Events on Aug 17

  • 0682St. Leo II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1180Yoritomo Minamoto leads uprising against Emperor Kiyomori Taira
  • 1498Cardinal Borgia renounced his vows and office to marry a French princess
  • 1544Imperial / English armies occupy Saint-Dizier France
  • 1563King Charles IX of France (13) declared an adult
  • 1577Peace of Bergerac: Political rights for Huguenots
  • 1579Francois van Anjou visits English Queen Elizabeth I
  • 1585Antwerp surrenders after 8 months siege by Duke of Parma
  • 1717France, Russia and Prussia sign agreement
  • 1743Sweden and Russia sign peace treaty
  • 1787Jews are granted permission in Budapest Hungary to pray in groups
  • 1788Losantville, OH (now Cincinnati) founded
  • 1795Slave revolt at Knip plantation, Curacao
  • 1796English beat Bataafs navy in Saldanha Bay
  • 1808Napoleon asks King Louis for Holland brigade towards Spain
  • 1827Dutch King Willem I / Pope Leo XII sign concord
  • 1833Lou Gehrig breaks record by playing in his 1,308th straight game
  • 1834Charles Darwins reaches top of Campana Chile
  • 1835Solymon Merrick patents wrench
  • 1836British parliament accept registration of birth / marriage / death
  • 1836HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin leave South-America for last time
  • 1846US fleet officer Robert F Stockton annexes California
  • 18581st bank in Hawaii opens
  • 18591st air mail (in a balloon) took off from Lafayette, Indiana
  • 1862Confederate troops under Kirby Smith enter Kentucky
  • 1863Federal batteries and ships attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina
  • 1866Bathe and Prussia signs peace treaty
  • 18691st international boat race (Thames River, Oxford beats Harvard)
  • 18701st ascent of Mt Rainier, Washington
  • 1870Mrs Esther Morris becomes 1st woman magistrate (South Pass, Wyoming)

Born on Aug 17

  • 1586Johann V Andreae: German vicar / writer (Christenburg)
  • 1686Nicola Antonio Porpora: Composer
  • 1720Charles D J Eisen: French engraver / painter (Contes de La Fontaine)
  • 1775Philippe Libon: Composer
  • 1779Franz de Paula Roser: Composer
  • 1811Johannes H Scholten: Dutch theologist (Free Will)
  • 1817Joseph Baron Kervyn de Lettenhove: Belgian Internal Minister (1870-71)
  • 1819James Henry Van Alen: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1828George William Warren: Composer
  • 1834Peter Benoit: Flemish composer / conductor (Leie / Rubens Cantata)
  • 1839Hubert Platt Main: Composer
  • 1839Thijs [Matthijs] Maris: Dutch painter / etcher
  • 1840Wilfrid Scawen Blunt: England, United Kingdom -- Writer (Irish Land League)
  • 1844Menelik II: King of Ethiopia (1896-1913)
  • 1851Henry Drummond: Scottish geologist / evangelist
  • 1856Violet Paget [Vernon Lee]: British author (Satan the master)
  • 1870Frederick Russell: Developed 1st successful typhoid fever vaccine
  • 1876Eric Drummond: 1st Secretary General of League of Nations (1919-33)
  • 1876Henri G Winkelman: Dutch General / Supreme Commander / navy 1940
  • 1880Leo Ascher: Composer
  • 1882Samuel Goldwyn [Goldfish]: Movie producer (MGM)
  • 1885Clara [G Meijer-]Wichmann: German anarchists / feminist (Wife and society)
  • 1885Kurt Hiller: Writer
  • 1887Charles I: Last Emperor of Austria-Hungary (1916-18)
  • 1887Marcus Garvey: Began back-to-Africa movement among US blacks
  • 1888Monty Wooley: NYC, New York -- Actor (Pied Piper, Man Who Came to Dinner)
  • 1890Harry L Hopkins: US politician (Loan & Lease law)
  • 1894Erik A Blomberg: Swedish art historian / poet / author (Jorden)
  • 1894Johan Polet: Dutch sculptor
  • 1896Henry P de Vries: Dutch painter / poet (Laws of the Americas)

Died on Aug 17

  • 1464Nikolaus von Cusa: German Theologist / Mathematician / philosopher
  • 1510Richard Empson: English treasurer, beheaded
  • 1536Pietersz: Book publisher (Kersten Knight - on Index)
  • 1553Charles III: Duke of Savoy
  • 1635Francisco de Moncada: Spanish Earl of Osuna, dies at 48
  • 1676Grimmelshausen: Writer
  • 1681Nikon [Nikita Minin]: Patriarch of Russian-Orthodox church, dies at 76
  • 1730Mauritius Vogt: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1731Johann Augustin Kobelius: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1777Giuseppe Scarlotti: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1785Jonathan Trumbull: US patriot
  • 1786Frederik II: King of Prussia (1740-86) / composer, dies at 74
  • 1792Jan Jachym Kopriva: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1804Barbara Hec: Organized 1st Methodist church in US
  • 1850Jose Francisco de San Martin: South American revolutionary hero
  • 1865Johann Nepomuk Poissl: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1865Mosby Munroe Parsons: US Confederate General Major, dies in battle
  • 1878Richard Upjohn: US architect
  • 1880Ole Bull: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1887Franz Commer: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1888James Jameson: British nature investigator (Congo)
  • 1889Ernst Franck: German Composer / conductor, dies at 42
  • 1896Bridget Driscoll: 1st British to die in an auto-accident
  • 1898Carl Johann Adam Zeller: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1901Edmond Audran: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1909Richard Hoffman: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1914James Grierson: British General
  • 1915Leo Frank: Lynched for raping 12 year old in Georgia
  • 1924Pavel S "Paul" Urysohn: Russian mathematician, drowns at 26
  • 1927Horace Alderman: United States -- Murderer, hanged

Historical events on August 18

  • 1289Pope Nicolaus IV publishes degree "Supra montem"
  • 1564Spanish King Philip II joins Council of Trente
  • 1572King Navarra Henri de Bourbon marries Margaretha van Valois
  • 1686Cassini reports seeing a satellite orbiting Venus
  • 1698Russian Czar Peter the Great arrives in Zaandam
  • 1700Swedish, English and Dutch army lands on Seeland, Denmark
  • 1735Evening Post begins publishing (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • 1769Gunpowder in Brescia Italy church explodes, killing 3,000
  • 1795Curacao Governor De Veer sends miltia to stop rebellious slaves
  • 1817Gloucester, Mass, newspapers tells of wild sea serpent seen offshore
  • 1834Mt Vesuvius erupts
  • 1835Last Pottawatomie Indians leave Chicago
  • 18381st US marine expedition
  • 1840Organization of American Society of Dental Surgeons founded (NY)
  • 1858Netherlands and Japan sign trade agreement
  • 1862Sioux Indians begin uprising in Minnesota (it is later crushed)
  • 18646th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia: Confederate assault
  • 1864Petersburg Campaign-Battle of Weldon Railroad day 1 of 3 days
  • 1868Pierre Janssan discovers helium in solar spectrum during eclipse
  • 1870Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties
  • 18721st mail-order catalog issued by A M Ward
  • 1886Carr Baker Neel and Samuel Neel win US Lawn Tennis Association doubles
  • 1891Hurricane hits Martinique, about 700 die
  • 1894Congress creates Bureau of Immigration
  • 1896Adolph Ochs (39) buys New York Times
  • 1914French troops under general Dubail occupy Sarrebourg
  • 1914President Wilson issues "Proclamation of Neutrality"
  • 1915Braves Field opens in Boston to see Braves beat Cards 3-1
  • 1917Dutch Naval Air Force forms (MLD)
  • 1919Anti-Cigarette League of America forms in Chicago Illinois

Born on August 18

  • 0472Flavius Ricimer: General of the Western Roman Empire, kingmaker
  • 1450Marko Marulic / Marulus / Splichanin / Pechinich: Croatian poet
  • 1579Charlotte Flandrina van Nassau: Daughter of Willem I of Orange
  • 1587Virginia Dare: 1st English child born in New World
  • 1587Virginia Dare: 1st American born of English parents
  • 1745Vaclav Josef Bartolomej Praupner: Composer
  • 1750Antonio Salieri: Italy -- Composer (Tatare)
  • 1769Alexandre Stievenard: Composer
  • 1774Meriwether Lewis: Charlottsville, Virginia -- Captain (Lewis & Clark Expedition)
  • 1778Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen: 1st to circumnavigate Antarctica
  • 1792John: 1st Earl Russell, British Whig Prime Minister (1846-52, 1865-66)
  • 1805Josef Danhauser: Austrian painter (Mutterliebe)
  • 1807Charles Francis Adams: (Union), died in 1886
  • 1813Benjamin Alvord: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1884
  • 1818William Farquhar Barry: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1879
  • 1823Willem J F Nuyens: Dutch Physician / RC historian
  • 1834Marshall Field: Conway, Massachusetts -- Owner (Field Department Store)
  • 1849Benjamin Louis Paul Godard: Composer
  • 1856Charles Hutchison Gabriel: Composer
  • 1856Jan Karol Gali: Composer
  • 1871Johan J Arch: Graphic artist (wood cutter)
  • 1873Leo Slezak: Austria -- Tenor / actor (Othello)
  • 1873Otto Harbach: Songwriter (Smoke Gets in Your Eyes)
  • 1875Johan E Elias: Historian (Amsterdam)
  • 1878Fritz Brun: Composer
  • 1881Hermann Karl Josef Zilcher: Composer
  • 1882Eugeen Calleen: Flemish sculptor
  • 1882Marcel Louis Auguste Samuel-Rousseau: Composer
  • 1883Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel: French fashion designer (Chanel)
  • 1887Nico J Polak: Dutch economist

Died on August 18

  • 1227Genghis Khan: Mongol conqueror
  • 1236Theodorus Van Celles: Monastery founder (Kruisheren)
  • 1276Adrian V [Ottobono Fieschi]: Italian Pope (7 / 11-8 / 18 / 1276)
  • 1503Alexander VI [Rodrigo de Borja]: Spanish Pope (1492-1503)
  • 1559Paul IV [Giampietro Caraffa]: Pope (1555-59), dies at 83
  • 1652Benjamin G Cuyp: Historical painter, dies at about 40
  • 1765Frans I Stefanus: RC German Emperor (1745-65), dies at 56
  • 1803James Beattie: Scottish Poet / philosopher (Essay on Truth), dies at 67
  • 1811Johann Heinrich Zang: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1840Antony CW Staring: Dutch patriot / Poet (Jaromir), dies at 73
  • 1850H de Balzac: Writer, dies at 51
  • 1853Peter Lichtenthal: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1863Thomas Welsh: US Union Brigadier General (Antietam), dies at 39
  • 1870Felix Salm-Salm: Prussian / US prince / Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1894William Charles Levey: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1896Frederick Nichols Crouch: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1901Richard Kleinmichel: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1907John Kerr: Physicist (magneto-optic Kerr-effect), dies at 82
  • 1916Edward D Pain: English journalist (NY World), dies in battle at 36
  • 1934Delilah L Beasley: US Author / columnist (Oakland Tribune), dies at 61
  • 1942Erwin Schulhoff: Czech / Russian Composer / pianist, dies at 48
  • 1943Hans Jeschonnek: German Air Force General / Chief of Staff, commits suicide
  • 1949Paul J Mares: US jazz trumpetist / Composer (Tin Roof Blues), dies at 49
  • 1950Julien Lahaut: Chairman Belgian Communist Party, murdered
  • 1952Ralph Byrd: Actor (Dick Tracy TV Show), dies at 43
  • 1957Wawrzyniec Jerzy Zulawski: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1961Learned Hand: Chief judge of US court of Appeals, dies at 89
  • 1961Leonhard Frank: Writer, dies at 78
  • 1962Cleo Ridgely: Silent screen actress (I Remember Mama), dies at 68
  • 1966Isaac Keesing: Dutch founder (System Keesing), dies at 80