Events on Aug 14

  • 0554Ravenna becomes seat of Byzantines milt Governor in Italy
  • 1248Construction of Cologne Cathedral begun
  • 1281Kublai Khans invading fleet disappears in typhoon near Japan
  • 1385Portuguese defeat Castilians at Aljubarrota, retain independence
  • 1395Utrecht Bishop Frederik of Blankenheim occupies Coevorden
  • 1457Oldest known exactly dated printed book (c 3 years after Gutenberg)
  • 1498Columbus landed at the mouth of the Orinoco River in Venezuela
  • 1551Turkish fleet under Dragut occupies Tripoli
  • 1559Spanish explorer de Luna lands in Pensacola Bay, Florida
  • 1585Queen Elizabeth I refuses sovereignty of the Netherlands
  • 1597Cornelis de Houtmans fleet is 1st Dutch visit to Java
  • 1624Dutch fleet ceases Callao the Lima in Peru
  • 1636Spanish troops occupy Corbie at Amiens
  • 1642Able Tasmans ships Heemskerck / Zeehaen depart out of Batavia
  • 1678Battle of Mons-French repulse William of Orange
  • 1743Prussian army occupies Saksen, beginning 2nd Silezian War
  • 1756French capture Fort Oswego, New York
  • 1758Battle at Zorndorf: Prussia beat Russia, 1000s killed
  • 1762English fleet occupies Havana
  • 1765Mass colonists challenge British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree)
  • 1782Suriname forbids selling slave mothers without their babies
  • 1790Sweden and Russia sign Peace of Verela
  • 1813British warship Pelican attacks and captures US war brigantine Argus
  • 1816Great Britain annexes Tristan da Cunha
  • 18201st US eye hospital, the New York Eye Infirmary, opens in New York City
  • 1824General Lafayette returns to US
  • 1825Dutch King Willem I throws foreign students out
  • 1842Seminole War ends; Indians removed from Florida to Oklahoma
  • 1846Henry David Thoreau jailed for tax resistance
  • 1848Oregon Territory created

Born on Aug 14

  • 1552Fra Paolo Sarpi [Paulus Venetus]: Expert / philosopher
  • 1675Johann Georg Christian Storl: Composer
  • 1688Frederik Willem I: King of Prussia (bodyguard of giants)
  • 1714Claude-Joseph Vernet: French painter
  • 1737Charles Hutton: Mathematician
  • 1740Pius VII [Luigi B Chiaramonti]: Bishop of Imola / Pope (1800-23)
  • 1742Marie Allard: French ballerina (Auguste Vestris)
  • 1758Carle [Antoine CH] Vernet: French painter / lithographer
  • 1769Friedrich Ludwig Dulon: Flautist / composer
  • 1777Hans Christian Oersted: Den, physicist / chemist (View of Chemical Law)
  • 1784Francesco Capaccini: Italian Cardinal / diplomat
  • 1810Samuel Sebastian Wesley: Composer
  • 1814Henry Hayes Lockwood: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
  • 1821Clement Hoffman "Rock" Stevens: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1823Karel Miry: Composer
  • 1824William Terry: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1888
  • 1836Walter Besant: Writer / philanthropist (Rebel Queen)
  • 1840Baron Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing: Psychiatrist
  • 1842Henry Duff Trail: Journalist / author
  • 1850Earnest YY [Bachigaloupi] Tourniaire: Actor (Kloris & Roses)
  • 1860Ernest T Seton: Naturalist / painter / author (Buffalo Wind-1938)
  • 1861Bion Joseph Arnold: Electrical engineer / inventor
  • 1867John Galsworthy: England, United Kingdom -- Author (Forsyte Saga-Nobel 1932)
  • 1868Leone Sinigaglia: Composer
  • 1876Alexander I Obrenovic: King of Serbia / Yugoslavia (1922-34)
  • 1876Sibilla Aleramo [Rina Faccio]: Italian feminist / poet (Una Donna)
  • 1878Harald Kidde: Danish writer (Aage og Else)
  • 1883Ernest E Just: Biologist (pioneered cell division)
  • 1891Marinus de Jong: Composer
  • 1892Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji: Composer

Died on Aug 14

  • 1167Raynald van Dassel: Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1433Johan I: King of Portugal (1383-1433), dies at 76
  • 1587Gugliemo Gonzaga: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1727William Croft: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1763Giovanni Battista Somis: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1778Augustus Montague Toplady: Hymn writer (Rock of Ages)
  • 1785John William Fletcher: Evangelist
  • 1788Thomas Sheridan: Actor / biographer / lexicographer (Intelligencer)
  • 1794George Colman [the Elder]: Playwright
  • 1833Luigi Cagnola: Architect
  • 1834Friedrich Christian Ruppe: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1844Henry Francis Cary: Translator (Dante)
  • 1856William Buckland: Dean (Westminister) / geologist
  • 1858George Combe: Phrenologist
  • 1863Colin Campbell: British officer (Cawnpore), dies at 70
  • 1867Niccola Benvenuti: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1870David [James] Glasgow Farragut: Admiral
  • 1884Arnoldus Pannevis: South African shipping agent / linguist, dies at 46
  • 1887Richard Jeffries: Naturalist / essayist
  • 1922Alfred CW Harmsworth: 1st viscount Northcliffe / newspaper magnate
  • 1923Jacob T Cremer: President (Dutch Handel-Mij), dies at 76
  • 1928Klabund [Alfred Henschke]: German writer (Spuk / Rasputin), dies at 37
  • 1932Rin Tin Tin: US Hollywood-dog
  • 1936Rainey Bethea: Hanged, last US public execution
  • 1937Sapper: British soldier / Novelist (Bull-Dog Drummond), dies at 48
  • 1938Landon Ronald: Composer / pianist, dies at 65
  • 1941Josef Jakobs: German spy, executed in Tower of London
  • 1946Susan St James [Susan Jane Miller]: LA California, actress (Kate & Allie)
  • 1949Husni al-Barazi: Premier of Syria, shot to death
  • 1949Husni el-Zaim: President / Dictator of Syria, shot to death

Historical events on August 15

  • 0778Battle at Roncevalles: Basques beat Charles the Great
  • 1308Johannieter knights conquer Rhodos on the Greece
  • 1457Earliest dated book, "Mainz Psalter, " completed
  • 1519Panama City founded
  • 1534Ignatius of Loyola forms society of Jesus / Jesuits
  • 1548Mary Queen of Scotland (6) arrives in France
  • 1549Portuguese missionaries Franciscus Xaverius lands in Kagoshima Japan
  • 1620Mayflower sets sail from Southampton with 102 Pilgrims
  • 16351st recorded US hurricane hits the Plymouth Colony
  • 1668Rijnbond disbands
  • 1684Spain and Germany sign cease fire with France
  • 1741French troops attack the Rhine
  • 1748United Lutheran Church of US organized
  • 1785French Cardinal De Rohan arrested
  • 1795Joseph Haydn leaves England forever
  • 1824Freed American slaves forms country of Liberia
  • 1832Gregory XVI encyclical On liberalism and religious indifferentism
  • 1843National black convention meets (Buffalo NY)
  • 1843Tivoli Park in Copenhagen opens
  • 1848M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair
  • 1858Regular mail to Pacific coast begins
  • 1861Lincoln directs reinforcements to be sent to MI
  • 1863Submarine "HL Hunley" arrives in Charleston on railroad cars
  • 1864Off New England coast, CSS Tallahassee captures 6 yankee schooners
  • 18672nd Reform Bill extends suffrage in England
  • 1870Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado
  • 1876US law removes Indians from Black Hills after gold find
  • 1886Guy Hecker scores 7 runs in 1 game
  • 18924th and last British government of Gladstone forms
  • 1893US no longer allowed exclusive rights in Bering Sea

Born on August 15

  • 1432Luigi Pulci: Italy -- Poet (Morgante)
  • 1619Hubertus Quellinus [Quellien]: Flemish cartoonist / copper plate
  • 1688Frederick-William I: King of Prussia (1713-1740)
  • 1702Francesco Zuccarelli: Italian rococo painter / etcher
  • 1725Ferdinando Bertoni: Composer
  • 1727Johann Georg Holzbogen: Composer
  • 1736Johann Christoph Kellner: Composer
  • 1740M Claudius: Writer
  • 1741Thomas Norris: Composer
  • 1771Walter Scott: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Novelist / poet (Lady of Lake)
  • 1776Gottlieb Schick: German painter (Apollo under the Hirten)
  • 1776Ignaz Xaver von Seyfried: Composer
  • 1782Henri MG Earl the Merode: Belgian revolutionary (Souvenirs)
  • 1785Thomas De Quincey: England, United Kingdom -- Writer (Confessions of English Opium Eater)
  • 1787Alexander Aliabiev: Composer
  • 1788Carel SW van Hogendorp: Dutch colonial director
  • 1794Elias M Fries: Swedish Botanist (System mycologicum)
  • 1803James Douglas: Father of British Columbia
  • 1822Wilhelm Rust: Composer
  • 1823Orris Sanford Ferry: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1829Eduard de Hartog: Composer
  • 1839Hugh Archibald Clarke: Composer
  • 1845Walter Crane: England, United Kingdom -- Painter / illustrator (Beauty & Beast)
  • 1851[Georgette A] Helena Amelung: Dutch actress (Scapegoat)
  • 1856J Keir Hardie: 1st Labour representative in British Parliament
  • 1860Florence Kling DeWolfe Harding: 1st lady (1921-23)
  • 1860Roosje Vos: Dutch union organizer
  • 1865Johan[nes] B Schepers: Frisian writer (Braga)
  • 1872Harold Fraser-Simson: Composer
  • 1872Rubin Goldmark: Composer

Died on August 15

  • 0423Flavius Honorius: Emperor East Roman Republic (395-423)
  • 1038Stefanus I [Arpad]: 1st King of Hungary
  • 1057Macbeth: King of Scotland, slain by Son of King Duncan
  • 1118Alexius I Comnenus: Emperor of Byzantium (1081-1118)
  • 1464Pius II [Aenea S Piccolomini]: Italian Pope (1458-64), dies at 58
  • 1576Baliny Valentin Bakfark: Composer
  • 1600Johann Baptista Serranus: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1615Cornelis C Vrancx: Flemish Poet / writer (Comfort of Soles)
  • 1619Miriam Bella: Head of Jewish community of Cracow
  • 1666Johann A Schall von Bell: German Missionary / astronomer
  • 1725Gerard Noodt: Lawyer, dies at 77
  • 1728Marin Marias: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1729Benjamin Neukirch: German Poet (Herrn von Hofmannswaldau), dies at 64
  • 1758Pierre Bouguer: French Mathematician (fotometrie), dies at 60
  • 1798Felice Alessandri: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1807Johann N Tetens: German / Danish philosopher / mathematician, dies at 70
  • 1848Timothy Olmstead: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1852Johan Gadolin: Finnish chemist (discovered yttrium), dies at 92
  • 1853Giovanni Battista Polledro: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1864Daniel Phineas Woodbury: US engineer / Union General Major
  • 1901Karl Weinhold: Germany -- Sociologist, dies at 77
  • 1907Joseph Joachim: German violinist / composer, dies at 76
  • 1915Albert Siegfried Bettelheim: Jew convicted of murder, lynched
  • 1918Peter Gast: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1935Gerard Brucken Fock: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1935Wiley Post: Aviation pioneer, killed in plane crash in Alaska at 36
  • 1935Will Rogers: Humoprist, killed in plane crash in Alaska at 55
  • 1936Grazia Deledda: Sardina / Italian Author (Nobel 1926), dies at 64
  • 1936Stanislaw Niewiadomski: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1951Artur Schnabel: Austria / US pianist (Reflections on Music), dies at 69