Events on Aug 18

  • 1289Pope Nicolaus IV publishes degree "Supra montem"
  • 1564Spanish King Philip II joins Council of Trente
  • 1572King Navarra Henri de Bourbon marries Margaretha van Valois
  • 1686Cassini reports seeing a satellite orbiting Venus
  • 1698Russian Czar Peter the Great arrives in Zaandam
  • 1700Swedish, English and Dutch army lands on Seeland, Denmark
  • 1735Evening Post begins publishing (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • 1769Gunpowder in Brescia Italy church explodes, killing 3,000
  • 1795Curacao Governor De Veer sends miltia to stop rebellious slaves
  • 1817Gloucester, Mass, newspapers tells of wild sea serpent seen offshore
  • 1834Mt Vesuvius erupts
  • 1835Last Pottawatomie Indians leave Chicago
  • 18381st US marine expedition
  • 1840Organization of American Society of Dental Surgeons founded (NY)
  • 1858Netherlands and Japan sign trade agreement
  • 1862Sioux Indians begin uprising in Minnesota (it is later crushed)
  • 18646th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia: Confederate assault
  • 1864Petersburg Campaign-Battle of Weldon Railroad day 1 of 3 days
  • 1868Pierre Janssan discovers helium in solar spectrum during eclipse
  • 1870Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties
  • 18721st mail-order catalog issued by A M Ward
  • 1886Carr Baker Neel and Samuel Neel win US Lawn Tennis Association doubles
  • 1891Hurricane hits Martinique, about 700 die
  • 1894Congress creates Bureau of Immigration
  • 1896Adolph Ochs (39) buys New York Times
  • 1914French troops under general Dubail occupy Sarrebourg
  • 1914President Wilson issues "Proclamation of Neutrality"
  • 1915Braves Field opens in Boston to see Braves beat Cards 3-1
  • 1917Dutch Naval Air Force forms (MLD)
  • 1919Anti-Cigarette League of America forms in Chicago Illinois

Born on Aug 18

  • 0472Flavius Ricimer: General of the Western Roman Empire, kingmaker
  • 1450Marko Marulic / Marulus / Splichanin / Pechinich: Croatian poet
  • 1579Charlotte Flandrina van Nassau: Daughter of Willem I of Orange
  • 1587Virginia Dare: 1st English child born in New World
  • 1587Virginia Dare: 1st American born of English parents
  • 1745Vaclav Josef Bartolomej Praupner: Composer
  • 1750Antonio Salieri: Italy -- Composer (Tatare)
  • 1769Alexandre Stievenard: Composer
  • 1774Meriwether Lewis: Charlottsville, Virginia -- Captain (Lewis & Clark Expedition)
  • 1778Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen: 1st to circumnavigate Antarctica
  • 1792John: 1st Earl Russell, British Whig Prime Minister (1846-52, 1865-66)
  • 1805Josef Danhauser: Austrian painter (Mutterliebe)
  • 1807Charles Francis Adams: (Union), died in 1886
  • 1813Benjamin Alvord: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1884
  • 1818William Farquhar Barry: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1879
  • 1823Willem J F Nuyens: Dutch Physician / RC historian
  • 1834Marshall Field: Conway, Massachusetts -- Owner (Field Department Store)
  • 1849Benjamin Louis Paul Godard: Composer
  • 1856Charles Hutchison Gabriel: Composer
  • 1856Jan Karol Gali: Composer
  • 1871Johan J Arch: Graphic artist (wood cutter)
  • 1873Leo Slezak: Austria -- Tenor / actor (Othello)
  • 1873Otto Harbach: Songwriter (Smoke Gets in Your Eyes)
  • 1875Johan E Elias: Historian (Amsterdam)
  • 1878Fritz Brun: Composer
  • 1881Hermann Karl Josef Zilcher: Composer
  • 1882Eugeen Calleen: Flemish sculptor
  • 1882Marcel Louis Auguste Samuel-Rousseau: Composer
  • 1883Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel: French fashion designer (Chanel)
  • 1887Nico J Polak: Dutch economist

Died on Aug 18

  • 1227Genghis Khan: Mongol conqueror
  • 1236Theodorus Van Celles: Monastery founder (Kruisheren)
  • 1276Adrian V [Ottobono Fieschi]: Italian Pope (7 / 11-8 / 18 / 1276)
  • 1503Alexander VI [Rodrigo de Borja]: Spanish Pope (1492-1503)
  • 1559Paul IV [Giampietro Caraffa]: Pope (1555-59), dies at 83
  • 1652Benjamin G Cuyp: Historical painter, dies at about 40
  • 1765Frans I Stefanus: RC German Emperor (1745-65), dies at 56
  • 1803James Beattie: Scottish Poet / philosopher (Essay on Truth), dies at 67
  • 1811Johann Heinrich Zang: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1840Antony CW Staring: Dutch patriot / Poet (Jaromir), dies at 73
  • 1850H de Balzac: Writer, dies at 51
  • 1853Peter Lichtenthal: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1863Thomas Welsh: US Union Brigadier General (Antietam), dies at 39
  • 1870Felix Salm-Salm: Prussian / US prince / Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1894William Charles Levey: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1896Frederick Nichols Crouch: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1901Richard Kleinmichel: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1907John Kerr: Physicist (magneto-optic Kerr-effect), dies at 82
  • 1916Edward D Pain: English journalist (NY World), dies in battle at 36
  • 1934Delilah L Beasley: US Author / columnist (Oakland Tribune), dies at 61
  • 1942Erwin Schulhoff: Czech / Russian Composer / pianist, dies at 48
  • 1943Hans Jeschonnek: German Air Force General / Chief of Staff, commits suicide
  • 1949Paul J Mares: US jazz trumpetist / Composer (Tin Roof Blues), dies at 49
  • 1950Julien Lahaut: Chairman Belgian Communist Party, murdered
  • 1952Ralph Byrd: Actor (Dick Tracy TV Show), dies at 43
  • 1957Wawrzyniec Jerzy Zulawski: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1961Learned Hand: Chief judge of US court of Appeals, dies at 89
  • 1961Leonhard Frank: Writer, dies at 78
  • 1962Cleo Ridgely: Silent screen actress (I Remember Mama), dies at 68
  • 1966Isaac Keesing: Dutch founder (System Keesing), dies at 80

Historical events on August 19

  • 0440St. Sixtus III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1071Battle at Manzikert: Seldjuken Sultan Alp Arslan beats Byzantine King
  • 1099Crusaders beat Saracens in Battle of Ascalon
  • 1263King James I of Argon censors Hebrew writing
  • 1399King Richard II of England surrenders to his cousin Henry
  • 1458Aenea Silvio Piccolomini chosen Pope Pius II
  • 1477Burgundy and acquires Burgundian possessions in the Netherlands and France
  • 1477Maximilian I, Son of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III, weds Mary of
  • 1493Maximilian I of Austria becomes Roman Catholic German Emperor
  • 1561Mary Queen of Scots arrives in Leith Scotland to assume throne after spending 13 years in France
  • 1587Sigismund III becomes King of Poland
  • 1591French King Henri IV occupies Rouen
  • 1627Prince Frederik Henry conquerors fort Groenlo
  • 1691Battle at Szalankemen: Austrians beat Turks
  • 16925 women executed for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts
  • 1698Russian Czar Peter the Great begins term
  • 1772Gustav III seizes effective control of Swedish government and restores full power of monarchy, which had been subordinate to parliament since 1720
  • 1787W Herschel discovers Enceladus, a moon of Saturn
  • 1791Benjamin Banneker published his 1st Almanac
  • 1796Spain and France sign anti-English alliance
  • 1812US warship Constitution defeats British warship Guerriere
  • 1816Java again in Dutch hands
  • 1821Failed liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII
  • 1826Canada Co chartered to colonize Upper Canada (Ontario)
  • 1836HMS Beagle anchors at Angra Azores
  • 1849New York Herald reports gold discovery in California
  • 1861Confederacy Congress allies with government of MI
  • 18642nd day of battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia
  • 18881st beauty contest (Spa, Belgium), 18 yr old West Indian wins
  • 1891William Huggins describes astronomical application of spectrum

Born on August 19

  • 1521Lodovico Guicciardini: Italian historian (Descrittione di Tutti)
  • 1558Paulus Merula: Dutch lawyer / historian
  • 1596Elisabeth Stuart: English Daughter of James I
  • 1631John Dryden: 1st poet laureate of England (All for Love)
  • 1646John Flamsteed: 1st astronomer royal of England
  • 1686Antonio Tonelli: Composer
  • 1689Samuel Richardson: English Novelist (Pamela)
  • 1737Johann Georg Christoph Schetky: Composer
  • 1743Marie Jeanne Becu comtesse du Barry: Last mistress of Louis XV
  • 1756Anthony FRE Haersolte: Member of Executing Regime
  • 1785Seth Thomas: Pioneer in mass production of clocks
  • 1813William Henry Fry: Composer
  • 1815John Porter McCown: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1879
  • 1816Julius PJA van Zuylen van Nyevelt: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1824Georg Goltermann: Composer
  • 1831Stephen Gano Burbridge: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1839Oskar Brefeld: German Botanist
  • 1844Minna Canth: Finland -- Novelist / playwright (social evils)
  • 1848Gustave Caillebotte: French shipbuilding design / painter (Rue de Paris)
  • 1851Frans Schollaert: Belgian Premier (1908-11)
  • 1858Edith Nesbit: England, United Kingdom -- Children books author (Railway Children)
  • 1859Charles Comiskey: 1st basemen / manager (Chicago White Sox)
  • 1859Hippolyte Delehaye: Flemish historian / hagiographer
  • 1860John Kane: Scottish-born US primitivist painter (Self-Portrait)
  • 1870Bernard Baruch: Financier / presidential adviser (Cold War)
  • 1873Fred Stone: Longmont, Colorado -- Acrobat / Broadway actor (Alice Adams)
  • 1885Elsie Ferguson: New York, United States -- Actress (Lie, Footlights, Scarlet Pages)
  • 1885Werner Elert: German luthers theologist
  • 1886Robert Heger: Composer
  • 1889Arthur Waley: Sinologist, translator from Chinese and Japanese

Died on August 19

  • 0440Sixtus III: Italian Pope (432-40)
  • 0472Ricimer: Barbaars General
  • 1493Frederick III of Innsbruck: German Emperor (1440-1493), dies at 77
  • 1580Andrea Palladio: Architect / writer (Il Redentore, Venice), dies at 71
  • 1601Michael the Brave: Ruler of Turkey
  • 1650Abraham de Verwer: Painter, buried at about 55
  • 1654Yom Tov Lipmann Heller: Rabbi / Author (Tosefot Yom Tov)
  • 1719Karl H Freiherr von Canstein: German lawyer, dies at 52
  • 1744Carlo Arrigoni: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1753[Johann] Balthasar Neumann: German architect, dies at 66
  • 1780Bernhard Haltenberger: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1795Friedrich Hartmann Graf: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1812Vincenzo Righini: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1813Johann Carl Friedrich Rellstab: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1813Josef Blazej Smrcek: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1822Melchor Lopez Jimenez: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1851Gioseffo Catrufo: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1872Eugene-Prosper Prevost: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1876George Smith: English assyriologist (script), dies at 36
  • 1881Joseph Labitzky: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1892Frantisek Zdenek Xavier Alois Skuhersky: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1909Rembt THPLA of Boneval Faure: Lawyer / 1st-Member of parliament
  • 1912Alfonse Hasselmans: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1922Felipe Pedrell: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1929Sergei P Diaghilev: Russia -- Dance master (Imperial Ballet), dies at 57
  • 1944Henry J Wood: English conductor (My Life of Music, Proms), dies at 75
  • 1947Ernst Laqueur: Dut chemist / psychologist (sexual hormones), dies at 67
  • 1954Alcide de Gasperi: Italian Premier (1945..53), dies at 73
  • 1958Antonius "Toon" Verhey: Violin cellist / conductor, dies at 63
  • 1959Jacob Epstein: US / English Sculptor / painter, dies at 78