Events on Aug 10

  • 0654Pope Eugene I elected to succeed Martinus I
  • 0843Treaty of Verdun: Brothers Lotharius I, Louis the German and Charles the Bare divide France
  • 0955Battle at Lech: German King Otto I beats Hungarians
  • 1461Alfonso ed Espina, Bishop of Osma urges for an Inquistion in Spain
  • 1497John Cabot tells King Henry VII of his trip to "Asia"
  • 1500Diego Diaz discovers Madagascar
  • 1511Portugese troops occupy parts of Malakka
  • 1512Battle at Brest: English fleet beats France
  • 1557Battle at St. Quentin: Lamoraal of Egmont and Philibert beat France
  • 1566Iconoclasm begins
  • 1585English Queen Elizabeth I signs Treaty of Nonsuch: Aid for Neth
  • 1622County Maine appended on John Mason / Fernandino Gorges
  • 1627Cardinal Richelieu begins siege of La Rochelle
  • 1628Wasa sinks at Stockholm, 50 killed
  • 1653Sea battle at Heijde, English fleet beats Dutch
  • 1675King Charles II lays foundation stone of Royal Observatory, Greenwich
  • 1675Portuguese-Jewish synagogue opens in Amsterdam
  • 1678Netherlands and France signs peace treaty in Nijmegen
  • 1743Earliest recorded prize fighting rules formulated
  • 1759Carlos III becomes King of Spain
  • 17741st Surinam newspaper (1st Wednesday Suriname) begins publishing
  • 1787Mozart completes his "Eine small Nachtmusik"
  • 1787Turkey declares war on Russia
  • 1792Mobs in Paris attack palace of Louis XVI
  • 1809Ecuador declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1821Missouri admitted as 24th US state
  • 1822Antioch Syria, hit by Earthquake; about 20,000 die
  • 1827Race riots in Cincinnati (1,000 blacks leave for Canada)
  • 1831Former slave Nat Turner leads uprising against slavery
  • 1831Hurricane hits Barbados; about 1,500 die

Born on Aug 10

  • 1296John the Blind: King of Bohemia / Count of Luxembourg
  • 1556Philipp Nicolai: Germany -- Theologist / poet / composer
  • 1560Hieronymus Praetorius: Composer
  • 1567Girolamo Giacobbi: Composer
  • 1589Pietro Antonio Tamburini: Composer
  • 1652Peterus I Scheemaeckers: Flemish sculptor (tomb stones)
  • 1654Bernard Nieuwentyt: Dutch Physician / theologist
  • 1657Cornelis Chastelein: Dutch colonial director
  • 1699Christoph Gottlieb Schroter: Composer
  • 1708John Stinstra: Baptist vicar
  • 1720Franz Joseph Leonti Meyer von Schavensee: Composer
  • 1740Samuel Arnold: Composer
  • 1750Daniel Gottlob Turk: Composer
  • 1762Santiago Ferrer: Composer
  • 1782Charles Napier: London, England -- Soldier
  • 1793Heinrich August Neithardt: Composer
  • 1794Leopold Zunz: German Scientist (Synagogical poetry)
  • 1801Robert Woodward Barnwell: MC (Confederacy), died in 1882
  • 1808Carl Friedrich Weitzmann: Composer
  • 1810Camilio Benso di Cavour: Turin, Italy -- Prime Minister
  • 1810Cornelis Outshoorn: Dutch architect
  • 1814Jacob Edvard Gille: Composer
  • 1814John Clifford Pemberton: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1881
  • 1814William Lowndes Yancey: MC (Confederacy), died in 1863
  • 1823Charles Keene: Hornsey -- Artist
  • 1823Charles Thomas Campbell: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1835Gyula Beliczay: Composer
  • 1836Jose Teodor Vilar: Composer
  • 1845Kunanbajew: Writer
  • 1854J Scott Lidgett: London, England -- Theologist

Died on Aug 10

  • 0794Fastrada: 3rd Wife of French King Charles the Great, dies at 30
  • 0955Conrad the Red: Duke of Lotharingen, dies in battle
  • 1250Erik IV Plovpenning: King of Denmark, murdered
  • 1589Maarten Schenck Nideggen: Dutch army leader, drowned at about 49
  • 1628Hans Jonsson: Swedish fleet commander, drowned
  • 1653Maarten Harpertsz Tromp [Bestevaer]: Lieutenant Admiral, dies in battle at 55
  • 1655Louis de Vadder: Flemish painter, dies at 50
  • 1717Nicolaas Witsen: Etcher / mayor (Amsterdam)
  • 1730Sebastien de Brossard: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1759Ferdinand VI [the Wise]: King of Spain, dies at 46
  • 1784Allan Ramsay: Artist
  • 1802Aepinus [Franz UT Hoch]: German Physician / physicist, dies at 77
  • 1806Johann Michael Haydn: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1821Salvatore Vigano: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1841Hippolyte Monpou: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1843Jakob F Fries: German philosopher
  • 1857John Wilson Croker: Politician
  • 1859George Staunton: Writer
  • 1861Nathaniel Lyon: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 43
  • 1867Ira Aldridge: Famed Shakespearean actor (Othello, Shylock)
  • 1875Karl (Theodor) Andree: German journalist (Globus), dies at 66
  • 1886Eduard Grell: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1896Otto Lilienthal: German aircraft pioneer
  • 1904Pierre M Waldeck-Rousseau: French Foreign Minister (Dreyfus)
  • 1905Kinjikitile "Bokero" Ngwale: E African prophet / rebel leader, hanged
  • 1911Carl Christian Lumbye: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1921John M Martin: Last confederate congress member
  • 1932Slang: Writer
  • 1934John Kane: Scotish / US miner / painter, dies at 73
  • 1938Joseph Moorat: Composer, dies at 73

Historical events on August 11

  • 0117Hadrianus hears of death of Emperor Trajanus of Antioch
  • 1253Clara van Assisi leads rules of life in order of Clarissen
  • 1304Sea battle of Zierikzee
  • 1492Rodrigo de Borja becomes Pope Alexander VI
  • 1522Uprising of adel / burgerij in Austria fails
  • 1597Germany throws out English sales people
  • 1611Emperor Rudolf forces out King of Bohemia
  • 1695English and Dutch fleet capture Dunkerk
  • 1780Barbados hurricane begins
  • 1863Cambodia becomes French protectorate
  • 1874Harry S Parmelee patents sprinkler head
  • 1885$100,000 raised in US for pedestal for Statue of Liberty
  • 1885Oakland Athletics Dave Kingman becomes 21st to hit 400 HR
  • 1888California Theatre closed (now a Pac Tel Phone Store)
  • 1896Harvey Hubbell patents electric light bulb socket with a pull chain
  • 1904German-ltalian General Von Trotha defeats Herero in SW Africa
  • 1909Liner "Arapahoe" is 1st ship to use SOS distress call
  • 1909SOS 1st used by an American ship, Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina
  • 1909Warren Bardsley (136 & 130) 1st to get twin tons in a Test
  • 1914France declares war on Austria-Hungary
  • 1914Jews are expelled from Mitchenick Poland
  • 1914John Wray patents animation
  • 1914Mitchenick Poland, expels Jews
  • 1918Battle of Amiens ends in WWI, Allieds beat Germans
  • 1919Green Bay Packers football club founded
  • 1919Weimar Republic begins in Germany
  • 19201st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
  • 1923Dutch Premier de Geer resigns
  • 19241st newsreel pictures of presidential candidates were taken
  • 1924US presidential candidates make 1st film for bio-scoop news

Born on August 11

  • 1600Paul Hallman: Composer
  • 1613Cristoph Kaldenbach: Composer
  • 1635Thomas Betterton: London, England -- Actor / dramatist (Coriolanus)
  • 1673Richard Mead: London, England -- Physician
  • 1737Joseph Nollekins: London, England -- Sculptor
  • 1744Johann Gottlieb Schwencke: Composer
  • 1748Joseph Schuster: Composer
  • 1772Rowland Hill: 1st Viscount / General
  • 1778Friedrich Ludwig Jahn: Founder of turnverein (gymnastics) movement
  • 1799Joachim de Barrande: French paleontologist / geologist
  • 1805Pieter J Elout van Soeterwoude: Dutch judge / member of parliament
  • 1807David R Atchison: President of USA on March 3rd 1849
  • 1823Charlotte Mary Yonge: England, United Kingdom -- Writer (Heir of Redclyffe)
  • 1828Edward Saloman: Governor (Union), died in 1909
  • 1832Thomas Ogden Osbord: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1833Robert Green Ingersoll: New York, United States -- Author / politician / agnostic (Attorney General-R-Ill)
  • 1836Cato M Guldberg: Norwegian mathematician
  • 1837Marie Francois Carnot: Engineer / French President (1887-94); assassinated
  • 1858Christian Eijkman: Netherlands -- Bacteriologist (Avitaminos, Nobel 1929)
  • 1862Carrie Jacobs Bond: Janesville, Wisconsin -- Songwriter (I Love You Truly)
  • 1863Arpad Szendy: Composer
  • 1867Hobart Bosworth: Marietta, Ohio -- Actor (Woman of Affairs, Big Parade)
  • 1867Joseph M Weber: Comedian / singer (Weber & Lewis Fields)
  • 1873John Rosamond Johnson: Florida, United States -- Co-composer (Lift Every Voice & Sing)
  • 1880Frederick Jerome Work: Composer
  • 1882Rodolfo Graziani: Italian marschal / Viceroy of Ethiopia
  • 1883Ernst Stadler: Writer
  • 1888Owen Nares: Actor-manager (Maiden Erleigh)
  • 1890Erich Wichman: Dutch fascist painter / sculptor
  • 1892Hugh MacDiarmid: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Writer (Scots Unbound)

Died on August 11

  • 1171Louis I: Earl of Wage / Rieneck
  • 1180Guillaume de / Willem van Sens: French master builder (Canterbury)
  • 1183Christian I: Archbishop of Mainz
  • 1394Jan III: Mister of Polanen
  • 1464Nicholas van Cusa: Philosopher / Bishop of Brixen
  • 1490French van Brederode: Leader of Hoeksen, dies at about 25
  • 1494Hans Memling [John Memlinc]: Flemish Painter (Passietaferelen)
  • 1578Pedro Nunes [Nonius]: Port Mathematician / astronomer (nonius)
  • 1589Maarten Schenck van Nideggen: Lt col (80 year war)
  • 1729Nicola Francesco Haym: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1757Jose Pradas Gallen: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1794Jakob Friedrich Kleinknecht: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1820Janos Lavotta: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1844Jernej Kopitar: Filmologist / censor (Slavic Grammatica), dies at 63
  • 1852Nicolaas Plomp: Dutch Architect (Strugle), dies at 70
  • 1868Halfdan Kierulf: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1868Thaddeus Stevens: Architect of Radical Reconstruction, dies at 76
  • 1872Lowell Mason: US Organist / Composer (Zebulo), dies at 80
  • 1890John Henry Newman: English cardinal, dies at 89
  • 1901Francesco Crispi: Italian Minister of War / Premier, dies at about 82
  • 1919Andrew Carnegie: US steel industrialist / philanthropist, dies at 83
  • 1935William Watson: British Poet (Purple East)
  • 1937Bakr Sidqi: General / Dictator of Iraq
  • 1937Edith N Wharton[-Jones]: US Author (House of Mirth), dies at 75
  • 1942Richard Heinrich Stein: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1949Karl Weigl: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1951Ebbe Hamerik: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1952Riccardo Martin: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1953Ludwig Strauss: German / Israeli writer (Heimliche Gegenwart)
  • 1956Jackson Pollock: Abstract artist, dies in auto accident (East Hampton)