Events on Aug 28

  • 0476German ruler Odoacer captures Pavia
  • 0476West Roman Empire formally disbands / Emperor Romulus August ousted
  • 1565Oldest city in the US, St. Augustine Florida, established
  • 1609Henry Hudson, discovers and explores Delaware Bay
  • 1619Ferdinand II elected Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1632Henry Casimir I appointed Viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1637WIC-Colonel Hans Koin conquerors Fort Elmina, West Africa
  • 1655New Amsterdam and Peter Stuyvesant bars Jews from military service
  • 18301st locomotive in US, "Tom Thumb, " runs from Baltimore to Ellicotts Mill
  • 1837Pharmacists John Lea and William Perrins manufactures Worcester Sauce
  • 18409 Jewish prisoners are released from Damascus jails
  • 1849Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, after been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence
  • 1861Battle of Fort Hatteras, North Carolina
  • 1862Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia
  • 1862Belle Boyd released from Old Capital Prison in Washington, DC
  • 1867US occupies Midway Islands in Pacific
  • 1883Slavery banned throughout British Empire
  • 18841st known photograph of a tornado is made near Howard, South Dakota
  • 1884Mickey Welsh strikes-out 1st 9 men he faces
  • 1907United Parcel Service begins service, in Seattle
  • 190814th US Golf Open: Fred McLeod shoots a 322 at Myopia Hunt Club, Massachusetts
  • 191145.7 cm rainfall at St. George, Georgia (state record)
  • 1913Queen Wilhelmina opens Peace Palace (The Hague)
  • 19143rd day of battle at Tannenberg: violent German / Russian battles
  • 1914Battle at Helgoland: British fleet beats German, 1100 killed
  • 1914John French evacuate Amiens
  • 1916Germany declares war on Romania
  • 1916Italy declares war against Germany during WWI
  • 191710 suffragists arrested as they picket White House
  • 1918Tris Speaker suspended for season due to assault on ump Tom Connolly

Born on Aug 28

  • 0865Rhazes [Abu Bakr Mohammed ibn Zakarijja al-Razi]: Persian Physician
  • 1476Motonoboe: Japanese painter (Kano-school)
  • 1673Conrad Michael Schneider: Composer
  • 1700Carolomannus Pachschmidt: Composer
  • 1749Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Frankfurt, Germany -- Social philosopher (Faust)
  • 1754Peter Winter: Composer
  • 1774Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton: 1st American Catholic Saint (1975)
  • 1775Sophie Gail: Composer
  • 1794Johannes Zwijsen: Archbishop (Utrecht Netherlands)
  • 1795Joannes A Paredis: Belgian Bishop of Roermond
  • 1798Gershom Jaques Van Brunt: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1863
  • 1801Antoine A Cournot: French philosopher / mathematician (rule of Cournot)
  • 1824Carel JCH van Nispen of Sevenaer: Dutch Catholic politician
  • 1826Walter Cecil Macfarren: Composer
  • 1827Teresa Milanollo: Composer
  • 1828William Alexander Hammond: Brigadier General (Union Army), died in 1900
  • 1829Albert Dietrich: Composer
  • 1831Fredrick Vilhelm Ludvig Norman: Composer
  • 1831Lucy Ware Webb Hayes: 1st lady (1877-81)
  • 1833Edward Burne-Jones: England, United Kingdom -- Pre-Raphaelite painter / designer
  • 1840Ira D Sankey: US evangelist / composer / singer (Gospel hymns)
  • 1842Willem Linnig, Jr.: Flemish painter / graphic artist
  • 1872Alfred Baldwin Sloan: Composer
  • 1878George Hoyt Whipple: United States -- Astrophysicist (Nobel-1934)
  • 1881Arne Eggen: Composer
  • 1882Carl W de Vries: Dutch jurist (Unknown Thorbecke)
  • 1883E E Clive: Monmouthshire, Wales -- Actor (Night Must Fall, Dark Hour)
  • 1885Armas Toivo Valdemar Maasalo: Composer
  • 1887Daniel Zamudio: Composer
  • 1889Charles Boyer: France -- Actor (Algiers, Fanny, Barefoot in the Park)

Died on Aug 28

  • 0388Magnus Maximus: Spanish West Roman Emperor (383-88), executed
  • 0430Aurelius Augustinus: Church elder / thinker (Belijdenissen), dies at 75
  • 0876Louis the German: King of East France Empire (833-76)
  • 1065Frederik van Luxembourg: Duke of Neth-Lutherans (1046-65)
  • 1481Afonso V: King of Portugal
  • 1484Diogo: Duke of Viseu, murdered
  • 1539Lieven Pain: Flemish, beheaded at about 75
  • 1544Alardus Aemstelredamus: Priest / humanist, dies at about 53
  • 1646Fulvio Testi: Italian Poet (Poesie liriche), dies at 53
  • 1647Johann Dilliger: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1654Axel Gustafson Oxenstierna: Swedish Earl / chancellor / regent, dies at 71
  • 1676Joan Cererols: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1677Wallerand Vaillant: Painter / engraver / etcher / cartoonist, dies at 54
  • 1767Johann Schobert: Composer
  • 1778Jacob Wallenberg: Swedish writer / shipminister
  • 1793Adam-Philippe Custine: French Earl / General / parliament member
  • 1803Charles L Fournier: Flemish writer / painter
  • 1818Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable: Trader, founder of Chicago
  • 1885Julius Hopp: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1900Henry Sidgwick: English philosopher (Women on University)
  • 1903August Labitzky: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1914Anatoli Liadov: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1916Francis W Warre-Cornish: Engl vice-provost of Eton (1893-1916)
  • 1922Louis PMFG of Orleans: Earl of Eu / Brazil, dies at 80
  • 1930Alvar Gullstrand: Swedish optician (Nobel 1911)
  • 1943Boris III: Of Saksen-Coburg, King of Bulgaria (1918-43)
  • 1951Robert Walker: Actor / writer (Bataan, Madame Curie), dies at 32
  • 1955Emmett Till: Kidnapped and lynched at 14, in Money Mississippi
  • 1958Nikolay Semyonovich Golovanov: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1959Bohuslav Jan Martinu: Czech Composer (Hry o Marti), dies at 68

Historical events on August 29

  • 0284Gen Gaius Aurelius V Diocletianus Jovius (3) becomes Emperor of Rome
  • 0284Origin of Era of Diocletian (Martyrs)
  • 1178Anti-Pope Callistus III gives Pope title to Alexander III
  • 1475Treaty of Picquigny: King Louis XI buys English contacts
  • 1484Giovanni B Cibo elected as Pope Innocent VIII
  • 1533Francisco Pizarro orders death of last Incan King of Peru, Atahualpa
  • 1540Emperor Karel deprives city Gent definitive rights / privileges
  • 1612Battle at Surat India: English fleet beats Portuguese
  • 1640English King Charles I signed a peace treaty with Scotland
  • 1664Adriaen Pieck / Gerrit de Ferry patent wooden firespout in Amsterdam
  • 1708English troops occupy Menorca and Sardinia
  • 1708Haverhill, Mass destroyed by French and Indians
  • 1742Edmond Hoyle published his "Short Treatise" on the card game whist
  • 1756England and France meet in war
  • 1756Prussian Libya occupies Saxson: beginning 7 years War
  • 1758New Jersey Legislature forms 1st Indian reservation
  • 1776Americans withdraw from Manhattan to Westchester
  • 1792English warship Royal George capsizes in Spithead; kills 900
  • 1793Slaves in French colony of St. Domingue (Haiti) freed
  • 1831Michael Faraday demonstrates 1st electric transformer
  • 1842Gr Britain and China sign Treaty of Nanking, ends Opium war
  • 18441st white-indian lacrosse game in Montreal, Indians win
  • 1854Self-governing windmill patented (Daniel Halladay)
  • 18622nd Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) begins
  • 1862Battle of Aspromonte-Italian royal forces defeat rebels
  • 1862Battle of Bull Run, VA (Manassas, Gainesville, Bristoe Station)
  • 1862US Bureau of Engraving & Printing begins operation
  • 1864William Huggins discovers chemical composition of nebulae
  • 1882Fred Spofforth completes 14-90 for match vs. England (7-46 & 7-44)
  • 1883Seismic sea waves created by Krakatoa eruption create a rise in English Channel 32 hours after explosion

Born on August 29

  • 1434Janus Pannonius: Hungarian poet / translator
  • 1476Kano Motonobu: Kyoto, Japan -- Co-founder (Kano school of painting)
  • 1561Bartholomeus Pitiscus: German mathematician (Trigonometry)
  • 1609Sassoferrato [Giovanni B Salvi]: Italian painter (Madonna)
  • 1619Jean-Baptiste Colbert: French Minister of Naval / Baron
  • 1632John Locke: England, United Kingdom -- Empiricist philosopher; disproved substance
  • 1686Wilhelm Hieronymus Pachelbel: Composer
  • 1773Raphael G Kiesewetter: Austria -- Musicologist (Arab Music)
  • 1780Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres: French painter (Valpincon Bather)
  • 1808Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch: German politician / Reformer
  • 1809Oliver Wendell Holmes: Cambridge, Massachusetts -- Physician / author (Old Ironsides)
  • 1811Henry Bergh: 1st President of SPCA
  • 1815Anna Ella Carroll: United States -- Civil war writer (Reconstruction)
  • 1849Titus A J van Asch van Wijck: Dutch Governor Suriname (1891-97)
  • 1855Emil Pauer: Composer
  • 1862P M B Maurice Maeterlinck: Belgium -- Poet (Blue Bird, Nobel 1911)
  • 1874Walter Field
  • 1876Charles F Kettering: Ohio, United States -- Inventor (auto self-starter)
  • 1877Alfred DPR Pound: British Admiral / 1st Sealord (Jutland, WWII)
  • 1879Han Yong-woon: Hongsung County, South Korea -- Zen teacher
  • 1880Marie-Louise Meilleur: Canada -- Lived past 117
  • 1881Edvin Kallstenius: Composer
  • 1881Valery Nicolas Larbaud: France -- Novelist / translator (Enfantines)
  • 1884Ehm Welk: Writer
  • 1894E Franklin Frazier: Sociologist, died in 1962
  • 1899Lyman L Lemnitzer: Marine Corps General (WWII)
  • 1899George Macready: Providence, Rhode Island -- Actor (Martin Peyton-Peyton Place)
  • 1900Oscar Nitzchke: German architect (Alcoa building / Centre Pompidou)
  • 1903Ernst Kreuder: Writer
  • 1903Olive Ann Beech: Aircraft industry executive

Died on August 29

  • 0029John the Baptist: Beheaded
  • 1523Ulrich von Hutten: German Poet / humanist / patriot, dies at 35
  • 1526Louis II: King of Hungary / Bohemia, dies in accident at 20
  • 1533Atahualpa: Last Inca King of Peru, murdered by Spanish conquerors
  • 1653Gillesz de Hondecoeter: Painter / Hostage rights, buried at about 49
  • 1712Gregory King: English statistician (law of King), dies at 63
  • 1738Georg Reuter: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1758Gerard Van Wage: Historian, dies at 75
  • 1758Stepan F graaf Apraksin: Russian General-Field Marshal, dies at 56
  • 1769Edmond Hoyle: Games expert
  • 1782Richard Kempenfeldt: English Admiral, drowns
  • 1799Pius VI [Giovanni A Braschi]: Italian Pope (1775-99), dies at 71
  • 1821Horace Coignet: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1861Franz Joseph Glaser: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1865John Brough: US publisher / (gov-R-Ohio), dies at about 54
  • 1877Brigham Young: 2nd President of Mormon Church
  • 1904Murad V: Sultan of Turkey (1876)
  • 1909Emil C Hansen: Danish physiologist
  • 1910Johann O Backlund: Swedish astronomer, dies at 64
  • 1910John YWJ Eilerts de Cock: Sea officer (Suriname), dies at 44
  • 1914Machagovsky: Russian General (Tannenberg), dies in battle
  • 1918Max Dauthendey: Writer, dies at 51
  • 1921Joel Asaph Allen: US zoologist (rule of Allen), dies at 83
  • 1928Richard B Haldane: British viscount / lord-chancellor, dies at 72
  • 1933Georgy Eduardovich Konyus: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1935Astrid S L T Bernadotte: Queen of Belgium / Princess of Sweden
  • 1935Charles Lee Williams: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1940Arthur De Greef: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1941Henri Louis: French officer / resistance fighter, executed at 40
  • 1941Jan L G "Yvan" Doornik: Dutch resist fighter in France, executed at 36