Events on Aug 5

  • 0135Betar last outpost of Bar Kochba falls to Rome
  • 1071Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes captured / Islam advances through Europe
  • 1264Anti-Jewish riots break out in Arnstadt Germany
  • 1391Jews are massacred in Toledo and Barcelona Spain
  • 1399Battle at Worskla: Tataren beat Russians and Litouwers
  • 1543French and Turkish troops occupy Nice
  • 1583Gilbert claims Newfoundland (1st English colony in North America)
  • 1587Spanish troops conquer Lock
  • 1654French troops occupy Stenay
  • 1666English fleet beats Dutch under Michiel the Ruyter
  • 1667State of Holland obtain Eternal Edict
  • 1716Battle at Peterwardein: Eugenius van Savoye beats Turks
  • 17721st partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 17751st Spanish ship, San Carlos, enters SF Bay
  • 1781Battle at Doggers Bank: Dutch fleet vs. English fleet
  • 1846Oregon country divided between US and Britain at 49th parallel
  • 1858Cyrus W Field completes 1st transatlantic telegraph cable
  • 1861Enlistment increases from 3 months to 2 years
  • 1861Naval Engagement at Fernandina, FL-USS Vincennes ends rebel blockade
  • 1861US Army abolishes flogging
  • 1861US levies its 1st Income Tax (3% of incomes over $800)
  • 1862Battle of Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • 1864Battle of Mobile Bay Al-Farragut is given rank of vice-admiral
  • 1864Spectrum of a comet observed for 1st time, by Giovanni Donati
  • 1890British and French accord to divide African colonization
  • 18911st travelers checks issued (American Express)
  • 19141st traffic light installed (Euclid Ave & E 105th St, Cleveland)
  • 1914Cuba, Uruguay, Mexico and Argentina proclaim neutrality in WWI
  • 1914Dutch Cort Van de Linden government issues silver bonds as money
  • 1914Massive German assault on forts around Luik

Born on Aug 5

  • 1540Joseph Justice Scaliger: Proposed Julian dating
  • 1604John Eliot [Apostle to Indians]: Bible translator
  • 1607Philipp Friedrich Boddecker: Composer
  • 1623Antonio Cesti: Composer
  • 1624William: Jamestown, Virginia -- 1st black child born in English America
  • 1694Leonardo Ortensio Salvatore de Leo: Composer
  • 1711Johan Lulofs: Dutch physicist / philosopher / astronomer
  • 1749Thomas Lynch: Signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1797Friedrich August Kummer: Composer
  • 1813Carnot Posey: Confederate Brigadier General
  • 1813Ivar A Aasen: Norwegian linguistic / poet
  • 1815Edward J Eyre: British explorer / Governor (Jamaica)
  • 1822Johann Georg Herzog: Composer
  • 1828Giovanni Rossi: Composer
  • 1828WFAA Louisa / Lovisa: Queen of Sweden / Norway / Princess of the Netherlands
  • 1829Heinrich Franz Daniel Stiehl: Composer
  • 1829Milo Smith Hascall: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1904
  • 1830James A Healy: 1st black Bishop in America
  • 1843James Scott Skinner: Composer
  • 1850Anton Simon: Composer
  • 1850Guy de Maupassant: France -- Author (Boule de Suif)
  • 1860Joseph Carey Merrick: "Elephant Man"
  • 1864Resurreccion Maria de Azkue: Composer
  • 1866Alfred Holy: Composer
  • 1868Oskar Merikanto: Composer
  • 1876Mary R Beard: Indianapolis, Indiana -- Historian (Woman as a Force in History)
  • 1880Gertrude E Durden Rush: US composer / playwright (Black Girls Burden)
  • 1882Joe English: Irish / Flemish signaler (WWI)
  • 1886Oscar Espla: Composer
  • 1887Reginald Owen: Wheathampstead, England -- Actor (Dr Watson-Sherlock Holmes)

Died on Aug 5

  • 1157Dirk VI: Count of Holland
  • 1644J Henry Alting: Theologist (Statenvertaling), dies at 61
  • 1792Frederick 7th baron North: English Premier (1770-82), dies at 60
  • 1830Karl Friedrich Horn: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1834Gijsbert K van Hogendorp: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 71
  • 1852Frantisek L Celakovsky: Czech slavist / poet, dies at 53
  • 1856Rubert Lucas Pearsall: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1862Thomas Williams: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 47
  • 1863Adolf Friedrich Hesse: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1864Griffin A Stedman: Union Brigadier General (Fort Stedman), dies in battle at 26
  • 1889Willem Ruys J Dz: Ship owner, dies at 80
  • 1891Henry Charles Litolff: French pianist / componist, dies at 73
  • 1895Friedrich English: German textile manufacturer / marxist
  • 1900James Augustine Healy: Black Roman Catholic Bishop, dies at 80
  • 1907Gentil T Antheunis: Flemish Poet / music / composer, dies at 66
  • 1910Wojciech Gawronski: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1916George Sainton Kaye Butterworth: Composer, dies at 31
  • 1916Nikolay Ivanovich Kazanli: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1931Ullrich Haupt: Actor (Morocco, Du Barry-Woman of Passion), dies at 43
  • 1940Frederick A Cook: United States -- Explorer (North Pole), dies at 75
  • 1943Adam Kuckhoff: Writer, dies at 55
  • 1947Joannes D M Cornelissen: Historian (Johann de White)
  • 1950Emil Abderhalden: Swiss physiologist / bio-chemistry, dies at 73
  • 1955Carmen Miranda: Singer / actress (Down Argentine Way), dies at 42
  • 1957Heinrich O Wieland: German chemist (Nobel 1927), dies at 80
  • 1959Edgar Guest: US Poet / newspaperman, dies at 77
  • 1961Eva JC Beck: Actress (Elckerlyc, Resurrection), dies at 63
  • 1961Sidney Holland: Prime Minister of New Zealand (1949-57), dies at 67
  • 1962Marilyn Monroe: Found dead of apparent self-inflicted drug OD at 35
  • 1964Moa Martinson: Writer

Historical events on August 6

  • 0258St. Sixtus II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0523St. Hormisdas ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0768[Constantine] ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0939Battle at Simancas-Spain beats Moors
  • 1181Supernova observed by Chinese and Japanese astronomers
  • 1497John Cabot returns to Bristol from North-America
  • 1588Spanish Armada under Medina Sidonia anchors
  • 1600Henry IV of France invades Savoy after negotiations break down over Saluzzo, controlled by Savoy since 1588
  • 1601Spanish garrison of Meurs surrender to Earl Mauritius
  • 1623Maffeo Barberini elected Pope Urban VIII
  • 1625Earl Earnest Casimir appointed as Viceroy of Groningen
  • 1661Holland sells Brazil to Portugal for 8 million guilders
  • 1675Russian Czar Aleksei bans foreign hairs cut
  • 1726Emperor Karel VI and tsarina Catharina the Great sign military treaty
  • 1774Founder of the Shaker Movement, Mother Ann Lee, arrives in New York
  • 1787Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia begans debate
  • 1806Holy Roman Empire ends; it was neither holy, Roman, nor an empire
  • 1815US flotilla ends piracy by Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli
  • 18211st edition of "Courrier of Pays-Bas" newspaper published in Brussels
  • 1825Bolivia gains independence from Peru (National Day)
  • 1854Congress passes Confiscation Act
  • 1861Lexington KY-Union milt camp forms in neutral state
  • 1862Confederate Army ironclad "Arkansas" is badly damaged in Union attack
  • 1864Rebels evacuate Ft Powell, Mobile Bayd
  • 1870Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France
  • 1870White conservatives suppresed black vote and captured Tenn legislature
  • 1890Cy Young pitches andwins 1st game
  • 1890Denton True "Cy" Young pitched his 1st major league baseball game
  • 1896France annexes Madagascar
  • 190526.7 cm rainfall at Princeton, Indiana (state record)

Born on August 6

  • 1504Matthew "Nosey" Parker: Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1619Barbara Strozzi: Composer
  • 1638Nicolas de Malebranche: French philosopher
  • 1644Francoise L de la Baume Le Blanc: French mistress of Louis XIV
  • 1651Francois Fenelon: France -- Writer (Playing for Time)
  • 1651Johann Michael Zacher: Composer
  • 1664Johann Christoph Schmidt: Composer
  • 1697Charles VII: Holy Roman Emperor (1742-45)
  • 1748Bernhard Haltenberger: Composer
  • 1800Catherine Beecher: Educator (championed higher education for women)
  • 1804Justinus van der Brugghen: Dutch lawyer / Minister of Justice (1856-58)
  • 1809Alfred Lord Tennyson: Poet laureate of England
  • 1819Samuel Powhatan Carter: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1845Anthonie A Vorsterman van Oyen: Dutch genealogist
  • 1858Albert Fuchs: Composer
  • 1859J Arthur S Berson: Austria -- Meteorologist (Balloon flights, Amazon)
  • 1861Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt: 2nd Wife of Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1866Chief Thundercloud [Scott T Williams]: Actor (Lone Ranger)
  • 1871Emanuel Querido [Joost Mendes]: Author / publisher
  • 1873Mary Carr Moore: Composer
  • 1875Marcel Labey: Composer
  • 1879Joseph Wirth: German politician (Stalin Peace Prize)
  • 1881Alexander Fleming: England, United Kingdom -- Bacteriologist (penicillin; Nobel 1954)
  • 1881Leo Carrillo: Los Angeles, California -- Actor (American Empire, Cisco Kid)
  • 1882Gerrit H Kersten: Dutch vicar / founder (Calvinist party)
  • 1883Francesco Santoliquido: Composer
  • 1883Scott Nearing: US sociologist / pacifist / author (The Good Life)
  • 1885Jozef M E Meeus: Belgian director H-Heart union
  • 1886Edward Ballantine: Composer
  • 1892Hoot Gibson: Tekamah, Nebraska -- Western actor (Horse Soldier, Last Outlaw)

Died on August 6

  • 0258Sixtus II: Bishop of Rome (257-58), beheaded
  • 0523Hormisdas: Pope (514-23)
  • 0966Berengarius II: Markgraaf of Ivrea / King of Italy (950-963)
  • 1195Henry de Leeuw: Duke of Saxon / Bayern
  • 1221Dominicus: Italian religious order founder (Dominicans)
  • 1272Stefanus V: Prince of Transylvania / King of Hungary (1270-72)
  • 1458Callistus III [Alfonso the Borja]: Pope (1455-58), dies at 79
  • 1548Georg Rhau / Rhaw: German cantor / Composer / music publisher
  • 1623Anne Hathaway: Wife of William Shakespeare
  • 1637Ben Johnson: Dramatist / playwright, dies at 65
  • 1660Diego Rodriguez de Silva Valezquez: Spanish (court)painter, dies at 61
  • 1661Jacqueline-M-A the Sainte Madeleine Arnauld: French abbess
  • 1666Tsjerk H de Vries: Fleet guardian, dies in Battle at 43
  • 1686Paul Hainlein: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1718Jacob F Muller [Sjako / Jaco]: German / Netherlands crowd leader, beheaded at 28
  • 1727Francois Valentijn: Vicar / writer, dies at 61
  • 1746Christian VI: King of Denmark / Norway
  • 1775Heinrich Nikolaus Gerber: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1783Willem Bachiene: Vicar / Theologist / geography / astronomer, dies at 70
  • 1784Karl Kohaut: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1799Joseph Friebert: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1816Karl Frieberth: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1820Antonin Vranicky: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1820M A Elisa Bonaparte: Corsican Monarch of Lucca, dies at 43
  • 1821Antonio Bartolomeo Bruni: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1848Nicola Vaccai: Italian composer, dies at 58
  • 1853Josif Josifovich Genishta: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1886Wilhelm Scherer: German literature historian, dies at 45
  • 1890John Hart or William Kemmler: United States -- 1st executed in electric chair (NY)
  • 1895George Frederick Root: Composer, dies at 74