Events on Aug 26

  • 0580Chinese invents toilet paper
  • 1278Battle of Marchfeld: Rudolf van Habsburg defeats Ottokar II
  • 1541Turkish Sultan Suleiman occupies Buda / annexes Hungary
  • 1545Pope Paul III names his son Pierluigi Farnese, Duke of Parma
  • 1549Battle at Dussingdale: John Dudley beats rebels
  • 1629Cambridge Agreement, Mass Bay Co stockholders agree to emigrate
  • 1641West India Company conquerors Sao Paulo de Loanda, Angola
  • 1652Sea battle at Plymouth: Ayscue vs. De Ruyter
  • 1745England, Prussia and Hannover sign treaty
  • 1791John Fitch grants US patent for his working steamboat
  • 1794French troops occupy Lock
  • 1843Charles Thurber patents a typewriter
  • 1846W A Bartlett appointed 1st US Mayor of Yerba Buena (San Francisco)
  • 1863Battle of Rocky Gap WV (White Sulphur Springs)
  • 18731st kindergarten public school opens in St. Louis
  • 187416 blacks lynched in Tennessee
  • 1895Electric central at Niagara Falls gives 1st steam
  • 1896Armenian revolutionairy assault on Ottoman Bank Constantinople
  • 1903Phillies walk 17 Dodgers in a game
  • 1907Houdini escapes from chains underwater at Aquatic Park in 57 seconds
  • 1909Middlesex beat Gloucs (Bristol) by Inn and 31 in a single day
  • 191232nd US Mens Tennis: M E McLoughlin beats W F Johnson (36 26 62 64 62)
  • 191333rd US Mens Tennis: M E McLoughlin beats R N Williams (64 57 63 61)
  • 1914Battle of Tannenberg - 8th German army defeats Russian Narev army
  • 1915German troops over run Brest-Litovsk, Russia
  • 1916Philadelphia Athletics Bullet Joe Bush no-hits Cleve, 5-0
  • 1916Yanks turn triple-play beating Browns 10-6
  • 1920Percy Fender (Surrey vs. Northants) scores 100 in 35 minutes
  • 1922Japanese cruiser Niitaka leaves in storm at Kamchatka, 300 killed
  • 19291st US roller coaster built

Born on Aug 26

  • 1596Frederik V: King of Bohemia (White Mountain)
  • 1676Robert Walpole: (Whig) British Prime Minister (1721-42)
  • 1687Willem the Fesch: Dutch violinist / composer (Joseph)
  • 1726Karl Kohaut: Composer
  • 1740Joseph Montgolfier: France -- Aeronaut (ballooning)
  • 1743Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier: Paris, France -- Father of mod chemistry (Oxygen)
  • 1745Francois Guichard: Composer
  • 1749Johann Ernst Rembt: Composer
  • 1788Aloys Schmitt: German music theory / composer / royal pianist
  • 1811Danville Leadbetter: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1866
  • 1813Nicaise de Keyser: Flemish painter (Battle of Guilder Tracks)
  • 1820James Harlan: (Rep-Iowa) / US Secretary of Interior (1865-66)
  • 1823Wilhelm Troszel: Composer
  • 1825Jacobus J Backer: German sea historian
  • 1828Erik Anthon Valdemar Siboni: Composer
  • 1833Charles Jackson Paine: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1835Theodore Washington Brevard: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1842Heinrich I Quincke: German internist (Lumbaalpunctie)
  • 1843George August Lumbye: Composer
  • 1850Charles Richet: French physiologist (anaphylaxis-Nobel 1913)
  • 1870Aleksander Kuprin: Russian author (Pojedinok)
  • 1873Lee De Forest: Council Bluffs, inventor (Audion vacuum (radio) tube)
  • 1875John Buchan: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Governor-General of Canada / writer (Battle of Somme)
  • 1880Guillaume Apollinaire: France -- Poet / movie critic (Alcoola)
  • 1882James Franck: German naturalist (Nobel 1925)
  • 1882Johannes Lindeboom: Vicar / church historian (Netherlands Archives)
  • 1884Earl Biggers: Author ("Charlie Chan" detective series)
  • 1885Jules Romains: France -- Novelist / playwright / poet (Men of Good Will)
  • 1887Luis Abraham Delgadillo: Composer
  • 1891Emmy van Lokhorst: Dutch author

Died on Aug 26

  • 1278Ottokar II: King of Bohemia (1253-78), dies in battle
  • 1346Jan de Blinde: King of Bohemia / Count of Luxemburg, dies in battle
  • 1368Engelbrecht van der Mark: Prince-Bishop of Luik (1345-64)
  • 1486Ernst I: Ruler of Saxon (1464-86), dies at 45
  • 1518Giberto X: Italian mister of Correggio / husband of Veronica Gambara
  • 1616Johan van de Veeken: Merchant / co-founder (VOC), dies at 66
  • 1661Louis Couperin: Composer
  • 1683Christoph Schultze: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1712Sebastian Anton Scherer: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1723Thonis van Leeuwenhoek: Biologist / inventor (microscope), dies at 90
  • 1770Domingos dos Reis Quita: Portuguese playwright / poet, dies at 42
  • 1813Daniel Gottlob Turk: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1832Henryk Klein: Composer, dies at 96
  • 1849Jacques-Fereol Mazas: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1860Friedrich Silcher: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1860Philipp Friedrich Silcher: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1863John Buchanan Floyd: US Minister of War (1857-60) / Confederate General
  • 1865Johann F Encke: German astronomer (Comet Encke), dies at 73
  • 1865Marcellus Monroe Crocker: US attorney / Union Brigadier General, dies at 35
  • 1869Henri Leys: Flemish painter, dies at 54
  • 1873Carl Wilhelm: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1894PPH van Ham: General Major, dies in battle on Lombok
  • 1921Ludwig Thoma: Writer
  • 1921Matthias Erzberger: German Minister of Finance, murdered at 45
  • 1921Peter I Karadjordjevic: King of Serbia / Yugoslavia (1903-21)
  • 1930Lon Chaney: Actor (Thunder, Big City, Unholy 3), dies at 47
  • 1945Franz Werfel: Czech / German / US Poet / writer (Mirror Man), dies at 54
  • 1949Nico van Suchtelen: Publisher, dies at 70
  • 1958Ralph Vaughan Williams: English composer, dies at 85
  • 1960Mark Hambourg: Composer, dies at 81

Historical events on August 27

  • 1232Kioto Staatsraad accept Joei Legislation
  • 1549Battle at Dussindale: John Dudley destroys English boer army
  • 1601Olivier van Noort completes 1st Dutch exploration of new world
  • 1610Polish King Wladyslaw crowned King of Russia
  • 1619Monarch Frederik van Palts chosen King of Bohemia
  • 1626Battle at Lutter: Catholic League beats Danish King Christian IV
  • 1628Java Sultan Agung van Mataram attacks Batavia
  • 1634Battle of Nordingen-Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, loses Duchy of Francomia
  • 1665"Ye Bare & Ye Cubb" is 1st play, performed in North America (Acomac, Va)
  • 1667Earliest recorded hurricane in US (Jamestown Virginia)
  • 1776British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island
  • 17831st hydrogen balloon flight (unmanned); reaches 900 m altitude
  • 1788Jacques Neeker names French Minister of Finance
  • 1789French National Assembly issues "Declaration of Rights of Man & Citizen"
  • 1798Battle at Castelbar, Ireland: French army hunts The English
  • 1799English invasion army lands in North-Holland
  • 1813Battle of Dresden-Napoleon defeats Austrians
  • 1816Lord Exmouth bombs Algiers, a refuge for Barbary pirates
  • 1828Uruguay gains independence during Brazil-Argentina peace talk
  • 1832Black Hawk, leader of Sauk-indians, gives himself up
  • 18591st successful oil well drilled, near Titusville, Penn by Edwin Drake
  • 1861Battle of Cape Hatteras SC-Union troops take Ft Clark
  • 1862Battle of Cub Run, Virginia
  • 1881Hurricane hits Florida and Carolinas; about 700 die
  • 1883Krakatoa, west of Java, explodes with a force of 1,300 megatons
  • 1892New York City Metropolitan Opera House catches fire
  • 1894Congress passes Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, which includes a graduated income tax later struck down by the Supreme Court
  • 189515th US Mens Tennis: Fred H Hovey beats Robert D Wrenn (63 62 64)
  • 1896England defeated Zanzibar in a 38-minute war (9:02 AM-9:40 AM)
  • 1897Roger Bresnahan debuts as Washingston Senator pitcher (later HOF catcher)

Born on August 27

  • 1471George von Saksen-Meissen: German potester of Frisia
  • 1545Alessandro Farnese: Duke of Parma / General / diplomat
  • 1562Hans Leo Hassler: Composer
  • 1583Simon Besler: Composer
  • 1630Maria van Oosterwijck: Dutch flower painter
  • 1650Johann Samuel Welter: Composer
  • 1666Ivan V: Co-tsar of Russia (1682-89)
  • 1719John / Jean Nepveu: Dutch Governor of Suriname (1768-79)
  • 1730Hamann: Writer
  • 1739Michel Delalande: Composer
  • 1752Herman Muntinghe: Dutch theologist (History of Mankind)
  • 1768Anne-Francois Mellinet: French / Belgian General (Maastricht)
  • 1770Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: German philosopher / inventor (dialectic)
  • 1809Hannibal Hamlin: (R) 15th VP (1861-65)
  • 1824Hiram Gregory Berry: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1826Frank Stillman Nickerson: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826Hermann Kipper: Music teacher / critic / composer
  • 1832James Alexander Walker: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 1835Albijn van de Abeele: Flemish author / Mayor / painter
  • 1837Heinrich Urban: Composer
  • 1839Emory Upton: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1881
  • 1847Gustave J Waffelaert: Flemish theologist / Bishop of Bridge
  • 1856Iwan Franko: Writer
  • 1858Giuseppe Peanoin Cuneo: Piemonte, Italy -- Mathematician
  • 1865Charles Gates Dawes: (R) 30th VP (1925-29, Nobel 1925)
  • 1865Emmuska Orczy: British writer (Scarlet Pimpernel)
  • 1867Umberto Giordano: Composer
  • 1869Karl Haushofer: Soldier / geographer
  • 1870Amado Nervo [Juan C Ruiz de Nervo]: Mexican writer / poet
  • 1871Theodore Dreiser: United States -- Novelist (Sister Carie, American Tragedy)

Died on August 27

  • 1208Irene Angelina: Daughter of Isaac II Angeles
  • 1521Josquin Des Prez: Composer
  • 1522Giovanni A Amadei / Amadeo: Italian Sculptor / architect, dies at about 75
  • 1576Titian [Tiziano Vecelli]: Italian painter, dies of plague
  • 1590Sixtus V [Felice Peretti / "Montalto"]: Pope (1585-90), dies at 68
  • 1608Hendrik van Kinschot [Henricus Kinschotus]: Lawyer, dies at 66
  • 1635Lope Felix de Vega: Playwright / Poet (Angelica, Arcadia), dies at 72
  • 1651Jacob A Backer: Painter, dies at about 43
  • 1667Adriaen Melar: Flemish engraver, buried at 33
  • 1746Johann Caspar Ferdinand Fischer: Composer
  • 1748James Thomson
  • 1827Ferdinand Trauttmansdorff: Austrian Earl / prince / diplomat
  • 1828Eise J Eisinga: Constructed planetarium at Franeker, dies at 84
  • 1840William Kneass: 3rd US chief engraver (1824-40), dies in office
  • 1841Ignaz Xaver von Seyfried: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1846Frantiszek Scigalski: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1846Gottfied Wilhelm Fink: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1855Francisco Eduardo da Costa: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1865Jozef Nowakowski: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1867Karol Katski: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1868Franz Xaver Schnyder von Wartensee: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1874Johan George Schwartze: Painter
  • 1874John Henry Foley: Sculptor
  • 1879Rowland Hill: Introduced postage stamps, dies at 84
  • 1883August Friedrich Pott: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1887Wilhelm Volkmar: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1910Clement of Maasdijk: 1st Dutch aircraft death
  • 1914John Weiss: German new testament
  • 1922Carl Fuchs: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1930Didericus G van Epen: Genealogist / Dutch Patriarch, dies at 62