Events on Aug 23

  • 0476Odoacer elected King of Byzantine
  • 1046King Henry III gives money to Utrecht Deventer diocese
  • 1328Battle at Kassel: French troops stop uprising of Flemish farmers
  • 1328King Philip VI of France, crowned
  • 1441Holland and Hanzesteden sign cease fire treaty
  • 1542Rabbi Joseph Caro completes his commentary of Tur Code
  • 1553Bishop Stephen Gardiner appointed English Lord Chancellor
  • 1566Beeldenstorm reaches Amsterdam
  • 1566Land guardian Margaretha van Parma grants Calvinists rights
  • 1582French van Valois pays tribute to Earl of Flanders
  • 1614University of Groningen opens
  • 16171st one-way streets open (London)
  • 1711Admiral Hovenden Walkers fleet reach St. Lawrence
  • 1784Eastern Tennessee settlers declare their area an independent state and name it Franklin; a year later the Continental Congress rejects it
  • 1796African Methodist Episcopal Church incorporated
  • 1813Battle of Grossbeeren - Prussians under Von Bulow repulse French
  • 1821Mexico declares independence
  • 1833Britain abolishes slavery in colonies; 700,000 slaves freed
  • 1838Mt Holyoke Female Seminary (South Hadley, Massachusetts) 1st graduating class
  • 1839British capture Hong Kong from China
  • 1862Skirmish at Big Hill, Kentucky (2 Federal regiments)
  • 1864Union troops / fleet occupy Fort Morgan, Alabama
  • 1866Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
  • 18691st carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in SF, from Boston
  • 18721st Japanese coml ship visits SF, carrying tea
  • 1873Albert Bridge creossing Thames opens
  • 1879Governor-General Charles Gordon of Sudan returns to Cairo
  • 1883Phillies make 27 errors against Providence (wild pitches, walks & & passballs count as errors prior to 1888)
  • 18891st ship-to-shore wireless message received in US (San Francisco)
  • 189818th US Mens Tennis: Malcolm Whitman beats Dwight Davis (36 62 62 61)

Born on Aug 23

  • 1486Siegmund Freiherr von Herberstein: Austrian diplomat
  • 1524Francois Hotman / Hotomanus: French lawyer / diplomat (Anti-Tribonien)
  • 1727Friedrich Hartmann Graf: Composer
  • 1740Ivan VI: Emperor of Russia 1740-41)
  • 1751Louis-Francois Beffara: Lexicographer
  • 1754Louis XVI: Versailles, France -- King of France (1774-93) eventually guillotined
  • 1773Jakob F Fries: German philosopher
  • 1809Juliusz Slowacki: Polish poet (Trip to H Land)
  • 1818Rufus Ingalls: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1893
  • 1829Moritz B Cantor: German math historian
  • 1832Alexander Chambers: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1888
  • 1854Moritz Moszkowski: Composer
  • 1864Eleftherios K Venizalos: Premier of Greece (1910-15, 28-32)
  • 1867Marcel Schwob: Frans writer / journalist (Le Croisade des Enfants)
  • 1869James [Sunny Jim] Rolph: SF Mayor (1912-31), MUNI backer
  • 1879Alfreds Kalnins: Composer
  • 1881Louis Schelfhout: Dutch painter / graphic artist
  • 1885Henry Thomas Tizard: Scientist
  • 1886Gottfried Rudinger: Composer
  • 1889A Lichtenstein: Writer
  • 1893Roy Agnew: Composer
  • 1894Gareth Hughes: Llanelly, Wales -- Actor (Midnight Girl)
  • 1900Ernst Krenek: Vienna, Austria -- Composer (Johnny Spielt Auf)
  • 1901Cecil Rolph Hewitt: Journalist / policeman
  • 1901John Sherman Cooper: (Sen-Kentucky)
  • 1903Mauritius van Haegendoren: Flemish historian / senator
  • 1903William Primrose: Glasgow, Scotland -- Violist (Method for Violin & Viola)
  • 1905Leonard Constant Lambert: London, England -- Composer (King Pest)
  • 1908Arthur Adamov: Kislovodsk, Russia -- Playwright (Paolo Paoli)
  • 1908Cornelis van Dis: Dutch MP

Died on Aug 23

  • 0634Aboe Bekr Abd Allah [al-Siddik]: Friend / successor of Mohammed
  • 1328Nicolaas Zannekin: Leader of rebel Flemish farmers, dies in battle
  • 1507Jean Molinet: Burgundy Historian (Chroniques), dies at about 72
  • 1618Gerbrant A Bredero: Poet / playwright (Moortje), dies at 33
  • 1628George Viliers: 1st Duke of Buckingham, assassinated by Felton at 36
  • 1668Artus Quellinus: Flemish Sculptor (Amsterdam townhall)
  • 1723Antoine Mouque: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1777Giuseppe Sellitto: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1802Corona Elizabeth Wilhelmine Schroter: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1806Charles Augustin de Coulomb: French physicist (coulometrie), dies at 70
  • 1819Oliver Hazard Perry: Naval hero, dies on 34th birthday
  • 1825Amos Bull: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1831August WA Grave von Gneisenau: Prussian Field Marshal, dies at 70
  • 1839Charles Philippe Lafont: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1878Adolf Fredrik Lindblad: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1898Joseph Robinson: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1903Paul J C Gabriel: Dutch water colors Painter / etcher, dies at 75
  • 1914Felix Fivet: Belgian baby, executed by German troops at 3 weeks
  • 1914George A Pogson: British consul in Puerto Rico
  • 1926Rudolph Valentino: Silent movie idol (Sheik), dies in New York at 31
  • 1927Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti: Executed in Mass
  • 1929Charles Van de Woestijne: Flemish writer / Poet (God on Sea)
  • 1933Adolph Loos: Austrian architect, dies at 62
  • 1937Albert Charles Paul Marie Roussel: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1939Sidney Coe Howard: Playwright (Silver Cord, Pulitzer 1925), dies at 48
  • 1943Johann P Zilcher: German composer, dies at 88
  • 1944Nikolay Andreyevich Roslavets: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1958Martin du Gard: Writer
  • 1960Oscar Hammerstein II: Broadway librettist, dies at 65
  • 1962Hoot Gibson: Silent screen cowboy actor (Last Outlaw), dies at 70

Historical events on August 24

  • 0079Mt Vesuvius erupts, buries Pompeii and Herculaneum, 15,000 die
  • 0410Rome overrun by Visigoths, symbolized fall of Western Roman Empire
  • 1215Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid
  • 1217Battle at South Foreland: English fleet beats France
  • 13496,000 Jews, blamed for the Plague, are killed in Mainz
  • 1349Jews of Cologne Germany set themselves on fire to avoid baptism
  • 1391Jews of Palma Majorca massacred
  • 1511Portugese troops under Afonso the Albuquerque occupy Malakka
  • 1516Battle at Aleppo: Turks beat Syria
  • 1542Conquistador Francisco de Orellana returns to Spain
  • 1561Willem of Orange marries Duchess Anna of Saxon
  • 1572King Charles IX orders massacre of thousands of French Protestants
  • 16081st English convoy lands at Surat India
  • 1658Battle at Grevelingen: English fleet beats Spanish
  • 1662Act of Uniformity requires English to accept book of Common Prayer
  • 1682Duke James of York gives Delaware to William Penn
  • 1690Job Charnock founds Calcutta India
  • 1704Sea battle at Malaga
  • 1751Thomas Colley executed in England for drowning supposed witch
  • 1787Wolfgang A Mozart completes his viola sonata in A, K526
  • 1814British forces captured Washington, DC, and burned down many landmarks
  • 1828Dutch army takes Fort Du Bus in New Guinea
  • 1831John Henslow asks Charles Darwin to travel with him on HMS Beagle
  • 1833HMS Beagle reaches Bahia Blanca, Argentina
  • 1847Charlotte Bronte finishes manuscript of "Jane Eyre"
  • 18531st potato chips prepared by Chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs NY)
  • 1854National emigration convention meets in Cleveland
  • 1858Richmond "Daily Dispatch" reports 90 blacks arrested for learning
  • 1869Cornelius Swarthout patents waffle iron
  • 1876Riot abolishes fairs in Amsterdam, 2 killed

Born on August 24

  • 1113Geoffrey Plantagenet: France -- Conquered Normandy
  • 1210Floris IV: Count of Holland
  • 1531Ercole Bottrigari: Composer
  • 1579John Amner: Composer
  • 1591Robert Herrick: England, United Kingdom -- Poet (Gather ye rosebuds)
  • 1669Alessandro Marcello: Composer
  • 1683Meinrad Spiess: Composer
  • 1712Cornelis Douwes: Dutch mathematician / astronomer
  • 1725Johann Balthasar Kehl: Composer
  • 1733David Traugott Nicolai: Composer
  • 1759Wilbur Wilberforce: England, United Kingdom -- Crusaded against slavery
  • 1772Willem I Frederik: Grand Duke of Luxembourg / King of the Netherlands (1814-40)
  • 1787James Weddell: Ostend, England -- Antarctic explorer (Weddell Sea)
  • 1808Benjamin Grubb Humphreys: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1808Thomas Fenwick Drayton: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 1816Daniel Gooch: Laid 1st successful transatlantic cables
  • 1820Jacopo Tomadini: Composer
  • 1821Emmanuele Muzio: Composer
  • 1827Walter Husted Stevens: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1867
  • 1828George Hume "Maryland" Steuart: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1837Theodore Dubois: Composer
  • 1839Eduard Napravnik: Composer
  • 1842Edouard J A Agneessens: Flemish painter (Slave Market)
  • 1854Nikolay Vladimirovich Scherbachov: Composer
  • 1856Felix Mottl: Composer
  • 1865Ferdinand I VAM: King of Romania
  • 1872Max Beerbohm: England, United Kingdom -- Caricaturist / writer / wit (Saturday Review)
  • 1879Rentaro Taki: Composer
  • 1880Joshua L Cowen: Inventor (electric train)
  • 1880Miles W L Killearn of Killearn: Scotish Baron / diplomat

Died on August 24

  • 1103Magnus III Berbein [Blootbeen]: King of Norway (1093-1103)
  • 1217Eustace "the Monk": French buccaneer, dies in battle
  • 1313Henry VII: Roman Catholic German King / Emperor (1308 / 12-13)
  • 1371Eduard: Duke of Gelre (1361-71), assasinated
  • 1595Thomas Digges: English astronomer (Universe Infinite)
  • 1647Nicholas Stone "Elder": English Sculptor / architect, dies at about 61
  • 1666Francisco M the Melo: Portuguese Author (Obras Morales), dies at 57
  • 1680Ferdinand Bulb: Dutch Painter / etcher, buried
  • 1724Andreas Kneller: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1759Ewald C von Kleist: German poet, dies at 44
  • 1770Thomas Chatterton: English Poet (Revenge)
  • 1801Jacques-Denis Antoine: French builder (La Monnaie Paris), dies at 68
  • 1833Adrian H Haworth: English entomologist / botanist, dies at 65
  • 1840Joseph Waast Aubert Nonot: Composer, dies at 89
  • 1841Karl Friedrich Curschmann: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1888Rudolph J E Clausius: German physicist (thermodynamics)
  • 1889Jan E Matzeliger: Suriname inventor (shoe lacing machine)
  • 1895John F Loudon: Entrepreneur / colonial director, dies at 74
  • 1906Alfred Stevens: Belgian painter
  • 1907Pieter Louis Tak: Writer (Chronicle), dies at 58
  • 1923Kate Douglas Wiggin: Author (US kindergarten movement), dies at 66
  • 1940Paul G Nipkow: German TV pioneer (Nipkow disk), dies at 80
  • 1943Ernst Ottwalt: Writer
  • 1950Ernst Wiechert: Writer, dies at 63
  • 1957Albert Edward Sammons: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1958John G Strijdom: Premier of South Africa (1954-58), dies at 65
  • 1958Kenneth Leighton: Composer, dies at 28
  • 1958Leo Blech: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1962Henry George Ley: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1964Maurice Schoemaker: Composer, dies at 73