Events on Sep 7

  • 0070Roman army under Titus occupies and plunders Jerusalem
  • 1159Ottaviano de Montecello elected as anti-Pope
  • 1497Sailor Perkin Warbeck becomes English King Richard IV
  • 1525Trial against "heretic" John Pistorius ends in the Hague
  • 1543Duke Willem of Gulik surrenders to Emperor Charles V
  • 1596Dutch fleet bombs Banten Java
  • 1599Earl van Essex and Irish rebel Tyrone signs treaty
  • 1652Battle of Monte Christo: Dutch fleet under J van Galen beat English
  • 1701Germany, England and Netherlands sign anti-French covenant
  • 1714Treaty of Baden: Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and France, ends War of Spanish Succession, French retain Alsace, Austria gets bank of Rhine
  • 1800Zion AME Church dedicated (NYC)
  • 1812Battle at Borodino: Napoleon-Kutuzov
  • 1813"Uncle Sam" was 1st used to refer to US (Troy Post of NY)
  • 1822Brazil declares independence from Portugal (National Day)
  • 1822Pedro I, Son of King Joao VI, declares Brazil independence
  • 1860Excursion steamer "Lady Elgin" drowns 340 in Lake Michigan
  • 1863Federal naval expedition arrives off Sabine Pass
  • 1871Bay of Biskaje: English warship HMS Captain fired on, 500 killed
  • 1876Bank robbery by James / Younger fails (Cole / Bob / Jim Younger arrested)
  • 1880Geo Ligowsky patents device to throw clay pigeons for trapshooters
  • 1888Edith Eleanor McLean is 1st baby place in an incubator
  • 1891Captain Frederick Lugards army reaches Kavalli Equatoria
  • 1892James Corbett KOs John Sullivan in 21 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 18961st closed-circuit auto race, at Cranston, Rhode Island
  • 1896A H Whiting wins 1st automobile race held on a track in Cranston, Rhode Island
  • 1897George Davis (Giants) HR off Sport McAllister (Spiders) in DH
  • 1901Peace of Peking - Ends Boxer Rebellion in China
  • 1903Federation of American Motorcyclists organized in New York
  • 1912Eddie Collins steals record 6 bases in 9-7 Athletics win over Detroit
  • 1914New York Post Office Building opens to public

Born on Sep 7

  • 1471Frederik I: King of Denmark / Norway (1523-33)
  • 1533Elizabeth: Daughter of English King Henry VIII and Anna Boleyn
  • 1533Queen Elizabeth I: England, United Kingdom -- (1558-1603) Daughter of Henry VIII
  • 1631Clemens Thieme: Composer
  • 1635Pal Esterhazy: Composer
  • 1703Jean Monnet: Composer
  • 1707George-Louis Leclerc [comte de Buffon]: Writer on natural history
  • 1731Damasus Brosmann: Composer
  • 1731Elisabetta de Gambarini: Composer
  • 1735Thomas Coutts: Scottish banker
  • 1737Luigi Galvani: Italian anatomist / physicist
  • 1739Joseph Legros: Composer
  • 1756Willem Bilderdijk: Dutch poet / literature (Disease of Scientists)
  • 1782Bernardus JC Dibbets: Dutch Baron / General Major (Maastricht)
  • 1784Frantisek Max Knize: Composer
  • 1811William Hamsley Emory: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1887
  • 1815Howell Cobb II: Major General / Secy of Treas (Union), died in 1868
  • 1819Jean E "Adriaan" van Bevervoorde: Journalist (History of Holland)
  • 1829August Kekule von Stradonitz: Discovered structure of benzene ring
  • 1829Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden: United States -- Geologist (Geograph Survey 1859-86)
  • 1836Henry Campbell-Bannerman: British Prime Minister (L) (1905-08)
  • 1842John H Zuckertort: German chess player
  • 1860Willem H Nolens: Priest / Dutch ambassador to Vatican
  • 1864Giovanni Tebaldini: Composer
  • 1867Albert Basserman: Mannheim, Germany -- Actor (Foreign Correspondant)
  • 1869Margot SE Scharten-Antink: Dutch author (Catherina, Sprotje)
  • 1879Nachman N "Neddy" Bamberg: Dutch actor (Haddock Mary)
  • 1880Attilio Brugnoli: Composer
  • 1880Kurt von Wolfurt: Composer
  • 1881Constantly WL Scheurleer: Dutch archaeologist / banker / art expert

Died on Sep 7

  • 1134Alfonso I de Strijdvaardige: King of Aragon (1104-34)
  • 1151Geoffrey Plantagenet: Earl of Anjou / Duke of Normandy, dies at 38
  • 1625Rombout Hogerbeets: Lawyer / pension executive of Lead, dies at 64
  • 1721Bernhard Albinus [Weiss]: German artist (Frederik of Prussia)
  • 1775Johann Georg Holzbogen: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1799John Ingen Housz: Dutch / English Physician / nature investigator, dies at 68
  • 1809Caroline von Schelling [Michaelis]: German author, dies at 46
  • 1809Karoline Schelling: Writer
  • 1819Jean-Louis Duport: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1820Coert L van Beyma thoe Kingma: Fries regent / patriot, dies at 67
  • 1838Joseph Panny: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1845Isabella Colbran: Wife of Italian Composer Gioacchino Rossini
  • 1871Cowper Phipps Coles: English inventor (Steel warships), drowns
  • 1871Mehmed E Ali Pasja: Turkish statesman
  • 1872Antoni Stolpe: Composer, dies at 21
  • 1881Sidney Clopton Lanier: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1892John G Whittier: US Poet / secretary Anti-Slavery Society
  • 1902Franz Wullner: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1907R F Armand Sully-Prudhomme: French Poet (Poesies, Nobel 1901)
  • 1933Edward Grey: English Viscount of Fallodon / Foreign minister
  • 1940Edmund Rumpler: Austria auto / airplane builder
  • 1944Eduardo Sanchez de Fuentes: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1946Paul Zech: Writer, dies at 65
  • 1948Henricus A Poels: Dutch RC Theologist / social foreman, dies at 80
  • 1951Maria Montez: Actress (Arabian Nights, Sudan), dies at 31
  • 1955Earnest Rabel: Austrian / US civil rights activist, dies at 81
  • 1960Wilhelm Pieck: President of German DR (1949-60), dies at 84
  • 1961Pieter S Gerbrandy: Lawyer / Premier to London 1940-5, dies at 76
  • 1962Karen Blixen-Finecke: Baroness / writer (Out of Africa), dies at 77
  • 1965Catherine Dale Owen: Actress (Behind Office Doors), dies at 62

Historical events on September 8

  • 1024Duke Koenraad II chosen German King
  • 1156Henry II Jasormigott leaves Bavaria
  • 1276John XXI elected Pope
  • 1303Anagni: French King Philip IV captures Pope Boniface VIII
  • 1380Russians defeat Tatars at Kulikovo, beginning decline of Tatars
  • 1514Battle at Ozra: Polish / Latvia army beats Russians
  • 1522Spanish navigator Juan de Elcano returns to Spain, completes 1st circumnavigation of globe, expedition begins under Ferdinand Magellan
  • 1545English Earl Hertford leads retaliatory mission against Scotland
  • 1553City of Lichfield, England forms
  • 1563Maximilian chosen King of Hungary
  • 15651st permanent settlement in US forms (St Augustine, Florida)
  • 1565Turkish siege of Malta broken by Maltese and Knights of St. John
  • 1628Bay of Matanzas Cuba: Piet Heyn captures Spanish silver fleet
  • 1664Dutch surrender New Amsterdam (NY) to 300 English soldiers
  • 1689China and Russia signs Treaty of Nertsjinsk (Nierchul)
  • 1713Pope Clemens XI publishes degree "Unigenitus" against Jansenism
  • 1755Battle at Lake George: English army beats France
  • 1760French army gives Montreal to General Jeffrey Amherst
  • 1771Mission San Gabriel Archangel forms in California
  • 1796Battle of Bassano-French beat Austrians
  • 1833Charles Darwin departs to Buenos Aires
  • 1847US under General Scott defeat Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey
  • 1854With a 3-2 count, Phillies Richie Ashburn fouls next 14, then walks
  • 1855Crimean war - assault of Malakof Tower under Mac-Mahon)
  • 1858Lincoln makes a speech about when you can fool people
  • 1860Loss of steamer, "Lady Elgin"
  • 1863Battle of Sabine Pass TX: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces
  • 1868New York Athletic Club forms
  • 1870Netherlands and England sign "Koelietraktaat" Br-Indian contract work in Suriname
  • 1883New York Giants score 13 runs in an inning against Phillies

Born on September 8

  • 1157Richard I [Richard the Lion Hearted]: King of England (1189-99)
  • 1207Sancho II: King of Portugal
  • 1380Bernardinus of Siena: Italian Saint
  • 1474Ludovico Ariosto: Italy -- Poet (Orlando Furioso)
  • 1588Marin Mersenne: France -- Mathematician / musician / philosopher (Cartesian)
  • 1591Jacqueline M A de Sainte Madeleine Arnauld: French abbess
  • 1672Nicolas de Grigny: Composer
  • 1736Bernardo Ottani: Composer
  • 1756Anton Teyber: Composer
  • 1767Karl August von Lichtenstein: Composer
  • 1774Anna K Emmerick / Emmerich: German poet
  • 1779Johann Philipp Samuel Schmidt: Composer
  • 1779Mustafa IV: Sultan of Turkey (1807-08)
  • 1792Joseph Netherclift: Composer
  • 1815Alexander Ramsey: Gov (Union), died in 1903
  • 1821Henry Baxter: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1873
  • 1824Jaime Nuno: Composer
  • 1826Disma Fumagalli: Composer
  • 1827Emil Naumann: Composer
  • 1828Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1829George Crook: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
  • 1829Seth Maxwell Barton: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1900
  • 1831Wilhelm Raabe [Jakob Corvinus]: German author (Der Hungerpastor)
  • 1854Willem M van Rossum: Dutch Cardinal / prefect of Propaganda File
  • 1863Gustavo Emilio Campa: Composer
  • 1865Adolfo Albertazzi: Italian writer (Amore & Amore, Top)
  • 1870Hermann Hans Wetzler: Composer
  • 1873David O McKay: Huntsville, Utah -- 9th President of Mormon church
  • 1873Max Reinhardt: Austria -- Theatrical director (Oedipus Rex)
  • 1880Roelof Kranenburg: Dutch social democratic Chairman (1st Chamber)

Died on September 8

  • 0394Arbogast: French General, commits suicide
  • 0701Sergius I: Syrian / Italian Pope (687-701)
  • 0780Leo IV de Chazaar: Byzantine Emperor (775-80)
  • 0876Lodewijk de Duitser: King of East French Republic (833-76), dies at 72
  • 1100Clement III [Wibert van Ravenna]: 1st anti-pope (1084-1100)
  • 1550Hans [Johann] Vischer: German Count of Johann Cicero
  • 1555Thomas Villanova: Spanish Saint / Archbishop of Valencia
  • 1560Amy Robsart: Wife of English Premier Robert Dudley, dies by accident
  • 1613Don Carlo Gesauldo: Composer
  • 1637Robert Fludd: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1644Francis Quarles: English Poet (Enchiridion)
  • 1654Peter Claver: Spanish Saint (baptized 300, 000 slaves)
  • 1660Daniel von Czepko: German poet, dies at 54
  • 1675Amalia: Countess of Solms-Braunfels, dies at 73
  • 1706Romanus Weichlein: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1811Peter S Pallas: German geologist / zoologist, dies at 69
  • 1819Franz Stanislaus Spindler: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1838Pietro Rovelli: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1840John H van de Palm: Theologist / literature / speaker, dies at 77
  • 1871Etienne-Joseph Soubre: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1879Nikolay Ivanovich Zaremba: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1881W Frederik K: Prince of the Netherlands / General / Admiral, dies at 84
  • 1882Joseph Liouville: French Mathematician (surface of Liouville)
  • 1895Adam Opel: German manufacturer (motorcars), dies at 58
  • 1899Vaclav Hugo Zavrtal: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1914William E Darwin: British Son of Charles Darwin, dies at 74
  • 1917Charles Edouard Lefebvre: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1933Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali: 1st King of Iraq / Syria, dies at 50
  • 1935Carl Austin Weiss: Murderer of Sen Huey Long, shot down
  • 1935Huey P Long: (Sen-La) assassinated at Baton Rouge Capitol Building