Events on Aug 30

  • 0257St. Sixtus II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1125Duke Lotharius of Supplinburg elected King of Germany
  • 1146European leaders outlaw crossbow intending to ending war for all time
  • 1464Pietro Barbo elected to succeed Pope Pius II (Paul II)
  • 14812 Latvian monarchs executed for conspiracy to Polish King Kazimierz IV
  • 1563Jewish community of Neutitschlin Moravia expelled
  • 1645Dutch and Indians sign peace treaty (New Amsterdam (NY))
  • 1673Leopold I, Spain, Netherlands and Lutherans form anti-French covenant
  • 1682William Penn left England to sail to New World
  • 1721Russian / Swedish Peace of Nystad, ends North Sea War
  • 1776US army evacuates Long Island / falls back to Manhattan, New York
  • 1781French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British under Admiral Graves at battle of Chesapeake Capes in Revolutionary War
  • 1799Bataafse fleet surrender to English
  • 1831Charles Darwin refuses to travel with HMS Beagle
  • 18431st blacks participation in National political convention (Liberty Party)
  • 1850Honolulu, Hawaii becomes a city
  • 1854John Fremont issues proclamation freeing slaves of Missouri rebels
  • 18601st British tram opens (Birkenhead)
  • 18622nd Battle of Bull Run - Confederates beat Union
  • 1862Battle of 2nd Manassas-Pope defeated by Lee-Battle of Richmond, Kentucky
  • 1862Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee
  • 1862Battle of Richmond, Kentucky
  • 1884Jack Dempsey wins middleweight title in 1st fight with boxing gloves
  • 188513,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda
  • 1888Lord Walsingham kills 1070 grouse in a single day
  • 189313rd US Mens Tennis: Robert D Wrenn beats Fred H Hovey (64 36 64 64)
  • 1894Frederick Lugards expedition to Niger
  • 1895Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education
  • 1900Last 2000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt South Africa freed
  • 1901Hubert Cecil Booth patents vacuum cleaner

Born on Aug 30

  • 1334Pedro [the Cruel]: King of Castilia and Leon
  • 1609Artus I Quellinus "the Old": Flemish sculptor, baptised
  • 1687Francesco Maria Vallara: Composer
  • 1693Jacobus Nozeman: Dutch composer / Organist
  • 1748Jacques-Louis David: France -- Neoclassical painter (Death of Marat)
  • 1767Christian Frederich Gottlieb Schwencke: Composer
  • 1769Bonifacio Asioli: Composer / music writer
  • 1772Henri D Count de Larochejacquelin: French royalist leader
  • 1805Michael Sars: Norwegian zoologist
  • 1809Adolf Friedrich Hesse: Composer
  • 1811Thomas Gautier: Writer
  • 1820George Frederick Root: Composer
  • 1837Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur: 1st lady (1881-85)
  • 1842Victor Alphonse Duvernoy: Composer
  • 1844Friedrich Ratzel: German social-geographer (Lebensraum)
  • 1849Joseph Mallaby Dent: Dutch publisher
  • 1866Georges Minne: Flemish sculptor
  • 1871Ernest Lord Rutherford: England, United Kingdom -- Physicist (atomic nucleus; Nobel 1908)
  • 1878Paul Hazard: French literature historian
  • 1882Meijer de Hond: Dutch rabbi / writer
  • 1883Theo Van Doesburg [Christian EM Kupper]: Painter / architect (Style)
  • 1884Theodor Svedberg: Sweden -- Chemist, worked with colloids (Nobel 1926)
  • 1887Adam Kuckhoff: Writer
  • 1893Huey P Long: Winn Parish, Louisiana -- (Gov / Sen-D-Louisiana)
  • 1896Raymond Massey: Toronto, Ontario -- Actor (Dr Gillespie-Dr Kildare)
  • 1900Franklin C Fry: US Minister (Lutheran World Relief)
  • 1901John C Stennis: (Sen-D-MS, 1947-88)
  • 1901Roy Wilkins: Civil rights director (NAACP)
  • 1902Arnold Maria Walter: Composer
  • 1906Countess of Longford: Biographer / historian

Died on Aug 30

  • 1181Alexander III [Orlando Bandinelli]: Italian Pope (1159-81)
  • 1482Louis van Bourbon: Prince-Bishop of Luik (Cluppelslagers)
  • 1483Louis XI: King of France (1461-83), dies at 60
  • 1529Juan del Encina: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1580Emanuel Philibert: Duke of Savoy / Governor of the Netherlands
  • 1666Benedictus Carpzovius [Benedikt Carpzov]: German lawyer
  • 1745Jean-Baptiste Maurice Quinault: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1808Joseph Anton Bauer: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1809Ignacy Potocki: Polish Foreign Minister (constitution)
  • 1826Theodor Zwetler: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1879John B Hood: Confederate General (lost Atlanta), dies at 48
  • 1904Kate Fanny Loder: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1910Albert Vandal: French Earl / Historian (Napoleon), dies at 57
  • 1914Adrian H Stewart: British lieutenant, dies in battle in Cameroon at 26
  • 1914Aleksandr Samsonov: Russian General, commits suicide
  • 1917Uritsky: Leader of Petrogradse Czech
  • 1919Johann Sigurjonsson: Icelandic writer (Dr Rung)
  • 1928Wilhelm Wien: German physicist (laws of motion, Nobel 1911), dies at 64
  • 1932Willem M van Rossum: Cardinal / prefect of Propaganda Fide, dies at 77
  • 1934Earnest L Wolzogen: German writer (That tolle Komtess), dies at 79
  • 1935Henri Barbusse: French writer (Le feu), dies at 62
  • 1943A[braham] [P] Merritt: Author (Moon Pool, Creep Shadow!), dies at 58
  • 1944Morten Nielsen: Danish resistance fighter
  • 1952Arky Vaughn: Infielder (Pirates and Dodgers), drowns
  • 1953Dimiter Nenov: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1956Jose Antonio de Donostia: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1963Axel Stordahl: Orchestra leader (Frank Sinatra Show), dies at 50
  • 1964Wesley Lau: Actor (Lt Anderson-Perry Mason), dies at 43
  • 1968William Talman: Actor (Hamilton-Perry Mason), dies at 53
  • 1970Anna Casati: Italian marchesa, murdered at 41

Historical events on August 31

  • 1230Utrecht Bishop Willebrand grants Swells state justice
  • 1310German King Heinrich VII makes his son Johan King of Bohemia
  • 1535Pope Paul II deposed and excommunicated King Henry VIII
  • 1751English troops under sir Robert Clive occupy Arcot India
  • 1772Hurricane destroy ships off Dominica
  • 1778British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
  • 1829Opera "Guillaume Tell" is produced (Paris)
  • 1836HMS Beagle anchors in Postage Praia, Cape Verde Islands
  • 1842Micah Rugg patents a nuts and bolts machine
  • 1842US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress
  • 1843Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate
  • 1850California pioneers organized at Montgomery and Clay Streets
  • 1864Atlanta Campaign-Battle of Jonesboro Georgia, 1900 casualties
  • 18861st major earthquake recorded in eastern US, at Charleston SC, 110 die
  • 1886Crocker-Woolworth National Bank organized
  • 1887Thomas A Edison patents Kinetoscope, (produces moving pictures)
  • 1889Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Cardboard Box" (BG)
  • 1894Phillies Billy Hamilton steals 7 bases
  • 18951st pro football game (QB John Brallier paid $10 andwon 12-0)
  • 1897General Kitchener occupies Berber, North of Khartoum
  • 1897Thomas Edison patented his movie camera (Kinetograph)
  • 1900British troops over run Johannesburg
  • 1902Split skirt 1st worn by Mrs Adolph Landeburg (horse rider)
  • 1903Joe McGinnity wins his 3rd doubleheader of month
  • 190525th US Mens Tennis: Beals C Wright beats Holcombe Ward (62 61 119)
  • 1905Mbunga-rebellion takes German Fort Mahenge East-Africa
  • 1907Britain and Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia and Tibet
  • 1907England, Russia and France form Triple Entente
  • 1909A J Reach Co patents cork-centered baseball
  • 1909Thure Johnstown wins Stockholm marathon (2:40:34.2)

Born on August 31

  • 0161Lucius A A Coomodus: Emperor of Rome (180-91)
  • 1569Djehangir / Jahangir: Great mogol of India
  • 1602Amalia: Countess of Solms-Braunfels, Wife of Gov Frederik Hendrik
  • 1663Guillaume Amontons: French physicist
  • 1696Johann Paul Kunzen: Composer
  • 1741Johann Paul Aegidius Martini: Composer
  • 1748Jean-Etienne Despreaux: Composer
  • 1749Radistschew: Writer
  • 1755Johann Ignaz Walter: Composer
  • 1775Francois de Paule Jacques Raymond de Fossa: Composer
  • 1811Goode Bryan: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885
  • 1821Vaclav Hugo Zavrtal: Composer
  • 1822Fitz John Porter: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1901
  • 1823Galusha Aaron Grow: MC (Union), died in 1907
  • 1828George Leonard Andrews: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1852Georges / Joris Helleputte: Belgian Catholic minister
  • 1855Stefan Surzynski: Composer
  • 1856Nikoghayos Fadeyi Tigranyan: Composer
  • 1864Max Wilhelm Zach: Composer
  • 1870Maria Montessori: Italy -- Educator (spontaneous response)
  • 1878Albert Riemenschneider: Composer
  • 1879Joshihito: Emperor of Japan (1912-26)
  • 1879Viktor Alexandrovich Uspensky: Composer
  • 1880Wilhelmina HPM: Queen of the Netherlands (1898-1948)
  • 1884George Al Sarton: Belgian / US historian
  • 1885DuBose Heyward: Novelist (Porgy)
  • 1887Friedrich A Paneth: Austrian / British chemist
  • 1888Ramon de Basterra: Spanish writer / diplomat (La Obra de Trajano)
  • 1889A Provost Idell: Father of modern volleyball
  • 1895Joseph Moiseyevich Schillinger: Composer

Died on August 31

  • 1057Leofric: Count of Mercia / husband of Lady Godiva
  • 1218Al-Malik ab-Adil / Saphadin / Saif al-Din: Brother of Saladin
  • 1422Henry V: King of England (1413-22) / France (1416-19)
  • 1590Floris Thin: Politician / land advocate of Utrecht
  • 1604Giovanale Ancina: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1616Gemignano Capilupi: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1631Nicolaus Erich: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1638John Ward: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1667Johann Rist: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1795Francois-Andre Danican Philidor: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1832Jean Nicolas Auguste Kreutzer: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1862George William Taylor: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1862Ignaz Assmayer: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1864Ferdinand Lassalle: French politician (ADA), dies at 39
  • 1867[Pierre-]Charles Baudelaire: French Poet (Journaux Intimes), dies at 46
  • 1873Charles F Pahud de Montagnes: Governor-General (Dutch East Indies), dies at 70
  • 1875Oskar Peschel: German geographer (Physicist Erdkunde), dies at 49
  • 1879William Barber: 6th US chief engraver (1844-79)
  • 1888Mary Ann Nicholls: A 42-year-old prostitute, was found stabbed to death in London, 1st of at least five murders by Jack the Ripper
  • 1902Mathilde Wesendonk: German Author / poetess, dies at 73
  • 1910Emils Darzins: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1918Joe English: Irish / Flemish signaler (WWI), dies at 36
  • 1920Wilhelm Wundt: German physiologist / psychologist / philosopher
  • 1931Marcel Planiol: French private law scholar
  • 1934Johan H A Schaper: Dutch MP (SDAP)
  • 1935Abraham Isaac Kook: Rabbi / Author (Hokhmat Ha-kodesh)
  • 1940Johanna "Annie" Bakker: Revue-artists / singer / actress, dies at 58
  • 1941Marian Zwetajewa: Writer
  • 1942Von Bismarck: German major General, (Africa Corps), dies in battle
  • 1944Killinger: German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide