Events on Aug 15

  • 0778Battle at Roncevalles: Basques beat Charles the Great
  • 1308Johannieter knights conquer Rhodos on the Greece
  • 1457Earliest dated book, "Mainz Psalter, " completed
  • 1519Panama City founded
  • 1534Ignatius of Loyola forms society of Jesus / Jesuits
  • 1548Mary Queen of Scotland (6) arrives in France
  • 1549Portuguese missionaries Franciscus Xaverius lands in Kagoshima Japan
  • 1620Mayflower sets sail from Southampton with 102 Pilgrims
  • 16351st recorded US hurricane hits the Plymouth Colony
  • 1668Rijnbond disbands
  • 1684Spain and Germany sign cease fire with France
  • 1741French troops attack the Rhine
  • 1748United Lutheran Church of US organized
  • 1785French Cardinal De Rohan arrested
  • 1795Joseph Haydn leaves England forever
  • 1824Freed American slaves forms country of Liberia
  • 1832Gregory XVI encyclical On liberalism and religious indifferentism
  • 1843National black convention meets (Buffalo NY)
  • 1843Tivoli Park in Copenhagen opens
  • 1848M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair
  • 1858Regular mail to Pacific coast begins
  • 1861Lincoln directs reinforcements to be sent to MI
  • 1863Submarine "HL Hunley" arrives in Charleston on railroad cars
  • 1864Off New England coast, CSS Tallahassee captures 6 yankee schooners
  • 18672nd Reform Bill extends suffrage in England
  • 1870Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado
  • 1876US law removes Indians from Black Hills after gold find
  • 1886Guy Hecker scores 7 runs in 1 game
  • 18924th and last British government of Gladstone forms
  • 1893US no longer allowed exclusive rights in Bering Sea

Born on Aug 15

  • 1432Luigi Pulci: Italy -- Poet (Morgante)
  • 1619Hubertus Quellinus [Quellien]: Flemish cartoonist / copper plate
  • 1688Frederick-William I: King of Prussia (1713-1740)
  • 1702Francesco Zuccarelli: Italian rococo painter / etcher
  • 1725Ferdinando Bertoni: Composer
  • 1727Johann Georg Holzbogen: Composer
  • 1736Johann Christoph Kellner: Composer
  • 1740M Claudius: Writer
  • 1741Thomas Norris: Composer
  • 1771Walter Scott: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Novelist / poet (Lady of Lake)
  • 1776Gottlieb Schick: German painter (Apollo under the Hirten)
  • 1776Ignaz Xaver von Seyfried: Composer
  • 1782Henri MG Earl the Merode: Belgian revolutionary (Souvenirs)
  • 1785Thomas De Quincey: England, United Kingdom -- Writer (Confessions of English Opium Eater)
  • 1787Alexander Aliabiev: Composer
  • 1788Carel SW van Hogendorp: Dutch colonial director
  • 1794Elias M Fries: Swedish Botanist (System mycologicum)
  • 1803James Douglas: Father of British Columbia
  • 1822Wilhelm Rust: Composer
  • 1823Orris Sanford Ferry: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1829Eduard de Hartog: Composer
  • 1839Hugh Archibald Clarke: Composer
  • 1845Walter Crane: England, United Kingdom -- Painter / illustrator (Beauty & Beast)
  • 1851[Georgette A] Helena Amelung: Dutch actress (Scapegoat)
  • 1856J Keir Hardie: 1st Labour representative in British Parliament
  • 1860Florence Kling DeWolfe Harding: 1st lady (1921-23)
  • 1860Roosje Vos: Dutch union organizer
  • 1865Johan[nes] B Schepers: Frisian writer (Braga)
  • 1872Harold Fraser-Simson: Composer
  • 1872Rubin Goldmark: Composer

Died on Aug 15

  • 0423Flavius Honorius: Emperor East Roman Republic (395-423)
  • 1038Stefanus I [Arpad]: 1st King of Hungary
  • 1057Macbeth: King of Scotland, slain by Son of King Duncan
  • 1118Alexius I Comnenus: Emperor of Byzantium (1081-1118)
  • 1464Pius II [Aenea S Piccolomini]: Italian Pope (1458-64), dies at 58
  • 1576Baliny Valentin Bakfark: Composer
  • 1600Johann Baptista Serranus: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1615Cornelis C Vrancx: Flemish Poet / writer (Comfort of Soles)
  • 1619Miriam Bella: Head of Jewish community of Cracow
  • 1666Johann A Schall von Bell: German Missionary / astronomer
  • 1725Gerard Noodt: Lawyer, dies at 77
  • 1728Marin Marias: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1729Benjamin Neukirch: German Poet (Herrn von Hofmannswaldau), dies at 64
  • 1758Pierre Bouguer: French Mathematician (fotometrie), dies at 60
  • 1798Felice Alessandri: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1807Johann N Tetens: German / Danish philosopher / mathematician, dies at 70
  • 1848Timothy Olmstead: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1852Johan Gadolin: Finnish chemist (discovered yttrium), dies at 92
  • 1853Giovanni Battista Polledro: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1864Daniel Phineas Woodbury: US engineer / Union General Major
  • 1901Karl Weinhold: Germany -- Sociologist, dies at 77
  • 1907Joseph Joachim: German violinist / composer, dies at 76
  • 1915Albert Siegfried Bettelheim: Jew convicted of murder, lynched
  • 1918Peter Gast: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1935Gerard Brucken Fock: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1935Wiley Post: Aviation pioneer, killed in plane crash in Alaska at 36
  • 1935Will Rogers: Humoprist, killed in plane crash in Alaska at 55
  • 1936Grazia Deledda: Sardina / Italian Author (Nobel 1926), dies at 64
  • 1936Stanislaw Niewiadomski: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1951Artur Schnabel: Austria / US pianist (Reflections on Music), dies at 69

Historical events on August 16

  • 1290Charles van Valois weds Margaretha van Anjou
  • 1513Battle at Eguinegatte / Guinegate: Maximilian and Henry III beat France
  • 1625Earnest Casimir of Nassau-Dietz appointed Viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1691Yorktown Va founded
  • 1717Prince Eugenius of Savoye occupies Belgrade
  • 1743Earliest boxing code of rules formulated in England (Jack Broughton)
  • 1748"Geldermalsen" sails to East-Indies
  • 1777Americans defeat British in Battle of Bennington, Vermont
  • 1780British decisively defeat Americans in Battle of Camden, South Carolina
  • 1797Comet C / 1797 P1 (Bouvard-Herschel) approaches 0.0879 AUs of Earth
  • 1812Gen Hull surrenders Detroit and Michigan territory to England
  • 1819Manchester Massacre: English police charge unemployed demonstrators
  • 1829Siamese twins Chang and Eng Bunker arrive in Boston to be exhibited
  • 1834Charles Darwin climbs Mt Campana in Chile
  • 1861President Lincoln prohibits Union states from trading with Confederacy
  • 1861Skirmishes at Fredericktown / Kirkville, Missouri
  • 1863Chickamauga campaign Georgia
  • 1863Emancipation Proclamation signed
  • 18644th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia, Federal assault
  • 1864Battle of Front Royal VA (Guard Hill)
  • 1876Opera "Siegfried" premieres in Bayreuth
  • 1882British under General Wolseley land in Alexandria
  • 1890Alexander Clark, journalist / lawyer, named Minister to Liberia
  • 1894Indian chiefs from the Sioux and Onondaga tribes met to urge their people to renounce Christianity and return to their old Indian faith
  • 1896Gold discovered in Klondike, found at Bonanza Creek, Ala
  • 1898Edwin Prescott patents roller coaster
  • 1903Tigers play a home game in Toledo Ohio, Yanks win 12-8
  • 1904New York City begins building Grand Central Station
  • 1905Mbunga-rebellion occupy German post Ifakara East-Africa
  • 1907Abd al-Hafid proclaims himself Sultan of Morocco

Born on August 16

  • 1397Albrecht II von Habsburg: King of Bohemia / Hungary / Germany
  • 1550Carolus Gallus [Karel de Haan]: Dutch lawyer / pastor / vicar
  • 1622Tsjerk H de Vries: Fleet guardian
  • 1769Jean Aime Vernier: Composer
  • 1776Philipp Jakob Riotte: Composer
  • 1795Heinrich August Marschner: Composer
  • 1816Joseph Robinson: Composer
  • 1817Henry Winter Davis: MC (Union), died in 1865
  • 1828Joseph Bradford Carr: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1831Edward Payson Chapin: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1832Wilhelm Wundt: German physiologist / psychologist / philosopher
  • 1836John Farmer: Composer
  • 1837Emile A H Seipgens: Dutch priest / beer brewer
  • 1845Gabriel Lippmann: French physicist
  • 1846Justus van Maurik: Dutch cigar manufacturer / writer / editor (Groene)
  • 1860Jules Laforgue: Uruguay -- French poet (Les Complaintas)
  • 1862Amos Alonzo Stagg: Football pioneer, inventor (tackling dummy)
  • 1864Ferdinand C S Schiller: British philosopher (Riddles of the Sphinx)
  • 1868Bernard MacFadden: Publisher (Physical Culture, True Romances)
  • 1868Charles Sanford Skilton: Composer
  • 1871Zakhary Petrovich Paliashvili: Composer
  • 1877Karl L Hoschna: Composer
  • 1882Pierre H Ritter, Jr.: Dutch literary / head (Utrecht Newspaper)
  • 1884Adrian S Oppenheim: Dutch lawyer / adviser (British Petroleum / Shell)
  • 1884Hugo Gernsback: Sci-fi writer (1960 Hugo)
  • 1885Charles Carson: London, England -- Actor (Cry the Beloved Country)
  • 1887Nadia Boulanger: Conductor (1st woman to conduct Boston Symphony)
  • 1892Harold Foster: Cartoonist (created "Prince Valiant")
  • 1894George Meany: NYC, New York -- Labor leader (headed AFL-CIO)
  • 1895Jacinto Guerrero: Composer

Died on August 16

  • 1508Henry van Stolberg and Wernigerode: German Viceroy of Friesland, dies at 41
  • 1532Johan de Standvastige: Monarch of Saxon (Schmalkaldisch)
  • 1603Silvio Antoniano: Italian Cardinal / Theologist (Tre libri), dies at 62
  • 1661Thomas Fuller: English Prime Minister, dies at 53
  • 1675Bogdan Chmilnicki: Cosack leader / murderer of 300, 000 Jews
  • 1678Andrew Marvell: English Poet (Definition of Love), ODs at 57
  • 1705Jean / Jacobus Bernouilli: Swiss mathematician, dies at 50
  • 1738Joe Miller: English comic
  • 1748Pietro Giuseppe Sandoni: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1786Henri-Jacques de Croes: Flemish Composer / bandmaster, dies at 80
  • 1799Vincenzo Manfredini: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1807Claude C Saunier: French furniture maker, dies at about 72
  • 1831Eduard Brendler: Composer, dies at 30
  • 1854Duncan Phyfe: Furniture maker
  • 1864John Randolph Chambliss, Jr.: Planter / Confederate, dies in battle at 31
  • 1870Ludvig Anton Edmund Passy: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1886Swami Ramakrishna: Indies philosopher, dies at 50
  • 1894Herman van der Tuuk: Dutch linguist (Toba Batak grammar), dies at 70
  • 1910Charles Ferdinand Lenepveu: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1911Karl Munzinger: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1920J Norman Lockyer: English physicist (discovered helium in Sun)
  • 1929Frank Valentine Van der Stucken: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1938Robert Johnson: US Delta-blues singer / guitarist, poisoned at 27
  • 1940Billy Fiske: US RAF-pilot / 2nd lieutenant, dies of injuries
  • 1940Henri Desgrange: French cyclist / founder (Tour de France), dies at 75
  • 1944Roman Padlewski: Composer, dies at 28
  • 1945Nico Richter: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1945Takijiro Ohnishi: Led Japanese kamikaze pilots (harakiri)
  • 1946Herman Harrell Horne: Philosopher (idealism)
  • 1948Babe Ruth: Baseball legend (New York Yankees), dies in New York at 53