Events on Aug 22

  • 0565St. Columba reported seeing monster in Loch Ness
  • 1138English defeated Scots at Cowton Moor Banners of various saints were carried into battle which led to being called Battle of the Standard
  • 1454Jews are expelled from Brunn Moravia by order of King Ladislaus
  • 1572Failed assassination on Admiral De Coligny
  • 1582King James IV of Scotland captured
  • 16031st stones layed in Zuiderkerk Amsterdam
  • 1614Trades people under Vincent Fettmilch chase and plunder Jews out of ghetto in Frankfurt
  • 1632Prince Frederik Hendrik occupies Maastricht
  • 1642Civil War in England began between Royalists and Parliament
  • 16541st Jewish immigrant to US, Jacob Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam
  • 1707Prince Eugenius van Savoye siege of Toulon
  • 1707Sweden and Prussia sign military treaty
  • 1717Spanish troops lands on Sardinia
  • 17621st female (Ann Franklin) US newspaper editor, Newport RI, Mercury
  • 1775King George III proclaims colonies to be in open rebellion
  • 1780Resolution, without Captain Cook, returns to England
  • 1788Sierra Leone, settled by British as a former haven for slaves
  • 1791Haitian Slave Revolution begins under voodoo priest Boukman
  • 1818Grand duchy of Bathe forms
  • 1826Colonies under Jedediah Strong Smith move near Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1846US annexes New Mexico
  • 1851Gold fields discovered in Australia
  • 1862Santee Sioux indian attack Fort Ridgely
  • 1864Geneva Convention signed by 12 nations
  • 1864International Red Cross forms
  • 1867Fisk University forms, 1867
  • 1901Cadillac Co forms
  • 1902President Teddy Roosevelt became 1st US chief executive to ride in a car
  • 19061st Victor Victrola manufactured
  • 1907Colin Buchanan, town planner

Born on Aug 22

  • 1530Bartolomeo Spontone: Composer
  • 1615Christopher Gibbons: Composer
  • 1647Denis Papin: French physicist (Papiniaanse pot, steam machine)
  • 1681Pierre Danican Philidor: Composer
  • 1753Christian Friedrich Ruppe: Composer
  • 1760Leo XII [Annibale Sermattei]: Italy -- Pope (1823-29)
  • 1766Joseph-Denis Doche: Composer
  • 1771Jan Joseph Rosler: Composer
  • 1788Thomas Tredgold: Engineer / carpenter
  • 1795Abraham Capadose: Physician / Missionary
  • 1822George Stoneman: US Union General Major / (Gov-California, 1883-87)
  • 1827Edouard Silas: Composer
  • 1827Josef Strauss: Austria -- Composer (Dorfschwalben aus Austria)
  • 1827Joseph Anthony Mower: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1870
  • 1834Nathaniel Harrison Harris: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1846B Amalie Skram-Alver: Norway -- Writer (Hellemyrsfolket)
  • 1847Alexander Campbell Mackenzie: Composer
  • 1852Alfredo Oriani: Italian writer (Political Struggle in Italy)
  • 1854Milan I: King of Serbia
  • 1860Paul G Nipkow: German TV pioneer (Nipkow Award)
  • 1862Claude Debussy: St. Germain-en-Laye, France -- Composer (La Mer, Clair de lune)
  • 1865Piet A W Hopmans: Bishop of Breda (Eucharistic Crusade)
  • 1873Karl Nef: Switzerland -- Musicologist
  • 1874Edward Cuthbert Bairstow: Composer
  • 1874Max Scheler: German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte)
  • 1888Violet Farebrother: Grimsby, England -- Actress (Downhill, Easy Virtue)
  • 1890Floyd Henri Allport: US psychologist / sociologist
  • 1891Francis McDonald: Bowling Green, Kentucky -- Actor (Will-Adv of Champion)
  • 1891Jacques Lipchitz: Polish / French / US painter / cubist sculptor
  • 1893Dorothy Parker: New Jersey, United States -- Short story writer (1958 Marjorie Peabody Award)

Died on Aug 22

  • 0408Flavius Stilicho: West Roman field leader (395-408), dies at 48
  • 0634Abd Allah Abu Bekr: Arabic Merchant / 1st kalief of Islam
  • 1241Gregory IX [Ugolino di Segni]: Italian Pope
  • 1280Nicholas III [Giovanni Gaetano Orsini]: Italian Pope (1277-80)
  • 1286Erik V Klipping: King of Denmark, murdered
  • 1350Philips VI: Of Valois, King of France (1328-50)
  • 1367Egidius AC Albornor: Spanish Archbishop of Toledo, dies at about 57
  • 1485Richard III: King of England (1483-85), killed in battle at 32
  • 1532William Warham: English Archbishop of Canterbury (1502-32), dies at 82
  • 1553John Dudley: English Lord Admiral / Premier (1551-53), beheaded
  • 1755Caspar Burman: Historian / mayor (Utrecht)
  • 1793Louis Duke de Noailles: Marshal of France, dies at 80
  • 1801Pieter G van Overstraten: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies, dies at 46
  • 1818Warren Hastings: 1st Governor-General of India (1773-84), dies at 85
  • 1828Franz Joseph Gall: German / French Physician (frenology), dies at 70
  • 1850Nikolaus Lenau: Writer, dies at 48
  • 1862Henry Bohlen: German / US Brigadier General (Union), dies in battle at 51
  • 1874Sydney Thompson Dobell: Poet
  • 1879Friedrich August Kummer: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1886Jose da Silva Mendes Leal: Portuguese Author (Indiana), dies at 67
  • 1889John Sanger: Circus entrepreneur
  • 1890Vasile Alecsandri: Romania Poet / Foreign minister, dies at 69
  • 1893Ernst II: Duke of Saxony-Coburg-Gotha (1844-93) / composer, dies at 75
  • 1901Gunnar Wennerberg: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1903Robert A T G C Salisbury: British Premier (1885..1902), dies at 73
  • 1912Pope Gregory IX
  • 1914Raffenel: French General (3rd Colonial Div, WWI), dies in battle
  • 1914Rondoney: French General (3rd Colonial Div, WWI), dies in battle
  • 1920Anders Zorn: Swedish Painter (Gustavus Vasa), dies at 60
  • 1922Michael Collins: Irish nationalist leader, killed in ambush

Historical events on August 23

  • 0476Odoacer elected King of Byzantine
  • 1046King Henry III gives money to Utrecht Deventer diocese
  • 1328Battle at Kassel: French troops stop uprising of Flemish farmers
  • 1328King Philip VI of France, crowned
  • 1441Holland and Hanzesteden sign cease fire treaty
  • 1542Rabbi Joseph Caro completes his commentary of Tur Code
  • 1553Bishop Stephen Gardiner appointed English Lord Chancellor
  • 1566Beeldenstorm reaches Amsterdam
  • 1566Land guardian Margaretha van Parma grants Calvinists rights
  • 1582French van Valois pays tribute to Earl of Flanders
  • 1614University of Groningen opens
  • 16171st one-way streets open (London)
  • 1711Admiral Hovenden Walkers fleet reach St. Lawrence
  • 1784Eastern Tennessee settlers declare their area an independent state and name it Franklin; a year later the Continental Congress rejects it
  • 1796African Methodist Episcopal Church incorporated
  • 1813Battle of Grossbeeren - Prussians under Von Bulow repulse French
  • 1821Mexico declares independence
  • 1833Britain abolishes slavery in colonies; 700,000 slaves freed
  • 1838Mt Holyoke Female Seminary (South Hadley, Massachusetts) 1st graduating class
  • 1839British capture Hong Kong from China
  • 1862Skirmish at Big Hill, Kentucky (2 Federal regiments)
  • 1864Union troops / fleet occupy Fort Morgan, Alabama
  • 1866Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
  • 18691st carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in SF, from Boston
  • 18721st Japanese coml ship visits SF, carrying tea
  • 1873Albert Bridge creossing Thames opens
  • 1879Governor-General Charles Gordon of Sudan returns to Cairo
  • 1883Phillies make 27 errors against Providence (wild pitches, walks & & passballs count as errors prior to 1888)
  • 18891st ship-to-shore wireless message received in US (San Francisco)
  • 189818th US Mens Tennis: Malcolm Whitman beats Dwight Davis (36 62 62 61)

Born on August 23

  • 1486Siegmund Freiherr von Herberstein: Austrian diplomat
  • 1524Francois Hotman / Hotomanus: French lawyer / diplomat (Anti-Tribonien)
  • 1727Friedrich Hartmann Graf: Composer
  • 1740Ivan VI: Emperor of Russia 1740-41)
  • 1751Louis-Francois Beffara: Lexicographer
  • 1754Louis XVI: Versailles, France -- King of France (1774-93) eventually guillotined
  • 1773Jakob F Fries: German philosopher
  • 1809Juliusz Slowacki: Polish poet (Trip to H Land)
  • 1818Rufus Ingalls: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1893
  • 1829Moritz B Cantor: German math historian
  • 1832Alexander Chambers: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1888
  • 1854Moritz Moszkowski: Composer
  • 1864Eleftherios K Venizalos: Premier of Greece (1910-15, 28-32)
  • 1867Marcel Schwob: Frans writer / journalist (Le Croisade des Enfants)
  • 1869James [Sunny Jim] Rolph: SF Mayor (1912-31), MUNI backer
  • 1879Alfreds Kalnins: Composer
  • 1881Louis Schelfhout: Dutch painter / graphic artist
  • 1885Henry Thomas Tizard: Scientist
  • 1886Gottfried Rudinger: Composer
  • 1889A Lichtenstein: Writer
  • 1893Roy Agnew: Composer
  • 1894Gareth Hughes: Llanelly, Wales -- Actor (Midnight Girl)
  • 1900Ernst Krenek: Vienna, Austria -- Composer (Johnny Spielt Auf)
  • 1901Cecil Rolph Hewitt: Journalist / policeman
  • 1901John Sherman Cooper: (Sen-Kentucky)
  • 1903Mauritius van Haegendoren: Flemish historian / senator
  • 1903William Primrose: Glasgow, Scotland -- Violist (Method for Violin & Viola)
  • 1905Leonard Constant Lambert: London, England -- Composer (King Pest)
  • 1908Arthur Adamov: Kislovodsk, Russia -- Playwright (Paolo Paoli)
  • 1908Cornelis van Dis: Dutch MP

Died on August 23

  • 0634Aboe Bekr Abd Allah [al-Siddik]: Friend / successor of Mohammed
  • 1328Nicolaas Zannekin: Leader of rebel Flemish farmers, dies in battle
  • 1507Jean Molinet: Burgundy Historian (Chroniques), dies at about 72
  • 1618Gerbrant A Bredero: Poet / playwright (Moortje), dies at 33
  • 1628George Viliers: 1st Duke of Buckingham, assassinated by Felton at 36
  • 1668Artus Quellinus: Flemish Sculptor (Amsterdam townhall)
  • 1723Antoine Mouque: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1777Giuseppe Sellitto: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1802Corona Elizabeth Wilhelmine Schroter: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1806Charles Augustin de Coulomb: French physicist (coulometrie), dies at 70
  • 1819Oliver Hazard Perry: Naval hero, dies on 34th birthday
  • 1825Amos Bull: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1831August WA Grave von Gneisenau: Prussian Field Marshal, dies at 70
  • 1839Charles Philippe Lafont: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1878Adolf Fredrik Lindblad: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1898Joseph Robinson: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1903Paul J C Gabriel: Dutch water colors Painter / etcher, dies at 75
  • 1914Felix Fivet: Belgian baby, executed by German troops at 3 weeks
  • 1914George A Pogson: British consul in Puerto Rico
  • 1926Rudolph Valentino: Silent movie idol (Sheik), dies in New York at 31
  • 1927Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti: Executed in Mass
  • 1929Charles Van de Woestijne: Flemish writer / Poet (God on Sea)
  • 1933Adolph Loos: Austrian architect, dies at 62
  • 1937Albert Charles Paul Marie Roussel: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1939Sidney Coe Howard: Playwright (Silver Cord, Pulitzer 1925), dies at 48
  • 1943Johann P Zilcher: German composer, dies at 88
  • 1944Nikolay Andreyevich Roslavets: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1958Martin du Gard: Writer
  • 1960Oscar Hammerstein II: Broadway librettist, dies at 65
  • 1962Hoot Gibson: Silent screen cowboy actor (Last Outlaw), dies at 70