Events on Sep 9

  • 0701St. Sergius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1513Battle of Flodden Fields; English defeat James IV of Scotland
  • 1556Pope Paul IV refuses to crown Ferdinand of Austria Emperor
  • 1561Sermon of Poissy
  • 1567Lomaraal van Egmond and Philip van Hoorne captured
  • 1675New England colonies declare war on Wampanoag indians
  • 1683Expelled Polish and Lotharings reach Wienerwald
  • 1739Slave revolt in Stono SC led by Jemmy (25 whites killed)
  • 17531st steam engine arrives in US colonies
  • 1776Continental Congress renames "United Colonies, " "US"
  • 1817Alexander Lucius Twilight, probably 1st black to graduate from US college, receives BA degree at Middlebury College
  • 1830Charles Durant, 1st US aeronaut, flies a balloon from Castle Garden, NYC to Perth Amboy, New Jersey
  • 1839John Herschel takes 1st glass plate photograph
  • 1841Great Lakes steamer "Erie" sinks off Silver Creek NY, kills 300
  • 1850California becomes 31st state
  • 1850Territories of New Mexico and Utah created
  • 1861Sally Tompkins is only Confederate Army female commissioned officer
  • 1862Lee splits his army and sends Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry
  • 1863Battle of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee
  • 1867Luxembourg gains independence
  • 1880President Hayes visits San Francisco
  • 1881Egyptian military coup under Colonel Arab "El Wahid"
  • 1892E E Barnard at Lick discovers Amalthea, 5th Jupiter moon
  • 1895American Bowling Congress forms (NYC)
  • 1898Ottawa Football Club re-organizes into the Rough Riders
  • 1899French Captain Alfred Dreyfus sentenced on unjust grounds
  • 19036 km long Engadin-railroad tunnel of Switzerland inaugurated
  • 1904Boston Herald again refers to New York baseball club as Yankees, when it reports "Yankees take 2, " Yankee name not official till 1913
  • 1904Mounted police 1st used in New York City
  • 1908Orville Wright makes 1st 1-hr airplane flight, Fort Myer, Virginia

Born on Sep 9

  • 0384Flavius Honorius: Emperor East Roman Republic (395-423)
  • 1583Girolamo Frescobaldi: Composer
  • 1585Armand-Jean du Plessicide de Richelieu: Premier of France (1624-42)
  • 1618Joan Cererols: Composer
  • 1629Cornelis Tromp: Dutch Lieutenant Admiral General / Son of Maarten Tromp
  • 1646Zeger B van Espen: Flemish theologist
  • 1664Johann Christoph Pez: Composer
  • 1687Jean-Baptiste Maurice Quinault: Composer
  • 1752Johann Friedrich Christmann: Composer
  • 1769Cornelis F van Maanen: Dutch Minister of Justice (1807..42)
  • 1789William Cranch Bond: United States -- Astronomer (codiscovered Hyperion)
  • 1809William Radford: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1890
  • 1817Speed Smith Fry: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1819Martin Luther Smith: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1866
  • 1822Napoleon J K P Bonaparte: French Prince / member National Convention
  • 1826Frederich I W L: Grand Duke of Baden (1856-1907)
  • 1826Thomas John Lucas: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1908
  • 1834Joseph H Shorthouse: English writer (John Inglesant)
  • 1834William MacRae: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1882
  • 1840Gentil T Antheunis: Flemish poet / music / composer
  • 1850Harishchandra: India -- Poet / dramatist / father of modern Hindi
  • 1850Leopoldo Miguez: Composer
  • 1855Houston S Chamberlain: British / German race theorist
  • 1858Benjamin Kidel: English Sudan (Control of the Tropics)
  • 1865Edwin Lehare: Composer
  • 1868Mary Austin: Illinois, United States -- Feminist / nature writer (Land of Little Rain)
  • 1872Delilah L Beasley: US author / columnist (Negro trail-blazers)
  • 1872Josef Stransky: Composer
  • 1873Edward Burlingame Hill: Composer
  • 1877Frank Chance: Baseball player / manager

Died on Sep 9

  • 1087William I [The Conqueror]: King of England / Duke of Normandy
  • 1438Eduard [Dom Duarte]: King of Portugal (1433-38) / writer
  • 1488Francois II of Bretagne
  • 1513James IV: King of Scotland (1488-1513), dies in battle at 40
  • 1683Algernon Sidney: English Whig politician / plotter, beheaded
  • 1713Giovanni A di Bartlommeo Viscardi: Swiss architect
  • 1770Bernard S Albinus [Weiss]: German surgeon / anatomist, dies at 73
  • 1770Georg D Ehret: German / English cartoonist, dies at 62
  • 1803Armand-Emmanuel Trial: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1810Johann Baptiste Hagenauer: Austrian sculptor, dies at 78
  • 1815John Singleton Copley: British painter, dies at 77
  • 1817Paul Cuffe: Civil rights activist (Sierre Leone), dies at 58
  • 1832Bernhard Joseph Klein: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1841Augustin P de Candolle: Swiss botanist, dies at 63
  • 1866Gergely Czuczor: Hungarian / Czech Poet / translator, dies at 65
  • 1876American Horse: Sioux chief, dies in battle
  • 1878Jacobo Ficher: Composer, dies at 18
  • 1888John van Swieten: Dutch Governor of West-Sumatra, dies at 71
  • 1901Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec: French painter, dies at 36
  • 1901Willem baron of Goltstein of Oldenaller: Minister of Cologne dies
  • 1902Titus AJ van Asch van Wijck: Gov of Suriname (1891-97), dies at 53
  • 1913Count Paul J Smet de Naeyer: Belgian politician
  • 1926David Lobo: Dutch actor, dies in railway accident
  • 1926Greta Lobo-Braakensiek: Dutch actress in railway accident
  • 1931Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano: German economist dies at 86
  • 1941Gustav Ehrismann: German germanist, dies at 85
  • 1946Mynona: Writer, dies at 74
  • 1948James Baskett
  • 1951Cecil Gray: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1951Gibson Gowland: Actor (Greed), dies at 74

Historical events on September 10

  • 0422St. Celestine I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0918Arnulf I the Old becomes landsheer of Flanders
  • 1349Jews who survived a massacre in Constance Germany are burned to death
  • 1510Bishop Frederik of Bathe recaptures Oldenzaal
  • 1547Battle at Pinkie, Midlothian: English beat the Scots
  • 1547English demand Edward VI, 10, wed Mary Queen of Scots, 5
  • 1608John Smith elected President of Jamestown colony council, Virginia
  • 1776George Washington asks for a spy volunteer, Nathan Hale volunteers
  • 1785Prussia signs trade agreement with US
  • 1798British Honduras beats Spain in battle of St. George
  • 1813Comm Oliver H Perry defeats British in Battle of Lake Erie
  • 1823Simon Bolivar named President of Peru
  • 1845King Willem II opens Amsterdam Stock exchange
  • 1846Elias Howe patents sewing machine
  • 1846Japan invents the rickshaw
  • 18471st theater opens in Hawaii
  • 18491st performance by US actor Edwin Booth (Richard III)
  • 1858John Holden hits 1st recorded home run (Brooklyn vs. NY)
  • 1861Battle of Carnifex Ferry VA, 170 casualities
  • 1869Baptist Minister invents rickshaw in Yokohama, Japan
  • 1870Dutch Jurist Cooperation forms
  • 1872Karl Marx speaks in Amsterdam
  • 1880Pierre de Brazza signs treaty with King Makoko of Congo
  • 18821st international conference to promote anti-semitism meets Dresden Germany (Congress for Safeguarding of Non-Jewish Interests)
  • 1884Congressman John R Lynch presides over Republican National Convention
  • 1897Police shoot at striking mine workers in Penns, kills 20
  • 18992nd quake in 7 days (8.6) hits Yakutat Bay, Alaska
  • 190020.3 cm rainfall at Elk Point, South Dakota (state record)
  • 1902Utrecht soccer team UVV forms
  • 1905Japanese battleship Mikasa explodes

Born on September 10

  • 1487Julius III: Counter-Reformation Pope (1550-55)
  • 1585Ercole Porta: Composer
  • 1588Nicholas Lanier: Composer
  • 1645Romeyn de Hooghe: Haarlem, Netherlands -- Painter / goldsmith
  • 1736Carter Braxton: US farmer / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1751Bartolomeo Campagnoli: Italian violinist / composer / conductor
  • 1752John Soane: English architect (Bank of England, Soane Museum)
  • 1779Louis Alexandre Piccinni: Composer
  • 1787John Jordan Crittenden: MC (Union), died in 1863
  • 1810Albert Gallatin Blanchard: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1815Eleazer Arthur Paine: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1823Adolf von Doss: Composer
  • 1832Randall Lee Gibson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1892
  • 1836Joseph Wheeler II: Major General (Confederacy / Cavalry / Army of Tennessee)
  • 1836Karl Merz: Composer
  • 1848William M Harnett: US painter (Old Violin)
  • 1854Anton CR Dreesmann: German / Netherlands manufacturer (Vroom & Dreesman)
  • 1857James E Keeler: United States -- Astronomer (rings of Saturn)
  • 1866Tor Bernhard Vilhelm Aulin: Composer
  • 1869Caro Roma: Composer
  • 1872Josephina "Frieda" Herberich: Actress (Verdoold Sheep)
  • 1875Paul Scheinpflug: Composer
  • 1877Georgia B D Camp Johnson: United States -- Poet / playwright (Autumn Love Cycle)
  • 1883Euphemia "Phemia" Molkenboer: Dutch author / poster artist
  • 1885Berthold Altaner: German church historian (Patrologie)
  • 1885Carl Clinton Van Doren: US literary (9th Wave)
  • 1885Johannes de Jong: Cardinal / Archbishop of Utrecht (Handbook)
  • 1887Giovanni Gronchi: President of Italy
  • 1889Vilem Petrzelka: Composer
  • 1890Franz Werfel: Austria -- Author (40 Days of Musa Dagh)

Died on September 10

  • 0918Boudouin II the Bare: Originator of Flanders territory
  • 0954Louis IV: Of overseas, King of France
  • 1279Robert Kilwardby / Anglicus: English philosopher / Cardinal
  • 1305Nicholas van Tolentino: Italian saint
  • 1382Louis I [the Great]: King of Hungary / Poland
  • 1419Jan zonder Vrees: Duke of Burgundy / Count of Flanders, murdered
  • 1419John the Fearless: Burgundy / French warrior, murdered at 48
  • 1547Pierlugi Faraese: Italian Son of Pope Paul III, murdered
  • 1600John Bruhesius [Bruhesen]: Bishop of Groningen
  • 1623John I Van de Velde: Calligrapher (Mirror of Write-Konste)
  • 1680Marco Uccellini: Composer
  • 1765Jacob Gilles: Pension advisor, dies at about 74
  • 1806Johann C Adelung: German translator / librarian, dies at 74
  • 1831George Guest: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1839Pieter Fontijn: Dutch painter, dies at 66
  • 1845Karl August von Lichtenstein: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1858Henry Wellington Greatorex: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1867Simon Sechter: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1868Franz Anton Adam Stockhausen: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1895Harrison Millard: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1898Elisabeth AE: Empress of Austria / Wife of Franz Joseph I, dies at 60
  • 1916Friedrich Gernsheim: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1922Arpad Szendy: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1931Alfonso Randano: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1932Percy Fletcher: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1934George Henschel: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1942Nachman N "Neddy" Bamberg: Actor, dies in Auschwitz at 63
  • 1944Jaap P Musch: Dutch resistance fighter, murdered by Nazis
  • 1945Vaino Raitio: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1951Giuseppe Mule: Composer, dies at 66