Events on Aug 31

  • 1230Utrecht Bishop Willebrand grants Swells state justice
  • 1310German King Heinrich VII makes his son Johan King of Bohemia
  • 1535Pope Paul II deposed and excommunicated King Henry VIII
  • 1751English troops under sir Robert Clive occupy Arcot India
  • 1772Hurricane destroy ships off Dominica
  • 1778British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
  • 1829Opera "Guillaume Tell" is produced (Paris)
  • 1836HMS Beagle anchors in Postage Praia, Cape Verde Islands
  • 1842Micah Rugg patents a nuts and bolts machine
  • 1842US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress
  • 1843Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate
  • 1850California pioneers organized at Montgomery and Clay Streets
  • 1864Atlanta Campaign-Battle of Jonesboro Georgia, 1900 casualties
  • 18861st major earthquake recorded in eastern US, at Charleston SC, 110 die
  • 1886Crocker-Woolworth National Bank organized
  • 1887Thomas A Edison patents Kinetoscope, (produces moving pictures)
  • 1889Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Cardboard Box" (BG)
  • 1894Phillies Billy Hamilton steals 7 bases
  • 18951st pro football game (QB John Brallier paid $10 andwon 12-0)
  • 1897General Kitchener occupies Berber, North of Khartoum
  • 1897Thomas Edison patented his movie camera (Kinetograph)
  • 1900British troops over run Johannesburg
  • 1902Split skirt 1st worn by Mrs Adolph Landeburg (horse rider)
  • 1903Joe McGinnity wins his 3rd doubleheader of month
  • 190525th US Mens Tennis: Beals C Wright beats Holcombe Ward (62 61 119)
  • 1905Mbunga-rebellion takes German Fort Mahenge East-Africa
  • 1907Britain and Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia and Tibet
  • 1907England, Russia and France form Triple Entente
  • 1909A J Reach Co patents cork-centered baseball
  • 1909Thure Johnstown wins Stockholm marathon (2:40:34.2)

Born on Aug 31

  • 0161Lucius A A Coomodus: Emperor of Rome (180-91)
  • 1569Djehangir / Jahangir: Great mogol of India
  • 1602Amalia: Countess of Solms-Braunfels, Wife of Gov Frederik Hendrik
  • 1663Guillaume Amontons: French physicist
  • 1696Johann Paul Kunzen: Composer
  • 1741Johann Paul Aegidius Martini: Composer
  • 1748Jean-Etienne Despreaux: Composer
  • 1749Radistschew: Writer
  • 1755Johann Ignaz Walter: Composer
  • 1775Francois de Paule Jacques Raymond de Fossa: Composer
  • 1811Goode Bryan: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885
  • 1821Vaclav Hugo Zavrtal: Composer
  • 1822Fitz John Porter: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1901
  • 1823Galusha Aaron Grow: MC (Union), died in 1907
  • 1828George Leonard Andrews: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1852Georges / Joris Helleputte: Belgian Catholic minister
  • 1855Stefan Surzynski: Composer
  • 1856Nikoghayos Fadeyi Tigranyan: Composer
  • 1864Max Wilhelm Zach: Composer
  • 1870Maria Montessori: Italy -- Educator (spontaneous response)
  • 1878Albert Riemenschneider: Composer
  • 1879Joshihito: Emperor of Japan (1912-26)
  • 1879Viktor Alexandrovich Uspensky: Composer
  • 1880Wilhelmina HPM: Queen of the Netherlands (1898-1948)
  • 1884George Al Sarton: Belgian / US historian
  • 1885DuBose Heyward: Novelist (Porgy)
  • 1887Friedrich A Paneth: Austrian / British chemist
  • 1888Ramon de Basterra: Spanish writer / diplomat (La Obra de Trajano)
  • 1889A Provost Idell: Father of modern volleyball
  • 1895Joseph Moiseyevich Schillinger: Composer

Died on Aug 31

  • 1057Leofric: Count of Mercia / husband of Lady Godiva
  • 1218Al-Malik ab-Adil / Saphadin / Saif al-Din: Brother of Saladin
  • 1422Henry V: King of England (1413-22) / France (1416-19)
  • 1590Floris Thin: Politician / land advocate of Utrecht
  • 1604Giovanale Ancina: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1616Gemignano Capilupi: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1631Nicolaus Erich: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1638John Ward: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1667Johann Rist: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1795Francois-Andre Danican Philidor: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1832Jean Nicolas Auguste Kreutzer: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1862George William Taylor: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1862Ignaz Assmayer: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1864Ferdinand Lassalle: French politician (ADA), dies at 39
  • 1867[Pierre-]Charles Baudelaire: French Poet (Journaux Intimes), dies at 46
  • 1873Charles F Pahud de Montagnes: Governor-General (Dutch East Indies), dies at 70
  • 1875Oskar Peschel: German geographer (Physicist Erdkunde), dies at 49
  • 1879William Barber: 6th US chief engraver (1844-79)
  • 1888Mary Ann Nicholls: A 42-year-old prostitute, was found stabbed to death in London, 1st of at least five murders by Jack the Ripper
  • 1902Mathilde Wesendonk: German Author / poetess, dies at 73
  • 1910Emils Darzins: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1918Joe English: Irish / Flemish signaler (WWI), dies at 36
  • 1920Wilhelm Wundt: German physiologist / psychologist / philosopher
  • 1931Marcel Planiol: French private law scholar
  • 1934Johan H A Schaper: Dutch MP (SDAP)
  • 1935Abraham Isaac Kook: Rabbi / Author (Hokhmat Ha-kodesh)
  • 1940Johanna "Annie" Bakker: Revue-artists / singer / actress, dies at 58
  • 1941Marian Zwetajewa: Writer
  • 1942Von Bismarck: German major General, (Africa Corps), dies in battle
  • 1944Killinger: German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide

Historical events on September 1

  • 0069Traditional date of destruction of Jerusalem
  • 0891Northmen defeated near Louvaine, France
  • 1067Boudouin VI becomes Earl of Flanders
  • 1181Ubaldo Allucingoli replaces Alexander III as Pope Lucius III
  • 1267Rabbi Moses Ben Nachman establishes a Jewish community in Jerusalem
  • 1482Krim-Tataren plunders Kiev
  • 1511Council to Pisa opens
  • 1535French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Hochelaga (Montreal)
  • 1547Charles demands creation of Imperial League (German state)
  • 1598Spanish King Philip II receives sacraments
  • 1609Pieter Both sworn in as 1st Governor-General of East Indies
  • 1614Vincent Fettmich expels Jews from Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany
  • 1647French Cardinal Mazarin and Duke of Modena sign treaty against Milan
  • 1666Great London Fire begins in Pudding Lane. 80% of London is destroyed
  • 1695Dutch / English army under King Willem III occupies Names
  • 1730Benjamin Franklin marries Miss Read
  • 173935 Jews sentenced to life in prison in Lisbon Portugal
  • 1752Liberty Bell arrives in Philadelphia
  • 1772Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa forms in California
  • 1785Mozart publishes 6 string quartet opus 10 in Vienna
  • 17972nd National Meeting in Hague
  • 1798England signs treaty with nizam of Hyderabad, India
  • 1799Bank of Manhattan Company opens in NYC (forerunner to Chase Manhattan)
  • 1807Aaron Burr acquitted of charges of plotting to set up an empire
  • 18211st colonies along Santa Fe Trail
  • 1831Charles Darwin travels aboard HMS Beagle
  • 1836Reconstruction begins on Synagogue of Rabbi Judah Hasid in Jerusalem
  • 1849California Constitutional Convention held in Monterey
  • 18581st transatlantic cable fails after less than 1 month
  • 18591st Pullman sleeping car in service

Born on September 1

  • 1529Taddeo Zuccari: Italian painter
  • 1608Giacomo Torelli: Composer
  • 1653Johann Pachelbel: Composer
  • 1689Kilian I von Dientzenhofer: Bavarian master builder (Prague)
  • 1711Willem IV KH Friso: Dutch Prince of Orange-Nassau
  • 1712Simon Fokke: Dutch book illustrator
  • 1724John Nieuwenhuijzen: Theologist / co-founder (Society of It General)
  • 1732Johann Gottlieb Sollner: Composer
  • 1732Thomas Alexander Erskine Kelly: Composer
  • 1758Wilhelmus Kist: Writer / Director of Dutch Staatscourant
  • 1768Carl Bernhard Wessely: Composer
  • 1787John Bake: Classical composer
  • 1789Franz Anton Adam Stockhausen: Composer
  • 1791Lydia Sigourney: United States -- Religious author (How to Be Happy)
  • 1798Richard Delafield: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1873
  • 1803Jacobus T Abels: Dutch painter
  • 1816Gustav Schmidt: Composer
  • 1824Isaac Hardin Duval: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1902
  • 1827Jacobus J Cremer: Painter / author (Overbetuwsche Novellen)
  • 1829James Conner: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
  • 1834Amilcare Ponchielli: Italian composer (I promissory note sposi)
  • 1845Paul S Methuen: English Field Marshal / Governor of Natal / Malta
  • 1849Elizabeth Harrison: United States -- Educator (National Congress of Parents & Teachers)
  • 1862Adolphe Appia: Switzerland -- Set designer / theorist
  • 1864Roger David Casement: Irish nationalist (Easter uprising 1916)
  • 1866James "Gentleman Jim" Corbett: Heavyweight champion boxer (1892-97)
  • 1870Timotei Popovici: Composer
  • 1873Guy Standing: English actor (Cradle Song)
  • 1874Heinrich Otto Ludwig: Composer
  • 1874Ismar Elbogen: German / US rabbi (Encyclopedia Judaica)

Died on September 1

  • 1067Boudouin V: Earl of Flanders / guardian of King of France
  • 1159Adrian IV [Nicole Breakspear]: Only English Pope (1154-59)
  • 1215Otto van Gelre: Son of Otto I / earl-elect of Utrecht
  • 1406Johanna: Duchess of Brabant / Limburg (Joyful Entry), dies at 84
  • 1648Marin Mersenne: French Mathematician (Number of Mersenne), dies at 59
  • 1666French Neck: Portrait Painter (Women Portrait), dies at about 86
  • 1671Hugues de Lionne Marquis de Berny: French ambassador to Rome
  • 1680Johan Georg II: Ruler of Saxon (1656-80), dies at 67
  • 1715Louis XIV [the Great]: King of France (1643-1715), dies at 76
  • 1731Pierre Danican Philidor: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1777Johann Ernst Bach: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1780Reynier de Klerk: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1777-1800), dies at 69
  • 1801Robert Bage: English writer (Hermsprong)
  • 1814Erik Eriksson Tulindberg: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1838William Clark: 2nd lt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 68
  • 1862Isaac Ingalls Stevens: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 44
  • 1862Oliver Tilden: Of the Bronx, killed in Civil War in Virginia
  • 1862Philip "Phil" Kearny: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 48
  • 1867Edward Hodges: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1880Antoon Jurgens: Margarine maker, dies at 75
  • 1896Johannes Habert: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1903Charles Renouvier: French philosopher (neo criticism)
  • 1912Sam[uel E] van Beem: Actor (Dollar Princess), dies at 62
  • 1912Samuel Coleridge Taylor: African-British composer, dies at 37
  • 1914Martha: Last known passenger pigeon, dies at Cincinnati Zoo
  • 1941Benjamin Dwight: US tennis championship umpire
  • 1945Jacobus W G Balfoort: Dutch actor (Heimwee, Head On), dies at 57
  • 1951Wolfgang Schulze [Wols]: German drawer / painter, dies at 38
  • 1955Philip Loeb: Actor (Jake-Goldbergs), dies at 61
  • 1957Helen Haye: Actress (Girl in the Taxi, Spy in Black), dies at 83