Events on Sep 1

  • 0069Traditional date of destruction of Jerusalem
  • 0891Northmen defeated near Louvaine, France
  • 1067Boudouin VI becomes Earl of Flanders
  • 1181Ubaldo Allucingoli replaces Alexander III as Pope Lucius III
  • 1267Rabbi Moses Ben Nachman establishes a Jewish community in Jerusalem
  • 1482Krim-Tataren plunders Kiev
  • 1511Council to Pisa opens
  • 1535French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Hochelaga (Montreal)
  • 1547Charles demands creation of Imperial League (German state)
  • 1598Spanish King Philip II receives sacraments
  • 1609Pieter Both sworn in as 1st Governor-General of East Indies
  • 1614Vincent Fettmich expels Jews from Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany
  • 1647French Cardinal Mazarin and Duke of Modena sign treaty against Milan
  • 1666Great London Fire begins in Pudding Lane. 80% of London is destroyed
  • 1695Dutch / English army under King Willem III occupies Names
  • 1730Benjamin Franklin marries Miss Read
  • 173935 Jews sentenced to life in prison in Lisbon Portugal
  • 1752Liberty Bell arrives in Philadelphia
  • 1772Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa forms in California
  • 1785Mozart publishes 6 string quartet opus 10 in Vienna
  • 17972nd National Meeting in Hague
  • 1798England signs treaty with nizam of Hyderabad, India
  • 1799Bank of Manhattan Company opens in NYC (forerunner to Chase Manhattan)
  • 1807Aaron Burr acquitted of charges of plotting to set up an empire
  • 18211st colonies along Santa Fe Trail
  • 1831Charles Darwin travels aboard HMS Beagle
  • 1836Reconstruction begins on Synagogue of Rabbi Judah Hasid in Jerusalem
  • 1849California Constitutional Convention held in Monterey
  • 18581st transatlantic cable fails after less than 1 month
  • 18591st Pullman sleeping car in service

Born on Sep 1

  • 1529Taddeo Zuccari: Italian painter
  • 1608Giacomo Torelli: Composer
  • 1653Johann Pachelbel: Composer
  • 1689Kilian I von Dientzenhofer: Bavarian master builder (Prague)
  • 1711Willem IV KH Friso: Dutch Prince of Orange-Nassau
  • 1712Simon Fokke: Dutch book illustrator
  • 1724John Nieuwenhuijzen: Theologist / co-founder (Society of It General)
  • 1732Johann Gottlieb Sollner: Composer
  • 1732Thomas Alexander Erskine Kelly: Composer
  • 1758Wilhelmus Kist: Writer / Director of Dutch Staatscourant
  • 1768Carl Bernhard Wessely: Composer
  • 1787John Bake: Classical composer
  • 1789Franz Anton Adam Stockhausen: Composer
  • 1791Lydia Sigourney: United States -- Religious author (How to Be Happy)
  • 1798Richard Delafield: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1873
  • 1803Jacobus T Abels: Dutch painter
  • 1816Gustav Schmidt: Composer
  • 1824Isaac Hardin Duval: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1902
  • 1827Jacobus J Cremer: Painter / author (Overbetuwsche Novellen)
  • 1829James Conner: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
  • 1834Amilcare Ponchielli: Italian composer (I promissory note sposi)
  • 1845Paul S Methuen: English Field Marshal / Governor of Natal / Malta
  • 1849Elizabeth Harrison: United States -- Educator (National Congress of Parents & Teachers)
  • 1862Adolphe Appia: Switzerland -- Set designer / theorist
  • 1864Roger David Casement: Irish nationalist (Easter uprising 1916)
  • 1866James "Gentleman Jim" Corbett: Heavyweight champion boxer (1892-97)
  • 1870Timotei Popovici: Composer
  • 1873Guy Standing: English actor (Cradle Song)
  • 1874Heinrich Otto Ludwig: Composer
  • 1874Ismar Elbogen: German / US rabbi (Encyclopedia Judaica)

Died on Sep 1

  • 1067Boudouin V: Earl of Flanders / guardian of King of France
  • 1159Adrian IV [Nicole Breakspear]: Only English Pope (1154-59)
  • 1215Otto van Gelre: Son of Otto I / earl-elect of Utrecht
  • 1406Johanna: Duchess of Brabant / Limburg (Joyful Entry), dies at 84
  • 1648Marin Mersenne: French Mathematician (Number of Mersenne), dies at 59
  • 1666French Neck: Portrait Painter (Women Portrait), dies at about 86
  • 1671Hugues de Lionne Marquis de Berny: French ambassador to Rome
  • 1680Johan Georg II: Ruler of Saxon (1656-80), dies at 67
  • 1715Louis XIV [the Great]: King of France (1643-1715), dies at 76
  • 1731Pierre Danican Philidor: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1777Johann Ernst Bach: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1780Reynier de Klerk: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1777-1800), dies at 69
  • 1801Robert Bage: English writer (Hermsprong)
  • 1814Erik Eriksson Tulindberg: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1838William Clark: 2nd lt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 68
  • 1862Isaac Ingalls Stevens: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 44
  • 1862Oliver Tilden: Of the Bronx, killed in Civil War in Virginia
  • 1862Philip "Phil" Kearny: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 48
  • 1867Edward Hodges: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1880Antoon Jurgens: Margarine maker, dies at 75
  • 1896Johannes Habert: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1903Charles Renouvier: French philosopher (neo criticism)
  • 1912Sam[uel E] van Beem: Actor (Dollar Princess), dies at 62
  • 1912Samuel Coleridge Taylor: African-British composer, dies at 37
  • 1914Martha: Last known passenger pigeon, dies at Cincinnati Zoo
  • 1941Benjamin Dwight: US tennis championship umpire
  • 1945Jacobus W G Balfoort: Dutch actor (Heimwee, Head On), dies at 57
  • 1951Wolfgang Schulze [Wols]: German drawer / painter, dies at 38
  • 1955Philip Loeb: Actor (Jake-Goldbergs), dies at 61
  • 1957Helen Haye: Actress (Girl in the Taxi, Spy in Black), dies at 83

Historical events on September 2

  • 0911Viking-monarch Oleg of Kiev-Russia signs treaty with Byzantines
  • 1192Sultan Saladin and King Richard the lion hearted sign cease fire
  • 15191st Battle of Tehuacingo, San Salvador vs. Mexico
  • 1537King Christian III publishes "Ordinance on the Danish Church"
  • 1666Fire in London destroys 13,000 houses and kills 8
  • 1686Habsburgse armies occupy Buda on Turks
  • 1732Pope Clement XII renews anti-Jewish laws of Rome
  • 1752Last day of Julian calendar in Britain, British colonies
  • 1752Last Julian calender day in US and England (no September 3rd - September 13th)
  • 1789US Treasury Department established by Congress
  • 1792Paris masses remove nobles / clergymen out of jails and slaughter them
  • 1796Jews of the Netherlands are emancipated
  • 1806A side of Rossberg Peak collapses into Goldau Valley Switz, kills 500
  • 1859Gas lighting introduced to Hawaii
  • 1864Union General William T Sherman captures Atlanta
  • 18671st Girl School opens in Haarlem Neth
  • 1870Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies
  • 1894Forest fires destroy Hinckley Minnesota: about 600 die
  • 1897McCall-magazine 1st published
  • 1898Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain
  • 1898Machine gun 1st used in battle
  • 1900Telegraph use between Germany and US begins
  • 1901VP Theodore Roosevelt advises, "Speak softly & carry a big stick"
  • 1908Tommy Burns KOs Bill Lang in 6 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1909English King Edward VII signs South Africa Bill
  • 1911Joao Chagas forms Portuguese government
  • 1913Amsterdam reroutes sewage of canals to South Seas
  • 1917Deutsche Vaterlands Party forms (by Admiral Tirpitz)
  • 1919Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
  • 1919Italy agress to general voting right / proportional representation

Born on September 2

  • 1661Georg Bohm: German Organist / composer
  • 1716Johann Trier: Composer
  • 1731Johann F von Cronegk: German playwright (Olint und Sophronia)
  • 1750Pehr Frigel: Composer
  • 1763Caroline von Schelling [Michaelis]: German author
  • 1778Leopold FJJJ van Sassen Ysselt: Dutch politician
  • 1798Thomas Holliday Hicks: (Union Gov) died in 1865
  • 1814Ernst Curtius: German archaeologist / historian
  • 1837James Harrison Wilson: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1925
  • 1838Liliuokalani [Lydia Paki]: Last Queen of Hawaii (1891-93)
  • 1839Henry George: Land Reformer / writer (Progress & Poverty)
  • 1850Albert Spaulding: Baseball player / founded Spaulding sports company
  • 1850Eugene Field: Author / journalist (Little Boy Blue)
  • 1853Wilhelm Ostwald: Germany -- Physical chemist (Nobel 1909)
  • 1866Hiram Johnson: (Gov-Progressive-California)
  • 1870Marie Ault [Mary Cragg]: Wigan, England
  • 1878Werner von Blomberg: German Minister of Reichswehr
  • 1884Frank Laubach: Benton, Pennsylvania -- Educator that taught reading through phonetics
  • 1892Felix Wolfes: Composer
  • 1894Joseph Roth: Austria -- Journalist / writer (Hotel Savoy)
  • 1904Vera Vague [Barbara Jo Allen]: NYC, New York -- Actress (Follow the Leader)
  • 1908Barbara Jo Allen: NYC, New York -- Actress (Ice Capades Revue, Rosie the Riveter)
  • 1910Bruce Boyce: Singer / teacher
  • 1911Eileen Way: Actress (Les Miserables, Rainbow, Vikings, Assassin)
  • 1911Rene Amengual: Composer
  • 1912Johan Daisne [Herman Thiery]: Belgian writer (magic realism)
  • 1914Booker T Laury: Blues pianist / vocalist
  • 1915Dai-Keong Lee: Composer
  • 1915Hans Joachim Koellreutter: Composer
  • 1916Dorothy May Bundy-Cheney: Winner of more than 141 US tennis titles

Died on September 2

  • 0421Flavius Constantine III: Emperor of Westromeinse, dies at about 51
  • 1384Louis I: Duke of Anjou / King of Naples (Battle of Poitiers)
  • 1418Jan III Chalon: Prince of Orange / gov of Burgundy
  • 1547Hernan Cortes: Spanish General defeated Aztec Indians
  • 1566Taddeo Zuccari: Italian painter, dies at 37
  • 1645Lady Alice Lisle: English widow of John Lisle, beheaded
  • 1698Justus Vingboons: Architect, buried
  • 1715Constantin Christian Dedekind: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1779Onno Zwier van Hairs: Fries Poet (Agon), dies at 66
  • 1790Johann N von Hontheim: German religious Historian / Bishop
  • 1862Thornton F Brodhead: US lawyer / politician / Brigadier General, dies at 40
  • 1870Charles Victor Arthur Saint-Leon: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1891Ferdinand Christian Wilhelm Praeger: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1898Hubert Howard: British journalist (Times), dies through friendly fire
  • 1905Walter Cecil Macfarren: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1906Guiseppe Giacosa: Ital screenwriter (libretti opera Puccini)
  • 1910Henri "le Douanier" Rousseau: French ambassador / painter
  • 1915August Stramm: Writer, dies at 41
  • 1934Ruggiero de Rudolpho "Russ" Columbo: US singer / violist, dies at 26
  • 1937Esther de Farmer-of Rich: Actress (Kniertje-On hope of blessing)
  • 1937Pierre de Coubertin: Baron / revivor of Olympics, dies at 74
  • 1944George W Norris: US senator (lame duck-amendement)
  • 1955Rudolf Kattnigg: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1957William A Craigie: Scottish lexicographer, dies at 90
  • 1961Greet Koeman: Dutch singer, dies at 54
  • 1964Francisco H Craveiro Lopes: Portuguese General / President (1951-58), dies at 70
  • 1964Morris Ankrum: Actor (Kronos, Earth vs. Flying Saucers), dies at 67
  • 1965Johannes Bobrowski: Writer, dies at 48
  • 1968Ernest Claes: Belgium -- Author (The White), dies at 82
  • 1969Harry Williams Millard: Producer, dies of cancer at 41