Events on Aug 7

  • 0626Battle at Constantinople: Slavic / Persians / Avarenvloot defeated
  • 0768Stephen III [IV] begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0936Otto I the Great becomes King of Germany
  • 1409Council of Pisa closes
  • 1479Battle of Guinegate: Emperor Maximilian I vs. King Louis XI
  • 1485Henry (VII) Tudors army lands in Milford Harbor, South-Wales
  • 1498Columbus arrives in Caribbean
  • 1573Francis Drakes fleet returns to Plymouth
  • 1575Spanish troops conquer Oudewater, almost all inhabitants died
  • 1710Earl van Godolphin resigns as English Minister of Finance
  • 1750Slave uprising on Curacao
  • 1760Ft Loudon, Tennessee surrenders to Cherokee Indians
  • 1782George Washington creates Order of Purple Heart
  • 1789Congress creates Department of War & Lighthouse Service
  • 1802Napoleon orders re-instatement of slavery on St. Domingue (Haiti)
  • 1814Pope Pius VII reinstates Jesuits
  • 18201st potatoes planted in Hawaii
  • 1867Battle of Moorefield, West Virginia
  • 1882Hatfields of south WV and McCoys of east Ky feud, 100 wounded or die
  • 1884Germany annexes Angra Pequena (Southwest-Africa)
  • 18855 German warships anchor at Zanzibar
  • 1888Theophilus Van Kannel of Philadelphia patents revolving door
  • 189353rd Congress (1893-95) convenes
  • 1900Diamond workers in Amsterdam strike
  • 1904Train derailed on bridge in Eden Colo during a flash flood, kills 96
  • 1907Walter Johnson wins 1st of his 416 wins, 7-2 over Cleveland
  • 1909US issues 1st Lincoln penny
  • 1912Progressive (Bull Moose) Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for President
  • 1914British Gloucester vs. German Breslau / Goeben off Greece
  • 1914French government awards King Albert of Belgium the Great Cross

Born on Aug 7

  • 0317Flavius Julius Constantius II: Emperor Egypt / Byzantine / Rome (337-61)
  • 1598Georg Stiernhielm: "father of Swedish poetry" (Hercules)
  • 1742Nathanael Greene: American Revoluntionary War General
  • 1746Daniel W Wyttenbach: Dutch classical / historian
  • 1751Wilhelmina FS: Princess of Prussia / Orange / Wife of Willem V
  • 1779Carl Ritter: Cofounder of modern science of geography
  • 1783John Heathcoat: Inventor (lace-making machinery)
  • 1818Henry Charles Litolff: French composer / pianist
  • 1823Faustina Hasse Hodges: Composer
  • 1826Carl AE Ahlqvist [A Oksanen]: Finnish poet (Suomalainen Runousoppi)
  • 1829Thomas Ewing, Jr.: Major General, Bvt (Union volunteers), died in 1896
  • 1833Powell Clayton: Brigadier General (Union volunteers) / (Gov-R-Ark)
  • 1836Evander McIvor Law: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1920
  • 1867Emil Nolde [Hansen]: German painter / graphic artist
  • 1868Granville Bantock: English composer / conductor (Hebridean Symphony)
  • 187019 kittens: Born to Tarawood Antigone (4 still born)
  • 1870Jozef Brems: Flemish apostole (vicar of Denmark)
  • 1872Andries C D de Graeff: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1926-31)
  • 1880Ernst Laqueur: Chemist / pharmacology / psychology (sexual hormones)
  • 1883J Ringelnatz: Writer
  • 1885Billie Burke: Washington, DC -- Actress (Glinda-Wizard of Oz)
  • 1885Gordon Harker: London, England -- Actor (Facts of Love, Champagne)
  • 1886Louis Hazeltine: Inventor (neutrodyne circuit, making radio possible)
  • 1887Jan HA Eman: Aruban politician
  • 1887Luckey Roberts: Composer
  • 1895Edward Gill: Baseball player
  • 1897Franz J Weinrich [Heinrich Lerse]: German writer (Himmlisches)
  • 1899Ricci Riano: England, United Kingdom
  • 1900Taylor Caldwell: Novelist
  • 1903Louis Leakey: Anthropologist (1964 Richard Hooper Medal)

Died on Aug 7

  • 1033Frederick II: Duke of Upper Lorraine
  • 1106Henry IV: Roman German King / Emperor (1056 / 84-1105), dies at 54
  • 1547Cajetanus van Thiene: Italian saint
  • 1609Eustache du Caurroy: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1616Vincenzo Scamozzi: Ital Architect (Procurazie Nuove, Venice)
  • 1657Robert Blake: English Admiral (Dover, Dungeness), dies at about 57
  • 1712Friederich Wilhelm Zachow: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1786Friedrich Schwindl: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1798Johann Gottlieb Sollner: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1799John Bacon: English sculptor, dies at 58
  • 1816Dionysius G van der Keessel: Dut lawyer (Theses selectae), dies at 77
  • 1846Johann Christian Heinrich Rinck: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1867Ira F Aldridge: US actor (Othello / Shylock), dies at 63 in Lodes, Poland
  • 1885Antony EJ Modderman: Dutch Minister of Justice (1879-83), dies at 46
  • 1893Alfredo Catalani: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1913David Popper: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1914Boleslaw Dembinski: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1916Charles E Manning: Australian judge / major, dies in battle at 36
  • 1921Alexander A Block: Russian Poet (Dvenatsat), dies at 40
  • 1923Hendrik Pierson: Dutch Theologist (H Pierson Foundation), dies at 89
  • 1924Camille Zeckwer: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1931Leon Bismarck "Bix" Beiderbecke: Jazz cornetist (In Mist), dies at 29
  • 1938Konstantin S Stanislavski: Russian director (S Method), dies at 75
  • 1941Radindranath Tagore: Indian philosopher / Poet / writer, dies at 80
  • 1942Richard Gott: British General / Commandant of 8th Army, dies in battle at 43
  • 1957Oliver Hardy: Comedian of Laurel & Hardy, dies at 65
  • 1959Armas Emmanuel Launis: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1960Vaino Hannikainen: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1962Morris Louis: US Painter (post painterly abstraction), dies at 49
  • 1967Max Branch: Music / radio commentator, dies at 75

Historical events on August 8

  • 0070Tower of Antonia destroyed by Romans
  • 0870Kings Charles the Bare and Louis the German divide Lutherans
  • 0936German King Otto I the Great, crowned
  • 1322Emperor Godaigo, makes Sojiji monastery. chief monastery of Soto Sect
  • 1502Jacobus IV of Scotland marries Margaretha Tudor
  • 1549France declares war on England
  • 1570Peace of Saint-Germain-and-Laye, more freedom for huguenots
  • 1585Pope Sixtus excommunicates Hendrik van Navarra (Henri IV)
  • 1588Sea battle at Grevelingen: English fleet battles Spanish armada
  • 1673Dutch battle fleet of 23 ships demands surrender of New York City
  • 1700Denmark and Sweden sign peace treaty
  • 17091st known ascent in hot-air balloon, Bartolomeu de Gusmao (indoors)
  • 1758British troops occupy and plunder Cherbourg
  • 1786Congress adopts silver dollar and decimal system of money
  • 1786Jacques Balmat and Michel Paccard are 1st to climb to top of Mont Blanc
  • 1788King Louis XVI calls French States and Generals together
  • 1796Boston African Society establishes with 44 members
  • 180970 disciples of Gaon of Vilnus, arrive in Israel (Palestine)
  • 1814Peace negotiations begin in Ghent, Belgium
  • 1815Napoleon Bonaparte set sail for exile on St. Helena
  • 1816Bavarian joins Saint Alliance
  • 1829French government of De Polignac forms
  • 1831Battle of Hasselt - Dutch army drives out Belgian Army
  • 1843Natal (South Africa) is made a British colony
  • 1844Brigham Young chosen Mormon Church head following Joseph Smith death
  • 1853Russian fleet appears at Nagasaki Japan
  • 1854Smith and Wesson patents metal bullet cartridges
  • 1860Queen of Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) arrives in New York City
  • 1864Comet C / 1864 N1 (Tempel) approaches within 0.0964 AUs of Earth
  • 1864Red Cross forms in Geneva

Born on August 8

  • 1571John Ward: Composer
  • 1586Adolf: Earl of Nassau-Siegen
  • 1617Adriaan W "Joris" van Geel: Flemish Missionary (Bantu Dictionary)
  • 1653Jacques Basnage: French / Netherlands historian / vicar
  • 1693Laurent Belissen: Composer
  • 1705Gustaaf Imhoff: Gov of Ceylon (1736-40) / Governor of the Netherlands Indies (1743-50)
  • 1732Johann C Adelung: German linguist / librarian
  • 1746Hieronymus van Alphen: Dutch attorney / poet (church songs)
  • 1755Luigi Marchesi: Composer
  • 1763Charles Bulfinch: Boston, Massachusetts -- 1st US pro architect (Mass State House)
  • 1805Antoon Jurgens: Dutch margarine manufacturer
  • 1812John Rodgers II: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1882
  • 1814Esther Hobart Morris: Suffragist / anti-slavery activist
  • 1819Charles Anderson Dana: Assistant Secretary of War, (Union) died in 1897
  • 1820Winfield Scott "Old Swet" Featherston: Army Brigadier General (Confederate)
  • 1823Theodule Augustin Ribot: Painter
  • 1835James William Forsyth: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
  • 1839Nelson Appleton Miles: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1925
  • 1852Barend Barendse: Actor / director (Wandering Jew)
  • 1857Cecile Chaminade: Composer
  • 1857Henry Osborn: Connecticut, United States -- Paleontologist / author (52 Years of Research)
  • 1861William Bateson: English biologist (originator of term "genetics")
  • 1864Henri de Vries [Van Walterop]: Dutch actor (Cleopatra, White Cargo)
  • 1866Matthew A Henson: 1st Black to reach North Pole (June 4, 1909)
  • 1871William Henry Squire: Composer
  • 1879Emiliano Zapata: Mexican revolutionary, peasant leader
  • 1881Paul L E von Kleist: German General-Field Marshal (Eastern Front)
  • 1884Sara Teasdale: United States -- Poet (1st Pulitzer Prize-1918-"Love Songs")
  • 1886Daniel Ruyneman: Composer
  • 1886Pietro Alessandro Yon: Composer

Died on August 8

  • 0869Lotharius II: King of Middle-France (Lotharingen) (855-869)
  • 1506Sesshu Toyo: Zen Monk / painter, dies at 86 in Yamaguchi, Japan
  • 1616Cornelis Ketel: Dutch portrait Painter / poet, buried at 68
  • 1685Sassoferrato [Giovanni B Salvi]: Ital Painter (Madonna), dies at 75
  • 1694Antoine Arnauld [le grand Arnauld]: French lawyer / theology, dies at 82
  • 1700Matthias Henriksen Schacht: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1705Willem Roukens: Mayor (Nimegen ort Nimeguen), beheaded
  • 1759Karl Heinrich Graun: German composer, dies at 55
  • 1788Louis FAD Duke the Richelieu: French marshal, dies at 92
  • 1816Blas de Laserna: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1827George Canning: British Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 57
  • 1834Silvestro Palma: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1888Friedrich Wilhelm Jahns: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1897Jacob Burckhardt: Swiss cultural historian, dies at 79
  • 1902Jean Y Y Tissot: French Painter / illustrator
  • 1908Joseph [Maria] Olbrich: Architect (Wiener Sezession), dies at 40
  • 1918Gertrude E Durden Rush: US Composer / playwright, dies at 38
  • 1921Juhani Aho: Fins journalist / writer (Panu, Tuomio), dies at 59
  • 1928Stjepan Radic: Founder / leader (Croatian Boer party)
  • 1934Wilbert Robinson: Baseball manager (Brooklyn Dodgers)
  • 1944Erwin von Witzleben: German Field Marshal, hanged
  • 1950Ernest F E Douwes Dekker: Founder National-India Party
  • 1950Nicolai Yakovlevich Miaskovsky: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1954Gino Tagliapietra: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1960Danton Walker: Columnist (Broadway Spotlight), dies at 61
  • 1961Charlie Gemora: Actor (who portrayed King Kong), dies at 58
  • 1961Franc N D Buchman: US theology (Moral Rearms), dies at 83
  • 1963Sandor Jemnitz: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1965Shirley Hardie Jackson: US Author (Road Through the Wall), dies at 45
  • 1966Pierre Charles: Belgian heavyweight boxer, dies at 63