Events on Aug 24

  • 0079Mt Vesuvius erupts, buries Pompeii and Herculaneum, 15,000 die
  • 0410Rome overrun by Visigoths, symbolized fall of Western Roman Empire
  • 1215Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid
  • 1217Battle at South Foreland: English fleet beats France
  • 13496,000 Jews, blamed for the Plague, are killed in Mainz
  • 1349Jews of Cologne Germany set themselves on fire to avoid baptism
  • 1391Jews of Palma Majorca massacred
  • 1511Portugese troops under Afonso the Albuquerque occupy Malakka
  • 1516Battle at Aleppo: Turks beat Syria
  • 1542Conquistador Francisco de Orellana returns to Spain
  • 1561Willem of Orange marries Duchess Anna of Saxon
  • 1572King Charles IX orders massacre of thousands of French Protestants
  • 16081st English convoy lands at Surat India
  • 1658Battle at Grevelingen: English fleet beats Spanish
  • 1662Act of Uniformity requires English to accept book of Common Prayer
  • 1682Duke James of York gives Delaware to William Penn
  • 1690Job Charnock founds Calcutta India
  • 1704Sea battle at Malaga
  • 1751Thomas Colley executed in England for drowning supposed witch
  • 1787Wolfgang A Mozart completes his viola sonata in A, K526
  • 1814British forces captured Washington, DC, and burned down many landmarks
  • 1828Dutch army takes Fort Du Bus in New Guinea
  • 1831John Henslow asks Charles Darwin to travel with him on HMS Beagle
  • 1833HMS Beagle reaches Bahia Blanca, Argentina
  • 1847Charlotte Bronte finishes manuscript of "Jane Eyre"
  • 18531st potato chips prepared by Chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs NY)
  • 1854National emigration convention meets in Cleveland
  • 1858Richmond "Daily Dispatch" reports 90 blacks arrested for learning
  • 1869Cornelius Swarthout patents waffle iron
  • 1876Riot abolishes fairs in Amsterdam, 2 killed

Born on Aug 24

  • 1113Geoffrey Plantagenet: France -- Conquered Normandy
  • 1210Floris IV: Count of Holland
  • 1531Ercole Bottrigari: Composer
  • 1579John Amner: Composer
  • 1591Robert Herrick: England, United Kingdom -- Poet (Gather ye rosebuds)
  • 1669Alessandro Marcello: Composer
  • 1683Meinrad Spiess: Composer
  • 1712Cornelis Douwes: Dutch mathematician / astronomer
  • 1725Johann Balthasar Kehl: Composer
  • 1733David Traugott Nicolai: Composer
  • 1759Wilbur Wilberforce: England, United Kingdom -- Crusaded against slavery
  • 1772Willem I Frederik: Grand Duke of Luxembourg / King of the Netherlands (1814-40)
  • 1787James Weddell: Ostend, England -- Antarctic explorer (Weddell Sea)
  • 1808Benjamin Grubb Humphreys: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1808Thomas Fenwick Drayton: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 1816Daniel Gooch: Laid 1st successful transatlantic cables
  • 1820Jacopo Tomadini: Composer
  • 1821Emmanuele Muzio: Composer
  • 1827Walter Husted Stevens: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1867
  • 1828George Hume "Maryland" Steuart: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1837Theodore Dubois: Composer
  • 1839Eduard Napravnik: Composer
  • 1842Edouard J A Agneessens: Flemish painter (Slave Market)
  • 1854Nikolay Vladimirovich Scherbachov: Composer
  • 1856Felix Mottl: Composer
  • 1865Ferdinand I VAM: King of Romania
  • 1872Max Beerbohm: England, United Kingdom -- Caricaturist / writer / wit (Saturday Review)
  • 1879Rentaro Taki: Composer
  • 1880Joshua L Cowen: Inventor (electric train)
  • 1880Miles W L Killearn of Killearn: Scotish Baron / diplomat

Died on Aug 24

  • 1103Magnus III Berbein [Blootbeen]: King of Norway (1093-1103)
  • 1217Eustace "the Monk": French buccaneer, dies in battle
  • 1313Henry VII: Roman Catholic German King / Emperor (1308 / 12-13)
  • 1371Eduard: Duke of Gelre (1361-71), assasinated
  • 1595Thomas Digges: English astronomer (Universe Infinite)
  • 1647Nicholas Stone "Elder": English Sculptor / architect, dies at about 61
  • 1666Francisco M the Melo: Portuguese Author (Obras Morales), dies at 57
  • 1680Ferdinand Bulb: Dutch Painter / etcher, buried
  • 1724Andreas Kneller: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1759Ewald C von Kleist: German poet, dies at 44
  • 1770Thomas Chatterton: English Poet (Revenge)
  • 1801Jacques-Denis Antoine: French builder (La Monnaie Paris), dies at 68
  • 1833Adrian H Haworth: English entomologist / botanist, dies at 65
  • 1840Joseph Waast Aubert Nonot: Composer, dies at 89
  • 1841Karl Friedrich Curschmann: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1888Rudolph J E Clausius: German physicist (thermodynamics)
  • 1889Jan E Matzeliger: Suriname inventor (shoe lacing machine)
  • 1895John F Loudon: Entrepreneur / colonial director, dies at 74
  • 1906Alfred Stevens: Belgian painter
  • 1907Pieter Louis Tak: Writer (Chronicle), dies at 58
  • 1923Kate Douglas Wiggin: Author (US kindergarten movement), dies at 66
  • 1940Paul G Nipkow: German TV pioneer (Nipkow disk), dies at 80
  • 1943Ernst Ottwalt: Writer
  • 1950Ernst Wiechert: Writer, dies at 63
  • 1957Albert Edward Sammons: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1958John G Strijdom: Premier of South Africa (1954-58), dies at 65
  • 1958Kenneth Leighton: Composer, dies at 28
  • 1958Leo Blech: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1962Henry George Ley: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1964Maurice Schoemaker: Composer, dies at 73

Historical events on August 25

  • 0325Council of Nicaea ends with adoption of the Nicene Creed establishing the doctrine of the Holy Trinity
  • 0357Battle at Straatsburg: Julianus beats Alamannen, Chonodomarius caught
  • 1330AntiPope Nicolaas V overthrows himself
  • 1425Countess Jacoba of Bavaria escapes from jail
  • 1485Battle at Bosworth Fields: Henry Tudor beats King Richard III
  • 1499Battle at Sapienza: Turkish fleet beats Venetians
  • 1540Explorer Hernando de Alarcon travels up Colorado River
  • 1566Iconoclastic fury begins in Dutch province Utrecht
  • 1580Battle of Alcantara, Spain defeats Portugal
  • 1609Galileo demonstrates his 1st telescope to Venetian lawmakers
  • 1628Assault on Sultan of Mantarams of Batavia
  • 1689Battle at Charleroi: Spanish and English armies chase French
  • 1698Czar Peter the Great returns to Moscow after trip through West-Europe
  • 1718Hundreds of French colonists arrive in Louisiana; New Orleans, found
  • 1758Battle at Zorndorf: Prussia beat Russians: 1000s killed
  • 1768Captain James Cook departs from Plymouth with Endeavour to Pacific Ocean
  • 1795Curacao slaves opponents returns to St. Christopher
  • 1804Alice Meynell becomes 1st woman jockey (England)
  • 1814British forces destroy Library of Congress, containing 3,000 books
  • 1825Uruguay declares independence from Brazil (National Day)
  • 1829President Jackson makes an offer to buy Texas, but Mexican government refuses
  • 1830Belgium revolts against Netherlands
  • 1835New York Sun publishes Moon hoax story about John Herschel
  • 1862Secretary of War authorizes General Rufus Saxton to arm 5,000 slaves
  • 1864Combination rail and ferry service available from SF to Alameda
  • 1875Matthew Webb becomes 1st to swim English Channel (21h 45m)
  • 18861st International polo meet (US vs. England)
  • 18888th US Mens Tennis: Henry W Slocum Jr beats Howard A Taylor (64 61 60)
  • 1904James J Jeffries TKOs Jack Munroe in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1908Allen Winter wins US 1st $50,000 trotting race

Born on August 25

  • 1076Philippe Comtois: Montreal, Quebec -- 3m springboard diver (1996 Olympics)
  • 1530Ivan IV [the Terrible]: 1st tsar of Russia (1533-84)
  • 1664Johan van de Bergh: Leids regent
  • 1718Johann Jacob Rowalt: Composer
  • 1724George Stubbs: England, United Kingdom -- Animal painter (House Frightened by Lion)
  • 1744Johann G von Herder: German philosopher / theologist / poet
  • 1758Franz Teyber: Composer
  • 1775Charlotte J T: Infant of Portugal (Court in Rio de Janeiro)
  • 1786[Charles] Louis I [Augustus]: King of Bavaria (Lola Montez)
  • 1788Cornelis J van Assen: Dutch jurist (Language of the Constitution)
  • 1811Joseph Dana Webster: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1812Percival Drayton: Captain (Union Navy), died in 1865
  • 1819Allan Pinkerton: Founded Chicago detective agency
  • 1823John Newton: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1825Henry Warner Birge: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1836Bret Harte: United States -- Author (Outcasts of Poker Flat)
  • 1841Theodor Kocher: Switzerland -- Surgeon - thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909)
  • 1845Ludwig II: Mad King of Bavaria (1864-86)
  • 1846Louise J Gautier: French poetess
  • 1851[Willem] Alexander KHF: Prince of Orange / Netherlands
  • 1860George Fawcett: US actor (Intolerance)
  • 1880Robert E Stolz: Austrian composer / conductor (...smaller guard)
  • 1887Olav Fartein Valen: Composer
  • 1891Alberto Savinio [Andrea de Chirico]: Italian writer / composer
  • 1891Luis Iruarrizaga Aguirre: Composer
  • 1891Samuel Gardner: Composer
  • 1897Jaroslav Ridky: Composer
  • 1900Mary Bruce: Dance Teacher
  • 1901Kjeld Abell: Danish playwright / director (Tivoli)
  • 1902Stefan Wolpe: Berlin, Germany -- Composer (Zeus & Elidco)

Died on August 25

  • 0079Gaius Plinius Secundus [Plinius Maior]: Roman Admiral / writer
  • 0383Flavius Gratianus: Emperor of Rome (375-383), murdered at 25
  • 0882Louis III: King of France (879-82), dies at 19
  • 1227Ghengis Khan [Temudjin]: Founded Mongolia
  • 1270Louis IX [the Saint]: King of France (1226-70), dies from plague at 56
  • 1346Louis of Nevers: Count of Flanders, dies in battle
  • 1554Thomas Howard: 3rd Duke of Norfolk, English great Admiral
  • 1556David Jorisz: Flemish glass blower / Sect Leader, dies at about 54
  • 1580Frederick Schenk van Toutenburg: Last Archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1649Richard Crashaw: English clergyman / poet, dies at about 36
  • 1688Henry Morgan: Welsh lt-governor of Jamaica
  • 1742Jose Antonio Carlos de Seixas: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1773Franz Nikolaus Novotny: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1774Nicolo Jommelli: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1789Mary Ball Washington: Mother of George
  • 1791Pietro Domenico Paradisi: Composer
  • 1822F William Herschel: German astronomer (discovered Uranus), dies at 85
  • 1840K L Immermann: Writer, dies at 44
  • 1842Jerome-Joseph de Momigny: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1846Giuseppe Acerbi: Italian nature investigator / diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1868Costache Negruzzi: Romanian Author / poet, dies at about 60
  • 1868Henry P Scholte: Dutch / US vicar (Iowa), dies at 62
  • 1868Jacob van Lennep: Dutch 2nd member of parliament, dies at 66
  • 1900Friedrich Nietschze: Philosopher (Also sprach Zarathustra), dies at 55
  • 1901Clara Maass: Army nurse sacrificied her life at 25 to prove that the mosquito carries yellow fever
  • 1936Grogorij J Zinovjev: Russian revolutionary
  • 1938Aleksander Kuprin: Russian Author (Jama), dies at 67
  • 1942George EAE: English prince / Earl of St Andrews, dies in battle at 39
  • 1942Panayot Pipkov: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1942W van Daalen: Opposition leader on Celebes, beheaded