Events on Aug 25

  • 0325Council of Nicaea ends with adoption of the Nicene Creed establishing the doctrine of the Holy Trinity
  • 0357Battle at Straatsburg: Julianus beats Alamannen, Chonodomarius caught
  • 1330AntiPope Nicolaas V overthrows himself
  • 1425Countess Jacoba of Bavaria escapes from jail
  • 1485Battle at Bosworth Fields: Henry Tudor beats King Richard III
  • 1499Battle at Sapienza: Turkish fleet beats Venetians
  • 1540Explorer Hernando de Alarcon travels up Colorado River
  • 1566Iconoclastic fury begins in Dutch province Utrecht
  • 1580Battle of Alcantara, Spain defeats Portugal
  • 1609Galileo demonstrates his 1st telescope to Venetian lawmakers
  • 1628Assault on Sultan of Mantarams of Batavia
  • 1689Battle at Charleroi: Spanish and English armies chase French
  • 1698Czar Peter the Great returns to Moscow after trip through West-Europe
  • 1718Hundreds of French colonists arrive in Louisiana; New Orleans, found
  • 1758Battle at Zorndorf: Prussia beat Russians: 1000s killed
  • 1768Captain James Cook departs from Plymouth with Endeavour to Pacific Ocean
  • 1795Curacao slaves opponents returns to St. Christopher
  • 1804Alice Meynell becomes 1st woman jockey (England)
  • 1814British forces destroy Library of Congress, containing 3,000 books
  • 1825Uruguay declares independence from Brazil (National Day)
  • 1829President Jackson makes an offer to buy Texas, but Mexican government refuses
  • 1830Belgium revolts against Netherlands
  • 1835New York Sun publishes Moon hoax story about John Herschel
  • 1862Secretary of War authorizes General Rufus Saxton to arm 5,000 slaves
  • 1864Combination rail and ferry service available from SF to Alameda
  • 1875Matthew Webb becomes 1st to swim English Channel (21h 45m)
  • 18861st International polo meet (US vs. England)
  • 18888th US Mens Tennis: Henry W Slocum Jr beats Howard A Taylor (64 61 60)
  • 1904James J Jeffries TKOs Jack Munroe in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1908Allen Winter wins US 1st $50,000 trotting race

Born on Aug 25

  • 1076Philippe Comtois: Montreal, Quebec -- 3m springboard diver (1996 Olympics)
  • 1530Ivan IV [the Terrible]: 1st tsar of Russia (1533-84)
  • 1664Johan van de Bergh: Leids regent
  • 1718Johann Jacob Rowalt: Composer
  • 1724George Stubbs: England, United Kingdom -- Animal painter (House Frightened by Lion)
  • 1744Johann G von Herder: German philosopher / theologist / poet
  • 1758Franz Teyber: Composer
  • 1775Charlotte J T: Infant of Portugal (Court in Rio de Janeiro)
  • 1786[Charles] Louis I [Augustus]: King of Bavaria (Lola Montez)
  • 1788Cornelis J van Assen: Dutch jurist (Language of the Constitution)
  • 1811Joseph Dana Webster: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1812Percival Drayton: Captain (Union Navy), died in 1865
  • 1819Allan Pinkerton: Founded Chicago detective agency
  • 1823John Newton: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1825Henry Warner Birge: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1836Bret Harte: United States -- Author (Outcasts of Poker Flat)
  • 1841Theodor Kocher: Switzerland -- Surgeon - thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909)
  • 1845Ludwig II: Mad King of Bavaria (1864-86)
  • 1846Louise J Gautier: French poetess
  • 1851[Willem] Alexander KHF: Prince of Orange / Netherlands
  • 1860George Fawcett: US actor (Intolerance)
  • 1880Robert E Stolz: Austrian composer / conductor (...smaller guard)
  • 1887Olav Fartein Valen: Composer
  • 1891Alberto Savinio [Andrea de Chirico]: Italian writer / composer
  • 1891Luis Iruarrizaga Aguirre: Composer
  • 1891Samuel Gardner: Composer
  • 1897Jaroslav Ridky: Composer
  • 1900Mary Bruce: Dance Teacher
  • 1901Kjeld Abell: Danish playwright / director (Tivoli)
  • 1902Stefan Wolpe: Berlin, Germany -- Composer (Zeus & Elidco)

Died on Aug 25

  • 0079Gaius Plinius Secundus [Plinius Maior]: Roman Admiral / writer
  • 0383Flavius Gratianus: Emperor of Rome (375-383), murdered at 25
  • 0882Louis III: King of France (879-82), dies at 19
  • 1227Ghengis Khan [Temudjin]: Founded Mongolia
  • 1270Louis IX [the Saint]: King of France (1226-70), dies from plague at 56
  • 1346Louis of Nevers: Count of Flanders, dies in battle
  • 1554Thomas Howard: 3rd Duke of Norfolk, English great Admiral
  • 1556David Jorisz: Flemish glass blower / Sect Leader, dies at about 54
  • 1580Frederick Schenk van Toutenburg: Last Archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1649Richard Crashaw: English clergyman / poet, dies at about 36
  • 1688Henry Morgan: Welsh lt-governor of Jamaica
  • 1742Jose Antonio Carlos de Seixas: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1773Franz Nikolaus Novotny: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1774Nicolo Jommelli: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1789Mary Ball Washington: Mother of George
  • 1791Pietro Domenico Paradisi: Composer
  • 1822F William Herschel: German astronomer (discovered Uranus), dies at 85
  • 1840K L Immermann: Writer, dies at 44
  • 1842Jerome-Joseph de Momigny: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1846Giuseppe Acerbi: Italian nature investigator / diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1868Costache Negruzzi: Romanian Author / poet, dies at about 60
  • 1868Henry P Scholte: Dutch / US vicar (Iowa), dies at 62
  • 1868Jacob van Lennep: Dutch 2nd member of parliament, dies at 66
  • 1900Friedrich Nietschze: Philosopher (Also sprach Zarathustra), dies at 55
  • 1901Clara Maass: Army nurse sacrificied her life at 25 to prove that the mosquito carries yellow fever
  • 1936Grogorij J Zinovjev: Russian revolutionary
  • 1938Aleksander Kuprin: Russian Author (Jama), dies at 67
  • 1942George EAE: English prince / Earl of St Andrews, dies in battle at 39
  • 1942Panayot Pipkov: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1942W van Daalen: Opposition leader on Celebes, beheaded

Historical events on August 26

  • 0580Chinese invents toilet paper
  • 1278Battle of Marchfeld: Rudolf van Habsburg defeats Ottokar II
  • 1541Turkish Sultan Suleiman occupies Buda / annexes Hungary
  • 1545Pope Paul III names his son Pierluigi Farnese, Duke of Parma
  • 1549Battle at Dussingdale: John Dudley beats rebels
  • 1629Cambridge Agreement, Mass Bay Co stockholders agree to emigrate
  • 1641West India Company conquerors Sao Paulo de Loanda, Angola
  • 1652Sea battle at Plymouth: Ayscue vs. De Ruyter
  • 1745England, Prussia and Hannover sign treaty
  • 1791John Fitch grants US patent for his working steamboat
  • 1794French troops occupy Lock
  • 1843Charles Thurber patents a typewriter
  • 1846W A Bartlett appointed 1st US Mayor of Yerba Buena (San Francisco)
  • 1863Battle of Rocky Gap WV (White Sulphur Springs)
  • 18731st kindergarten public school opens in St. Louis
  • 187416 blacks lynched in Tennessee
  • 1895Electric central at Niagara Falls gives 1st steam
  • 1896Armenian revolutionairy assault on Ottoman Bank Constantinople
  • 1903Phillies walk 17 Dodgers in a game
  • 1907Houdini escapes from chains underwater at Aquatic Park in 57 seconds
  • 1909Middlesex beat Gloucs (Bristol) by Inn and 31 in a single day
  • 191232nd US Mens Tennis: M E McLoughlin beats W F Johnson (36 26 62 64 62)
  • 191333rd US Mens Tennis: M E McLoughlin beats R N Williams (64 57 63 61)
  • 1914Battle of Tannenberg - 8th German army defeats Russian Narev army
  • 1915German troops over run Brest-Litovsk, Russia
  • 1916Philadelphia Athletics Bullet Joe Bush no-hits Cleve, 5-0
  • 1916Yanks turn triple-play beating Browns 10-6
  • 1920Percy Fender (Surrey vs. Northants) scores 100 in 35 minutes
  • 1922Japanese cruiser Niitaka leaves in storm at Kamchatka, 300 killed
  • 19291st US roller coaster built

Born on August 26

  • 1596Frederik V: King of Bohemia (White Mountain)
  • 1676Robert Walpole: (Whig) British Prime Minister (1721-42)
  • 1687Willem the Fesch: Dutch violinist / composer (Joseph)
  • 1726Karl Kohaut: Composer
  • 1740Joseph Montgolfier: France -- Aeronaut (ballooning)
  • 1743Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier: Paris, France -- Father of mod chemistry (Oxygen)
  • 1745Francois Guichard: Composer
  • 1749Johann Ernst Rembt: Composer
  • 1788Aloys Schmitt: German music theory / composer / royal pianist
  • 1811Danville Leadbetter: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1866
  • 1813Nicaise de Keyser: Flemish painter (Battle of Guilder Tracks)
  • 1820James Harlan: (Rep-Iowa) / US Secretary of Interior (1865-66)
  • 1823Wilhelm Troszel: Composer
  • 1825Jacobus J Backer: German sea historian
  • 1828Erik Anthon Valdemar Siboni: Composer
  • 1833Charles Jackson Paine: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1835Theodore Washington Brevard: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1842Heinrich I Quincke: German internist (Lumbaalpunctie)
  • 1843George August Lumbye: Composer
  • 1850Charles Richet: French physiologist (anaphylaxis-Nobel 1913)
  • 1870Aleksander Kuprin: Russian author (Pojedinok)
  • 1873Lee De Forest: Council Bluffs, inventor (Audion vacuum (radio) tube)
  • 1875John Buchan: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Governor-General of Canada / writer (Battle of Somme)
  • 1880Guillaume Apollinaire: France -- Poet / movie critic (Alcoola)
  • 1882James Franck: German naturalist (Nobel 1925)
  • 1882Johannes Lindeboom: Vicar / church historian (Netherlands Archives)
  • 1884Earl Biggers: Author ("Charlie Chan" detective series)
  • 1885Jules Romains: France -- Novelist / playwright / poet (Men of Good Will)
  • 1887Luis Abraham Delgadillo: Composer
  • 1891Emmy van Lokhorst: Dutch author

Died on August 26

  • 1278Ottokar II: King of Bohemia (1253-78), dies in battle
  • 1346Jan de Blinde: King of Bohemia / Count of Luxemburg, dies in battle
  • 1368Engelbrecht van der Mark: Prince-Bishop of Luik (1345-64)
  • 1486Ernst I: Ruler of Saxon (1464-86), dies at 45
  • 1518Giberto X: Italian mister of Correggio / husband of Veronica Gambara
  • 1616Johan van de Veeken: Merchant / co-founder (VOC), dies at 66
  • 1661Louis Couperin: Composer
  • 1683Christoph Schultze: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1712Sebastian Anton Scherer: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1723Thonis van Leeuwenhoek: Biologist / inventor (microscope), dies at 90
  • 1770Domingos dos Reis Quita: Portuguese playwright / poet, dies at 42
  • 1813Daniel Gottlob Turk: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1832Henryk Klein: Composer, dies at 96
  • 1849Jacques-Fereol Mazas: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1860Friedrich Silcher: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1860Philipp Friedrich Silcher: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1863John Buchanan Floyd: US Minister of War (1857-60) / Confederate General
  • 1865Johann F Encke: German astronomer (Comet Encke), dies at 73
  • 1865Marcellus Monroe Crocker: US attorney / Union Brigadier General, dies at 35
  • 1869Henri Leys: Flemish painter, dies at 54
  • 1873Carl Wilhelm: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1894PPH van Ham: General Major, dies in battle on Lombok
  • 1921Ludwig Thoma: Writer
  • 1921Matthias Erzberger: German Minister of Finance, murdered at 45
  • 1921Peter I Karadjordjevic: King of Serbia / Yugoslavia (1903-21)
  • 1930Lon Chaney: Actor (Thunder, Big City, Unholy 3), dies at 47
  • 1945Franz Werfel: Czech / German / US Poet / writer (Mirror Man), dies at 54
  • 1949Nico van Suchtelen: Publisher, dies at 70
  • 1958Ralph Vaughan Williams: English composer, dies at 85
  • 1960Mark Hambourg: Composer, dies at 81