Events on Aug 11

  • 0117Hadrianus hears of death of Emperor Trajanus of Antioch
  • 1253Clara van Assisi leads rules of life in order of Clarissen
  • 1304Sea battle of Zierikzee
  • 1492Rodrigo de Borja becomes Pope Alexander VI
  • 1522Uprising of adel / burgerij in Austria fails
  • 1597Germany throws out English sales people
  • 1611Emperor Rudolf forces out King of Bohemia
  • 1695English and Dutch fleet capture Dunkerk
  • 1780Barbados hurricane begins
  • 1863Cambodia becomes French protectorate
  • 1874Harry S Parmelee patents sprinkler head
  • 1885$100,000 raised in US for pedestal for Statue of Liberty
  • 1885Oakland Athletics Dave Kingman becomes 21st to hit 400 HR
  • 1888California Theatre closed (now a Pac Tel Phone Store)
  • 1896Harvey Hubbell patents electric light bulb socket with a pull chain
  • 1904German-ltalian General Von Trotha defeats Herero in SW Africa
  • 1909Liner "Arapahoe" is 1st ship to use SOS distress call
  • 1909SOS 1st used by an American ship, Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina
  • 1909Warren Bardsley (136 & 130) 1st to get twin tons in a Test
  • 1914France declares war on Austria-Hungary
  • 1914Jews are expelled from Mitchenick Poland
  • 1914John Wray patents animation
  • 1914Mitchenick Poland, expels Jews
  • 1918Battle of Amiens ends in WWI, Allieds beat Germans
  • 1919Green Bay Packers football club founded
  • 1919Weimar Republic begins in Germany
  • 19201st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
  • 1923Dutch Premier de Geer resigns
  • 19241st newsreel pictures of presidential candidates were taken
  • 1924US presidential candidates make 1st film for bio-scoop news

Born on Aug 11

  • 1600Paul Hallman: Composer
  • 1613Cristoph Kaldenbach: Composer
  • 1635Thomas Betterton: London, England -- Actor / dramatist (Coriolanus)
  • 1673Richard Mead: London, England -- Physician
  • 1737Joseph Nollekins: London, England -- Sculptor
  • 1744Johann Gottlieb Schwencke: Composer
  • 1748Joseph Schuster: Composer
  • 1772Rowland Hill: 1st Viscount / General
  • 1778Friedrich Ludwig Jahn: Founder of turnverein (gymnastics) movement
  • 1799Joachim de Barrande: French paleontologist / geologist
  • 1805Pieter J Elout van Soeterwoude: Dutch judge / member of parliament
  • 1807David R Atchison: President of USA on March 3rd 1849
  • 1823Charlotte Mary Yonge: England, United Kingdom -- Writer (Heir of Redclyffe)
  • 1828Edward Saloman: Governor (Union), died in 1909
  • 1832Thomas Ogden Osbord: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1833Robert Green Ingersoll: New York, United States -- Author / politician / agnostic (Attorney General-R-Ill)
  • 1836Cato M Guldberg: Norwegian mathematician
  • 1837Marie Francois Carnot: Engineer / French President (1887-94); assassinated
  • 1858Christian Eijkman: Netherlands -- Bacteriologist (Avitaminos, Nobel 1929)
  • 1862Carrie Jacobs Bond: Janesville, Wisconsin -- Songwriter (I Love You Truly)
  • 1863Arpad Szendy: Composer
  • 1867Hobart Bosworth: Marietta, Ohio -- Actor (Woman of Affairs, Big Parade)
  • 1867Joseph M Weber: Comedian / singer (Weber & Lewis Fields)
  • 1873John Rosamond Johnson: Florida, United States -- Co-composer (Lift Every Voice & Sing)
  • 1880Frederick Jerome Work: Composer
  • 1882Rodolfo Graziani: Italian marschal / Viceroy of Ethiopia
  • 1883Ernst Stadler: Writer
  • 1888Owen Nares: Actor-manager (Maiden Erleigh)
  • 1890Erich Wichman: Dutch fascist painter / sculptor
  • 1892Hugh MacDiarmid: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Writer (Scots Unbound)

Died on Aug 11

  • 1171Louis I: Earl of Wage / Rieneck
  • 1180Guillaume de / Willem van Sens: French master builder (Canterbury)
  • 1183Christian I: Archbishop of Mainz
  • 1394Jan III: Mister of Polanen
  • 1464Nicholas van Cusa: Philosopher / Bishop of Brixen
  • 1490French van Brederode: Leader of Hoeksen, dies at about 25
  • 1494Hans Memling [John Memlinc]: Flemish Painter (Passietaferelen)
  • 1578Pedro Nunes [Nonius]: Port Mathematician / astronomer (nonius)
  • 1589Maarten Schenck van Nideggen: Lt col (80 year war)
  • 1729Nicola Francesco Haym: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1757Jose Pradas Gallen: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1794Jakob Friedrich Kleinknecht: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1820Janos Lavotta: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1844Jernej Kopitar: Filmologist / censor (Slavic Grammatica), dies at 63
  • 1852Nicolaas Plomp: Dutch Architect (Strugle), dies at 70
  • 1868Halfdan Kierulf: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1868Thaddeus Stevens: Architect of Radical Reconstruction, dies at 76
  • 1872Lowell Mason: US Organist / Composer (Zebulo), dies at 80
  • 1890John Henry Newman: English cardinal, dies at 89
  • 1901Francesco Crispi: Italian Minister of War / Premier, dies at about 82
  • 1919Andrew Carnegie: US steel industrialist / philanthropist, dies at 83
  • 1935William Watson: British Poet (Purple East)
  • 1937Bakr Sidqi: General / Dictator of Iraq
  • 1937Edith N Wharton[-Jones]: US Author (House of Mirth), dies at 75
  • 1942Richard Heinrich Stein: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1949Karl Weigl: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1951Ebbe Hamerik: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1952Riccardo Martin: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1953Ludwig Strauss: German / Israeli writer (Heimliche Gegenwart)
  • 1956Jackson Pollock: Abstract artist, dies in auto accident (East Hampton)

Historical events on August 12

  • 1071Alp Arslan beat Byzantines, Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes
  • 1071Battle at Manzikert Armenia, Venetian Byzantine brings islam to Europe
  • 1099Battle at Ascalon: Godfried of Broth beats Egyptians
  • 1099Crusaders are victorious at Battle of Ascalon
  • 1332Battle of Dupplin Moor; Scottish dynastic battle
  • 1336English King Edward III endswool export to Flanders
  • 1492Christopher Columbus discovers Canary Islands
  • 1530Florence surrenders for Emperor Karel I
  • 1549French troops occupy Ambleteuse England
  • 1553Pope Julius III orders confiscation and burning of Jewish Talmud
  • 1588Medemblik surrenders to Spanish army
  • 16581st US police corps forms (New Amsterdam)
  • 1665English fleet beat Dutch fleet
  • 16761st war between American colonists and Indians ends in New England
  • 1687Charles of Lotharingen defeats Turkish leaders
  • 1687Ottoman invaders of Hungary routed at Battle of Mohacs
  • 1759Battle of Kunersdorf - Russian-Austrian army overpowers Prussians
  • 1812Dr Joseph Lister is 1st surgeon to use disinfectant during surgery
  • 1831Dutch troops conquer Leuven
  • 1831Netherlands and Belgium sign peace treaty
  • 1851Isaac Singer patents sewing machine
  • 1856Anthony Fass patents accordion
  • 1861Skirmish at Texas-rebels are attacked by Apache Indians
  • 1862Gen John Hunt Morgan and his raiders capture Gallatin, Texas
  • 18631st cargo of lumber leaves Burrard Inlet (Vancouver, BC area)
  • 1867President Andrew Johnson defies Congress suspending Secretary of War Edwin Stanton
  • 1877Thomas Edison invents Edisonphone, a sound recording device
  • 18791st National Archery Association tournament (Chicago)
  • 1888Bertha, Wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes 1st motor tour
  • 1896Gold discovered at Klondike River at Dawson

Born on August 12

  • 1503Christian III: King of Denmark / Norway (1534-59)
  • 1566Isabella CE: Infante of Spain / Governess of the Netherlands
  • 1592Willem Earl of Nassau-Siegen: Dutch gov (Fort Emmerik / Heusden)
  • 1620Pieter Cuypers: South Netherlands lawyer
  • 1626Giovanni Legrenzi: Composer
  • 1644Georg Christoph Leuttner: Composer
  • 1644Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber: Composer
  • 1696Maurice Greene: Composer
  • 1744Rowland Hill: Preacher
  • 1751Johann Baptist Lasser: Composer
  • 1762George IV: King of England (1820-30)
  • 1774Robert Southey: English poet laureate / biographer of Nelson
  • 1778Francis Horner: Politician
  • 1781Robert Mills: United States -- Architect (Washington Monument)
  • 1819Daniel Davidson Bidwell: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1820Oliver Mowat: A founder of the Canadian Confederation
  • 1825Frederick Arthur Gore Ouseley: Composer
  • 1829John Horace Forney: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1902
  • 1832Hely Hutchinson Almond: Politician / doctor
  • 1833William Price Sanders: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1838Joseph Barnby: Conductor / academic principal
  • 1848Macellus Emants: Dutch writer / poet (Along the Nile)
  • 1849Abbott Handerson Thayer: Painter / naturalist
  • 1853Jean Louis Nicode: Composer
  • 1854Alfred Gilbert: Sculptor / goldsmith
  • 1854Johannes P Kelly: Dutch [Kellij], actor / operetta writer
  • 1859Katharine Lee Bates: United States -- Author (America the Beautiful)
  • 1867Edith Hamilton: United States -- Writer (Mythology)
  • 1868Frederick JNT lord Chelmsford: Viceroy of British-India (1916-21)
  • 1875Ettore Panizza: Composer

Died on August 12

  • 0875Louis II: King of Italy / Emperor of France, dies at about 50
  • 1158Anselmus van Havelberg: Brandenburg bshp of Havelberg (1129-55)
  • 1350Philip VI: King of France
  • 1484Sixtus IV [Francesco della Rovere]: Pope (1471-84)
  • 1546Francisco de Vitoria: Spanish theology / lawyer
  • 1588Alfonso Ferrabosco: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1612Giovanni Gabrieli: Italian Composer (Madrigali), dies at about 60
  • 1633Jacopo Peri: Itallian opera composer, dies at 71
  • 1638Johannes Althusius [Althaut]: German lawyer, dies at about 81
  • 1654Cornelis Haga: Ambassador to Constantinople (1611-39), dies at 76
  • 1660Gilbertus van Zinnik: Flemish architect, dies at about 33
  • 1674Philippe de Champaigne: Painter
  • 1675Karl Rabenhaupt: German / Netherlands Baron of Sucha / army leader, dies at 73
  • 1676King Philip [Metacomet]: Leader Wampanoag-indians, shot to death
  • 1689Innocent XI [Benedetto Odescalchi]: Pope (1676-89), dies at 78
  • 1715Nahum Tate: English Poet / playwright / Poet laureate
  • 1728Henricus Zwaardecroon: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies, dies at 61
  • 1750Rachel Ruysch: Royal Painter of soverign Johan von de Pfalz
  • 1797Ignaz Franz Xaver Kurzinger: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1811John FE Acton: Cruel Premier of Naples, dies at 77
  • 1812Jean Joseph Rodolphe: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1822Robert Stewart: 2nd Marguess of Londonderry, commits suicide
  • 1827William Blake: English Poet / painter, dies at 69
  • 1830Franz de Paula Roser: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1848George Stephenson: Locomotive engineer
  • 1849Abraham AA "Albert" Gallatin: Minister of Finance (1801-14), dies at 88
  • 1857William Daniel Conybeare: Geologist
  • 1865William Jackson Hooker: Botanist
  • 1877James Drummond: Historical painter
  • 1883Last Quagga: Zebra with less slashes (in Artis)