Events on Aug 12

  • 1071Alp Arslan beat Byzantines, Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes
  • 1071Battle at Manzikert Armenia, Venetian Byzantine brings islam to Europe
  • 1099Battle at Ascalon: Godfried of Broth beats Egyptians
  • 1099Crusaders are victorious at Battle of Ascalon
  • 1332Battle of Dupplin Moor; Scottish dynastic battle
  • 1336English King Edward III endswool export to Flanders
  • 1492Christopher Columbus discovers Canary Islands
  • 1530Florence surrenders for Emperor Karel I
  • 1549French troops occupy Ambleteuse England
  • 1553Pope Julius III orders confiscation and burning of Jewish Talmud
  • 1588Medemblik surrenders to Spanish army
  • 16581st US police corps forms (New Amsterdam)
  • 1665English fleet beat Dutch fleet
  • 16761st war between American colonists and Indians ends in New England
  • 1687Charles of Lotharingen defeats Turkish leaders
  • 1687Ottoman invaders of Hungary routed at Battle of Mohacs
  • 1759Battle of Kunersdorf - Russian-Austrian army overpowers Prussians
  • 1812Dr Joseph Lister is 1st surgeon to use disinfectant during surgery
  • 1831Dutch troops conquer Leuven
  • 1831Netherlands and Belgium sign peace treaty
  • 1851Isaac Singer patents sewing machine
  • 1856Anthony Fass patents accordion
  • 1861Skirmish at Texas-rebels are attacked by Apache Indians
  • 1862Gen John Hunt Morgan and his raiders capture Gallatin, Texas
  • 18631st cargo of lumber leaves Burrard Inlet (Vancouver, BC area)
  • 1867President Andrew Johnson defies Congress suspending Secretary of War Edwin Stanton
  • 1877Thomas Edison invents Edisonphone, a sound recording device
  • 18791st National Archery Association tournament (Chicago)
  • 1888Bertha, Wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes 1st motor tour
  • 1896Gold discovered at Klondike River at Dawson

Born on Aug 12

  • 1503Christian III: King of Denmark / Norway (1534-59)
  • 1566Isabella CE: Infante of Spain / Governess of the Netherlands
  • 1592Willem Earl of Nassau-Siegen: Dutch gov (Fort Emmerik / Heusden)
  • 1620Pieter Cuypers: South Netherlands lawyer
  • 1626Giovanni Legrenzi: Composer
  • 1644Georg Christoph Leuttner: Composer
  • 1644Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber: Composer
  • 1696Maurice Greene: Composer
  • 1744Rowland Hill: Preacher
  • 1751Johann Baptist Lasser: Composer
  • 1762George IV: King of England (1820-30)
  • 1774Robert Southey: English poet laureate / biographer of Nelson
  • 1778Francis Horner: Politician
  • 1781Robert Mills: United States -- Architect (Washington Monument)
  • 1819Daniel Davidson Bidwell: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1820Oliver Mowat: A founder of the Canadian Confederation
  • 1825Frederick Arthur Gore Ouseley: Composer
  • 1829John Horace Forney: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1902
  • 1832Hely Hutchinson Almond: Politician / doctor
  • 1833William Price Sanders: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1838Joseph Barnby: Conductor / academic principal
  • 1848Macellus Emants: Dutch writer / poet (Along the Nile)
  • 1849Abbott Handerson Thayer: Painter / naturalist
  • 1853Jean Louis Nicode: Composer
  • 1854Alfred Gilbert: Sculptor / goldsmith
  • 1854Johannes P Kelly: Dutch [Kellij], actor / operetta writer
  • 1859Katharine Lee Bates: United States -- Author (America the Beautiful)
  • 1867Edith Hamilton: United States -- Writer (Mythology)
  • 1868Frederick JNT lord Chelmsford: Viceroy of British-India (1916-21)
  • 1875Ettore Panizza: Composer

Died on Aug 12

  • 0875Louis II: King of Italy / Emperor of France, dies at about 50
  • 1158Anselmus van Havelberg: Brandenburg bshp of Havelberg (1129-55)
  • 1350Philip VI: King of France
  • 1484Sixtus IV [Francesco della Rovere]: Pope (1471-84)
  • 1546Francisco de Vitoria: Spanish theology / lawyer
  • 1588Alfonso Ferrabosco: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1612Giovanni Gabrieli: Italian Composer (Madrigali), dies at about 60
  • 1633Jacopo Peri: Itallian opera composer, dies at 71
  • 1638Johannes Althusius [Althaut]: German lawyer, dies at about 81
  • 1654Cornelis Haga: Ambassador to Constantinople (1611-39), dies at 76
  • 1660Gilbertus van Zinnik: Flemish architect, dies at about 33
  • 1674Philippe de Champaigne: Painter
  • 1675Karl Rabenhaupt: German / Netherlands Baron of Sucha / army leader, dies at 73
  • 1676King Philip [Metacomet]: Leader Wampanoag-indians, shot to death
  • 1689Innocent XI [Benedetto Odescalchi]: Pope (1676-89), dies at 78
  • 1715Nahum Tate: English Poet / playwright / Poet laureate
  • 1728Henricus Zwaardecroon: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies, dies at 61
  • 1750Rachel Ruysch: Royal Painter of soverign Johan von de Pfalz
  • 1797Ignaz Franz Xaver Kurzinger: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1811John FE Acton: Cruel Premier of Naples, dies at 77
  • 1812Jean Joseph Rodolphe: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1822Robert Stewart: 2nd Marguess of Londonderry, commits suicide
  • 1827William Blake: English Poet / painter, dies at 69
  • 1830Franz de Paula Roser: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1848George Stephenson: Locomotive engineer
  • 1849Abraham AA "Albert" Gallatin: Minister of Finance (1801-14), dies at 88
  • 1857William Daniel Conybeare: Geologist
  • 1865William Jackson Hooker: Botanist
  • 1877James Drummond: Historical painter
  • 1883Last Quagga: Zebra with less slashes (in Artis)

Historical events on August 13

  • 0523St. John I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1099Raniero elected as Pope Paschal II
  • 1415King Henry V of England army lands on mouth of Seine River
  • 1516Kings Charles I and Francois I signs Treaty of Noyons
  • 1521Spanish conquerors Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) from Aztecs
  • 1578Duke French van Anjou recognized as protector of the Netherlands
  • 1624Cardinal Richelieu appointed Chief Minister of France by Louis XIII
  • 1630Ferdinand II fires Supreme Commander Albrecht von Wallenstein
  • 1642Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap
  • 1651Litchfield, CT founded
  • 1696State of Drenthe accredits Willem III as mayor
  • 1704French and Bavarian forces were routed by a combined British, German and Dutch army at Blenheim, Germany
  • 1713King Frederik Willem declares war on Brandenburg-Prussia
  • 1740Hunger strike in Rotterdam
  • 1784English parliament accept India Act
  • 1788Prussia joins Anglo-Dutch alliance to form Triple Alliance to prevent spread of Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90
  • 1792Revolutionaries imprison French royals including Marie Antoinette
  • 1799English fleet under lord Seymour overthrows Suriname
  • 1814Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to British by the Dutch
  • 1814Treaty of London-Netherland stops transporting slaves
  • 1831Nat Turner leads uprising of slaves in Virginia
  • 1868Earthquakes kill 25,000 and causes $300 million damages (Peru and Ecuador)
  • 1876Reciprocity Treaty between US and Hawaii ratified
  • 1881Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolese monarch
  • 1889William Gray patents coin-operated telephone
  • 1892US black newspaper "Afro-American" begins publishing from Baltimore
  • 1898US forces under George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish American War
  • 1902England beat Australia by one wicket at The Oval Famous victory
  • 1906Black soldiers raid Brownsville, Texas
  • 19071st taxicab (NYC)

Born on August 13

  • 1422William Caxton: 1st English printer (Histories of Troy)
  • 1617Johann A Quenstedt: German Lutherian theologist
  • 1655Johann Christoph Denner: Inventor (clarinet)
  • 1692Anton Simon Ignaz Praelisauer: Composer
  • 1704Lorenzo Fago: Composer
  • 1717Christoph Nichelsmann: German composer
  • 1721Francis Ireland: Composer
  • 1747Adrien-Joseph van Helmont: Composer
  • 1748Pieter L van de Kasteele: Dutch politician / patriot
  • 1802Nikolaus Lenau: Hungary -- German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser)
  • 1817Karoly Thern: Composer
  • 1819George Gabriel Stokes: Physicist / mathematician (spectroscope)
  • 1820George Grove: London, England -- Biblical Scholar / misicographer
  • 1820Joseph Alberdingk Thijm [Pauwels Foreestier]: Poet (Dietsche Warande)
  • 1826William Thomas Best: Composer
  • 1831Salomon Jaoassohn: Composer
  • 1840Giovanni Verga: Italian writer (Eros)
  • 1851John Lincoln Clem: Drummer (Union volunteers), died in 1937
  • 1867Rudolf Georg Binding: German songwriter / writer (Legenden Der Zeit)
  • 1867William A Craigie: Scottish lexicographer (Skotlands Rimur)
  • 1871Karl Liebknecht: German revolutionary marxist (Sparta Party)
  • 1878Leonid Vladimirovich Nikolayev: Composer
  • 1878Salomon "Sam" de Wolff: Dutch zionist / socialist theorist
  • 1879John N Ireland: English composer / pianist (Mai-Dun)
  • 1881Jacqueline [Pierrette] R van Stuwe [Eline v S]: Dutch author
  • 1886Jacob Pierneef: South Africa -- Painter
  • 1888John Logie Baird: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Inventor (father of TV)
  • 1890[Lavinia] Marian Fleming Poe: Virginia, United States
  • 1894Ferdinand Sassen: Dutch philosopher / director
  • 1894Leonid Alexeyevich Polovinkin: Composer

Died on August 13

  • 0662Maximus Confessor: Greek Theologist / crusader
  • 0900Zwentibold: King of Lutherans (895-900), dies in battle at 29
  • 1134Irene [Pirisca]: Byzantine empress
  • 1191Philips van Heinsberg: Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1278Daikaku: Zen teacher Rinzai line / head of Kenchoji, dies in Japan at 65
  • 1637Dirck J Bas: Dutch Merchant / regent / government leader (OIC)
  • 1674Lars Johnstown [Lasse Lucidor]: Swedish poet, dies at 35
  • 1749J E Schlegel: Writer
  • 1762John Alberti: Theologist / philological, dies at 64
  • 1808Henri Hardouin: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1841Bernhard Heinrich Romberg: German composer, dies at 73
  • 1841Bernhard Romberg: German cellist / composer
  • 1860Danillo II: Ruler of Montenegro
  • 1865Ignaz Semmelweis: Gynecologist, dies at 47
  • 1886Adolf von Doss: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1895Christian B Freiherr von Tauchnitz: German publisher (T Edition)
  • 1896John Everett Millais: English painter, dies at 67
  • 1897Antonius von der Linde: Neth / German librarian, dies at 63
  • 1908Ira D Sankey: US evangelist / Composer / singer (Gospel Hymns), dies at 67
  • 1910Florence Nightingale: English nurse, dies at 90
  • 1912Jules EF Massenet: French opera Composer (Werther, Manon), dies at 70
  • 1913F August Bebel: German social-democrat
  • 1916Fritz Steinbach: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1924Julian Aguirre: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1927James Curwood: US journalist / writer (Valley of Silent Men), dies at 49
  • 1928Fernand de La Tombelle: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1933Paul Joseph Guillaume Hillemacher: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1940George C Pearce: Actor (Hold tat Lion, British Agent), dies at 75
  • 1946H[erbert] G[eorge] Wells: Sci-fi Author (Time Machine), dies at 79
  • 1946Valery Viktorovich Zhelobinsky: Composer, dies at 33