Events on Aug 29

  • 0284Gen Gaius Aurelius V Diocletianus Jovius (3) becomes Emperor of Rome
  • 0284Origin of Era of Diocletian (Martyrs)
  • 1178Anti-Pope Callistus III gives Pope title to Alexander III
  • 1475Treaty of Picquigny: King Louis XI buys English contacts
  • 1484Giovanni B Cibo elected as Pope Innocent VIII
  • 1533Francisco Pizarro orders death of last Incan King of Peru, Atahualpa
  • 1540Emperor Karel deprives city Gent definitive rights / privileges
  • 1612Battle at Surat India: English fleet beats Portuguese
  • 1640English King Charles I signed a peace treaty with Scotland
  • 1664Adriaen Pieck / Gerrit de Ferry patent wooden firespout in Amsterdam
  • 1708English troops occupy Menorca and Sardinia
  • 1708Haverhill, Mass destroyed by French and Indians
  • 1742Edmond Hoyle published his "Short Treatise" on the card game whist
  • 1756England and France meet in war
  • 1756Prussian Libya occupies Saxson: beginning 7 years War
  • 1758New Jersey Legislature forms 1st Indian reservation
  • 1776Americans withdraw from Manhattan to Westchester
  • 1792English warship Royal George capsizes in Spithead; kills 900
  • 1793Slaves in French colony of St. Domingue (Haiti) freed
  • 1831Michael Faraday demonstrates 1st electric transformer
  • 1842Gr Britain and China sign Treaty of Nanking, ends Opium war
  • 18441st white-indian lacrosse game in Montreal, Indians win
  • 1854Self-governing windmill patented (Daniel Halladay)
  • 18622nd Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) begins
  • 1862Battle of Aspromonte-Italian royal forces defeat rebels
  • 1862Battle of Bull Run, VA (Manassas, Gainesville, Bristoe Station)
  • 1862US Bureau of Engraving & Printing begins operation
  • 1864William Huggins discovers chemical composition of nebulae
  • 1882Fred Spofforth completes 14-90 for match vs. England (7-46 & 7-44)
  • 1883Seismic sea waves created by Krakatoa eruption create a rise in English Channel 32 hours after explosion

Born on Aug 29

  • 1434Janus Pannonius: Hungarian poet / translator
  • 1476Kano Motonobu: Kyoto, Japan -- Co-founder (Kano school of painting)
  • 1561Bartholomeus Pitiscus: German mathematician (Trigonometry)
  • 1609Sassoferrato [Giovanni B Salvi]: Italian painter (Madonna)
  • 1619Jean-Baptiste Colbert: French Minister of Naval / Baron
  • 1632John Locke: England, United Kingdom -- Empiricist philosopher; disproved substance
  • 1686Wilhelm Hieronymus Pachelbel: Composer
  • 1773Raphael G Kiesewetter: Austria -- Musicologist (Arab Music)
  • 1780Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres: French painter (Valpincon Bather)
  • 1808Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch: German politician / Reformer
  • 1809Oliver Wendell Holmes: Cambridge, Massachusetts -- Physician / author (Old Ironsides)
  • 1811Henry Bergh: 1st President of SPCA
  • 1815Anna Ella Carroll: United States -- Civil war writer (Reconstruction)
  • 1849Titus A J van Asch van Wijck: Dutch Governor Suriname (1891-97)
  • 1855Emil Pauer: Composer
  • 1862P M B Maurice Maeterlinck: Belgium -- Poet (Blue Bird, Nobel 1911)
  • 1874Walter Field
  • 1876Charles F Kettering: Ohio, United States -- Inventor (auto self-starter)
  • 1877Alfred DPR Pound: British Admiral / 1st Sealord (Jutland, WWII)
  • 1879Han Yong-woon: Hongsung County, South Korea -- Zen teacher
  • 1880Marie-Louise Meilleur: Canada -- Lived past 117
  • 1881Edvin Kallstenius: Composer
  • 1881Valery Nicolas Larbaud: France -- Novelist / translator (Enfantines)
  • 1884Ehm Welk: Writer
  • 1894E Franklin Frazier: Sociologist, died in 1962
  • 1899Lyman L Lemnitzer: Marine Corps General (WWII)
  • 1899George Macready: Providence, Rhode Island -- Actor (Martin Peyton-Peyton Place)
  • 1900Oscar Nitzchke: German architect (Alcoa building / Centre Pompidou)
  • 1903Ernst Kreuder: Writer
  • 1903Olive Ann Beech: Aircraft industry executive

Died on Aug 29

  • 0029John the Baptist: Beheaded
  • 1523Ulrich von Hutten: German Poet / humanist / patriot, dies at 35
  • 1526Louis II: King of Hungary / Bohemia, dies in accident at 20
  • 1533Atahualpa: Last Inca King of Peru, murdered by Spanish conquerors
  • 1653Gillesz de Hondecoeter: Painter / Hostage rights, buried at about 49
  • 1712Gregory King: English statistician (law of King), dies at 63
  • 1738Georg Reuter: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1758Gerard Van Wage: Historian, dies at 75
  • 1758Stepan F graaf Apraksin: Russian General-Field Marshal, dies at 56
  • 1769Edmond Hoyle: Games expert
  • 1782Richard Kempenfeldt: English Admiral, drowns
  • 1799Pius VI [Giovanni A Braschi]: Italian Pope (1775-99), dies at 71
  • 1821Horace Coignet: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1861Franz Joseph Glaser: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1865John Brough: US publisher / (gov-R-Ohio), dies at about 54
  • 1877Brigham Young: 2nd President of Mormon Church
  • 1904Murad V: Sultan of Turkey (1876)
  • 1909Emil C Hansen: Danish physiologist
  • 1910Johann O Backlund: Swedish astronomer, dies at 64
  • 1910John YWJ Eilerts de Cock: Sea officer (Suriname), dies at 44
  • 1914Machagovsky: Russian General (Tannenberg), dies in battle
  • 1918Max Dauthendey: Writer, dies at 51
  • 1921Joel Asaph Allen: US zoologist (rule of Allen), dies at 83
  • 1928Richard B Haldane: British viscount / lord-chancellor, dies at 72
  • 1933Georgy Eduardovich Konyus: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1935Astrid S L T Bernadotte: Queen of Belgium / Princess of Sweden
  • 1935Charles Lee Williams: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1940Arthur De Greef: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1941Henri Louis: French officer / resistance fighter, executed at 40
  • 1941Jan L G "Yvan" Doornik: Dutch resist fighter in France, executed at 36

Historical events on August 30

  • 0257St. Sixtus II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1125Duke Lotharius of Supplinburg elected King of Germany
  • 1146European leaders outlaw crossbow intending to ending war for all time
  • 1464Pietro Barbo elected to succeed Pope Pius II (Paul II)
  • 14812 Latvian monarchs executed for conspiracy to Polish King Kazimierz IV
  • 1563Jewish community of Neutitschlin Moravia expelled
  • 1645Dutch and Indians sign peace treaty (New Amsterdam (NY))
  • 1673Leopold I, Spain, Netherlands and Lutherans form anti-French covenant
  • 1682William Penn left England to sail to New World
  • 1721Russian / Swedish Peace of Nystad, ends North Sea War
  • 1776US army evacuates Long Island / falls back to Manhattan, New York
  • 1781French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British under Admiral Graves at battle of Chesapeake Capes in Revolutionary War
  • 1799Bataafse fleet surrender to English
  • 1831Charles Darwin refuses to travel with HMS Beagle
  • 18431st blacks participation in National political convention (Liberty Party)
  • 1850Honolulu, Hawaii becomes a city
  • 1854John Fremont issues proclamation freeing slaves of Missouri rebels
  • 18601st British tram opens (Birkenhead)
  • 18622nd Battle of Bull Run - Confederates beat Union
  • 1862Battle of 2nd Manassas-Pope defeated by Lee-Battle of Richmond, Kentucky
  • 1862Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee
  • 1862Battle of Richmond, Kentucky
  • 1884Jack Dempsey wins middleweight title in 1st fight with boxing gloves
  • 188513,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda
  • 1888Lord Walsingham kills 1070 grouse in a single day
  • 189313rd US Mens Tennis: Robert D Wrenn beats Fred H Hovey (64 36 64 64)
  • 1894Frederick Lugards expedition to Niger
  • 1895Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education
  • 1900Last 2000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt South Africa freed
  • 1901Hubert Cecil Booth patents vacuum cleaner

Born on August 30

  • 1334Pedro [the Cruel]: King of Castilia and Leon
  • 1609Artus I Quellinus "the Old": Flemish sculptor, baptised
  • 1687Francesco Maria Vallara: Composer
  • 1693Jacobus Nozeman: Dutch composer / Organist
  • 1748Jacques-Louis David: France -- Neoclassical painter (Death of Marat)
  • 1767Christian Frederich Gottlieb Schwencke: Composer
  • 1769Bonifacio Asioli: Composer / music writer
  • 1772Henri D Count de Larochejacquelin: French royalist leader
  • 1805Michael Sars: Norwegian zoologist
  • 1809Adolf Friedrich Hesse: Composer
  • 1811Thomas Gautier: Writer
  • 1820George Frederick Root: Composer
  • 1837Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur: 1st lady (1881-85)
  • 1842Victor Alphonse Duvernoy: Composer
  • 1844Friedrich Ratzel: German social-geographer (Lebensraum)
  • 1849Joseph Mallaby Dent: Dutch publisher
  • 1866Georges Minne: Flemish sculptor
  • 1871Ernest Lord Rutherford: England, United Kingdom -- Physicist (atomic nucleus; Nobel 1908)
  • 1878Paul Hazard: French literature historian
  • 1882Meijer de Hond: Dutch rabbi / writer
  • 1883Theo Van Doesburg [Christian EM Kupper]: Painter / architect (Style)
  • 1884Theodor Svedberg: Sweden -- Chemist, worked with colloids (Nobel 1926)
  • 1887Adam Kuckhoff: Writer
  • 1893Huey P Long: Winn Parish, Louisiana -- (Gov / Sen-D-Louisiana)
  • 1896Raymond Massey: Toronto, Ontario -- Actor (Dr Gillespie-Dr Kildare)
  • 1900Franklin C Fry: US Minister (Lutheran World Relief)
  • 1901John C Stennis: (Sen-D-MS, 1947-88)
  • 1901Roy Wilkins: Civil rights director (NAACP)
  • 1902Arnold Maria Walter: Composer
  • 1906Countess of Longford: Biographer / historian

Died on August 30

  • 1181Alexander III [Orlando Bandinelli]: Italian Pope (1159-81)
  • 1482Louis van Bourbon: Prince-Bishop of Luik (Cluppelslagers)
  • 1483Louis XI: King of France (1461-83), dies at 60
  • 1529Juan del Encina: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1580Emanuel Philibert: Duke of Savoy / Governor of the Netherlands
  • 1666Benedictus Carpzovius [Benedikt Carpzov]: German lawyer
  • 1745Jean-Baptiste Maurice Quinault: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1808Joseph Anton Bauer: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1809Ignacy Potocki: Polish Foreign Minister (constitution)
  • 1826Theodor Zwetler: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1879John B Hood: Confederate General (lost Atlanta), dies at 48
  • 1904Kate Fanny Loder: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1910Albert Vandal: French Earl / Historian (Napoleon), dies at 57
  • 1914Adrian H Stewart: British lieutenant, dies in battle in Cameroon at 26
  • 1914Aleksandr Samsonov: Russian General, commits suicide
  • 1917Uritsky: Leader of Petrogradse Czech
  • 1919Johann Sigurjonsson: Icelandic writer (Dr Rung)
  • 1928Wilhelm Wien: German physicist (laws of motion, Nobel 1911), dies at 64
  • 1932Willem M van Rossum: Cardinal / prefect of Propaganda Fide, dies at 77
  • 1934Earnest L Wolzogen: German writer (That tolle Komtess), dies at 79
  • 1935Henri Barbusse: French writer (Le feu), dies at 62
  • 1943A[braham] [P] Merritt: Author (Moon Pool, Creep Shadow!), dies at 58
  • 1944Morten Nielsen: Danish resistance fighter
  • 1952Arky Vaughn: Infielder (Pirates and Dodgers), drowns
  • 1953Dimiter Nenov: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1956Jose Antonio de Donostia: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1963Axel Stordahl: Orchestra leader (Frank Sinatra Show), dies at 50
  • 1964Wesley Lau: Actor (Lt Anderson-Perry Mason), dies at 43
  • 1968William Talman: Actor (Hamilton-Perry Mason), dies at 53
  • 1970Anna Casati: Italian marchesa, murdered at 41