Events on Sep 3

  • 0590St. Gregory I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 118930 Jews are mnassacred at King Richard I (lion hearted) coronation
  • 1260Battle of Ain Djaloet, Palestine defeats Mongols army
  • 1483Utrecht surrenders to Habsburgs army
  • 1543Cardinal Beaton replaces Earl Arran as regent for Mary of Scotland
  • 1650Battle at Dunbar: England vs. Scotland
  • 1651Battle at Worcester-Oliver Cromwell destroys English royalists
  • 1658Richard Cromwell succeeds his father as English Lord Protector
  • 1683Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
  • 17091st major group of Swiss / German colonists reach North and South Carolina
  • 1725England, France, Hannover and Prussia sign Covenant of Hannover
  • 1731Willem KH Friso installed as Viceroy of Friesland
  • 1752This day never happened nor next 10 as England adopts Gregorian Calendar. People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives
  • 1752US adopts Gregorian calender (becomes September 14)
  • 1783Treaty of Paris signed (ending US Revolutionary War)
  • 1791French Constitution passed by French National Assembly
  • 1826USS Vincennes leaves New York to become 1st warship to circumnavigate globe
  • 1832Rebellious slaves set fire to Paramaribo Suriname
  • 1833New York Sun begins publishing (1st daily newspaper)
  • 1838Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery disguised as a sailor
  • 1849California State Constitutional Convention convenes in Monterey
  • 1852Anti Jewish riots break out in Stockholm
  • 1861Confederate forces enter Kentucky, thus ending its neutrality
  • 1864Battle of Berryville, Virginia
  • 1864US, British, French and Dutch naval officer sails Staits of Simonoseki
  • 18811st US Mens Tennis: Richard D Sears beats William E Glyn (60 63 62)
  • 1881Anton Bruckner completes his 6th Symphony
  • 1882French / Vietnamese / Chinese battle at Hanoi, 100s die
  • 1888East Africa Company political and commercial rights
  • 1888Queen Victoria grants William Mackinnons Imperial British

Born on Sep 3

  • 1568Adriano Banchieri: Composer
  • 1596Nicolo Amati: Italy -- Violin maker (Stradivari and Guarneri)
  • 1600Dirck Graswinckel: Dutch States-General court clerk
  • 1608Pieter Stockmans: Flemish Chairman of military
  • 1695Pietro Antonio Locatelli: Italian violinist / composer
  • 1703Johan-Theodoor van Bayern: Prince-Bishop of Luik / Cardinal
  • 1778Jean Nicolas Auguste Kreutzer: Composer
  • 1789Ludvig Anton Edmund Passy: Composer
  • 1803Prudence Crandall: Founder (School for "young ladies of colour")
  • 1811John Humphrey Noyes: Vermont, United States -- Founder Oneida Community (Perfectionists)
  • 1825Armistead Lindsay Long: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 1825William Wallace Burns: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1835William Gaston Lewis: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 1840Jacob Fabricius: Composer
  • 1849Sarah Orne Jewett: Maine, United States -- Author (Country of the Pointed Firs)
  • 1856Louis Henri Sullivan: Boston, Massachusetts -- Father of modern US architecture
  • 1860Edward Albert Filene: Merchant, established US credit union movement
  • 1864Hale Ascher VanderCook: Composer
  • 1865Wilhelm Bousset: German theologist / historian
  • 1866Alain Locke: Famous African
  • 1875Ferdinand Porsche: German car inventor (Porsche, Volkswagen)
  • 1889Cecil Weston: South Africa -- Actor (Dude Ranch, Huckleberry Finn)
  • 1891Bessie Annie Elizabeth Delany: Dentist writer
  • 1893Florrie Rodrigo: Dutch dancer / choreography / teacher (Schepelingen)
  • 1897Cecil Parker: Hastings, England -- Actor (Indiscreet, Tale of 2 Cities)
  • 1897Francisco Paolo Mignone: Composer
  • 1900Urho K Kekkonen: Premier / President Finland (1956-81)
  • 1901Eduard A van Beinum: Dutch musician / conductor
  • 1902Mantan Moreland: Monroe, Louisiana -- Comedian (Charlie Chan, Spirit of Youth)
  • 1903Willem Kooiman: Dutch theologist / church historian

Died on Sep 3

  • 1189Jacob of Orleans: Rabbi, killed in anti Jewish riot in London England
  • 1205Petrus van Poitiers: French Theologist (Sententiarum libri V)
  • 1402Gian Galeazzo Visconti: Duke / tyrant of Milan (1395-1402), dies at 51
  • 1634Edward Coke: English Chief Justice / politician
  • 1642Elisabeth of Nassau: Daughter of Willem I / Charlotte, dies at 65
  • 1653Claudius Salmasius [Claude Saumaise]: French linguistic, dies at 65
  • 1655Jan W van Brederode: Dutch Governor / field marshal, dies at 56
  • 1658James I: King of England (1603-25), dies at 92
  • 1658Oliver Cromwell: British General (1653-58) / Lord Protector, dies at 59
  • 1667Alonso Cano: Spanish Painter / Sculptor / architect, dies at 66
  • 1675Pieter Boel: Flemish Painter / etcher
  • 1708Christian Liebe: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1739George Lillo: English dramatist (Fatal Curiosity), dies at 46
  • 1790Thomas Norris: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1811Ignaz Franzl: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1843Cornelis PJ Elout: Military / President of West Sumatra, dies at 47
  • 1849Earnest Freiherr von Feuchtersleben: Austria writer / physician
  • 1857M Heinrich C Lichtenstein: German zoologist / explorer, dies at 77
  • 1871Vaclav Horak: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1877Adolphe Thiers: 1st President of 3rd French Rep (1871-77), dies at 80
  • 1883Iwan Turgenjew: Writer, dies at 64
  • 1890Charles-A Chatrian: French writer (Waterloo), dies at 63
  • 1890Willem Linnig, Jr.: Flemish Painter / graphic artist
  • 1908Cornelis Pijnacker Hordijk: Governor-General (Dutch East-Indies)
  • 1914Ferdinand AR Cabrera: Spanish / German of Emperor Wilhelm II, dies at 58
  • 1914Lucien-Denis-Gabriel-Alberic Magnard: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1917Fanya Kaplan: Russian who shot at Lenin on August 30th, executed
  • 1938Bart de Ligt: Anti military theologist, dies at 77
  • 1944Frantisek Alois Drdla: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1946Carl Emil Paul Lincke: Composer, dies at 79

Historical events on September 4

  • 0422St. Boniface I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0476Romulus Augustulus, last Roman Emperor in west, is deposed
  • 1024Conrad II the Sailor chosen German King
  • 1260Battle at Montaperti-Guelfen vs. Ghibellijnen
  • 1414Peace of Atrecht: John the fearless and Armagnacs
  • 1571Catholic coup in Scotland
  • 1618"Rodi" avalanche destroys Plurs Switzerland, 1,500 killed
  • 1682English astronomer Edmund Halley sees his namesake comet
  • 1695French garrison of castle Names surrenders for Willem III
  • 1778City Amsterdam signs trade agreement with US rebels
  • 1781Los Angeles founded by 44 in Bahia de las Fumas, (Valley of Smokes)
  • 18051st edition of Batavian State-Current published
  • 1807Robert Fulton begins operating his steamboat
  • 18131st US relig newspaper (Religious Remembrancer (Christian Observer))
  • 18331st newsboy hired (Barney Flaherty, 10 years old-NY Sun)
  • 1854English / French assault on Petropavlovsk Kamchatka
  • 1862Gen Lee invades North with 50,000 Confederate troops
  • 1862North Beach and Mission Railway Company organized in San Francisco
  • 1864Bread riots in Mobile, Alabama
  • 18661st Hawaiian daily newspaper published
  • 18703rd French Republic proclaimed as they overthrow their King
  • 18851st cafeteria opens (NYC)
  • 1886Apache Chief Geronimo surrenders ending last major US-Indian war
  • 1888George Eastman patents 1st roll-film camera and registers "Kodak"
  • 1893English Author Beatrix Potter 1st tells the story of Peter Rabbit
  • 1894In NYC, 12,000 tailors went on strike protesting sweat shops
  • 1894Soccer team Veendam 1894 forms
  • 18998.3 earthquake shakes Yakutat Bay, Alaska
  • 1904Dali Lama signs treaty allowing British commerce in Tibet
  • 1906New York Highlanders win 5th straight doubleheader

Born on September 4

  • 1249Amadeus V de Great: Count of Flanders / Savoy
  • 1383Amadeus VIII: Duke of Savoye / last antipope (Felix V (1439-48)
  • 1596Constantine Huygens: Dutch poet / diplomat (Delightful Folly)
  • 1622Jacob Hintze: Composer
  • 1647Gerard Noodt: Dutch lawyer
  • 1736Robert Raikes: England, United Kingdom -- Sunday school pioneer
  • 1746Bernardus Bosch: Dutch Patriot / poet / writer, baptised
  • 1761Friedrich Ludwig Emilius Kunzen: Composer
  • 1778Louis Napoleon: French King of the Netherlands (1806-10)
  • 1793Edward Bates: Attorney General (Union), died in 1869
  • 1795Friedrich [August] von Alberti: German geologist (Triasic Age)
  • 1802Marcus Whitman: Missionary, led to US securing Oregon
  • 1803Sarah Childress Polk: 1st lady (1845-1849)
  • 1810Donald McKay: US naval architect (built fastest clipper ships)
  • 1815Andreas I Schaepman: Archbishop of Utrecht 1868-82
  • 1815Mihaly Mosonyi: Composer
  • 1824Anton Bruckner: Austria -- Wagner disciple and monumental bore / composer
  • 1824Phoebe Cary: Cincinnati, Ohio -- American poet (Poems of Alice & Phoebe Cary)
  • 1825Dadabhai Naoroji: 1st Indian in British parliament
  • 1843Charles Wentworth Dilke: English under Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1843Jan Levoslav Bella: Composer
  • 1846Daniel Burnham: United States -- Architect / built skyscrapers
  • 1848Lewis H Latimer: Inventor / engineer
  • 1850Luigi Cadorna: Italian Field Marshal / Earl (WWI-Caporetto)
  • 1851John Dillon: Irish nationalist / British Lower house member
  • 1853Hermann von Wissmann: German Africa explorer / Governor East-Africa
  • 1859Edoardo Mascheroni: Composer
  • 1869Geert A D Wumkes: Frisian theologist / writer (Frision Movement)
  • 1870Friedrich Panzer: German germanist (Das Nibelungenlied)
  • 1872[Rosalie] Julia Cuypers: Flemish actress / Wife of Joseph of Lyre

Died on September 4

  • 0422Boniface I: Italian Bishop of Rome
  • 0454Dioscorus van Alexandria: Patriarch (council of Efeze)
  • 1085Irmgarde van Keulen: German countress of Aspel / saint
  • 1553Cornelia da Nomatalcino: Monk converted to Judaism, burned at stake
  • 1571Earl of Lennox: Regent of Scotland, murdered
  • 1588Robert Dudley: Earl of Leicester, dies at 87
  • 1644John Wtenbogaert: Theologist (Kerckelicke history), dies at 87
  • 1709Jean-Francois Regnard: French comedic Poet / slave in Algeria
  • 1759Girolamo Chiti: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1784Cesar F Cassini "the Thury": French astronomer (geodesic labor)
  • 1828Cornelis Stevens: Belgian RC foreman / polemist, dies at 80
  • 1853Jonathan Blewitt: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1903Herman Zumpe: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1905Pierre de Braza: Founder (French Congo)
  • 1907Edvard Grieg: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1907Edvard Hagerup Grieg: Norwegian Composer (Peer Gynt Suite), dies at 64
  • 1918Max Dauthendy: German Painter / Author (Raubmenschen), dies at 51
  • 1922Georges Sorel: French social philosopher, dies at 74
  • 1937Giovanni Salviucci: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1938Clifford Dempsey: Actor (Salute), dies at 73
  • 1944Izaak van der Horst: Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1946Paul Lincke: German Composer / conductor (Lysistrata), dies at 79
  • 1960Alfred E Green: Director (Copacabana), dies after long illness at 71
  • 1963Robert Schuman: French Premier / chair (European Parliament), dies at 77
  • 1964W Bergengruen: Writer, dies at 71
  • 1965Albert Schweitzer: German / French Missionary (Nobel 1954), dies at 90
  • 1970James M Taylor: USAF / Astronaut, dies at 39
  • 1974Creighton W Abrams: US General / army staff chief (Vietnam), dies at 59
  • 1974Marcel Achard: French dramatist (La forges the Paris), dies at 75
  • 1975Walter Tetley: Cartoon voice (Sherman-Bullwinkle Show), dies at 60