Events on Aug 16

  • 1290Charles van Valois weds Margaretha van Anjou
  • 1513Battle at Eguinegatte / Guinegate: Maximilian and Henry III beat France
  • 1625Earnest Casimir of Nassau-Dietz appointed Viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1691Yorktown Va founded
  • 1717Prince Eugenius of Savoye occupies Belgrade
  • 1743Earliest boxing code of rules formulated in England (Jack Broughton)
  • 1748"Geldermalsen" sails to East-Indies
  • 1777Americans defeat British in Battle of Bennington, Vermont
  • 1780British decisively defeat Americans in Battle of Camden, South Carolina
  • 1797Comet C / 1797 P1 (Bouvard-Herschel) approaches 0.0879 AUs of Earth
  • 1812Gen Hull surrenders Detroit and Michigan territory to England
  • 1819Manchester Massacre: English police charge unemployed demonstrators
  • 1829Siamese twins Chang and Eng Bunker arrive in Boston to be exhibited
  • 1834Charles Darwin climbs Mt Campana in Chile
  • 1861President Lincoln prohibits Union states from trading with Confederacy
  • 1861Skirmishes at Fredericktown / Kirkville, Missouri
  • 1863Chickamauga campaign Georgia
  • 1863Emancipation Proclamation signed
  • 18644th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia, Federal assault
  • 1864Battle of Front Royal VA (Guard Hill)
  • 1876Opera "Siegfried" premieres in Bayreuth
  • 1882British under General Wolseley land in Alexandria
  • 1890Alexander Clark, journalist / lawyer, named Minister to Liberia
  • 1894Indian chiefs from the Sioux and Onondaga tribes met to urge their people to renounce Christianity and return to their old Indian faith
  • 1896Gold discovered in Klondike, found at Bonanza Creek, Ala
  • 1898Edwin Prescott patents roller coaster
  • 1903Tigers play a home game in Toledo Ohio, Yanks win 12-8
  • 1904New York City begins building Grand Central Station
  • 1905Mbunga-rebellion occupy German post Ifakara East-Africa
  • 1907Abd al-Hafid proclaims himself Sultan of Morocco

Born on Aug 16

  • 1397Albrecht II von Habsburg: King of Bohemia / Hungary / Germany
  • 1550Carolus Gallus [Karel de Haan]: Dutch lawyer / pastor / vicar
  • 1622Tsjerk H de Vries: Fleet guardian
  • 1769Jean Aime Vernier: Composer
  • 1776Philipp Jakob Riotte: Composer
  • 1795Heinrich August Marschner: Composer
  • 1816Joseph Robinson: Composer
  • 1817Henry Winter Davis: MC (Union), died in 1865
  • 1828Joseph Bradford Carr: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1831Edward Payson Chapin: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1832Wilhelm Wundt: German physiologist / psychologist / philosopher
  • 1836John Farmer: Composer
  • 1837Emile A H Seipgens: Dutch priest / beer brewer
  • 1845Gabriel Lippmann: French physicist
  • 1846Justus van Maurik: Dutch cigar manufacturer / writer / editor (Groene)
  • 1860Jules Laforgue: Uruguay -- French poet (Les Complaintas)
  • 1862Amos Alonzo Stagg: Football pioneer, inventor (tackling dummy)
  • 1864Ferdinand C S Schiller: British philosopher (Riddles of the Sphinx)
  • 1868Bernard MacFadden: Publisher (Physical Culture, True Romances)
  • 1868Charles Sanford Skilton: Composer
  • 1871Zakhary Petrovich Paliashvili: Composer
  • 1877Karl L Hoschna: Composer
  • 1882Pierre H Ritter, Jr.: Dutch literary / head (Utrecht Newspaper)
  • 1884Adrian S Oppenheim: Dutch lawyer / adviser (British Petroleum / Shell)
  • 1884Hugo Gernsback: Sci-fi writer (1960 Hugo)
  • 1885Charles Carson: London, England -- Actor (Cry the Beloved Country)
  • 1887Nadia Boulanger: Conductor (1st woman to conduct Boston Symphony)
  • 1892Harold Foster: Cartoonist (created "Prince Valiant")
  • 1894George Meany: NYC, New York -- Labor leader (headed AFL-CIO)
  • 1895Jacinto Guerrero: Composer

Died on Aug 16

  • 1508Henry van Stolberg and Wernigerode: German Viceroy of Friesland, dies at 41
  • 1532Johan de Standvastige: Monarch of Saxon (Schmalkaldisch)
  • 1603Silvio Antoniano: Italian Cardinal / Theologist (Tre libri), dies at 62
  • 1661Thomas Fuller: English Prime Minister, dies at 53
  • 1675Bogdan Chmilnicki: Cosack leader / murderer of 300, 000 Jews
  • 1678Andrew Marvell: English Poet (Definition of Love), ODs at 57
  • 1705Jean / Jacobus Bernouilli: Swiss mathematician, dies at 50
  • 1738Joe Miller: English comic
  • 1748Pietro Giuseppe Sandoni: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1786Henri-Jacques de Croes: Flemish Composer / bandmaster, dies at 80
  • 1799Vincenzo Manfredini: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1807Claude C Saunier: French furniture maker, dies at about 72
  • 1831Eduard Brendler: Composer, dies at 30
  • 1854Duncan Phyfe: Furniture maker
  • 1864John Randolph Chambliss, Jr.: Planter / Confederate, dies in battle at 31
  • 1870Ludvig Anton Edmund Passy: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1886Swami Ramakrishna: Indies philosopher, dies at 50
  • 1894Herman van der Tuuk: Dutch linguist (Toba Batak grammar), dies at 70
  • 1910Charles Ferdinand Lenepveu: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1911Karl Munzinger: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1920J Norman Lockyer: English physicist (discovered helium in Sun)
  • 1929Frank Valentine Van der Stucken: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1938Robert Johnson: US Delta-blues singer / guitarist, poisoned at 27
  • 1940Billy Fiske: US RAF-pilot / 2nd lieutenant, dies of injuries
  • 1940Henri Desgrange: French cyclist / founder (Tour de France), dies at 75
  • 1944Roman Padlewski: Composer, dies at 28
  • 1945Nico Richter: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1945Takijiro Ohnishi: Led Japanese kamikaze pilots (harakiri)
  • 1946Herman Harrell Horne: Philosopher (idealism)
  • 1948Babe Ruth: Baseball legend (New York Yankees), dies in New York at 53

Historical events on August 17

  • 0682St. Leo II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1180Yoritomo Minamoto leads uprising against Emperor Kiyomori Taira
  • 1498Cardinal Borgia renounced his vows and office to marry a French princess
  • 1544Imperial / English armies occupy Saint-Dizier France
  • 1563King Charles IX of France (13) declared an adult
  • 1577Peace of Bergerac: Political rights for Huguenots
  • 1579Francois van Anjou visits English Queen Elizabeth I
  • 1585Antwerp surrenders after 8 months siege by Duke of Parma
  • 1717France, Russia and Prussia sign agreement
  • 1743Sweden and Russia sign peace treaty
  • 1787Jews are granted permission in Budapest Hungary to pray in groups
  • 1788Losantville, OH (now Cincinnati) founded
  • 1795Slave revolt at Knip plantation, Curacao
  • 1796English beat Bataafs navy in Saldanha Bay
  • 1808Napoleon asks King Louis for Holland brigade towards Spain
  • 1827Dutch King Willem I / Pope Leo XII sign concord
  • 1833Lou Gehrig breaks record by playing in his 1,308th straight game
  • 1834Charles Darwins reaches top of Campana Chile
  • 1835Solymon Merrick patents wrench
  • 1836British parliament accept registration of birth / marriage / death
  • 1836HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin leave South-America for last time
  • 1846US fleet officer Robert F Stockton annexes California
  • 18581st bank in Hawaii opens
  • 18591st air mail (in a balloon) took off from Lafayette, Indiana
  • 1862Confederate troops under Kirby Smith enter Kentucky
  • 1863Federal batteries and ships attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina
  • 1866Bathe and Prussia signs peace treaty
  • 18691st international boat race (Thames River, Oxford beats Harvard)
  • 18701st ascent of Mt Rainier, Washington
  • 1870Mrs Esther Morris becomes 1st woman magistrate (South Pass, Wyoming)

Born on August 17

  • 1586Johann V Andreae: German vicar / writer (Christenburg)
  • 1686Nicola Antonio Porpora: Composer
  • 1720Charles D J Eisen: French engraver / painter (Contes de La Fontaine)
  • 1775Philippe Libon: Composer
  • 1779Franz de Paula Roser: Composer
  • 1811Johannes H Scholten: Dutch theologist (Free Will)
  • 1817Joseph Baron Kervyn de Lettenhove: Belgian Internal Minister (1870-71)
  • 1819James Henry Van Alen: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1828George William Warren: Composer
  • 1834Peter Benoit: Flemish composer / conductor (Leie / Rubens Cantata)
  • 1839Hubert Platt Main: Composer
  • 1839Thijs [Matthijs] Maris: Dutch painter / etcher
  • 1840Wilfrid Scawen Blunt: England, United Kingdom -- Writer (Irish Land League)
  • 1844Menelik II: King of Ethiopia (1896-1913)
  • 1851Henry Drummond: Scottish geologist / evangelist
  • 1856Violet Paget [Vernon Lee]: British author (Satan the master)
  • 1870Frederick Russell: Developed 1st successful typhoid fever vaccine
  • 1876Eric Drummond: 1st Secretary General of League of Nations (1919-33)
  • 1876Henri G Winkelman: Dutch General / Supreme Commander / navy 1940
  • 1880Leo Ascher: Composer
  • 1882Samuel Goldwyn [Goldfish]: Movie producer (MGM)
  • 1885Clara [G Meijer-]Wichmann: German anarchists / feminist (Wife and society)
  • 1885Kurt Hiller: Writer
  • 1887Charles I: Last Emperor of Austria-Hungary (1916-18)
  • 1887Marcus Garvey: Began back-to-Africa movement among US blacks
  • 1888Monty Wooley: NYC, New York -- Actor (Pied Piper, Man Who Came to Dinner)
  • 1890Harry L Hopkins: US politician (Loan & Lease law)
  • 1894Erik A Blomberg: Swedish art historian / poet / author (Jorden)
  • 1894Johan Polet: Dutch sculptor
  • 1896Henry P de Vries: Dutch painter / poet (Laws of the Americas)

Died on August 17

  • 1464Nikolaus von Cusa: German Theologist / Mathematician / philosopher
  • 1510Richard Empson: English treasurer, beheaded
  • 1536Pietersz: Book publisher (Kersten Knight - on Index)
  • 1553Charles III: Duke of Savoy
  • 1635Francisco de Moncada: Spanish Earl of Osuna, dies at 48
  • 1676Grimmelshausen: Writer
  • 1681Nikon [Nikita Minin]: Patriarch of Russian-Orthodox church, dies at 76
  • 1730Mauritius Vogt: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1731Johann Augustin Kobelius: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1777Giuseppe Scarlotti: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1785Jonathan Trumbull: US patriot
  • 1786Frederik II: King of Prussia (1740-86) / composer, dies at 74
  • 1792Jan Jachym Kopriva: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1804Barbara Hec: Organized 1st Methodist church in US
  • 1850Jose Francisco de San Martin: South American revolutionary hero
  • 1865Johann Nepomuk Poissl: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1865Mosby Munroe Parsons: US Confederate General Major, dies in battle
  • 1878Richard Upjohn: US architect
  • 1880Ole Bull: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1887Franz Commer: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1888James Jameson: British nature investigator (Congo)
  • 1889Ernst Franck: German Composer / conductor, dies at 42
  • 1896Bridget Driscoll: 1st British to die in an auto-accident
  • 1898Carl Johann Adam Zeller: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1901Edmond Audran: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1909Richard Hoffman: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1914James Grierson: British General
  • 1915Leo Frank: Lynched for raping 12 year old in Georgia
  • 1924Pavel S "Paul" Urysohn: Russian mathematician, drowns at 26
  • 1927Horace Alderman: United States -- Murderer, hanged