Events on Sep 8

  • 1024Duke Koenraad II chosen German King
  • 1156Henry II Jasormigott leaves Bavaria
  • 1276John XXI elected Pope
  • 1303Anagni: French King Philip IV captures Pope Boniface VIII
  • 1380Russians defeat Tatars at Kulikovo, beginning decline of Tatars
  • 1514Battle at Ozra: Polish / Latvia army beats Russians
  • 1522Spanish navigator Juan de Elcano returns to Spain, completes 1st circumnavigation of globe, expedition begins under Ferdinand Magellan
  • 1545English Earl Hertford leads retaliatory mission against Scotland
  • 1553City of Lichfield, England forms
  • 1563Maximilian chosen King of Hungary
  • 15651st permanent settlement in US forms (St Augustine, Florida)
  • 1565Turkish siege of Malta broken by Maltese and Knights of St. John
  • 1628Bay of Matanzas Cuba: Piet Heyn captures Spanish silver fleet
  • 1664Dutch surrender New Amsterdam (NY) to 300 English soldiers
  • 1689China and Russia signs Treaty of Nertsjinsk (Nierchul)
  • 1713Pope Clemens XI publishes degree "Unigenitus" against Jansenism
  • 1755Battle at Lake George: English army beats France
  • 1760French army gives Montreal to General Jeffrey Amherst
  • 1771Mission San Gabriel Archangel forms in California
  • 1796Battle of Bassano-French beat Austrians
  • 1833Charles Darwin departs to Buenos Aires
  • 1847US under General Scott defeat Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey
  • 1854With a 3-2 count, Phillies Richie Ashburn fouls next 14, then walks
  • 1855Crimean war - assault of Malakof Tower under Mac-Mahon)
  • 1858Lincoln makes a speech about when you can fool people
  • 1860Loss of steamer, "Lady Elgin"
  • 1863Battle of Sabine Pass TX: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces
  • 1868New York Athletic Club forms
  • 1870Netherlands and England sign "Koelietraktaat" Br-Indian contract work in Suriname
  • 1883New York Giants score 13 runs in an inning against Phillies

Born on Sep 8

  • 1157Richard I [Richard the Lion Hearted]: King of England (1189-99)
  • 1207Sancho II: King of Portugal
  • 1380Bernardinus of Siena: Italian Saint
  • 1474Ludovico Ariosto: Italy -- Poet (Orlando Furioso)
  • 1588Marin Mersenne: France -- Mathematician / musician / philosopher (Cartesian)
  • 1591Jacqueline M A de Sainte Madeleine Arnauld: French abbess
  • 1672Nicolas de Grigny: Composer
  • 1736Bernardo Ottani: Composer
  • 1756Anton Teyber: Composer
  • 1767Karl August von Lichtenstein: Composer
  • 1774Anna K Emmerick / Emmerich: German poet
  • 1779Johann Philipp Samuel Schmidt: Composer
  • 1779Mustafa IV: Sultan of Turkey (1807-08)
  • 1792Joseph Netherclift: Composer
  • 1815Alexander Ramsey: Gov (Union), died in 1903
  • 1821Henry Baxter: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1873
  • 1824Jaime Nuno: Composer
  • 1826Disma Fumagalli: Composer
  • 1827Emil Naumann: Composer
  • 1828Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1829George Crook: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
  • 1829Seth Maxwell Barton: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1900
  • 1831Wilhelm Raabe [Jakob Corvinus]: German author (Der Hungerpastor)
  • 1854Willem M van Rossum: Dutch Cardinal / prefect of Propaganda File
  • 1863Gustavo Emilio Campa: Composer
  • 1865Adolfo Albertazzi: Italian writer (Amore & Amore, Top)
  • 1870Hermann Hans Wetzler: Composer
  • 1873David O McKay: Huntsville, Utah -- 9th President of Mormon church
  • 1873Max Reinhardt: Austria -- Theatrical director (Oedipus Rex)
  • 1880Roelof Kranenburg: Dutch social democratic Chairman (1st Chamber)

Died on Sep 8

  • 0394Arbogast: French General, commits suicide
  • 0701Sergius I: Syrian / Italian Pope (687-701)
  • 0780Leo IV de Chazaar: Byzantine Emperor (775-80)
  • 0876Lodewijk de Duitser: King of East French Republic (833-76), dies at 72
  • 1100Clement III [Wibert van Ravenna]: 1st anti-pope (1084-1100)
  • 1550Hans [Johann] Vischer: German Count of Johann Cicero
  • 1555Thomas Villanova: Spanish Saint / Archbishop of Valencia
  • 1560Amy Robsart: Wife of English Premier Robert Dudley, dies by accident
  • 1613Don Carlo Gesauldo: Composer
  • 1637Robert Fludd: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1644Francis Quarles: English Poet (Enchiridion)
  • 1654Peter Claver: Spanish Saint (baptized 300, 000 slaves)
  • 1660Daniel von Czepko: German poet, dies at 54
  • 1675Amalia: Countess of Solms-Braunfels, dies at 73
  • 1706Romanus Weichlein: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1811Peter S Pallas: German geologist / zoologist, dies at 69
  • 1819Franz Stanislaus Spindler: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1838Pietro Rovelli: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1840John H van de Palm: Theologist / literature / speaker, dies at 77
  • 1871Etienne-Joseph Soubre: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1879Nikolay Ivanovich Zaremba: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1881W Frederik K: Prince of the Netherlands / General / Admiral, dies at 84
  • 1882Joseph Liouville: French Mathematician (surface of Liouville)
  • 1895Adam Opel: German manufacturer (motorcars), dies at 58
  • 1899Vaclav Hugo Zavrtal: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1914William E Darwin: British Son of Charles Darwin, dies at 74
  • 1917Charles Edouard Lefebvre: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1933Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali: 1st King of Iraq / Syria, dies at 50
  • 1935Carl Austin Weiss: Murderer of Sen Huey Long, shot down
  • 1935Huey P Long: (Sen-La) assassinated at Baton Rouge Capitol Building

Historical events on September 9

  • 0701St. Sergius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1513Battle of Flodden Fields; English defeat James IV of Scotland
  • 1556Pope Paul IV refuses to crown Ferdinand of Austria Emperor
  • 1561Sermon of Poissy
  • 1567Lomaraal van Egmond and Philip van Hoorne captured
  • 1675New England colonies declare war on Wampanoag indians
  • 1683Expelled Polish and Lotharings reach Wienerwald
  • 1739Slave revolt in Stono SC led by Jemmy (25 whites killed)
  • 17531st steam engine arrives in US colonies
  • 1776Continental Congress renames "United Colonies, " "US"
  • 1817Alexander Lucius Twilight, probably 1st black to graduate from US college, receives BA degree at Middlebury College
  • 1830Charles Durant, 1st US aeronaut, flies a balloon from Castle Garden, NYC to Perth Amboy, New Jersey
  • 1839John Herschel takes 1st glass plate photograph
  • 1841Great Lakes steamer "Erie" sinks off Silver Creek NY, kills 300
  • 1850California becomes 31st state
  • 1850Territories of New Mexico and Utah created
  • 1861Sally Tompkins is only Confederate Army female commissioned officer
  • 1862Lee splits his army and sends Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry
  • 1863Battle of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee
  • 1867Luxembourg gains independence
  • 1880President Hayes visits San Francisco
  • 1881Egyptian military coup under Colonel Arab "El Wahid"
  • 1892E E Barnard at Lick discovers Amalthea, 5th Jupiter moon
  • 1895American Bowling Congress forms (NYC)
  • 1898Ottawa Football Club re-organizes into the Rough Riders
  • 1899French Captain Alfred Dreyfus sentenced on unjust grounds
  • 19036 km long Engadin-railroad tunnel of Switzerland inaugurated
  • 1904Boston Herald again refers to New York baseball club as Yankees, when it reports "Yankees take 2, " Yankee name not official till 1913
  • 1904Mounted police 1st used in New York City
  • 1908Orville Wright makes 1st 1-hr airplane flight, Fort Myer, Virginia

Born on September 9

  • 0384Flavius Honorius: Emperor East Roman Republic (395-423)
  • 1583Girolamo Frescobaldi: Composer
  • 1585Armand-Jean du Plessicide de Richelieu: Premier of France (1624-42)
  • 1618Joan Cererols: Composer
  • 1629Cornelis Tromp: Dutch Lieutenant Admiral General / Son of Maarten Tromp
  • 1646Zeger B van Espen: Flemish theologist
  • 1664Johann Christoph Pez: Composer
  • 1687Jean-Baptiste Maurice Quinault: Composer
  • 1752Johann Friedrich Christmann: Composer
  • 1769Cornelis F van Maanen: Dutch Minister of Justice (1807..42)
  • 1789William Cranch Bond: United States -- Astronomer (codiscovered Hyperion)
  • 1809William Radford: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1890
  • 1817Speed Smith Fry: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1819Martin Luther Smith: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1866
  • 1822Napoleon J K P Bonaparte: French Prince / member National Convention
  • 1826Frederich I W L: Grand Duke of Baden (1856-1907)
  • 1826Thomas John Lucas: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1908
  • 1834Joseph H Shorthouse: English writer (John Inglesant)
  • 1834William MacRae: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1882
  • 1840Gentil T Antheunis: Flemish poet / music / composer
  • 1850Harishchandra: India -- Poet / dramatist / father of modern Hindi
  • 1850Leopoldo Miguez: Composer
  • 1855Houston S Chamberlain: British / German race theorist
  • 1858Benjamin Kidel: English Sudan (Control of the Tropics)
  • 1865Edwin Lehare: Composer
  • 1868Mary Austin: Illinois, United States -- Feminist / nature writer (Land of Little Rain)
  • 1872Delilah L Beasley: US author / columnist (Negro trail-blazers)
  • 1872Josef Stransky: Composer
  • 1873Edward Burlingame Hill: Composer
  • 1877Frank Chance: Baseball player / manager

Died on September 9

  • 1087William I [The Conqueror]: King of England / Duke of Normandy
  • 1438Eduard [Dom Duarte]: King of Portugal (1433-38) / writer
  • 1488Francois II of Bretagne
  • 1513James IV: King of Scotland (1488-1513), dies in battle at 40
  • 1683Algernon Sidney: English Whig politician / plotter, beheaded
  • 1713Giovanni A di Bartlommeo Viscardi: Swiss architect
  • 1770Bernard S Albinus [Weiss]: German surgeon / anatomist, dies at 73
  • 1770Georg D Ehret: German / English cartoonist, dies at 62
  • 1803Armand-Emmanuel Trial: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1810Johann Baptiste Hagenauer: Austrian sculptor, dies at 78
  • 1815John Singleton Copley: British painter, dies at 77
  • 1817Paul Cuffe: Civil rights activist (Sierre Leone), dies at 58
  • 1832Bernhard Joseph Klein: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1841Augustin P de Candolle: Swiss botanist, dies at 63
  • 1866Gergely Czuczor: Hungarian / Czech Poet / translator, dies at 65
  • 1876American Horse: Sioux chief, dies in battle
  • 1878Jacobo Ficher: Composer, dies at 18
  • 1888John van Swieten: Dutch Governor of West-Sumatra, dies at 71
  • 1901Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec: French painter, dies at 36
  • 1901Willem baron of Goltstein of Oldenaller: Minister of Cologne dies
  • 1902Titus AJ van Asch van Wijck: Gov of Suriname (1891-97), dies at 53
  • 1913Count Paul J Smet de Naeyer: Belgian politician
  • 1926David Lobo: Dutch actor, dies in railway accident
  • 1926Greta Lobo-Braakensiek: Dutch actress in railway accident
  • 1931Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano: German economist dies at 86
  • 1941Gustav Ehrismann: German germanist, dies at 85
  • 1946Mynona: Writer, dies at 74
  • 1948James Baskett
  • 1951Cecil Gray: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1951Gibson Gowland: Actor (Greed), dies at 74