
  • 1578Battle of Rijmenam
  • 1581Leiden University names Snellius Math Professor
  • 1610Henry Hudson enters bay later named after him, the Hudson Bay
  • 1665French expedition against Barbarians in Tunis / Algiers
  • 1704Duke of Marlborough beats French and Bavarians at Blenheim
  • 1718Austrian joins Triple Alliance
  • 1738France offers Emperor Karel VI mediation in war against Turkey
  • 1776Formal signing of Declaration of Independence
  • 1782George Washington creates Honorary Badge of Distinction
  • 1786Utrechtse Vroedschap flees
  • 1787Horace the Saussure reaches top of Mont Blanc
  • 1791Samuel Briggs and his son, patent nail-making machine
  • 1798British under Admiral Horatio Nelson beat French at Battle of Nile
  • 1802Napoleon declared "Counsel for Life"
  • 18191st parachute jump in US
  • 1831Ten day campaign begins, Dutch army occupies Belgium
  • 18321,300 Illinois militia defeat Sac and Fox indians, end Black Hawk War
  • 1832Black Hawk defeated (IA)
  • 1832Whites decimate Indians in Battle of Bad Axe River, Wisc
  • 18581st mailboxes installed in Boston and NYC streets
  • 1858Government of India transferred from East India Company to Crown
  • 1861Skirmish at Dug Springs, MI
  • 18642nd Saratoga Racetrack (NY) opens
  • 1865Trans Atlantic Cable being laid by SS Great Eastern snaps and is lost
  • 18731st trial run of SF cable car, Clay Street between Kearny and Jones

Born on Aug 2

  • 1455Johan Cicero: Elect of Brandenburg (1486-99)
  • 1627Samuel Dircksz van Hoogstraten: Dutch painter
  • 1632Kaspar von Stieler: German poet (Teutsche Wolredner)
  • 1696Mahmud I: Sultan of Ottoman (Turkey) (1730-54) / fought Austria and Russia
  • 1723Nicolas de Pigage: French classical architect
  • 1746Joan Lucaz: Dutch journalist / patriot
  • 1775Jose Angel Lamas: Composer
  • 1802Nicholas Patrick Stephen Wiseman: 1st Archbishop of Westminster
  • 1818[Willem] Alexander FCNM: Prince of the Netherlands / General Major
  • 1826William Denison Whipple: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1902
  • 1832Henry Steel Olcott: Co-founder (Theosophical Society)
  • 1835Elisha Gray: Inventor (Telephone)
  • 1854Francis Marion Crawford: British author
  • 1858A Emma WT von Waldeck-Pyrmont: Queen / regent of the Netherlands
  • 1858Catherina van Rennes: Composer
  • 1865Irving Babbitt: US writer (Rousseau & Romanticism)
  • 1867Ernest C Dowson: British poet
  • 1868Constantine I: King of Greece
  • 1878Aino J M Kallas: Finnish writer (White Ship, Estonian Tales)
  • 1878Princess Ingeborg of Sweden
  • 1881Ethel Mary Dell: English author (Storm Drift)
  • 1881Stanislaw Kazuro: Composer
  • 1882Johannes Tralow: Writer
  • 1882Nanny I Larsen-Todsen: Swedish opera singer
  • 1882Rik Wouters: Belgian painter / sculptor (Virgin Doll)
  • 1888Oscar Rasbach: Composer
  • 1890Pauline Hall: Composer
  • 1891Arthur Edward Drummond Bliss: London, England -- Composer (Olympians)
  • 1891Mihail Jora: Composer
  • 1892Jack Warner: US movie studio head (Warner Bros)

Died on Aug 2

  • 0257Stefanus I: Bishop of Rome (254-57) / heretic fighter
  • 0686John V: 1st Greeks-Syrian Pope (685-86)
  • 1075John VIII Xiphilinus: Theologian / patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1100William II [Rufus]: King of England, shot in New Forest at 44
  • 1512Alessandro Achillini: Italian Physician / philosopher, dies at 48
  • 1589Henry III: King of Poland / France (1573-89), assassinated at 37
  • 1600Arent van Dorp: Dutch Governor of East-Zealand, dies at about 70
  • 1649Elisabeth Bas: Wife of Dutch Admiral Swartenhondt, dies at about 78
  • 1655Alfonso de la Cueva: Spanish Marquis of Bedmar / diplomat, dies at 83
  • 1788Thomas Gainsborough: English Painter (Blue Boy), dies at 61
  • 1792Nathanael Gottfried Gruner: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1799Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier: Balloonist, dies at 54
  • 1811William Williams: US Merchant / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 80
  • 1827James Hewitt: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1849Mehemet Ali: British Viceroy to Egypt
  • 1869Alexandrine Tinne: Dutch explorer / photographer, murdered at 30+
  • 1872Judocus Smits: Dutch RC newspaper publisher (De Tijd), dies at 59
  • 1873Frank Mori: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1881Marcus Andrews Hislop Clarke: Author (His Natural Life) at 35
  • 1903Martha Jane Cannary [Calamity Jane]: US desperado
  • 1914Gabriel Edouard Xavier Dupont: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1916Hamish MacCunn: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1921Enrico Caruso: Italian opera singer, dies at 48
  • 1922[Wilhel]Mina JPR Kruseman: Dutch Author / feminist, dies at 82
  • 1922Alexander Graham Bell: Scottish / US physicist (telephone)
  • 1923Warren Harding: 29th President (1921-23), dies at 57 in the Palace Hotel, San Francisco
  • 1932Gheorghe Cucu: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1934Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Hindenburg: Soldier / statesman, dies at 86
  • 1938Bjarni Thorsteinsson: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1941Jose Juan Tablada: Mexican Poet (La Feria), dies at 70

Historical events on August 3

  • 0881Battle at Saucourt: French King Louis III beats the Vikings
  • 1108Louis VI, "the Fat One, " King of France, crowned
  • 1312Power of Luik Patriarch murders over 200
  • 1492All Jews are expelled from Spain
  • 1492Columbus sets sail from Palos, Spain for "Indies"
  • 1557Dutch States-General meet at Valenciennes
  • 1596David Fabricius discovers light variation of Mira (1st variable star)
  • 16402,000 men VOC-army surrounds the city of Malakka
  • 1645Battle of Allersheim: French defeat Bavarians
  • 1650Viceroy Willem II and Amsterdam reach accord about standing army
  • 1676Nathaniel Bacon publishes "Declaration of People of Virginia"
  • 1678Robert LaSalle builds 1st ship in America, Griffon
  • 1692Battle at Steenkerke: French beat English / Dutch army
  • 1704English / Dutch fleet under Rooke / Callenburgh occupy Gibraltar
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlie lands on Eriskay, Hebrides
  • 1778Teatro alla Scala opens in Milan
  • 1797Emperor Francis I permits Jews who served in military in "Countries of Bohemian Crown" to marry non Jews
  • 1833HMS Beagle reaches river mouth of Rio Negro
  • 18521st intercollegiate rowing race, Harvard beats Yale by 4 lengths
  • 1855Rotterdam-Gouda railway opens
  • 1860American Canoe Association founded at Lake George, New York
  • 1861Federal fleet bombs Galveston, Texas
  • 1863Governor Seymour asks Lincoln to suspend draft in New York
  • 1863Saratoga Racetrack (NY) opens
  • 1864Battle of Mobile, Alabama
  • 1881Boers signs Convention of Pretoria: Transvaal semi-autonomous
  • 1881US Nation Lawn Tennis Association removes "Nation" from name
  • 1882Congress passes 1st law restricting immigration
  • 1904British journalist Francis Younghusband visits forbidden city Lhasa
  • 19141st seaworthy ship through Panama Canal

Born on August 3

  • 1645August Kuhnel: Composer
  • 1748Carl Ludwig Junker: Composer
  • 1770Frederik Willem III: Reactionary King of Prussia (1797-1840)
  • 1801Joseph Paxton: English landscape architect (Crystal Palace)
  • 1816John Eugene Smith: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1897
  • 1817Albrecht FR: Archduke of Austria (Battle at Custozza)
  • 1818HM Jozef Schadde: Flemish architect (New Stock exchange Antwerp)
  • 1820Luther Orlando Emerson: Composer
  • 1820William Miller: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1909
  • 1823Thomas Francis Meagher: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 1824William Burnham Woods: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1832Ivan Zajc: Composer
  • 1833Auguste Schmidt: German teacher / feminist
  • 1847Jan de Louter: Lawyer / tutor of Dutch Queen Wilhelmina
  • 1850Paul A Daum: Dutch writer / founder / editor (Batavian Newspaper)
  • 1851Isabella Caroline Somerset: Temperance leader
  • 1854Fernand de La Tombelle: Composer
  • 1867Stanley Baldwin: (C) British Prime Minister (1923-24, 1924-29, 1935-37)
  • 1871Vernon Louis Parrington: Author (Romantic Revolution, Pulitzer 1928)
  • 1872Haakon VII: Charlottenlund, Denmark -- King of Norway (1905-57)
  • 1873Albert MLA de Bassompierre: Belgian ambassador to Tokyo (1921-39)
  • 1878Constantino Gaito: Composer
  • 1882Segundo Luis Moreno Andrade: Composer
  • 1884Louis Gruenberg: Near Brest Litovsk Poland, composer (Daniel Jazz)
  • 1885Naphtali Siegfried Salomon: Composer
  • 1887Rupert Brooke: British WWI poet (1914)
  • 1892Oscar van Hemel: Composer
  • 1894Harry Heilmann: San Francisco, California -- Baseball hall of famer outfielder (Detroit)
  • 1894John H van Maarseveen: Dutch Minister of Justice / Internal minister
  • 1898Brother Adam [Kehrle]: Benedictine Monk / beekeeper

Died on August 3

  • 1387Olaf V Haakonsson: King of Denmark (1376-87) / Norway (1380-87)
  • 1530Philibert Chalon: Prince of Orange / Viceroy of Naples
  • 1716Sebastian Duron: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1779Henry Kobell: Dutch Painter / cartoonist, dies at 27
  • 1780Etienne B de Condillac: French philosopher (sensualism), dies at 64
  • 1784Giovanni Battista Martini: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1797Jeffrey Amherst: English Governor-General of America, dies at 80
  • 1800Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1802Henry DFL: Prince of Prussia / General / diplomat
  • 1811Sebastiaan C Nederburgh: Dutch Director-General of East Indies Co, dies at 49
  • 1823Jacob A Uitenhage de Mist: Dutch politician / colonial dir, dies at 74
  • 1825Ambrogio Minoja: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1833Stoffel Muller: Dutch Sect Leader
  • 1835Wenzel Muller: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1877Karl Georg Lickl: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1886Per August Olander: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1890Louise Ackermann-Choquet: French Author (Journal), dies at 76
  • 1894George Inness: US landscape Painter (Delaware Water Gap), dies at 69
  • 1902August Friedrich Martin Klughardt: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1907August Saint-Gaudens: Irish / US Sculptor (Mrs Henry Adams), dies at 59
  • 1910Nicolas Kinet: Belgian pilot
  • 1916Roger Casement: Irish nationalist (Easter uprising 1916), executed 51
  • 1918Albert P Hahn: Dutch political cartoonist (Het Volk), dies at 41
  • 1924Joseph Conrad: Polish / British writer (Heart of Darkness), dies at 66
  • 1933Arthur Collins: Singer / comedian (Peerless Quartet), dies at 69
  • 1934Carl F baron von Langen-Parow: German equestrian (1928 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1938Alexander Malyschkin: Writer
  • 1939Eugust Enna: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1940Willard Hershberger: Catcher (Cin Reds), commits suicide
  • 1944Felix Nussbaum: German Painter (Widerstandskunst), dies in Auschwitz