Events on Aug 8

  • 0070Tower of Antonia destroyed by Romans
  • 0870Kings Charles the Bare and Louis the German divide Lutherans
  • 0936German King Otto I the Great, crowned
  • 1322Emperor Godaigo, makes Sojiji monastery. chief monastery of Soto Sect
  • 1502Jacobus IV of Scotland marries Margaretha Tudor
  • 1549France declares war on England
  • 1570Peace of Saint-Germain-and-Laye, more freedom for huguenots
  • 1585Pope Sixtus excommunicates Hendrik van Navarra (Henri IV)
  • 1588Sea battle at Grevelingen: English fleet battles Spanish armada
  • 1673Dutch battle fleet of 23 ships demands surrender of New York City
  • 1700Denmark and Sweden sign peace treaty
  • 17091st known ascent in hot-air balloon, Bartolomeu de Gusmao (indoors)
  • 1758British troops occupy and plunder Cherbourg
  • 1786Congress adopts silver dollar and decimal system of money
  • 1786Jacques Balmat and Michel Paccard are 1st to climb to top of Mont Blanc
  • 1788King Louis XVI calls French States and Generals together
  • 1796Boston African Society establishes with 44 members
  • 180970 disciples of Gaon of Vilnus, arrive in Israel (Palestine)
  • 1814Peace negotiations begin in Ghent, Belgium
  • 1815Napoleon Bonaparte set sail for exile on St. Helena
  • 1816Bavarian joins Saint Alliance
  • 1829French government of De Polignac forms
  • 1831Battle of Hasselt - Dutch army drives out Belgian Army
  • 1843Natal (South Africa) is made a British colony
  • 1844Brigham Young chosen Mormon Church head following Joseph Smith death
  • 1853Russian fleet appears at Nagasaki Japan
  • 1854Smith and Wesson patents metal bullet cartridges
  • 1860Queen of Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) arrives in New York City
  • 1864Comet C / 1864 N1 (Tempel) approaches within 0.0964 AUs of Earth
  • 1864Red Cross forms in Geneva

Born on Aug 8

  • 1571John Ward: Composer
  • 1586Adolf: Earl of Nassau-Siegen
  • 1617Adriaan W "Joris" van Geel: Flemish Missionary (Bantu Dictionary)
  • 1653Jacques Basnage: French / Netherlands historian / vicar
  • 1693Laurent Belissen: Composer
  • 1705Gustaaf Imhoff: Gov of Ceylon (1736-40) / Governor of the Netherlands Indies (1743-50)
  • 1732Johann C Adelung: German linguist / librarian
  • 1746Hieronymus van Alphen: Dutch attorney / poet (church songs)
  • 1755Luigi Marchesi: Composer
  • 1763Charles Bulfinch: Boston, Massachusetts -- 1st US pro architect (Mass State House)
  • 1805Antoon Jurgens: Dutch margarine manufacturer
  • 1812John Rodgers II: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1882
  • 1814Esther Hobart Morris: Suffragist / anti-slavery activist
  • 1819Charles Anderson Dana: Assistant Secretary of War, (Union) died in 1897
  • 1820Winfield Scott "Old Swet" Featherston: Army Brigadier General (Confederate)
  • 1823Theodule Augustin Ribot: Painter
  • 1835James William Forsyth: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
  • 1839Nelson Appleton Miles: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1925
  • 1852Barend Barendse: Actor / director (Wandering Jew)
  • 1857Cecile Chaminade: Composer
  • 1857Henry Osborn: Connecticut, United States -- Paleontologist / author (52 Years of Research)
  • 1861William Bateson: English biologist (originator of term "genetics")
  • 1864Henri de Vries [Van Walterop]: Dutch actor (Cleopatra, White Cargo)
  • 1866Matthew A Henson: 1st Black to reach North Pole (June 4, 1909)
  • 1871William Henry Squire: Composer
  • 1879Emiliano Zapata: Mexican revolutionary, peasant leader
  • 1881Paul L E von Kleist: German General-Field Marshal (Eastern Front)
  • 1884Sara Teasdale: United States -- Poet (1st Pulitzer Prize-1918-"Love Songs")
  • 1886Daniel Ruyneman: Composer
  • 1886Pietro Alessandro Yon: Composer

Died on Aug 8

  • 0869Lotharius II: King of Middle-France (Lotharingen) (855-869)
  • 1506Sesshu Toyo: Zen Monk / painter, dies at 86 in Yamaguchi, Japan
  • 1616Cornelis Ketel: Dutch portrait Painter / poet, buried at 68
  • 1685Sassoferrato [Giovanni B Salvi]: Ital Painter (Madonna), dies at 75
  • 1694Antoine Arnauld [le grand Arnauld]: French lawyer / theology, dies at 82
  • 1700Matthias Henriksen Schacht: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1705Willem Roukens: Mayor (Nimegen ort Nimeguen), beheaded
  • 1759Karl Heinrich Graun: German composer, dies at 55
  • 1788Louis FAD Duke the Richelieu: French marshal, dies at 92
  • 1816Blas de Laserna: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1827George Canning: British Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 57
  • 1834Silvestro Palma: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1888Friedrich Wilhelm Jahns: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1897Jacob Burckhardt: Swiss cultural historian, dies at 79
  • 1902Jean Y Y Tissot: French Painter / illustrator
  • 1908Joseph [Maria] Olbrich: Architect (Wiener Sezession), dies at 40
  • 1918Gertrude E Durden Rush: US Composer / playwright, dies at 38
  • 1921Juhani Aho: Fins journalist / writer (Panu, Tuomio), dies at 59
  • 1928Stjepan Radic: Founder / leader (Croatian Boer party)
  • 1934Wilbert Robinson: Baseball manager (Brooklyn Dodgers)
  • 1944Erwin von Witzleben: German Field Marshal, hanged
  • 1950Ernest F E Douwes Dekker: Founder National-India Party
  • 1950Nicolai Yakovlevich Miaskovsky: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1954Gino Tagliapietra: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1960Danton Walker: Columnist (Broadway Spotlight), dies at 61
  • 1961Charlie Gemora: Actor (who portrayed King Kong), dies at 58
  • 1961Franc N D Buchman: US theology (Moral Rearms), dies at 83
  • 1963Sandor Jemnitz: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1965Shirley Hardie Jackson: US Author (Road Through the Wall), dies at 45
  • 1966Pierre Charles: Belgian heavyweight boxer, dies at 63

Historical events on August 9

  • 0378Battle of Adrianople, Visigoth Calvary defeats Roman Army
  • 1378Cardinals declare Pope Urbanus VI lawless (anti Christian / devil)
  • 1559Willem of Orange becomes Viceroy of Holland / Zealand / Utrecht
  • 1596Henry van Cuyk becomes Bishop of Roermond
  • 1638Jonas Bronck of Holland becomes 1st European settler in Bronx
  • 1655Lord Protector Cromwell divides England into 11 districts
  • 1673Admiral Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge recaptures New York
  • 1673Dutch recapture New York from English; regained by English in 1674
  • 1726Netherlands signs Covenant of Hannover
  • 1757English Ft William Henry, NY, surrenders to French and Indians troops
  • 1778Captain Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering straits
  • 1790Columbia returns to Boston after 3 year journey, 1st ship to carry US flag around the world
  • 18031st horses arrive in Hawaii
  • 1829"Stourbridge Lion" locomotive goes into service
  • 1830Louis-Philippe formally accepts crown of France, following abdication of Charles X
  • 18311st US steam engine train run (Albany to Schenectady, NY)
  • 1832King Leopold I of Belgium marries Louisa Maria
  • 1841Erie boat in Buffalo New York catches fire; 242 die
  • 1842US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty
  • 1848Austria and Sardinia sign cease fire
  • 1848Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominateing Martin Van Buren for President
  • 1849Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria and Russia
  • 1854Henry David Thoreau publishes "Walden"
  • 1855Battle of Acapulco during Mexican Liberal uprising
  • 1859Elevator patented
  • 1862Battle of Cedar Mountain VA (Slaughter Mountain, Southwest Mountain)
  • 1862Prelude to 2nd Manassas, Jackson is victorious at Battle of Cedar Mt, however General Charles S Winder is killed
  • 1864Battle of Ft Morgan, Alabama
  • 18901st 44 Javans arrive in Suriname, to work 5 year on sugar plantations
  • 18931st US bowling magazine, Gut Holz, published in New York

Born on August 9

  • 1593Izaak Walton: England, United Kingdom -- Biographer / fisherman / writer (Compleat Angler)
  • 1611Henry Earl of Nassau-Siegen: Colonel / Governor of Hulst Netherlands
  • 1677Jacob Campo Weyerman: Netherlands -- Adventurer / painter / writer
  • 1690Lorenzo Gaetano Zavateri: Composer
  • 1696Jozef Wenceslas: Monarch of Liechtenstein / General
  • 1718Placidus Cajetan von Camerloher: Composer
  • 1758Bruno Dalberg / Anonymus Belga [Petrus the Wacker van Zon]: Writer
  • 1781Michael Umlauf: Composer
  • 1808William Thomas Ward: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1819William Thomas Green Morton: Dentist, used ether (HOF 1920)
  • 1823Daniel Marsh Frost: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1900
  • 1824Simon Goodell Griffin: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1825Elisha Ferry: (Gov-R-Washington, 1872-80, 1889-93)
  • 1834Elias Alvares Lobo: Composer
  • 1845Xavier Mellery: Belgian painter / illustrator
  • 1861Wilhelm Berger: Composer
  • 1869Randle Ayrton: Chester, England -- Actor (Manxman)
  • 1874Reynaldo Hahn: Composer
  • 1875Albert William Ketelbey: Aston, England -- Composer (Wonder Worker)
  • 1883George Hoyt: NBA hall of fame referee (elected 1961)
  • 1884Maria "Mary" Beekman: Actress (Genius against Violence)
  • 1887Abraham Schierbeek: Dutch biologist (Swammerdam)
  • 1888Hans Oster: German major General / spy / July 20th plotter
  • 1890Cesar Cortinas: Composer
  • 1890Eino Kaila: Finnish psychologist / philosopher
  • 1890Sandor Jemnitz: Composer
  • 1891Max Tak: Dutch violinist / radio commentator
  • 1892Charles Delaney: NYC, New York -- Actor (Air Police, Lonesome Trail)
  • 1895Nat Pendleton: Davenport, Iowa -- Olympic wrestler / actor (Reckless)
  • 1896Jean Piaget: Switzerland -- Pioneer developmental psychologist / zoologist

Died on August 9

  • 0378Flavius Valens: Emperor of Byzantium (364-78), dies in battle at 50
  • 0803Irene: Byzantine empress / Wife of Emperor Leo IV
  • 1048Damasius II [Poppo]: Pope (1047-48)
  • 1516Jeroen Bosch: Painter (Garden of the Lusten), dies at 66
  • 1612Ottavio M Frangipani: Pope elect
  • 1613Giovanni Righi: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1634Pieter I de Jode: Flemish publisher
  • 1652John Both: Landscape Painter / etcher, dies at about 37
  • 1668Francois Anguier: French sculptor, dies at about 64
  • 1672Jose Ximenez: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1710Gabriel Schutz: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1727Johann Philipp Treiber: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1738Pierre Drevet: French engraver
  • 1763John Althuysen: Fries vicar / Poet (Frysk Jierboek), dies at 47
  • 1806Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia Christian: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1835Claus Nielsen Schali: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1848Frederick Marryat: English captain / Author (Mr Midshipman Easy)
  • 1854Frederik Augustus II: King of Saxon (1836-54), dies at 57
  • 1862Joseph Bennett Plummer: US Union Brigadier General, dies at 42 or 46
  • 1888Charles Cros: French Mathematician / chemist / poet, dies at 45
  • 1888Isaac Strauss: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1892Matthias de Vries: Linguistic (spelling)
  • 1896Otto Lilenthal: Aircraft pioneer, killed during a glider test at 48
  • 1904Friedrich Ratzel: German social-geographer (Lebensraum), dies at 59
  • 1915Henry Longbottom: English lieutenant, dies in battle
  • 1919Ernst Haeckel: German philosopher (Social Darwinism), dies at 85
  • 1919Ruggiero Leoncavallo: Italian Composer (Pagliacci), dies at 62
  • 1924Jacob P Vis: Dutch founder (NV Royal Salt Industries), dies at 66
  • 1928Frederik II W: Grand Duke of Baden (1907-18), dies at 71
  • 1929Heinrich Zille: German cartoonist (Simplicissimus), dies at 71