Events on Aug 13

  • 0523St. John I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1099Raniero elected as Pope Paschal II
  • 1415King Henry V of England army lands on mouth of Seine River
  • 1516Kings Charles I and Francois I signs Treaty of Noyons
  • 1521Spanish conquerors Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) from Aztecs
  • 1578Duke French van Anjou recognized as protector of the Netherlands
  • 1624Cardinal Richelieu appointed Chief Minister of France by Louis XIII
  • 1630Ferdinand II fires Supreme Commander Albrecht von Wallenstein
  • 1642Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap
  • 1651Litchfield, CT founded
  • 1696State of Drenthe accredits Willem III as mayor
  • 1704French and Bavarian forces were routed by a combined British, German and Dutch army at Blenheim, Germany
  • 1713King Frederik Willem declares war on Brandenburg-Prussia
  • 1740Hunger strike in Rotterdam
  • 1784English parliament accept India Act
  • 1788Prussia joins Anglo-Dutch alliance to form Triple Alliance to prevent spread of Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90
  • 1792Revolutionaries imprison French royals including Marie Antoinette
  • 1799English fleet under lord Seymour overthrows Suriname
  • 1814Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to British by the Dutch
  • 1814Treaty of London-Netherland stops transporting slaves
  • 1831Nat Turner leads uprising of slaves in Virginia
  • 1868Earthquakes kill 25,000 and causes $300 million damages (Peru and Ecuador)
  • 1876Reciprocity Treaty between US and Hawaii ratified
  • 1881Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolese monarch
  • 1889William Gray patents coin-operated telephone
  • 1892US black newspaper "Afro-American" begins publishing from Baltimore
  • 1898US forces under George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish American War
  • 1902England beat Australia by one wicket at The Oval Famous victory
  • 1906Black soldiers raid Brownsville, Texas
  • 19071st taxicab (NYC)

Born on Aug 13

  • 1422William Caxton: 1st English printer (Histories of Troy)
  • 1617Johann A Quenstedt: German Lutherian theologist
  • 1655Johann Christoph Denner: Inventor (clarinet)
  • 1692Anton Simon Ignaz Praelisauer: Composer
  • 1704Lorenzo Fago: Composer
  • 1717Christoph Nichelsmann: German composer
  • 1721Francis Ireland: Composer
  • 1747Adrien-Joseph van Helmont: Composer
  • 1748Pieter L van de Kasteele: Dutch politician / patriot
  • 1802Nikolaus Lenau: Hungary -- German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser)
  • 1817Karoly Thern: Composer
  • 1819George Gabriel Stokes: Physicist / mathematician (spectroscope)
  • 1820George Grove: London, England -- Biblical Scholar / misicographer
  • 1820Joseph Alberdingk Thijm [Pauwels Foreestier]: Poet (Dietsche Warande)
  • 1826William Thomas Best: Composer
  • 1831Salomon Jaoassohn: Composer
  • 1840Giovanni Verga: Italian writer (Eros)
  • 1851John Lincoln Clem: Drummer (Union volunteers), died in 1937
  • 1867Rudolf Georg Binding: German songwriter / writer (Legenden Der Zeit)
  • 1867William A Craigie: Scottish lexicographer (Skotlands Rimur)
  • 1871Karl Liebknecht: German revolutionary marxist (Sparta Party)
  • 1878Leonid Vladimirovich Nikolayev: Composer
  • 1878Salomon "Sam" de Wolff: Dutch zionist / socialist theorist
  • 1879John N Ireland: English composer / pianist (Mai-Dun)
  • 1881Jacqueline [Pierrette] R van Stuwe [Eline v S]: Dutch author
  • 1886Jacob Pierneef: South Africa -- Painter
  • 1888John Logie Baird: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Inventor (father of TV)
  • 1890[Lavinia] Marian Fleming Poe: Virginia, United States
  • 1894Ferdinand Sassen: Dutch philosopher / director
  • 1894Leonid Alexeyevich Polovinkin: Composer

Died on Aug 13

  • 0662Maximus Confessor: Greek Theologist / crusader
  • 0900Zwentibold: King of Lutherans (895-900), dies in battle at 29
  • 1134Irene [Pirisca]: Byzantine empress
  • 1191Philips van Heinsberg: Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1278Daikaku: Zen teacher Rinzai line / head of Kenchoji, dies in Japan at 65
  • 1637Dirck J Bas: Dutch Merchant / regent / government leader (OIC)
  • 1674Lars Johnstown [Lasse Lucidor]: Swedish poet, dies at 35
  • 1749J E Schlegel: Writer
  • 1762John Alberti: Theologist / philological, dies at 64
  • 1808Henri Hardouin: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1841Bernhard Heinrich Romberg: German composer, dies at 73
  • 1841Bernhard Romberg: German cellist / composer
  • 1860Danillo II: Ruler of Montenegro
  • 1865Ignaz Semmelweis: Gynecologist, dies at 47
  • 1886Adolf von Doss: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1895Christian B Freiherr von Tauchnitz: German publisher (T Edition)
  • 1896John Everett Millais: English painter, dies at 67
  • 1897Antonius von der Linde: Neth / German librarian, dies at 63
  • 1908Ira D Sankey: US evangelist / Composer / singer (Gospel Hymns), dies at 67
  • 1910Florence Nightingale: English nurse, dies at 90
  • 1912Jules EF Massenet: French opera Composer (Werther, Manon), dies at 70
  • 1913F August Bebel: German social-democrat
  • 1916Fritz Steinbach: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1924Julian Aguirre: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1927James Curwood: US journalist / writer (Valley of Silent Men), dies at 49
  • 1928Fernand de La Tombelle: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1933Paul Joseph Guillaume Hillemacher: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1940George C Pearce: Actor (Hold tat Lion, British Agent), dies at 75
  • 1946H[erbert] G[eorge] Wells: Sci-fi Author (Time Machine), dies at 79
  • 1946Valery Viktorovich Zhelobinsky: Composer, dies at 33

Historical events on August 14

  • 0554Ravenna becomes seat of Byzantines milt Governor in Italy
  • 1248Construction of Cologne Cathedral begun
  • 1281Kublai Khans invading fleet disappears in typhoon near Japan
  • 1385Portuguese defeat Castilians at Aljubarrota, retain independence
  • 1395Utrecht Bishop Frederik of Blankenheim occupies Coevorden
  • 1457Oldest known exactly dated printed book (c 3 years after Gutenberg)
  • 1498Columbus landed at the mouth of the Orinoco River in Venezuela
  • 1551Turkish fleet under Dragut occupies Tripoli
  • 1559Spanish explorer de Luna lands in Pensacola Bay, Florida
  • 1585Queen Elizabeth I refuses sovereignty of the Netherlands
  • 1597Cornelis de Houtmans fleet is 1st Dutch visit to Java
  • 1624Dutch fleet ceases Callao the Lima in Peru
  • 1636Spanish troops occupy Corbie at Amiens
  • 1642Able Tasmans ships Heemskerck / Zeehaen depart out of Batavia
  • 1678Battle of Mons-French repulse William of Orange
  • 1743Prussian army occupies Saksen, beginning 2nd Silezian War
  • 1756French capture Fort Oswego, New York
  • 1758Battle at Zorndorf: Prussia beat Russia, 1000s killed
  • 1762English fleet occupies Havana
  • 1765Mass colonists challenge British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree)
  • 1782Suriname forbids selling slave mothers without their babies
  • 1790Sweden and Russia sign Peace of Verela
  • 1813British warship Pelican attacks and captures US war brigantine Argus
  • 1816Great Britain annexes Tristan da Cunha
  • 18201st US eye hospital, the New York Eye Infirmary, opens in New York City
  • 1824General Lafayette returns to US
  • 1825Dutch King Willem I throws foreign students out
  • 1842Seminole War ends; Indians removed from Florida to Oklahoma
  • 1846Henry David Thoreau jailed for tax resistance
  • 1848Oregon Territory created

Born on August 14

  • 1552Fra Paolo Sarpi [Paulus Venetus]: Expert / philosopher
  • 1675Johann Georg Christian Storl: Composer
  • 1688Frederik Willem I: King of Prussia (bodyguard of giants)
  • 1714Claude-Joseph Vernet: French painter
  • 1737Charles Hutton: Mathematician
  • 1740Pius VII [Luigi B Chiaramonti]: Bishop of Imola / Pope (1800-23)
  • 1742Marie Allard: French ballerina (Auguste Vestris)
  • 1758Carle [Antoine CH] Vernet: French painter / lithographer
  • 1769Friedrich Ludwig Dulon: Flautist / composer
  • 1777Hans Christian Oersted: Den, physicist / chemist (View of Chemical Law)
  • 1784Francesco Capaccini: Italian Cardinal / diplomat
  • 1810Samuel Sebastian Wesley: Composer
  • 1814Henry Hayes Lockwood: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
  • 1821Clement Hoffman "Rock" Stevens: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1823Karel Miry: Composer
  • 1824William Terry: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1888
  • 1836Walter Besant: Writer / philanthropist (Rebel Queen)
  • 1840Baron Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing: Psychiatrist
  • 1842Henry Duff Trail: Journalist / author
  • 1850Earnest YY [Bachigaloupi] Tourniaire: Actor (Kloris & Roses)
  • 1860Ernest T Seton: Naturalist / painter / author (Buffalo Wind-1938)
  • 1861Bion Joseph Arnold: Electrical engineer / inventor
  • 1867John Galsworthy: England, United Kingdom -- Author (Forsyte Saga-Nobel 1932)
  • 1868Leone Sinigaglia: Composer
  • 1876Alexander I Obrenovic: King of Serbia / Yugoslavia (1922-34)
  • 1876Sibilla Aleramo [Rina Faccio]: Italian feminist / poet (Una Donna)
  • 1878Harald Kidde: Danish writer (Aage og Else)
  • 1883Ernest E Just: Biologist (pioneered cell division)
  • 1891Marinus de Jong: Composer
  • 1892Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji: Composer

Died on August 14

  • 1167Raynald van Dassel: Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1433Johan I: King of Portugal (1383-1433), dies at 76
  • 1587Gugliemo Gonzaga: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1727William Croft: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1763Giovanni Battista Somis: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1778Augustus Montague Toplady: Hymn writer (Rock of Ages)
  • 1785John William Fletcher: Evangelist
  • 1788Thomas Sheridan: Actor / biographer / lexicographer (Intelligencer)
  • 1794George Colman [the Elder]: Playwright
  • 1833Luigi Cagnola: Architect
  • 1834Friedrich Christian Ruppe: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1844Henry Francis Cary: Translator (Dante)
  • 1856William Buckland: Dean (Westminister) / geologist
  • 1858George Combe: Phrenologist
  • 1863Colin Campbell: British officer (Cawnpore), dies at 70
  • 1867Niccola Benvenuti: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1870David [James] Glasgow Farragut: Admiral
  • 1884Arnoldus Pannevis: South African shipping agent / linguist, dies at 46
  • 1887Richard Jeffries: Naturalist / essayist
  • 1922Alfred CW Harmsworth: 1st viscount Northcliffe / newspaper magnate
  • 1923Jacob T Cremer: President (Dutch Handel-Mij), dies at 76
  • 1928Klabund [Alfred Henschke]: German writer (Spuk / Rasputin), dies at 37
  • 1932Rin Tin Tin: US Hollywood-dog
  • 1936Rainey Bethea: Hanged, last US public execution
  • 1937Sapper: British soldier / Novelist (Bull-Dog Drummond), dies at 48
  • 1938Landon Ronald: Composer / pianist, dies at 65
  • 1941Josef Jakobs: German spy, executed in Tower of London
  • 1946Susan St James [Susan Jane Miller]: LA California, actress (Kate & Allie)
  • 1949Husni al-Barazi: Premier of Syria, shot to death
  • 1949Husni el-Zaim: President / Dictator of Syria, shot to death