Events on Aug 21

  • 0959Erachus becomes Bishop of Luik
  • 1321160 Jews of Chincon France, burned at stake
  • 1560Tycho Brahe becomes interested in astronomy
  • 1673Sea battle at Kijkduin: De Ruyter defeats English and French fleet
  • 1703Turkish army removes Sultan Mustafa II
  • 1718Emperor Karel VI, Turkey and Venice sign peace treaty
  • 1831Nat Turner slave revolt kills 55 (Southampton County, Virginia)
  • 1841John Hampton patents venetian blind
  • 18581st Lincoln-Douglas debate (Illinois)
  • 1863Raid at Lawrence KS by William Quantrill
  • 1864Battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia, ends after 2500 casualties
  • 1864Battle of Grubbs Crossroads, Kentucky
  • 1864Battle of Summit Point, Virginia
  • 1864General Major Nathan B Forrests assault on Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1878American Bar Association organizes at Sarasota, New York
  • 1883Providence shuts out Phillies 28-0
  • 1887Mighty (Dan) Casey struck-out in a game with New York Giants!
  • 1888William Seward Burroughs patents adding machine
  • 1891Dutch Mackay government resigns
  • 1897Oldsmobile begins operation as a General Motors Corp division
  • 190121st US Mens Tennis: William Larned beats Beals C Wright (62 68 64 64)
  • 1901Joe McGinnity, suspended from NL for punching and spitting on an ump
  • 1912Mr Carter-Cotton chosen 1st chancellor of University of British Columbia
  • 191420th US Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 290 at Midlothian Country Club - Illinois
  • 1914Belgium: German troops occupy Tamines
  • 1914French offensive in the Ardennen / Sambre
  • 19203rd PGA Championship: Jock Hutchison at Flossmoor Country Club - Flossmoor, Illinois
  • 1922Curly Lambeau and Green Bay Football Club granted NFL franchise
  • 1925BV Emmen soccer team forms
  • 1926White Sox Ted Lyons no hits Red Sox 6-0 in just 67 minutes at Fenway

Born on Aug 21

  • 1165Philip II Augustus: 1st great Capetian King of France (1179-1223)
  • 1567Francois de Sales: French Bishop of Geneva / writer / Saint
  • 1642Johann Friedrich Treiber: Composer
  • 1643Afonso VI: King of Portugal (1656-67) (mentally ill)
  • 1660Hubert Gautier: Engineer (wrote 1st book on bridge building)
  • 1689Jose Pradas Gallen: Composer
  • 1721Lucretia W van Winter-van Merken: Dutch poet
  • 1725Jean-Baptiste Greuze: French painter
  • 1751Johann Georg Witthauer: Composer
  • 1765William IV: King of England (1830-37)
  • 1780Jernej Kopitar: Slovenian censor (Slovenian Grammar)
  • 1789Augustin-Louis Baron Cauchy: French mathematician
  • 1801Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer: WWII Dutch Statesman / historian
  • 1806Johannes Frederick Frohlich: Composer
  • 1809Francesco Schira: Composer
  • 1810Thomas Jefferson McKean: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1821William Barksdale: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1824John Sanford Mason: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
  • 1825Kate Fanny Loder: Composer
  • 1829Otto Goldschmidt: Composer
  • 1852Benedetto Junck: Composer
  • 1871Leonid N Andrejev: Russian journalist / writer (Red Laugh)
  • 1872Aubrey Beardsley: England, United Kingdom -- Artist (Salome)
  • 1874Herman A van Karnebeek: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs (1918-27)
  • 1875Maurice Lippens: Belgian Earl / Minister / Governor of Congo
  • 1879Henry Ainley: Leeds, England -- Actor (As You Like It)
  • 1880Johan H Westerveld: Dutch WWII resistance fighter / leader (OD)
  • 1890Bill Henry: San Francisco, California -- Newscaster (Who Said That?)
  • 1892Charles Vanel: Rennes, France -- Actor (Wages of Fear)
  • 1893Juliette Marie Olga Lili Boulanger: Composer

Died on Aug 21

  • 1131Boudouin II van Bourg: King of Jerusalem
  • 1190Godfried III: Duke of Brabant (Grimbergse war)
  • 1245Alexander van Hales: English scholar
  • 1516John III van Egmont [Manke John]: Viceroy of Holland, dies at 78
  • 1627Jacques Mauduit: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1629Camillo Procaccini: Italian Painter / etcher
  • 1673Isaac Sweers: Dutch fleet Admiral / Civil rights activist, dies at 51
  • 1673John de Love I: Vice-admiral, dies in sea battle at about 54
  • 1723Dimitrie Cantemir: Philosopher / Monarch of Moldova 1710-11, dies at 49
  • 1772Alessandro Felici: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1772Johann Andreas Joseph Giulini: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1785Jean B Pigalle: French Sculptor (Child with Pigeon)
  • 1798Corneille F de Nelis: Flemish Scholar / Bishop of Antwerp, dies at 62
  • 1812Silverius Muller: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1824John Taylor: Philosopher (Jeffersonian Democracy), dies at 70
  • 1824Santiago Ferrer: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1838A v Chamisso: Writer, dies at 57
  • 1856Peter Joseph von Lindpaintner: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1864John Calhoun Sanders: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 24
  • 1888Simon Vissering: Dutch Minister of Finance (1879-81), dies at 70
  • 1898Nicola van Westerhout: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1905Jules Oppert: German Assyriologist (decodes characters), dies at 80
  • 1932Frederick Corder: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1935Josef Cyril Sychra: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1940Leon Trotsky: Russian revolutionary, icepicked by Frank Jackson at 62
  • 1940Paul Juon: Russian / Swiss violinist / composer, dies at 68
  • 1942Kiyoano Ichiki: Japanese Colonel (WWII)
  • 1943Henrik Pontoppidan: Writer (Peter Gelukkige, Nobel 1917), dies at 86
  • 1947Ettore Bugatti: Italian / French car manufacturer
  • 1949Gerhard von Keussler: Composer, dies at 75

Historical events on August 22

  • 0565St. Columba reported seeing monster in Loch Ness
  • 1138English defeated Scots at Cowton Moor Banners of various saints were carried into battle which led to being called Battle of the Standard
  • 1454Jews are expelled from Brunn Moravia by order of King Ladislaus
  • 1572Failed assassination on Admiral De Coligny
  • 1582King James IV of Scotland captured
  • 16031st stones layed in Zuiderkerk Amsterdam
  • 1614Trades people under Vincent Fettmilch chase and plunder Jews out of ghetto in Frankfurt
  • 1632Prince Frederik Hendrik occupies Maastricht
  • 1642Civil War in England began between Royalists and Parliament
  • 16541st Jewish immigrant to US, Jacob Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam
  • 1707Prince Eugenius van Savoye siege of Toulon
  • 1707Sweden and Prussia sign military treaty
  • 1717Spanish troops lands on Sardinia
  • 17621st female (Ann Franklin) US newspaper editor, Newport RI, Mercury
  • 1775King George III proclaims colonies to be in open rebellion
  • 1780Resolution, without Captain Cook, returns to England
  • 1788Sierra Leone, settled by British as a former haven for slaves
  • 1791Haitian Slave Revolution begins under voodoo priest Boukman
  • 1818Grand duchy of Bathe forms
  • 1826Colonies under Jedediah Strong Smith move near Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1846US annexes New Mexico
  • 1851Gold fields discovered in Australia
  • 1862Santee Sioux indian attack Fort Ridgely
  • 1864Geneva Convention signed by 12 nations
  • 1864International Red Cross forms
  • 1867Fisk University forms, 1867
  • 1901Cadillac Co forms
  • 1902President Teddy Roosevelt became 1st US chief executive to ride in a car
  • 19061st Victor Victrola manufactured
  • 1907Colin Buchanan, town planner

Born on August 22

  • 1530Bartolomeo Spontone: Composer
  • 1615Christopher Gibbons: Composer
  • 1647Denis Papin: French physicist (Papiniaanse pot, steam machine)
  • 1681Pierre Danican Philidor: Composer
  • 1753Christian Friedrich Ruppe: Composer
  • 1760Leo XII [Annibale Sermattei]: Italy -- Pope (1823-29)
  • 1766Joseph-Denis Doche: Composer
  • 1771Jan Joseph Rosler: Composer
  • 1788Thomas Tredgold: Engineer / carpenter
  • 1795Abraham Capadose: Physician / Missionary
  • 1822George Stoneman: US Union General Major / (Gov-California, 1883-87)
  • 1827Edouard Silas: Composer
  • 1827Josef Strauss: Austria -- Composer (Dorfschwalben aus Austria)
  • 1827Joseph Anthony Mower: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1870
  • 1834Nathaniel Harrison Harris: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1846B Amalie Skram-Alver: Norway -- Writer (Hellemyrsfolket)
  • 1847Alexander Campbell Mackenzie: Composer
  • 1852Alfredo Oriani: Italian writer (Political Struggle in Italy)
  • 1854Milan I: King of Serbia
  • 1860Paul G Nipkow: German TV pioneer (Nipkow Award)
  • 1862Claude Debussy: St. Germain-en-Laye, France -- Composer (La Mer, Clair de lune)
  • 1865Piet A W Hopmans: Bishop of Breda (Eucharistic Crusade)
  • 1873Karl Nef: Switzerland -- Musicologist
  • 1874Edward Cuthbert Bairstow: Composer
  • 1874Max Scheler: German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte)
  • 1888Violet Farebrother: Grimsby, England -- Actress (Downhill, Easy Virtue)
  • 1890Floyd Henri Allport: US psychologist / sociologist
  • 1891Francis McDonald: Bowling Green, Kentucky -- Actor (Will-Adv of Champion)
  • 1891Jacques Lipchitz: Polish / French / US painter / cubist sculptor
  • 1893Dorothy Parker: New Jersey, United States -- Short story writer (1958 Marjorie Peabody Award)

Died on August 22

  • 0408Flavius Stilicho: West Roman field leader (395-408), dies at 48
  • 0634Abd Allah Abu Bekr: Arabic Merchant / 1st kalief of Islam
  • 1241Gregory IX [Ugolino di Segni]: Italian Pope
  • 1280Nicholas III [Giovanni Gaetano Orsini]: Italian Pope (1277-80)
  • 1286Erik V Klipping: King of Denmark, murdered
  • 1350Philips VI: Of Valois, King of France (1328-50)
  • 1367Egidius AC Albornor: Spanish Archbishop of Toledo, dies at about 57
  • 1485Richard III: King of England (1483-85), killed in battle at 32
  • 1532William Warham: English Archbishop of Canterbury (1502-32), dies at 82
  • 1553John Dudley: English Lord Admiral / Premier (1551-53), beheaded
  • 1755Caspar Burman: Historian / mayor (Utrecht)
  • 1793Louis Duke de Noailles: Marshal of France, dies at 80
  • 1801Pieter G van Overstraten: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies, dies at 46
  • 1818Warren Hastings: 1st Governor-General of India (1773-84), dies at 85
  • 1828Franz Joseph Gall: German / French Physician (frenology), dies at 70
  • 1850Nikolaus Lenau: Writer, dies at 48
  • 1862Henry Bohlen: German / US Brigadier General (Union), dies in battle at 51
  • 1874Sydney Thompson Dobell: Poet
  • 1879Friedrich August Kummer: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1886Jose da Silva Mendes Leal: Portuguese Author (Indiana), dies at 67
  • 1889John Sanger: Circus entrepreneur
  • 1890Vasile Alecsandri: Romania Poet / Foreign minister, dies at 69
  • 1893Ernst II: Duke of Saxony-Coburg-Gotha (1844-93) / composer, dies at 75
  • 1901Gunnar Wennerberg: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1903Robert A T G C Salisbury: British Premier (1885..1902), dies at 73
  • 1912Pope Gregory IX
  • 1914Raffenel: French General (3rd Colonial Div, WWI), dies in battle
  • 1914Rondoney: French General (3rd Colonial Div, WWI), dies in battle
  • 1920Anders Zorn: Swedish Painter (Gustavus Vasa), dies at 60
  • 1922Michael Collins: Irish nationalist leader, killed in ambush