Events on Aug 4

  • 1181Supernova seen in Cassiopia
  • 1265Battle at Evesham: English Prince Edward beats Simon de Montfort
  • 1347English troops conquer Ft Calais
  • 1351Sea battle at Zwartewaal: Willem V beats Hoeksen and English
  • 15581st printing of Zohar (Jewish Kabbalah)
  • 1578Battle of Alcazarquivir, Moroccans defeat Portuguese, 10,000 killed
  • 1636Johan Mauritius appointed Governor of Dutch Brazil
  • 1666Hurricane hits Guadeloupe, Martinique and St. Christopher; thousands die
  • 1666Sea battle between Netherlands and England
  • 1693Dom Perignon invents champagne
  • 1695French garrison of surrenders to Willem III
  • 1704War of Spanish Succession, English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • 1730Crown Prince Frederik of Prussia escapes to England
  • 1735Jury acquits John Zenger (NY Weekly Journal) charged with seditious libel by royal Governor of New York (victory for Freedom of press)
  • 1753George Washington becomes a master mason
  • 1777Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes 1st circus
  • 1789French National Meeting ending feudal system
  • 1790US Coast Guard founded as Revenue Cutter Service
  • 1791Austria and Turkey sign Peace of Sistova
  • 18211st edition of Saturday Evening Post (publishes until 1969)
  • 1830Plans for city of Chicago laid out
  • 1855John Bartlett publishes "Familiar Quotations"
  • 1862US government collects its 1st income tax
  • 1864Land and naval action new Brazos Santiago, Texas
  • 1870British Red Cross Society forms
  • 1879Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Aeterni Patris
  • 1886Colombia adopts constitution
  • 1892Queen Wilhelmina and Emma open Merwede Canal between Amsterdam-Rhine
  • 1892Sunday school teacher Lizzie Borden arrested in Fall River, Massachusetts
  • 1897Henry A Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Georgia

Born on Aug 4

  • 1502Pieter Coecke van Aelst: Flemish painter / carpet designer
  • 1664Louis Lully: Composer
  • 1705Vaclav Matyas Gurecky: Composer
  • 1731Giuseppe Colla: Composer
  • 1748Maximilian Stadler: Composer
  • 1755Nicolas-Jacque Conte: Inventor (modern pencil)
  • 1776Wenzel Sedlak: Composer
  • 1792Percy Bysshe Shelley: England, United Kingdom -- Romantic poet (Adonais)
  • 1799Olof Wilhelm Udden: Composer
  • 1816Israel Vogdes: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1889
  • 1818Lovell Harrison Rosseau: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1823Oliver Hazard Perry Throck Morton: (Gov-Indiana), died in 1877
  • 1839Walter Pater: London, England -- Writer (Plato & Platoism)
  • 1843Flor van Duyse: Composer
  • 1846Silas Gamaliel Pratt: Composer
  • 1859Knut Hamsun: Norway -- Writer / Nazi (Hunger-Nobel 1920)
  • 1870Harry Lauder: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Comedian / singer (Roman in the Gloamin)
  • 1873Damasco Berenguer y Fuste: Spanish General / Minister of War
  • 1888Philip Greeley Clapp: Composer
  • 1890Erich Weinert: Writer
  • 1892Johanna Bordewijk-Roepman: Composer
  • 1897Joseph Calleia: Malta -- Actor (Jungle Book, Gilda, Touch of Evil)
  • 1900Arturo Umberto Illia: President of Argentina (1963-66)
  • 1900Douglas L Mays: Cartoonist (Punch)
  • 1901Louie "Satchmo" Armstrong: New Orleans, Louisiana -- Jazz trumpeter (Hello Dolly)
  • 1903Helen Kane [Schroeder]: Bronx, New York -- Actress (Heads Up, Pointed Heels)
  • 1904Theodore Newton: New Jersey, United States -- Actor (Ace of Aces, Voltaire)
  • 1904Witold Gombrowicz: Polish author (Ferdydurke, Pornography)
  • 1905Michael Scott Montague Fordham: Jungian analyst / educator
  • 1908Kurt Eichhorn: Conductor

Died on Aug 4

  • 1060Henry I: King of France (1027..60), dies at 52
  • 1204Boniface of Montferrat: Margrave of Montferrat, murdered
  • 1430Philip of Saint-Pol: Duke of Brabant / Limburg, dies at 26
  • 1476Jacob van Armagnac-Pardiac: French Duke of Nemours, beheaded
  • 1566Girolamo della Robbia: Italian Sculptor (Majolica relief)
  • 15782 Moroccan royalist, Die in battle
  • 1578Sebastiaan: King of Portugal (1557-78), dies in battle at about 24
  • 1584John van Hembyze: South Netherlands Calvinist, dies at 71
  • 1598William Cecil 1st baron Burghley: English Premier, dies at 77
  • 1633George Abbott: English Theologist / Archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 60
  • 1639Juan R Alarcon y Mendoza: Mexican / Spanish playwright, dies at 58
  • 1666Johan Evertsen: Ltalian Admiral of Zeeland, lynched in Brielle
  • 1708Vincenzo De Grandis: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1712Johann Jacob de Neufville: Composer, dies at 27
  • 1821William Floyd: US soldier / signer (Declar of Independence), dies at 86
  • 1850Frantisek Tucek: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1856Johann Gottlieb Schneider: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1875Hans Christian Andersen: Danish fairy tale writer, dies at 70
  • 1889Carl Ludwig Amand Mangold: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1892Andrew & Abby Borden: Axed to death in Mass (by Lizzie Borden?)
  • 1904Arnold Krug: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1915Richard Kiepert: German cartographer (Africa), dies at 68
  • 1920Vladimir Ivanovich Rebikov: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1922Enver Pasa: Turkish politician, dies at 40
  • 1925Alfons Van de Perre: Flemish physician
  • 1927John Dillon: Irish nationalist / British Lower house leader, dies at 75
  • 1931Daniel H Williams: Doctor (pioneer in surgery)
  • 1936Henry Schoenfeld: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1938L H Perquin: Dutch radio announcer, dies at 73
  • 1938Pearl White: US actress / stunt woman (Perils of Pauline), dies at 49

Historical events on August 5

  • 0135Betar last outpost of Bar Kochba falls to Rome
  • 1071Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes captured / Islam advances through Europe
  • 1264Anti-Jewish riots break out in Arnstadt Germany
  • 1391Jews are massacred in Toledo and Barcelona Spain
  • 1399Battle at Worskla: Tataren beat Russians and Litouwers
  • 1543French and Turkish troops occupy Nice
  • 1583Gilbert claims Newfoundland (1st English colony in North America)
  • 1587Spanish troops conquer Lock
  • 1654French troops occupy Stenay
  • 1666English fleet beats Dutch under Michiel the Ruyter
  • 1667State of Holland obtain Eternal Edict
  • 1716Battle at Peterwardein: Eugenius van Savoye beats Turks
  • 17721st partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 17751st Spanish ship, San Carlos, enters SF Bay
  • 1781Battle at Doggers Bank: Dutch fleet vs. English fleet
  • 1846Oregon country divided between US and Britain at 49th parallel
  • 1858Cyrus W Field completes 1st transatlantic telegraph cable
  • 1861Enlistment increases from 3 months to 2 years
  • 1861Naval Engagement at Fernandina, FL-USS Vincennes ends rebel blockade
  • 1861US Army abolishes flogging
  • 1861US levies its 1st Income Tax (3% of incomes over $800)
  • 1862Battle of Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • 1864Battle of Mobile Bay Al-Farragut is given rank of vice-admiral
  • 1864Spectrum of a comet observed for 1st time, by Giovanni Donati
  • 1890British and French accord to divide African colonization
  • 18911st travelers checks issued (American Express)
  • 19141st traffic light installed (Euclid Ave & E 105th St, Cleveland)
  • 1914Cuba, Uruguay, Mexico and Argentina proclaim neutrality in WWI
  • 1914Dutch Cort Van de Linden government issues silver bonds as money
  • 1914Massive German assault on forts around Luik

Born on August 5

  • 1540Joseph Justice Scaliger: Proposed Julian dating
  • 1604John Eliot [Apostle to Indians]: Bible translator
  • 1607Philipp Friedrich Boddecker: Composer
  • 1623Antonio Cesti: Composer
  • 1624William: Jamestown, Virginia -- 1st black child born in English America
  • 1694Leonardo Ortensio Salvatore de Leo: Composer
  • 1711Johan Lulofs: Dutch physicist / philosopher / astronomer
  • 1749Thomas Lynch: Signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1797Friedrich August Kummer: Composer
  • 1813Carnot Posey: Confederate Brigadier General
  • 1813Ivar A Aasen: Norwegian linguistic / poet
  • 1815Edward J Eyre: British explorer / Governor (Jamaica)
  • 1822Johann Georg Herzog: Composer
  • 1828Giovanni Rossi: Composer
  • 1828WFAA Louisa / Lovisa: Queen of Sweden / Norway / Princess of the Netherlands
  • 1829Heinrich Franz Daniel Stiehl: Composer
  • 1829Milo Smith Hascall: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1904
  • 1830James A Healy: 1st black Bishop in America
  • 1843James Scott Skinner: Composer
  • 1850Anton Simon: Composer
  • 1850Guy de Maupassant: France -- Author (Boule de Suif)
  • 1860Joseph Carey Merrick: "Elephant Man"
  • 1864Resurreccion Maria de Azkue: Composer
  • 1866Alfred Holy: Composer
  • 1868Oskar Merikanto: Composer
  • 1876Mary R Beard: Indianapolis, Indiana -- Historian (Woman as a Force in History)
  • 1880Gertrude E Durden Rush: US composer / playwright (Black Girls Burden)
  • 1882Joe English: Irish / Flemish signaler (WWI)
  • 1886Oscar Espla: Composer
  • 1887Reginald Owen: Wheathampstead, England -- Actor (Dr Watson-Sherlock Holmes)

Died on August 5

  • 1157Dirk VI: Count of Holland
  • 1644J Henry Alting: Theologist (Statenvertaling), dies at 61
  • 1792Frederick 7th baron North: English Premier (1770-82), dies at 60
  • 1830Karl Friedrich Horn: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1834Gijsbert K van Hogendorp: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 71
  • 1852Frantisek L Celakovsky: Czech slavist / poet, dies at 53
  • 1856Rubert Lucas Pearsall: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1862Thomas Williams: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 47
  • 1863Adolf Friedrich Hesse: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1864Griffin A Stedman: Union Brigadier General (Fort Stedman), dies in battle at 26
  • 1889Willem Ruys J Dz: Ship owner, dies at 80
  • 1891Henry Charles Litolff: French pianist / componist, dies at 73
  • 1895Friedrich English: German textile manufacturer / marxist
  • 1900James Augustine Healy: Black Roman Catholic Bishop, dies at 80
  • 1907Gentil T Antheunis: Flemish Poet / music / composer, dies at 66
  • 1910Wojciech Gawronski: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1916George Sainton Kaye Butterworth: Composer, dies at 31
  • 1916Nikolay Ivanovich Kazanli: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1931Ullrich Haupt: Actor (Morocco, Du Barry-Woman of Passion), dies at 43
  • 1940Frederick A Cook: United States -- Explorer (North Pole), dies at 75
  • 1943Adam Kuckhoff: Writer, dies at 55
  • 1947Joannes D M Cornelissen: Historian (Johann de White)
  • 1950Emil Abderhalden: Swiss physiologist / bio-chemistry, dies at 73
  • 1955Carmen Miranda: Singer / actress (Down Argentine Way), dies at 42
  • 1957Heinrich O Wieland: German chemist (Nobel 1927), dies at 80
  • 1959Edgar Guest: US Poet / newspaperman, dies at 77
  • 1961Eva JC Beck: Actress (Elckerlyc, Resurrection), dies at 63
  • 1961Sidney Holland: Prime Minister of New Zealand (1949-57), dies at 67
  • 1962Marilyn Monroe: Found dead of apparent self-inflicted drug OD at 35
  • 1964Moa Martinson: Writer