Events on Aug 3

  • 0881Battle at Saucourt: French King Louis III beats the Vikings
  • 1108Louis VI, "the Fat One, " King of France, crowned
  • 1312Power of Luik Patriarch murders over 200
  • 1492All Jews are expelled from Spain
  • 1492Columbus sets sail from Palos, Spain for "Indies"
  • 1557Dutch States-General meet at Valenciennes
  • 1596David Fabricius discovers light variation of Mira (1st variable star)
  • 16402,000 men VOC-army surrounds the city of Malakka
  • 1645Battle of Allersheim: French defeat Bavarians
  • 1650Viceroy Willem II and Amsterdam reach accord about standing army
  • 1676Nathaniel Bacon publishes "Declaration of People of Virginia"
  • 1678Robert LaSalle builds 1st ship in America, Griffon
  • 1692Battle at Steenkerke: French beat English / Dutch army
  • 1704English / Dutch fleet under Rooke / Callenburgh occupy Gibraltar
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlie lands on Eriskay, Hebrides
  • 1778Teatro alla Scala opens in Milan
  • 1797Emperor Francis I permits Jews who served in military in "Countries of Bohemian Crown" to marry non Jews
  • 1833HMS Beagle reaches river mouth of Rio Negro
  • 18521st intercollegiate rowing race, Harvard beats Yale by 4 lengths
  • 1855Rotterdam-Gouda railway opens
  • 1860American Canoe Association founded at Lake George, New York
  • 1861Federal fleet bombs Galveston, Texas
  • 1863Governor Seymour asks Lincoln to suspend draft in New York
  • 1863Saratoga Racetrack (NY) opens
  • 1864Battle of Mobile, Alabama
  • 1881Boers signs Convention of Pretoria: Transvaal semi-autonomous
  • 1881US Nation Lawn Tennis Association removes "Nation" from name
  • 1882Congress passes 1st law restricting immigration
  • 1904British journalist Francis Younghusband visits forbidden city Lhasa
  • 19141st seaworthy ship through Panama Canal

Born on Aug 3

  • 1645August Kuhnel: Composer
  • 1748Carl Ludwig Junker: Composer
  • 1770Frederik Willem III: Reactionary King of Prussia (1797-1840)
  • 1801Joseph Paxton: English landscape architect (Crystal Palace)
  • 1816John Eugene Smith: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1897
  • 1817Albrecht FR: Archduke of Austria (Battle at Custozza)
  • 1818HM Jozef Schadde: Flemish architect (New Stock exchange Antwerp)
  • 1820Luther Orlando Emerson: Composer
  • 1820William Miller: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1909
  • 1823Thomas Francis Meagher: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 1824William Burnham Woods: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1832Ivan Zajc: Composer
  • 1833Auguste Schmidt: German teacher / feminist
  • 1847Jan de Louter: Lawyer / tutor of Dutch Queen Wilhelmina
  • 1850Paul A Daum: Dutch writer / founder / editor (Batavian Newspaper)
  • 1851Isabella Caroline Somerset: Temperance leader
  • 1854Fernand de La Tombelle: Composer
  • 1867Stanley Baldwin: (C) British Prime Minister (1923-24, 1924-29, 1935-37)
  • 1871Vernon Louis Parrington: Author (Romantic Revolution, Pulitzer 1928)
  • 1872Haakon VII: Charlottenlund, Denmark -- King of Norway (1905-57)
  • 1873Albert MLA de Bassompierre: Belgian ambassador to Tokyo (1921-39)
  • 1878Constantino Gaito: Composer
  • 1882Segundo Luis Moreno Andrade: Composer
  • 1884Louis Gruenberg: Near Brest Litovsk Poland, composer (Daniel Jazz)
  • 1885Naphtali Siegfried Salomon: Composer
  • 1887Rupert Brooke: British WWI poet (1914)
  • 1892Oscar van Hemel: Composer
  • 1894Harry Heilmann: San Francisco, California -- Baseball hall of famer outfielder (Detroit)
  • 1894John H van Maarseveen: Dutch Minister of Justice / Internal minister
  • 1898Brother Adam [Kehrle]: Benedictine Monk / beekeeper

Died on Aug 3

  • 1387Olaf V Haakonsson: King of Denmark (1376-87) / Norway (1380-87)
  • 1530Philibert Chalon: Prince of Orange / Viceroy of Naples
  • 1716Sebastian Duron: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1779Henry Kobell: Dutch Painter / cartoonist, dies at 27
  • 1780Etienne B de Condillac: French philosopher (sensualism), dies at 64
  • 1784Giovanni Battista Martini: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1797Jeffrey Amherst: English Governor-General of America, dies at 80
  • 1800Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1802Henry DFL: Prince of Prussia / General / diplomat
  • 1811Sebastiaan C Nederburgh: Dutch Director-General of East Indies Co, dies at 49
  • 1823Jacob A Uitenhage de Mist: Dutch politician / colonial dir, dies at 74
  • 1825Ambrogio Minoja: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1833Stoffel Muller: Dutch Sect Leader
  • 1835Wenzel Muller: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1877Karl Georg Lickl: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1886Per August Olander: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1890Louise Ackermann-Choquet: French Author (Journal), dies at 76
  • 1894George Inness: US landscape Painter (Delaware Water Gap), dies at 69
  • 1902August Friedrich Martin Klughardt: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1907August Saint-Gaudens: Irish / US Sculptor (Mrs Henry Adams), dies at 59
  • 1910Nicolas Kinet: Belgian pilot
  • 1916Roger Casement: Irish nationalist (Easter uprising 1916), executed 51
  • 1918Albert P Hahn: Dutch political cartoonist (Het Volk), dies at 41
  • 1924Joseph Conrad: Polish / British writer (Heart of Darkness), dies at 66
  • 1933Arthur Collins: Singer / comedian (Peerless Quartet), dies at 69
  • 1934Carl F baron von Langen-Parow: German equestrian (1928 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1938Alexander Malyschkin: Writer
  • 1939Eugust Enna: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1940Willard Hershberger: Catcher (Cin Reds), commits suicide
  • 1944Felix Nussbaum: German Painter (Widerstandskunst), dies in Auschwitz

Historical events on August 4

  • 1181Supernova seen in Cassiopia
  • 1265Battle at Evesham: English Prince Edward beats Simon de Montfort
  • 1347English troops conquer Ft Calais
  • 1351Sea battle at Zwartewaal: Willem V beats Hoeksen and English
  • 15581st printing of Zohar (Jewish Kabbalah)
  • 1578Battle of Alcazarquivir, Moroccans defeat Portuguese, 10,000 killed
  • 1636Johan Mauritius appointed Governor of Dutch Brazil
  • 1666Hurricane hits Guadeloupe, Martinique and St. Christopher; thousands die
  • 1666Sea battle between Netherlands and England
  • 1693Dom Perignon invents champagne
  • 1695French garrison of surrenders to Willem III
  • 1704War of Spanish Succession, English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • 1730Crown Prince Frederik of Prussia escapes to England
  • 1735Jury acquits John Zenger (NY Weekly Journal) charged with seditious libel by royal Governor of New York (victory for Freedom of press)
  • 1753George Washington becomes a master mason
  • 1777Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes 1st circus
  • 1789French National Meeting ending feudal system
  • 1790US Coast Guard founded as Revenue Cutter Service
  • 1791Austria and Turkey sign Peace of Sistova
  • 18211st edition of Saturday Evening Post (publishes until 1969)
  • 1830Plans for city of Chicago laid out
  • 1855John Bartlett publishes "Familiar Quotations"
  • 1862US government collects its 1st income tax
  • 1864Land and naval action new Brazos Santiago, Texas
  • 1870British Red Cross Society forms
  • 1879Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Aeterni Patris
  • 1886Colombia adopts constitution
  • 1892Queen Wilhelmina and Emma open Merwede Canal between Amsterdam-Rhine
  • 1892Sunday school teacher Lizzie Borden arrested in Fall River, Massachusetts
  • 1897Henry A Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Georgia

Born on August 4

  • 1502Pieter Coecke van Aelst: Flemish painter / carpet designer
  • 1664Louis Lully: Composer
  • 1705Vaclav Matyas Gurecky: Composer
  • 1731Giuseppe Colla: Composer
  • 1748Maximilian Stadler: Composer
  • 1755Nicolas-Jacque Conte: Inventor (modern pencil)
  • 1776Wenzel Sedlak: Composer
  • 1792Percy Bysshe Shelley: England, United Kingdom -- Romantic poet (Adonais)
  • 1799Olof Wilhelm Udden: Composer
  • 1816Israel Vogdes: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1889
  • 1818Lovell Harrison Rosseau: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1823Oliver Hazard Perry Throck Morton: (Gov-Indiana), died in 1877
  • 1839Walter Pater: London, England -- Writer (Plato & Platoism)
  • 1843Flor van Duyse: Composer
  • 1846Silas Gamaliel Pratt: Composer
  • 1859Knut Hamsun: Norway -- Writer / Nazi (Hunger-Nobel 1920)
  • 1870Harry Lauder: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Comedian / singer (Roman in the Gloamin)
  • 1873Damasco Berenguer y Fuste: Spanish General / Minister of War
  • 1888Philip Greeley Clapp: Composer
  • 1890Erich Weinert: Writer
  • 1892Johanna Bordewijk-Roepman: Composer
  • 1897Joseph Calleia: Malta -- Actor (Jungle Book, Gilda, Touch of Evil)
  • 1900Arturo Umberto Illia: President of Argentina (1963-66)
  • 1900Douglas L Mays: Cartoonist (Punch)
  • 1901Louie "Satchmo" Armstrong: New Orleans, Louisiana -- Jazz trumpeter (Hello Dolly)
  • 1903Helen Kane [Schroeder]: Bronx, New York -- Actress (Heads Up, Pointed Heels)
  • 1904Theodore Newton: New Jersey, United States -- Actor (Ace of Aces, Voltaire)
  • 1904Witold Gombrowicz: Polish author (Ferdydurke, Pornography)
  • 1905Michael Scott Montague Fordham: Jungian analyst / educator
  • 1908Kurt Eichhorn: Conductor

Died on August 4

  • 1060Henry I: King of France (1027..60), dies at 52
  • 1204Boniface of Montferrat: Margrave of Montferrat, murdered
  • 1430Philip of Saint-Pol: Duke of Brabant / Limburg, dies at 26
  • 1476Jacob van Armagnac-Pardiac: French Duke of Nemours, beheaded
  • 1566Girolamo della Robbia: Italian Sculptor (Majolica relief)
  • 15782 Moroccan royalist, Die in battle
  • 1578Sebastiaan: King of Portugal (1557-78), dies in battle at about 24
  • 1584John van Hembyze: South Netherlands Calvinist, dies at 71
  • 1598William Cecil 1st baron Burghley: English Premier, dies at 77
  • 1633George Abbott: English Theologist / Archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 60
  • 1639Juan R Alarcon y Mendoza: Mexican / Spanish playwright, dies at 58
  • 1666Johan Evertsen: Ltalian Admiral of Zeeland, lynched in Brielle
  • 1708Vincenzo De Grandis: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1712Johann Jacob de Neufville: Composer, dies at 27
  • 1821William Floyd: US soldier / signer (Declar of Independence), dies at 86
  • 1850Frantisek Tucek: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1856Johann Gottlieb Schneider: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1875Hans Christian Andersen: Danish fairy tale writer, dies at 70
  • 1889Carl Ludwig Amand Mangold: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1892Andrew & Abby Borden: Axed to death in Mass (by Lizzie Borden?)
  • 1904Arnold Krug: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1915Richard Kiepert: German cartographer (Africa), dies at 68
  • 1920Vladimir Ivanovich Rebikov: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1922Enver Pasa: Turkish politician, dies at 40
  • 1925Alfons Van de Perre: Flemish physician
  • 1927John Dillon: Irish nationalist / British Lower house leader, dies at 75
  • 1931Daniel H Williams: Doctor (pioneer in surgery)
  • 1936Henry Schoenfeld: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1938L H Perquin: Dutch radio announcer, dies at 73
  • 1938Pearl White: US actress / stunt woman (Perils of Pauline), dies at 49