Events on Aug 27

  • 1232Kioto Staatsraad accept Joei Legislation
  • 1549Battle at Dussindale: John Dudley destroys English boer army
  • 1601Olivier van Noort completes 1st Dutch exploration of new world
  • 1610Polish King Wladyslaw crowned King of Russia
  • 1619Monarch Frederik van Palts chosen King of Bohemia
  • 1626Battle at Lutter: Catholic League beats Danish King Christian IV
  • 1628Java Sultan Agung van Mataram attacks Batavia
  • 1634Battle of Nordingen-Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, loses Duchy of Francomia
  • 1665"Ye Bare & Ye Cubb" is 1st play, performed in North America (Acomac, Va)
  • 1667Earliest recorded hurricane in US (Jamestown Virginia)
  • 1776British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island
  • 17831st hydrogen balloon flight (unmanned); reaches 900 m altitude
  • 1788Jacques Neeker names French Minister of Finance
  • 1789French National Assembly issues "Declaration of Rights of Man & Citizen"
  • 1798Battle at Castelbar, Ireland: French army hunts The English
  • 1799English invasion army lands in North-Holland
  • 1813Battle of Dresden-Napoleon defeats Austrians
  • 1816Lord Exmouth bombs Algiers, a refuge for Barbary pirates
  • 1828Uruguay gains independence during Brazil-Argentina peace talk
  • 1832Black Hawk, leader of Sauk-indians, gives himself up
  • 18591st successful oil well drilled, near Titusville, Penn by Edwin Drake
  • 1861Battle of Cape Hatteras SC-Union troops take Ft Clark
  • 1862Battle of Cub Run, Virginia
  • 1881Hurricane hits Florida and Carolinas; about 700 die
  • 1883Krakatoa, west of Java, explodes with a force of 1,300 megatons
  • 1892New York City Metropolitan Opera House catches fire
  • 1894Congress passes Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, which includes a graduated income tax later struck down by the Supreme Court
  • 189515th US Mens Tennis: Fred H Hovey beats Robert D Wrenn (63 62 64)
  • 1896England defeated Zanzibar in a 38-minute war (9:02 AM-9:40 AM)
  • 1897Roger Bresnahan debuts as Washingston Senator pitcher (later HOF catcher)

Born on Aug 27

  • 1471George von Saksen-Meissen: German potester of Frisia
  • 1545Alessandro Farnese: Duke of Parma / General / diplomat
  • 1562Hans Leo Hassler: Composer
  • 1583Simon Besler: Composer
  • 1630Maria van Oosterwijck: Dutch flower painter
  • 1650Johann Samuel Welter: Composer
  • 1666Ivan V: Co-tsar of Russia (1682-89)
  • 1719John / Jean Nepveu: Dutch Governor of Suriname (1768-79)
  • 1730Hamann: Writer
  • 1739Michel Delalande: Composer
  • 1752Herman Muntinghe: Dutch theologist (History of Mankind)
  • 1768Anne-Francois Mellinet: French / Belgian General (Maastricht)
  • 1770Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: German philosopher / inventor (dialectic)
  • 1809Hannibal Hamlin: (R) 15th VP (1861-65)
  • 1824Hiram Gregory Berry: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1826Frank Stillman Nickerson: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826Hermann Kipper: Music teacher / critic / composer
  • 1832James Alexander Walker: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 1835Albijn van de Abeele: Flemish author / Mayor / painter
  • 1837Heinrich Urban: Composer
  • 1839Emory Upton: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1881
  • 1847Gustave J Waffelaert: Flemish theologist / Bishop of Bridge
  • 1856Iwan Franko: Writer
  • 1858Giuseppe Peanoin Cuneo: Piemonte, Italy -- Mathematician
  • 1865Charles Gates Dawes: (R) 30th VP (1925-29, Nobel 1925)
  • 1865Emmuska Orczy: British writer (Scarlet Pimpernel)
  • 1867Umberto Giordano: Composer
  • 1869Karl Haushofer: Soldier / geographer
  • 1870Amado Nervo [Juan C Ruiz de Nervo]: Mexican writer / poet
  • 1871Theodore Dreiser: United States -- Novelist (Sister Carie, American Tragedy)

Died on Aug 27

  • 1208Irene Angelina: Daughter of Isaac II Angeles
  • 1521Josquin Des Prez: Composer
  • 1522Giovanni A Amadei / Amadeo: Italian Sculptor / architect, dies at about 75
  • 1576Titian [Tiziano Vecelli]: Italian painter, dies of plague
  • 1590Sixtus V [Felice Peretti / "Montalto"]: Pope (1585-90), dies at 68
  • 1608Hendrik van Kinschot [Henricus Kinschotus]: Lawyer, dies at 66
  • 1635Lope Felix de Vega: Playwright / Poet (Angelica, Arcadia), dies at 72
  • 1651Jacob A Backer: Painter, dies at about 43
  • 1667Adriaen Melar: Flemish engraver, buried at 33
  • 1746Johann Caspar Ferdinand Fischer: Composer
  • 1748James Thomson
  • 1827Ferdinand Trauttmansdorff: Austrian Earl / prince / diplomat
  • 1828Eise J Eisinga: Constructed planetarium at Franeker, dies at 84
  • 1840William Kneass: 3rd US chief engraver (1824-40), dies in office
  • 1841Ignaz Xaver von Seyfried: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1846Frantiszek Scigalski: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1846Gottfied Wilhelm Fink: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1855Francisco Eduardo da Costa: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1865Jozef Nowakowski: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1867Karol Katski: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1868Franz Xaver Schnyder von Wartensee: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1874Johan George Schwartze: Painter
  • 1874John Henry Foley: Sculptor
  • 1879Rowland Hill: Introduced postage stamps, dies at 84
  • 1883August Friedrich Pott: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1887Wilhelm Volkmar: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1910Clement of Maasdijk: 1st Dutch aircraft death
  • 1914John Weiss: German new testament
  • 1922Carl Fuchs: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1930Didericus G van Epen: Genealogist / Dutch Patriarch, dies at 62

Historical events on August 28

  • 0476German ruler Odoacer captures Pavia
  • 0476West Roman Empire formally disbands / Emperor Romulus August ousted
  • 1565Oldest city in the US, St. Augustine Florida, established
  • 1609Henry Hudson, discovers and explores Delaware Bay
  • 1619Ferdinand II elected Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1632Henry Casimir I appointed Viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1637WIC-Colonel Hans Koin conquerors Fort Elmina, West Africa
  • 1655New Amsterdam and Peter Stuyvesant bars Jews from military service
  • 18301st locomotive in US, "Tom Thumb, " runs from Baltimore to Ellicotts Mill
  • 1837Pharmacists John Lea and William Perrins manufactures Worcester Sauce
  • 18409 Jewish prisoners are released from Damascus jails
  • 1849Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, after been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence
  • 1861Battle of Fort Hatteras, North Carolina
  • 1862Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia
  • 1862Belle Boyd released from Old Capital Prison in Washington, DC
  • 1867US occupies Midway Islands in Pacific
  • 1883Slavery banned throughout British Empire
  • 18841st known photograph of a tornado is made near Howard, South Dakota
  • 1884Mickey Welsh strikes-out 1st 9 men he faces
  • 1907United Parcel Service begins service, in Seattle
  • 190814th US Golf Open: Fred McLeod shoots a 322 at Myopia Hunt Club, Massachusetts
  • 191145.7 cm rainfall at St. George, Georgia (state record)
  • 1913Queen Wilhelmina opens Peace Palace (The Hague)
  • 19143rd day of battle at Tannenberg: violent German / Russian battles
  • 1914Battle at Helgoland: British fleet beats German, 1100 killed
  • 1914John French evacuate Amiens
  • 1916Germany declares war on Romania
  • 1916Italy declares war against Germany during WWI
  • 191710 suffragists arrested as they picket White House
  • 1918Tris Speaker suspended for season due to assault on ump Tom Connolly

Born on August 28

  • 0865Rhazes [Abu Bakr Mohammed ibn Zakarijja al-Razi]: Persian Physician
  • 1476Motonoboe: Japanese painter (Kano-school)
  • 1673Conrad Michael Schneider: Composer
  • 1700Carolomannus Pachschmidt: Composer
  • 1749Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Frankfurt, Germany -- Social philosopher (Faust)
  • 1754Peter Winter: Composer
  • 1774Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton: 1st American Catholic Saint (1975)
  • 1775Sophie Gail: Composer
  • 1794Johannes Zwijsen: Archbishop (Utrecht Netherlands)
  • 1795Joannes A Paredis: Belgian Bishop of Roermond
  • 1798Gershom Jaques Van Brunt: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1863
  • 1801Antoine A Cournot: French philosopher / mathematician (rule of Cournot)
  • 1824Carel JCH van Nispen of Sevenaer: Dutch Catholic politician
  • 1826Walter Cecil Macfarren: Composer
  • 1827Teresa Milanollo: Composer
  • 1828William Alexander Hammond: Brigadier General (Union Army), died in 1900
  • 1829Albert Dietrich: Composer
  • 1831Fredrick Vilhelm Ludvig Norman: Composer
  • 1831Lucy Ware Webb Hayes: 1st lady (1877-81)
  • 1833Edward Burne-Jones: England, United Kingdom -- Pre-Raphaelite painter / designer
  • 1840Ira D Sankey: US evangelist / composer / singer (Gospel hymns)
  • 1842Willem Linnig, Jr.: Flemish painter / graphic artist
  • 1872Alfred Baldwin Sloan: Composer
  • 1878George Hoyt Whipple: United States -- Astrophysicist (Nobel-1934)
  • 1881Arne Eggen: Composer
  • 1882Carl W de Vries: Dutch jurist (Unknown Thorbecke)
  • 1883E E Clive: Monmouthshire, Wales -- Actor (Night Must Fall, Dark Hour)
  • 1885Armas Toivo Valdemar Maasalo: Composer
  • 1887Daniel Zamudio: Composer
  • 1889Charles Boyer: France -- Actor (Algiers, Fanny, Barefoot in the Park)

Died on August 28

  • 0388Magnus Maximus: Spanish West Roman Emperor (383-88), executed
  • 0430Aurelius Augustinus: Church elder / thinker (Belijdenissen), dies at 75
  • 0876Louis the German: King of East France Empire (833-76)
  • 1065Frederik van Luxembourg: Duke of Neth-Lutherans (1046-65)
  • 1481Afonso V: King of Portugal
  • 1484Diogo: Duke of Viseu, murdered
  • 1539Lieven Pain: Flemish, beheaded at about 75
  • 1544Alardus Aemstelredamus: Priest / humanist, dies at about 53
  • 1646Fulvio Testi: Italian Poet (Poesie liriche), dies at 53
  • 1647Johann Dilliger: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1654Axel Gustafson Oxenstierna: Swedish Earl / chancellor / regent, dies at 71
  • 1676Joan Cererols: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1677Wallerand Vaillant: Painter / engraver / etcher / cartoonist, dies at 54
  • 1767Johann Schobert: Composer
  • 1778Jacob Wallenberg: Swedish writer / shipminister
  • 1793Adam-Philippe Custine: French Earl / General / parliament member
  • 1803Charles L Fournier: Flemish writer / painter
  • 1818Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable: Trader, founder of Chicago
  • 1885Julius Hopp: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1900Henry Sidgwick: English philosopher (Women on University)
  • 1903August Labitzky: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1914Anatoli Liadov: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1916Francis W Warre-Cornish: Engl vice-provost of Eton (1893-1916)
  • 1922Louis PMFG of Orleans: Earl of Eu / Brazil, dies at 80
  • 1930Alvar Gullstrand: Swedish optician (Nobel 1911)
  • 1943Boris III: Of Saksen-Coburg, King of Bulgaria (1918-43)
  • 1951Robert Walker: Actor / writer (Bataan, Madame Curie), dies at 32
  • 1955Emmett Till: Kidnapped and lynched at 14, in Money Mississippi
  • 1958Nikolay Semyonovich Golovanov: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1959Bohuslav Jan Martinu: Czech Composer (Hry o Marti), dies at 68