Events on Aug 9

  • 0378Battle of Adrianople, Visigoth Calvary defeats Roman Army
  • 1378Cardinals declare Pope Urbanus VI lawless (anti Christian / devil)
  • 1559Willem of Orange becomes Viceroy of Holland / Zealand / Utrecht
  • 1596Henry van Cuyk becomes Bishop of Roermond
  • 1638Jonas Bronck of Holland becomes 1st European settler in Bronx
  • 1655Lord Protector Cromwell divides England into 11 districts
  • 1673Admiral Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge recaptures New York
  • 1673Dutch recapture New York from English; regained by English in 1674
  • 1726Netherlands signs Covenant of Hannover
  • 1757English Ft William Henry, NY, surrenders to French and Indians troops
  • 1778Captain Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering straits
  • 1790Columbia returns to Boston after 3 year journey, 1st ship to carry US flag around the world
  • 18031st horses arrive in Hawaii
  • 1829"Stourbridge Lion" locomotive goes into service
  • 1830Louis-Philippe formally accepts crown of France, following abdication of Charles X
  • 18311st US steam engine train run (Albany to Schenectady, NY)
  • 1832King Leopold I of Belgium marries Louisa Maria
  • 1841Erie boat in Buffalo New York catches fire; 242 die
  • 1842US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty
  • 1848Austria and Sardinia sign cease fire
  • 1848Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominateing Martin Van Buren for President
  • 1849Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria and Russia
  • 1854Henry David Thoreau publishes "Walden"
  • 1855Battle of Acapulco during Mexican Liberal uprising
  • 1859Elevator patented
  • 1862Battle of Cedar Mountain VA (Slaughter Mountain, Southwest Mountain)
  • 1862Prelude to 2nd Manassas, Jackson is victorious at Battle of Cedar Mt, however General Charles S Winder is killed
  • 1864Battle of Ft Morgan, Alabama
  • 18901st 44 Javans arrive in Suriname, to work 5 year on sugar plantations
  • 18931st US bowling magazine, Gut Holz, published in New York

Born on Aug 9

  • 1593Izaak Walton: England, United Kingdom -- Biographer / fisherman / writer (Compleat Angler)
  • 1611Henry Earl of Nassau-Siegen: Colonel / Governor of Hulst Netherlands
  • 1677Jacob Campo Weyerman: Netherlands -- Adventurer / painter / writer
  • 1690Lorenzo Gaetano Zavateri: Composer
  • 1696Jozef Wenceslas: Monarch of Liechtenstein / General
  • 1718Placidus Cajetan von Camerloher: Composer
  • 1758Bruno Dalberg / Anonymus Belga [Petrus the Wacker van Zon]: Writer
  • 1781Michael Umlauf: Composer
  • 1808William Thomas Ward: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1819William Thomas Green Morton: Dentist, used ether (HOF 1920)
  • 1823Daniel Marsh Frost: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1900
  • 1824Simon Goodell Griffin: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1825Elisha Ferry: (Gov-R-Washington, 1872-80, 1889-93)
  • 1834Elias Alvares Lobo: Composer
  • 1845Xavier Mellery: Belgian painter / illustrator
  • 1861Wilhelm Berger: Composer
  • 1869Randle Ayrton: Chester, England -- Actor (Manxman)
  • 1874Reynaldo Hahn: Composer
  • 1875Albert William Ketelbey: Aston, England -- Composer (Wonder Worker)
  • 1883George Hoyt: NBA hall of fame referee (elected 1961)
  • 1884Maria "Mary" Beekman: Actress (Genius against Violence)
  • 1887Abraham Schierbeek: Dutch biologist (Swammerdam)
  • 1888Hans Oster: German major General / spy / July 20th plotter
  • 1890Cesar Cortinas: Composer
  • 1890Eino Kaila: Finnish psychologist / philosopher
  • 1890Sandor Jemnitz: Composer
  • 1891Max Tak: Dutch violinist / radio commentator
  • 1892Charles Delaney: NYC, New York -- Actor (Air Police, Lonesome Trail)
  • 1895Nat Pendleton: Davenport, Iowa -- Olympic wrestler / actor (Reckless)
  • 1896Jean Piaget: Switzerland -- Pioneer developmental psychologist / zoologist

Died on Aug 9

  • 0378Flavius Valens: Emperor of Byzantium (364-78), dies in battle at 50
  • 0803Irene: Byzantine empress / Wife of Emperor Leo IV
  • 1048Damasius II [Poppo]: Pope (1047-48)
  • 1516Jeroen Bosch: Painter (Garden of the Lusten), dies at 66
  • 1612Ottavio M Frangipani: Pope elect
  • 1613Giovanni Righi: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1634Pieter I de Jode: Flemish publisher
  • 1652John Both: Landscape Painter / etcher, dies at about 37
  • 1668Francois Anguier: French sculptor, dies at about 64
  • 1672Jose Ximenez: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1710Gabriel Schutz: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1727Johann Philipp Treiber: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1738Pierre Drevet: French engraver
  • 1763John Althuysen: Fries vicar / Poet (Frysk Jierboek), dies at 47
  • 1806Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia Christian: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1835Claus Nielsen Schali: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1848Frederick Marryat: English captain / Author (Mr Midshipman Easy)
  • 1854Frederik Augustus II: King of Saxon (1836-54), dies at 57
  • 1862Joseph Bennett Plummer: US Union Brigadier General, dies at 42 or 46
  • 1888Charles Cros: French Mathematician / chemist / poet, dies at 45
  • 1888Isaac Strauss: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1892Matthias de Vries: Linguistic (spelling)
  • 1896Otto Lilenthal: Aircraft pioneer, killed during a glider test at 48
  • 1904Friedrich Ratzel: German social-geographer (Lebensraum), dies at 59
  • 1915Henry Longbottom: English lieutenant, dies in battle
  • 1919Ernst Haeckel: German philosopher (Social Darwinism), dies at 85
  • 1919Ruggiero Leoncavallo: Italian Composer (Pagliacci), dies at 62
  • 1924Jacob P Vis: Dutch founder (NV Royal Salt Industries), dies at 66
  • 1928Frederik II W: Grand Duke of Baden (1907-18), dies at 71
  • 1929Heinrich Zille: German cartoonist (Simplicissimus), dies at 71

Historical events on August 10

  • 0654Pope Eugene I elected to succeed Martinus I
  • 0843Treaty of Verdun: Brothers Lotharius I, Louis the German and Charles the Bare divide France
  • 0955Battle at Lech: German King Otto I beats Hungarians
  • 1461Alfonso ed Espina, Bishop of Osma urges for an Inquistion in Spain
  • 1497John Cabot tells King Henry VII of his trip to "Asia"
  • 1500Diego Diaz discovers Madagascar
  • 1511Portugese troops occupy parts of Malakka
  • 1512Battle at Brest: English fleet beats France
  • 1557Battle at St. Quentin: Lamoraal of Egmont and Philibert beat France
  • 1566Iconoclasm begins
  • 1585English Queen Elizabeth I signs Treaty of Nonsuch: Aid for Neth
  • 1622County Maine appended on John Mason / Fernandino Gorges
  • 1627Cardinal Richelieu begins siege of La Rochelle
  • 1628Wasa sinks at Stockholm, 50 killed
  • 1653Sea battle at Heijde, English fleet beats Dutch
  • 1675King Charles II lays foundation stone of Royal Observatory, Greenwich
  • 1675Portuguese-Jewish synagogue opens in Amsterdam
  • 1678Netherlands and France signs peace treaty in Nijmegen
  • 1743Earliest recorded prize fighting rules formulated
  • 1759Carlos III becomes King of Spain
  • 17741st Surinam newspaper (1st Wednesday Suriname) begins publishing
  • 1787Mozart completes his "Eine small Nachtmusik"
  • 1787Turkey declares war on Russia
  • 1792Mobs in Paris attack palace of Louis XVI
  • 1809Ecuador declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1821Missouri admitted as 24th US state
  • 1822Antioch Syria, hit by Earthquake; about 20,000 die
  • 1827Race riots in Cincinnati (1,000 blacks leave for Canada)
  • 1831Former slave Nat Turner leads uprising against slavery
  • 1831Hurricane hits Barbados; about 1,500 die

Born on August 10

  • 1296John the Blind: King of Bohemia / Count of Luxembourg
  • 1556Philipp Nicolai: Germany -- Theologist / poet / composer
  • 1560Hieronymus Praetorius: Composer
  • 1567Girolamo Giacobbi: Composer
  • 1589Pietro Antonio Tamburini: Composer
  • 1652Peterus I Scheemaeckers: Flemish sculptor (tomb stones)
  • 1654Bernard Nieuwentyt: Dutch Physician / theologist
  • 1657Cornelis Chastelein: Dutch colonial director
  • 1699Christoph Gottlieb Schroter: Composer
  • 1708John Stinstra: Baptist vicar
  • 1720Franz Joseph Leonti Meyer von Schavensee: Composer
  • 1740Samuel Arnold: Composer
  • 1750Daniel Gottlob Turk: Composer
  • 1762Santiago Ferrer: Composer
  • 1782Charles Napier: London, England -- Soldier
  • 1793Heinrich August Neithardt: Composer
  • 1794Leopold Zunz: German Scientist (Synagogical poetry)
  • 1801Robert Woodward Barnwell: MC (Confederacy), died in 1882
  • 1808Carl Friedrich Weitzmann: Composer
  • 1810Camilio Benso di Cavour: Turin, Italy -- Prime Minister
  • 1810Cornelis Outshoorn: Dutch architect
  • 1814Jacob Edvard Gille: Composer
  • 1814John Clifford Pemberton: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1881
  • 1814William Lowndes Yancey: MC (Confederacy), died in 1863
  • 1823Charles Keene: Hornsey -- Artist
  • 1823Charles Thomas Campbell: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1835Gyula Beliczay: Composer
  • 1836Jose Teodor Vilar: Composer
  • 1845Kunanbajew: Writer
  • 1854J Scott Lidgett: London, England -- Theologist

Died on August 10

  • 0794Fastrada: 3rd Wife of French King Charles the Great, dies at 30
  • 0955Conrad the Red: Duke of Lotharingen, dies in battle
  • 1250Erik IV Plovpenning: King of Denmark, murdered
  • 1589Maarten Schenck Nideggen: Dutch army leader, drowned at about 49
  • 1628Hans Jonsson: Swedish fleet commander, drowned
  • 1653Maarten Harpertsz Tromp [Bestevaer]: Lieutenant Admiral, dies in battle at 55
  • 1655Louis de Vadder: Flemish painter, dies at 50
  • 1717Nicolaas Witsen: Etcher / mayor (Amsterdam)
  • 1730Sebastien de Brossard: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1759Ferdinand VI [the Wise]: King of Spain, dies at 46
  • 1784Allan Ramsay: Artist
  • 1802Aepinus [Franz UT Hoch]: German Physician / physicist, dies at 77
  • 1806Johann Michael Haydn: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1821Salvatore Vigano: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1841Hippolyte Monpou: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1843Jakob F Fries: German philosopher
  • 1857John Wilson Croker: Politician
  • 1859George Staunton: Writer
  • 1861Nathaniel Lyon: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 43
  • 1867Ira Aldridge: Famed Shakespearean actor (Othello, Shylock)
  • 1875Karl (Theodor) Andree: German journalist (Globus), dies at 66
  • 1886Eduard Grell: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1896Otto Lilienthal: German aircraft pioneer
  • 1904Pierre M Waldeck-Rousseau: French Foreign Minister (Dreyfus)
  • 1905Kinjikitile "Bokero" Ngwale: E African prophet / rebel leader, hanged
  • 1911Carl Christian Lumbye: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1921John M Martin: Last confederate congress member
  • 1932Slang: Writer
  • 1934John Kane: Scotish / US miner / painter, dies at 73
  • 1938Joseph Moorat: Composer, dies at 73